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Dr. Yogesh Kumar Chhabra - Nephrologist, Delhi

Dr. Yogesh Kumar Chhabra

86 (32 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)

Nephrologist, Delhi

13 Years Experience  ·  600 - 700 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Dr. Yogesh Kumar Chhabra 86% (32 ratings) MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephro... Nephrologist, Delhi
13 Years Experience  ·  600 - 700 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Personal Statement

I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care....more
I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care.
More about Dr. Yogesh Kumar Chhabra
Dr. Yogesh Kumar Chhabra is one of the best Nephrologists in Shalimar Bagh, Delhi. He has helped numerous patients in his 13 years of experience as a Nephrologist. He has done MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology) . You can visit him at Max Super Speciality Hospital in Shalimar Bagh, Delhi. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. Yogesh Kumar Chhabra on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Nephrologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Nephrologists with more than 32 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Nephrologists online in Delhi. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

Info

Education
MBBS - University College of Medical Sciences & GTB Hospital, New Delhi - 2005
MD - General Medicine - Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi - 2010
DM - Nephrology - AIIMS - 2014
...more
DNB (Nephrology) - MRCP UK - 2016
Past Experience
Senior Resident at Lok Nayak Hospital
Doctor at Max Shalimar Bagh
Doctor at Max Pitampura
...more
Ex.Assistant Professor Department of Nephrology at AIIMS
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Awards and Recognitions
Gold Medallist in Ophthalmology
3rd Prize in Niyamatullah Essay Competition
1st prize in Medicine Quiz at Ripples
Professional Memberships
Delhi Medical Council
Indian Society of Nephrology (ISN)
International Society of Nephrology (ISN)
...more
American Society of Nephrology

Location

Book Clinic Appointment with Dr. Yogesh Kumar Chhabra

  4.3  (32 ratings)
600 at clinic
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Max Multi Speciality Centre

Pitampura, New DelhiDelhi Get Directions
  4.3  (32 ratings)
600 at clinic
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Ananda Medicare

Gurudwara Sant Samagam, CSC-2, Adjoining DDA Market, Rohini Sector-9Delhi Get Directions
  4.3  (32 ratings)
700 at clinic
...more
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"Practical" 1 review "Professional" 1 review "Helped me impr..." 1 review "knowledgeable" 3 reviews "Very helpful" 4 reviews "Saved my life" 1 review "Caring" 1 review "Sensible" 1 review

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Undergoing Dialysis - What Should Be Your Diet?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Undergoing Dialysis - What Should Be Your Diet?

Every organ is important for the human body to perform its functions normally. Kidneys too are vital and are responsible for removing the excess fluid and toxins from the body. If the kidney is not functioning properly, then the patient is advised to undergo dialysis treatment. In some cases, the patient is advised to undergo a transplant. However, in any case, the patient has to follow a healthy diet, for the treatment and the medicines to work positively.

Suitable diet during dialysis
Most of the patients are not aware of the diet prescribed for dialysis. Though it is always advised to consult a dietician before following any diet for the condition, it is also advisable to gain some knowledge about what the dietician might suggest, so that one is not clueless about the treatment. In a majority of the cases, food containing potassium, phosphorus, low-fat cholesterol, and sodium is included in the diet of these patients. However, these are prescribed in a limited amount and vary from patient to patient.

  1. Sodium: The sodium level of the dialysis patients needs to be controlled; and this can be done by eating food items that have a low sodium content, not more than 2,000 mg. Hence, the quantity of snacks, pudding, and chips are to be reduced in the diet chart.
  2. Potassium: The level of potassium also needs to be kept in check to avoid further deterioration of the kidney. Bread, certain vegetables, and grains contain a high amount of potassium. Moreover, various salt substitutes contain potassium chloride instead of sodium chloride. Large intake of these foods may affect the kidney permanently. Hence, these are majorly excluded from the diet. The patients are advised to include tomatoes and bananas in their diet, though not on a daily basis.
  3. Phosphorus: The patient is advised to avoid foods with high phosphorus. This includes milk and dairy products and grains. However, while on dialysis, meat is important as it gives enough protein despite being high on phosphorus. But, an abundance of meat in the diet may affect adversely. Hence, this is advised, but kept in control.
  4. Cholesterol: To keep cholesterol amount in check during dialysis, the patient needs to cut down on fruits and vegetables and specific fat diets, while eating a sufficient amount of fish.
  5. Protein: High protein food is necessary for a patient with a kidney disease. Meat is an excellent source of protein. Along with that, poultry, fish, and eggs are important, as well. Hence, all this is included in the diet.
  6. Fluids: Dialysis helps in removing the excessive waste fluids from the kidney. But, to keep the body hydrated, the patient is allowed liquid intake, but only up to a certain limit.

It is necessary to maintain a proper diet during dialysis, as it quickens the treatment as well as helps the patient recover quickly.

2 people found this helpful

What To Expect When You Opt For Kidney Transplant?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
What To Expect When You Opt For Kidney Transplant?

The kidneys are responsible for the elimination of waste from the body. The blood is filtered in the kidneys and all toxic wastes are filtered out and excreted through urine. When this filtration does not happen effectively, a lot of waste can be found in the blood, which affects normal body function.

Kidneys may lose their functioning either due to age, injury, or disease conditions. Whatever the reason, when kidney function is hampered, the body suffers. If there was an injury or congenital problem, it could be unilateral and the non-affected kidney could still do the function. However, if it is infection or old age, normally both kidneys are affected and then replacement should be looked for externally. This is where a kidney transplant comes into the picture.

What is it?

It is a surgery where a healthy, functioning kidney is placed into the body. The donor could be

  1. Living: These donors have to be related or unrelated. Related is often termed someone, who is a family member and is willing to donate one kidney (one kidney is sufficient for normal, healthy individuals) to the diseased person.
  2. Cadaver: If a person is willing to donate kidneys post death, these are used for transplant, within a specified time.

Identifying the right donor and recipient:

  1. Blood type and tissue type should be matched; a good tissue type match improves the chances of success
  2. Overall health of the donor to ensure there is no heart disease, lung disease, or diabetes
  3. The recipient also should be healthy

What to expect during surgery?

  1. Once a donor is identified, in living donors, the surgery to remove the kidney and to transplant it are done simultaneously
  2. The surgery usually takes about 3 to 4 hours
  3. Antibiotics are given prior to the surgery to prevent infection
  4. The blood vessels and ureter are connected back to the kidney after the transplant
  5. Hospital stay can range from 5 days to 2 weeks, depending on the overall health of the patient and the anticipated risk of rejection.
  6. Most transplanted kidneys work effectively almost immediately. A kidney stored from a cadaver may take a little longer compared to a fresh kidney from a living donor
  7. People who have had transplants are put on immunosuppressants on a chronic basis to reduce chances of rejection. The new kidney will always be recognised by the body as a foreign body, and so this is essential.

Kidney transplant success rates are quite high, and more and more people are opting for transplants as opposed to dialysis. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3527 people found this helpful

Suffering From Kidney Problems - What Type Of Foods Must You Avoid?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Suffering From Kidney Problems - What Type Of Foods Must You Avoid?

Eating right has never been more emphasized than today where people around the world are affected by several medical conditions. Be it any condition, the diet has an essential role in effectively managing the problem, and kidney diseases are no exception.

The primary function of the kidneys is to purify the waste from the blood along with maintaining the right balance of fluids in the body. They also play a critical role in regulating blood pressure.
If your kidney functions have been impaired to the slightest extent, it is essential to shift to a diet that supports healthy blood pressure and allow you to manage the issues. This invariably means you will have to avoid excess protein, sugar, salt and trans fats.

Let’s take a look at the foods you should steer clear of when you are suffering from kidney problems.

  1. Foods high in phosphorus and potassium: Depending on the type as well as the severity of the kidney issues you are going through, you may be advised by your dietician to limit the intake of foods which contain copious amounts of phosphorus and potassium. This is because these minerals can start accumulating in the blood when the kidneys are not able to function correctly. Your doctor may also suggest you avoid salt substitutes which may contain potassium and limit rich products. You should limit the intake of avocados, milk, yogurt, bananas, and other seeds and beans. Foods rich in phosphorus include nuts, liver, soft drinks, and beans.
  2. Too much protein: Excessive protein intake may prove to be detrimental to the kidney disorders. According to the National Kidney Disease Education Program, people with chronic kidney disease should limit daily protein consumption to about 0.36 grams per pound of body weight. The moderate approach to the consumption of protein can allow about 54 grams of protein daily for a person weighing around 150 pounds.
  3. Processed foods: Fast and processed foods are said to contain high amounts of sugar, salt, and unhealthy fats. It is important to avoid them when you have kidney disorders. This means that you will have to bid farewell to crackers, chips, cookies along with frozen meals, canned soups, and other convenience foods. It is important to note here that even foods that appear to be healthy such as canned fruits and vegetables tend to contain high amounts of salt and sugar. Thus, fruits packed without added sugar is the best option for people affected by kidney diseases.
  4. Soda and Soft Drinks: Soda and soft drinks offer absolutely no nutritional benefits, but they contain hordes of sugars, which are either natural or chemically produced. Studies have shown that sodas can lead to various health conditions such as osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, kidney diseases and dental problems. Diet sodas may contain a lesser amount of calories, but they can still offer no nutritional values and often come with harmful additives that may prove detrimental to your overall health.

Thus, you should try to avoid these foods to manage your kidney disorder better.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3485 people found this helpful

How Diabetes Can Possibly Affect Your Kidneys?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
How Diabetes Can Possibly Affect Your Kidneys?

With the advancements in technology, you have gained more and more comforts for life and with that the incidence of lifestyle diseases to have increased. Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, has affected an approximate 422 million people across the world, and is continuing to affect a large number of people every year.

Insulin is a vital hormone in the body which regulates the level of sugar in the blood, and when this level is elevated, it can lead to issues in various parts of the body. Diabetes is a disease that doesn't allow the body to produce enough insulin or optimize the use of insulin produced in the pancreas, and thus impairs several organs and decreases the quality of life adversely.

What are the effects of diabetes on the kidneys?

  • When a person has high blood sugar, the tiny blood vessels in the body are injured. When the blood vessels in the kidneys are damaged, the kidneys are not able to clean the toxins from the body properly. It results in the retention of water as well as salt in the body, which typically leads to weight gain and swelling in the ankles. Also, a person may have protein in the urine along with waste materials in the blood.
  • High blood sugar can also lead to nerve damage in the body, causing difficulty in releasing the contents of the bladder. The pressure exerted from the bladder may back up and cause harm to the kidneys. Also, when the urine remains in the bladder for an extended period, one may develop infections from the rapid growth of bacteria in the urine owing to high blood sugar level.
  • About 30 percent of people affected with Type 1 diabetes and around 10 to 40 percent of people with type 2 diabetes would eventually be affected by kidney damage.

What are the signs and symptoms of kidney damage due to diabetes?

  • The earliest symptom of kidney disease due to diabetes is a rise in an excretion of the protein known as albumin in the urine.
  • This increase in the protein is confirmed through various general tests. Therefore, it is essential to get these tests done on a yearly basis. In its early stages, it diabetes leads to weight gain and swelling in the ankles.
  • There is an increase in blood pressure, and it causes frequent urination, particularly at night. If you are affected by diabetes, you should get your blood, urine and blood pressure checked at least once in every year.
  • This can allow you to exercise better control of the disease and the early treatment of kidney disease. You should try to lower your blood sugar level to reduce the risk of severe kidney disorder.

In the advanced stage of kidney disease, the blood urea nitrogen will increase along with the level of creatinine in the blood. It will cause symptoms such as extreme fatigue, weakness, loss of appetite, vomiting, anemia, and muscle cramps. Your nephrologist will work with you and your dietician for reducing the blood sugar level and also keep the kidneys in working condition.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3531 people found this helpful

Alport Syndrome - How To Diagnose It?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Alport Syndrome - How To Diagnose It?

Alport Syndrome, first detected by Dr. A. Cecil Alport and named after him is a rare inherited disease. It affects the kidney and also the inner cochlea or ear and the eyes. Passed down through families, it is caused by genetic mutations that affect the type IV collagen family of proteins. Collagen is an important tissue that forms the basement structure of the kidney, inner ear and eye.

Types of Alport syndrome

  1. X-Linked Alport Syndrome: A most common form of Alport Syndrome, boys who are affected with this type tend to develop serious complications and kidney failure.
  2. Autosomal recessive Alport syndrome (ARAS): When both the parents carry the abnormal gene and pass it down to their offspring, this type of syndrome is caused. If affects the male and female with equal severity.
  3. Autosomal dominant Alport syndrome (ADAS): This happens when the child inherits the abnormal gene from one of the parents. Only one copy is needed to cause a mutation.

Signs and symptoms of Alport syndrome
With all types of Alport Syndrome, the tiny blood vessels of the kidney called glomeruli are damaged and the kidney will be unable to filter the toxins from the body. The most common symptoms include:

  1. Hematuria – Blood in the urine
  2. Proteinuria – Protein in the urine
  3. High blood pressure
  4. Edema – Swelling in the legs, ankle, feet and around the eyes
  5. Hearing and vision problems
  6. Flank pain

Diagnosis
The following tests and examinations can be performed to assess the condition and type of Alport Syndrome:

  1. Urine test – It helps in finding the presence of blood or protein in your urine.
  2. Glomerular Filtration Rate – The blood work assesses the levels of waste and protein in your blood.
  3. Kidney Biopsy – A tiny piece of kidney is removed with special needle and analyzed
  4. Hearing Test – It checks, if hearing is affected
  5. Vision Test – This is conducted to check any abnormalities in vision
  6. Genetic Test – It determines the type of Alport syndrome and confirm the diagnosis

Treatment
There is no specific treatment for Alport Syndrome. However, treatment aims to relieve the symptoms and slow the progression of kidney disease.

  1. Medications to control high blood pressure
  2. Diuretics or water pills
  3. Limiting salt or sodium intake in your diet
  4. Kidney transplantation if patient is progressing towards kidney failure
  5. Medications to slow down the onset of kidney damage

Awareness of family history of this disorder will help in detecting Alport Syndrome at an early stage and also help you take the right steps to prevent any further complications. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3495 people found this helpful

Nephrotic Syndrome - Know Its Causes And Treatment!

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Nephrotic Syndrome - Know Its Causes And Treatment!

Glomerulonephritis is a disease that is caused due to inflammation of the small filters that are present within the kidneys or glomeruli. Glomeruli eliminate the excess waste, electrolytes and fluids from the blood, discharged through urine. A glomerular disease can be either acute or chronic. If the condition arises without a combination of any other disease, it is termed as primary glomerulonephritis. Secondary glomerulonephritis is characterized by diabetes or lupus (an auto-immune disorder) being at the root of the disease. Prolonged or severe inflammation can take a toll on the kidneys.

Causes-

Nephrotic syndrome can be primary, being a disease specific to the kidneys, or it can be secondary, being a renal manifestation of a systemic general illness. In all cases, injury to glomeruli is an essential feature. Kidney diseases that affect tubules and interstitium, such as interstitial nephritis, will not cause nephrotic syndrome.

Primary causes of nephrotic syndrome include the following, in approximate order of frequency:

  1. Minimal­-change nephropathy

  2. Focal glomerulosclerosis

  3. Membranous nephropathy

  4. Hereditary nephropathies

Secondary causes include the following, again in order of approximate frequency:

  1. Diabetes mellitus

  2. Lupus erythematosus

  3. Viral infections (e.g., hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] )

  4. Amyloidosis and paraproteinemias

  5. Preeclampsia

  6. Allo-antibodies from enzyme replacement therapy

Nephrotic-­range proteinuria may occur in other kidney diseases, such as IgA nephropathy. In that common glomerular disease, one-third of patients may have nephrotic-­range proteinuria.

Nephrotic syndrome may occur in persons with sickle cell disease and evolve to renal failure. From a therapeutic perspective, nephrotic syndrome may be classified as steroid sensitive, steroid resistant, steroid dependent, or frequently relapsing.

Treatment-

  1. Whether one is suffering from acute or chronic nephrotic glomerular , with symptoms moderate or severe, the treatment lies in treating high blood pressure and other underlying conditions of the disease.

  2. Water pills help control sweating, thus increasing the fluid flushed from the kidneys.

  3. Statins reduce cholesterol level.

  4. Blood thinners such as anticoagulants lower the risk of blood clots.

  5. Corticosteroids regulate the immune system and ease the inflammation that results from kidney disorders.

  6. Incorporating certain lifestyle changes such as opting for lean proteins, cutting on the intake of fat in the diet and consuming lesser amounts of salt can treat inflammation and swelling.

  7. For kidney failure, dialysis can come to the aid in eliminating excess fluids and regulating hypertension.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3401 people found this helpful

World Kidney Day - 7 Step Guide to Protect Your Kidney Health!

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
World Kidney Day - 7 Step Guide to Protect Your Kidney Health!

If you are concerned about your health, it is important for you to protect your kidneys from several harmful conditions. There are several types of kidney disorders, which may develop if your kidneys are not well cared for. This may include an overload of toxins, acute renal failure, chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease. Along with these problems kidney cancer is another fatal threat.

Steps to keep your kidneys healthy
There are several ways you can take care of your kidneys and keep them safe, such as

  1. Take certain tests for obtaining the panel reading of your BUN or blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (EGFR) must be determined as well. The scores obtained from these tests will tell you about the condition of your kidneys at that point in time.
  2. Lower your amount of phosphorous intake. When the kidney does not function properly, phosphorus accumulation is likely to happen, which causes serious conditions like heart disorders and calcification of the tissues. You should avoid phosphorous rich food items and abstain from drinking carbonated drinks.
  3. You must consume foods that support and boost the health of your kidneys, which includes watermelon, cranberry, cabbage, cauliflower, blueberry, strawberry, apples, garlic, onion and olive oil.
  4. Obesity is related to kidney cancer and hence, you must maintain a healthy weight and carrying out regular exercises is highly advisable.
  5. Several pain relievers such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDS may have harmful side effects on the kidney and may lead to kidney cancer. Try to avoid these medicines.
  6. You can take an Epsom salt bath. This is a common measure for detoxification, as it enables in removing waste and toxins from the body and improves the overall health of your kidneys. Also, it is advisable to go for regular blood and urine check-up along with ultra-sound to know how your kidneys are functioning.
  7. You should keep your blood-sugar level and blood pressure under control as they can lead to kidney failure. You should quit smoking and stop using tobacco in any form as the toxins from nicotine will harm your kidneys.

With proper care and management of your kidneys, you will be able to prevent several harmful conditions.One should get Kidney function test and Ultrasound done to check that the kidney is functioning normally. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3517 people found this helpful

Acute Kidney Failure - 3 Causes Of It!

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Acute Kidney Failure - 3 Causes Of It!

You're said to suffer from the problem of acute kidney failure if your kidneys suddenly stop working and lose their ability to eliminate waste materials including excess fluids and salts from the blood. The condition usually develops quickly over a few days or even a few hours. When this happens, waste materials accumulate in your blood, disrupting the chemical balance of your bloodstream.

So, what causes this problem?

Acute kidney failure can occur because of any one of these reasons:

1. A drop or slowdown of blood flow to the kidneys - Adequate blood circulation to the kidneys is of great importance as without it the kidneys may end malfunctioning. If blood flow to the kidney is hampered, a part of or the entire kidney may die. You may suffer from acute kidney failure if blood flow to the kidneys gets impaired due to conditions like

  • Heavy blood loss
  • Sepsis (body's inflammatory reaction to an infection, which can bring about organ failure, tissue damage, and death)
  • Injury
  • Use of certain drugs
  • Dehydration
  • Burns
  • Heart disease

2. Urinary obstructions - A sudden blockage that hampers your kidney's ability to eliminate urine can also bring about acute kidney failure. When this happens, it leads to a build up of toxins in the body, causing an overload of the kidneys. Conditions that bring about this urinary obstruction include:

  • Cervical cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Kidney stones
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Prostate cancer

3. Disease within the kidneys - Even instances of clotting within the blood vessels of the kidneys can lead to acute kidney failure. This is because if the movement of blood cells within the blood vessels gets hampered, kidneys are not able to filter out toxins from the body. The conditions and diseases that may cause clotting, and subsequently damage to the kidneys include:

  • Scleroderma (an autoimmune disease that affects connective tissues and skin)
  • Build-up of cholesterol deposits
  • Glomerulonephritis (an inflammatory condition of the kidney's ball-shaped structures called glomeruli)
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (a condition that occurs due to untimely death of red blood cells)
  • Lupus (a disorder of the body's immune system that brings about damage to the body's own organs and tissues)

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3168 people found this helpful

Acute Tubular Necrosis - Can It Cause Kidney Failure?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Acute Tubular Necrosis - Can It Cause Kidney Failure?

Causes and symptoms of acute tubular necrosis

Damage or destruction to tube-like structures known as tubules in the kidneys can bring about the development of acute tubular necrosis (ATN) and subsequently, acute kidney failure.

What causes acute tubular necrosis (ATN)?

A lack of supply of oxygen to the cells in the kidney is the most common cause of this condition. The reason as to why oxygen may not reach the cells and tissues of this organ could be restriction or blockage of the pathways. When this happens, the kidneys get damaged. Dehydration is the most important cause of ATN which may be because of loose motions, vomitings, heat stroke etc.

Health conditions such as diabetes, heart attack, and stroke can bring about a decrease in blood flow to the organs resulting in ATN and death of cells. Similarly, the presence of toxic substances in the blood can also lead to tubules damage and change the way the cells function in the tubules.

Other causes that may lead you to develop ATN may be medications, radiology dyes, anesthetics and chemicals that cause your body to react adversely.

In addition to these causes, a number of factors can put you at risk of ATN and there are:

- An injury to the body, more specifically your kidneys can cause clotting of the blood vessels
- An adverse response to blood transfusion
- Instances of septic shock can slow down blood flow to the organs
- A major surgery that can interrupt blood supply to the organs

What are the symptoms of the condition?

The symptoms associated with the condition can vary depending on the severity of the problem.

You may experience:

- Troubles in waking up
- Drowsy feeling even during daytime
- Feelings of lethargy
- Feelings of excessive thirstiness
- Problems with urination
- Fluid retention problems
- Instances of confusion
- Feelings of nausea

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3140 people found this helpful

Kidney Failure - What Can Be The Reasons?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Kidney Failure - What Can Be The Reasons?

You're said to suffer from the problem of acute kidney failure if your kidneys suddenly stop working and lose their ability to eliminate waste materials including excess fluids and salts from the blood. The condition usually develops quickly over a few days or even a few hours. When this happens, waste materials accumulate in your blood, disrupting the chemical balance of your bloodstream.

So, what causes this problem?

Acute kidney failure can occur because of any one of these reasons:

1. A drop or slowdown of blood flow to the kidneys - Adequate blood circulation to the kidneys is of great importance as without it the kidneys may end malfunctioning. If blood flow to the kidney is hampered, a part of or the entire kidney may die. You may suffer from acute kidney failure if blood flow to the kidneys gets impaired due to conditions like

  • Heavy blood loss
  • Sepsis (body's inflammatory reaction to an infection, which can bring about organ failure, tissue damage, and death)
  • Injury
  • Use of certain drugs
  • Dehydration
  • Burns
  • Heart disease

2. Urinary obstructions - A sudden blockage that hampers your kidney's ability to eliminate urine can also bring about acute kidney failure. When this happens, it leads to a build up of toxins in the body, causing an overload of the kidneys. Conditions that bring about this urinary obstruction include:

3. Disease within the kidneys - Even instances of clotting within the blood vessels of the kidneys can lead to acute kidney failure. This is because if the movement of blood cells within the blood vessels gets hampered, kidneys are not able to filter out toxins from the body. The conditions and diseases that may cause clotting, and subsequently damage to the kidneys include:

  • Scleroderma (an autoimmune disease that affects connective tissues and skin)
  • Build-up of cholesterol deposits
  • Glomerulonephritis (an inflammatory condition of the kidney's ball-shaped structures called glomeruli)
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (a condition that occurs due to untimely death of red blood cells)
  • Lupus (a disorder of the body's immune system that brings about damage to the body's own organs and tissues)

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3040 people found this helpful
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