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Dr. Viveka Kumar - Cardiologist, Delhi

Dr. Viveka Kumar

91 (101 ratings)
DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , ...

Cardiologist, Delhi

29 Years Experience  ·  1000 at clinic  ·  ₹900 online
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Dr. Viveka Kumar 91% (101 ratings) DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI,... Cardiologist, Delhi
29 Years Experience  ·  1000 at clinic  ·  ₹900 online
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Treatments available for Heart Diseases

I am Dr Viveka Kumar, Senior director Cath Lab, Max Hospital Saket. Today I am going to speak on heart failure which is an epidemic in Indian context because people take very late treatment for heart diseases after a heart attack, they take then consultations and opinion so they don't understand that early treatment of either heart attack or well disease or even congenital diseases would prevent heart failure. But if we look at the number of patients all across the globe, the treatment. Taken for heart disease in India is so slow and late and a lot of them they don't take treatment, so in stage and final common pathway of all heart diseases, heart failure and it has to be treated initially with medication. Later on there are lot of devices, we call it heart failure, pacemaker, Implantable cardioverter defibrillator and ultimately all these fails then the patient has to go for cardio Cardiac resynchronization therapy transplant and ultimately if all these fails then the patient has to go for Cardiac Transplant and artificial heart which is called the particular access devices. So these are the treatment options and because of the scarcity of the heart in a donation, people in society are not aware of this. So there are a lot of patients who do not get a heart in time and they don't survive. So I would say that the society has to be sensitized about heart failure epidemic and the various available treatment options. We fulfil that probably heart transplant and Edwards, this does not happen in our country. That's not true we at max are one of the largest volume implanters of the Edwards the heart failure, pacemaker and also the heart transplantation. So this all treatment options should be given to the patient but most important is the timely treatment for heart diseases.

Thank You.

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Ways to manage Acute heart attack!<br/><br/>I m Dr. Viveka Kumar, Senior Director at Cath Lab Hos...

Ways to manage Acute heart attack!

I’m Dr. Viveka Kumar, Senior Director at Cath Lab Hospital in New Delhi, Saket. In this world now, the Indian population is suffering from epidemic, which is acute heart attack, or cardiovascular disease. It has become the number 1 killer for the younger generation that is the most productive age group of patients which is in the age group of 25 to 50 years of age. The treatment can be done only when the awareness is good, if the patients understand their disease, they get early warning signal.

The key to the treatment of this disease is early, i.e, diagnosis. So the moment if somebody gets chest pain associated with sweating with pain lasting for 15 minutes or more than that, then this is the situation where they should get alerted, get an ECG done, get the cardiac markers done and if the ECG changes are there, they must see a cardiologist, and get primary angioplasty or thrombolysis therapy in early hours are equally good. And early treatment is the most…going to be more cheaper option, more effective option. And this is also a lifestyle disorder.

For prevention of that we need to have healthy lifestyle, we should stop smoking, we should have a good blood pressure control, diabetes control and cholesterol control has to be very meticulous, and then only this disease can be conquered.

If you want to reach to me, you can reach to me through Lybrate, or you can look at my website drvivekakumarmaxhealthcare.com. Thank you.

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Personal Statement

I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage....more
I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage.
More about Dr. Viveka Kumar

Dr. Viveka Kumar with more than 28 years of experience, is a prominent name in the field of Cardiology. He completed his MBBS and MD (General Medicine) from Banaras Hindu University, and his DM in Cardiology from LPS Institute of Cardiology, Kanpur. Then he acquired Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP from St. George's Hospital, London (UK), Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices from Southampton University Hospital, Southampton (UK), Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology) from Amrita Institute of medical sciences, Cochin, and Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society from St. George's Hospital, London.

For academic and professional excellence he is honoured with many accolades like the International Award of Excellence in Cardiology from St. George's Hospital, London, Life Time Achievement Award by Gastric Society of India, Chikitsa Ratna Award, Vidya Ratna Award etc. He is an active member of many medical societies like Cardiology Society of India (CSI), Cardiology Society of Kerala and UP, Medical Council of India, General Medical Council, UK, Delhi Medical Council etc. He is an expert in Angiography, Pacemaker implantation, Cardiac ablation process, Cardiac catheterization, Coronary Bypass surgery, Bypass surgery etc. He is available at Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi on MON to SAT, from 10:00 AM to 01:00 PM, except THU. On THU he is available there at 11:00 AM to 01:00 PM, and also MON to FRI evening from 06:00 PM to 07:00 PM.

Info

Specialty
Education
DM - Cardiology - - LPS Institute of Cardiology Kanpur - 1999
MD - General Medicine - - Banaras Hindu University - 1994
MBBS - Banaras Hindu University - 1989
...more
FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC - . - 1999
Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP - St. George Hospital, London (UK) - 1999
Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices - Southampton University Hospital, Southampton (UK) - 1999
Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology) - Amrita Institute of medical sciences, Cochin - 1999
Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society - St. George Hospital, London (UK) - 1999
International Award of Excellence in Cardiology - St. George Hospital, London (UK) - 1999
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Awards and Recognitions
Chikista Ratna Award DMA
Principal Investigator & Sub Investigator of More Than 14 Internationals Trails
Awarded Dr. K Sharan Cardiology Excellence Award By IMA
...more
Editorial Board of Indian Heart Journal
Visiting Professor To Many Medical Colleges Like BHU Institute Varanasi, LPS Institute Kanpur DMC Ludhiana Etc
Done More Than 10000 Angioplasties & 5000 Ballon Valvotomies
Vidya Ratna Award Kanpur University
Awarded Chikitsa Award by DMA
Awarded Life Time Achievement Award By Gastric Society of India
Professional Memberships
Member Cardiology Society of India (CSI).
Member of Cardiology Society of Kerala and UP
Medical Council of India
...more
General Medical Council, UK
Delhi Medical Council
St. George Hospital, London (UK) - Interventional Cardiology and EP.
Southampton University Hospital, Southampton (UK) - Interventional Cardiology and EP.
Senior Specialist (Interventional Cardiology) - Amrita Institute of Medical Science, Cochin.
Fellow of Southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society.
TAVI Training at Kopenhaegen General Hospital, Denmark.

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Max Super Specialty Hospital-Saket

2, Press Enclave Road, Saket Landmark: Near Malviya Nagar Metro Station & Hauz Rani Bus Stop, Select City Walk MallDelhi Get Directions
  4.6  (101 ratings)
1000 at clinic
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Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) - The Many Benefits Of It!

DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP, Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices, Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology), Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society, International Award of Excellence in Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) - The Many Benefits Of It!

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is a traditional and well established surgical procedure for treating diseases in the coronary artery. The process is carried out by using blood vessels alternately (vein or artery). Initially, CABG was performed by using the left internal mammary artery and saphenous vein. It was observed that the chance of occlusion in the vein grafts was much higher than the arterial grafts. In the last decade, total arterial grafting, which uses all the arterial conduits, is being practiced as CABG for better results.

Types of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

  1. Traditional Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: In this type of CABG, the surgeon will initially open up the chest bone to gain access to the heart. The heart is stopped using medications and the body is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine to circulate oxygen and blood throughout the body.
  2. Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting: In this surgery, small incisions are made on the left portion of the chest to gain access to the heart. This surgery is used to bypass the blood vessels present in the front portion of the heart.
  3. Off-pump Coronary artery bypass grafting: In this procedure, the chest bone is opened up to access the heart. Here, however, the heart is not stopped during the surgery.

Patients, who have been suffering since a long time and have been operated on the vein grafts, have a chance of re-developing certain artery diseases such as a heart attack. To counter this possibility, surgeons have started using the method of Total Artery CABG. In this procedure, the left and right internal mammary arteries are used from the chest and the radial artery, from the fore arm for the surgery.

The main advantages of this procedure are:

  1. The survival rate is higher in total artery CABG as compared to the traditional CABG.
  2. It comes with long term benefits
  3. The procedure is safe as well as feasible


 

1 person found this helpful

Heart Attack And Cardiac Arrest - Know The Differences!

DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP, Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices, Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology), Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society, International Award of Excellence in Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Heart Attack And Cardiac Arrest - Know The Differences!

A heart attack and Cardiac Arrest may sound like terms that have the same medical meaning. They are not. While a heart attack occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked, a cardiac arrest occurs when the heart stops to beat. You might want to know the causes behind the conditions and the symptoms and signs that one may experience. Read on to know about them.

What is a heart attack and what is a cardiac arrest?
When the flow of blood towards the heart gets blocked, a heart attack occurs. This may be due to a clot in the arteries or plaque buildup on the walls of the arteries. A sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the affected individual's heart malfunctions as well as it stops to beat all of a sudden.

Thus, it is evident that heart attack is actually a circulation problem whereas cardiac arrest is an electrical problem. During a heart attack, blood rich in oxygen is not allowed to reach a particular part of the heart because of a blocked artery. If quick treatment is not done for reopening the blocked artery, then that specific section of the heart which receives nourishment from that artery tends to die.

In cardiac arrest, as the heart stops beating unexpectedly, so organs like brain, lungs, etc. also stop receiving blood. It results in a sudden fall in blood pressure as well as the circulatory system tends to collapse. Usually, the affected individual loses consciousness because the flow of blood to the brain decreases. Death might follow if emergency treatment is not carried out immediately.

Quite like the conditions are different, the symptoms are also different. Here are some of the most common symptoms of both heart attack and sudden cardiac arrest. It will assist you in understanding that both these health issues are different.

Symptoms of a heart attack:
Pressure or pain in abdomen or chest, trouble breathing, sweating, dizziness, chest tightening feeling, pain that spreads to arm or jaw, losing unconsciousness, heart palpitation, etc. are some of the basic signs. According to studies, nearly one-thirds of the heart attack patients do not undergo chest pain during heart attacks.

Particularly women experience atypical symptoms other than the ones that are mentioned above. Few of them include gastric pain, vomiting, nausea, breathing problem without any chest pain, getting unconscious, etc.

Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest:
Collapse, dizziness, trouble in breathing, chest pain, blue discoloration of face, etc. are the most common sudden cardiac arrest's signs. A huge number of people who experience cardiac arrest do not experience any symptoms at all.

Though both heart attack and cardiac arrest are linked to each other some way or the other, yet they are different. However, both the conditions need immediate medical assistance, an absence of which may prove fatal.

2900 people found this helpful

Hypertension - 10 Must-Know Facts!

DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP, Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices, Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology), Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society, International Award of Excellence in Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Hypertension - 10 Must-Know Facts!

Hypertension is indeed a growing issue in today’s world. Hypertension can adversely affect your body leading to grave health disorders. But with proper care, you can keep your blood pressure under control and thus save yourself from the harmful effects of it. Here are some facts about hypertension that you must know.

#1 Sleep apnea is common in patients with hypertension
Patients who suffer from hypertension are often seen to suffer from sleep apnea. In this condition, the person suddenly feels short of breath and stops breathing. They even feel drowsy throughout the day.

#2 Hypertension is very closely related to heart diseases
Cardiovascular diseases are quite attached to hypertension. People having hypertension are often found to have the problems of atherosclerosis, high cholesterol and even have the proximity to have a heart attack.

#3 Hypertension is one of the leading causes of death
One out of every five adults suffer from the problems of hypertension. According to various research works, it has been proven that most of the death cases above the age of 50 or 53 die due to hypertension or hypertension-related problems.

#4 Getting a pet can help in keeping blood pressure under control
Getting a pet has been proven to reduce the risk of hypertension. The humorous moments in life work together in reducing your risk towards reducing the risks of hypertension.

#5 Get adequate sleep
An adequate amount of sleep is vital not only for to manage hypertension but also to stay away from other health disorders, as well. Research has proven that if a person gets less than six hours of sleep each night, then he/she is bound to have higher risks towards hypertension.

#6 Avoid unnecessary stress
Don’t take too much stress in life. If you avoid stress, you will find most your health problems disappearing. You should never take any medications for reducing stress like amino acids or phenylalanine.

#7 Avoid taking unnecessary drugs
Some people start taking drugs to reduce their high blood pressure and bring it to a normal level. This is not good as it sometimes leads to another grave condition called hypotension. Hypotension, in turn, can lead to vomiting and nausea. Hence, regular follow-ups with your doctor are essential.

#8 Tendency to have stroke
People who suffer from hypertension also tend to have a stroke. Figuratively, around eight out of ten individuals who are having high blood pressure also suffer from a stroke.

#9 Living in a warm climate is recommended to people having hypertension
Research studies have proven that blood pressure also fluctuates with the weather. It stays on lower margins in the summer and at a higher range in winters. This is because, at a lower temperature, the blood vessels become constricted, and so they exert more pressure to normalize the flow of blood.

#10 Hypertension leads to kidney disease
One of the major risk factors for heart disease is the tendency to develop kidney disease.

These are some of the lesser known facts about hypertension.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6198 people found this helpful

Tips For Recovering And Staying Well After A Heart Attack!

DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP, Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices, Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology), Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society, International Award of Excellence in Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Tips For Recovering And Staying Well After A Heart Attack!

If you had suffered a heart attack recently, it is quite natural to for a patient to feel weak as the heart goes through a tremendous amount of stress during the condition. So, it is very important for a heart patient to know the things that will help you them recover from it. A healthy diet is the first step towards the recovery. A proper diet can not only help you recover quickly, but you won’t suffer from a second attack too. If people had followed this dietary habits beforehand, then they wouldn’t have to face a heart attack in the first place. So, to recover and get back to your daily lifestyle, you must keep these foods in your daily diet.

  1. Fruits and Vegetables: Fruits and vegetables are a must and are of paramount importance when it comes to recovering from a heart attack. The most significant advantage is that they have lower calories and at the same time they provide sufficient nutrition. They will keep your blood pressure at a standard level and thus promote the health of your heart. Fruits and vegetables that are rich in potassium can also combat and balance the counter-effects that result from sodium. So, avoid your oily snacks and have fruits instead.
  2. Green Tea: Green tea is highly recommended by doctors for patients that have recently suffered a heart attack. They have been proven to be at risk of heart attack and other health problems related to the heart by 20%. Green tea does not contain any calories and is rich in anti-oxidants which are the main constituents responsible for the recovery.
  3. Nuts: You must have already been aware of the several advantages of consuming almonds. Another addition to its advantages is aiding the process of recovery after a heart attack. However, it is to be noted that nuts are good for a person who has suffered a heart attack only if they are not salted.
  4. Whole Grains: The refined grains tend to lose their nutrients while on the other hand whole grains are rich in fiber and nutrients. They will keep your blood pressure in check and promote the well-being of your heart.

What to avoid?
Apart from the items mentioned above, there are several foods that you must avoid at all costs. The first one that comes in this list is the food items that are rich in sugar content. This will lead to an increase in weight and thus aggravate heart problems. You must also avoid salty foods as they will increase your blood pressure. Avoid meats and eggs as much as you can as they are highly rich in cholesterol which is another factor that must be avoided.

Follow a diet chart that incorporates the do’s and don’ts to have a speedy recovery and get back to normal routine. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2882 people found this helpful

7 Warning Signs Of A Stroke That Everyone Should Know!

DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP, Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices, Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology), Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society, International Award of Excellence in Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
7 Warning Signs Of A Stroke That Everyone Should Know!

Stroke is a condition known to all for its deadly impact. Even if the affected person survives, the after-effects can be immensely debilitating right from affecting movement to speech. Being informed, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Here are the common signs of stroke that you should be aware of:

  1. Numbing of arms and legs: Many people wake up and find that their arms and legs are numb and they tend to assume that it is due to compression of the nerve. But the actual reality is that the flow of blood through the arteries running up to the spine is reduced, and it has led to weakness or numbness on either side of the body.
  2. Double vision and blurriness: Vision problems can also be a strong indicator of stroke even though most people think it is due to long hours of work or aging. When you see two images of the same object, it doesn’t have to mean that you are reading too much. It could mean that the blood vessel in charge of supplying oxygen to the eyes has been disrupted or blocked.
  3. Slurred speech: Some medicines, particular painkillers can cause speech issues. But this is not the case always; if it is not a side effect that you typically experience after taking painkillers, you should consult a healthcare expert without any delay. 
  4. Confusion and trouble over thinking and articulating: When you find yourself in a state where you cannot recall the right word to explain the right thing, you may rest assured that it is an issue stemming from the stroke. If you find yourself to struggle thinking or finding a word very commonly, then you are heading for big trouble.
  5. Balance problems: Some people have balance issues, and they think it is due to the dose of alcohol, but experts say it is crucial to identify whether this assumption is correct. You will never have delayed balance problems, and therefore, you cannot blame a drink that you had last day. So, if you have balance issues without any identifiable reason, it is advisable to call a doctor.
  6. A headache that becomes intolerable at times: Headaches can be a sign of a migraine but in case you are not prone to this ailment, then the debilitating headache could indicate a stroke. Migraine headaches can also mean stroke since both of them have similar signs and symptoms.
  7. Fatigue that won’t let you stay upright: If you are not doing any physically strenuous job but still feel tired most of the time, it could be a warning sign of stroke. If it continues for over a week, it is recommended that you consult an expert immediately.

Equipped with this knowledge, stay aware and pay attention to the indications your body gives to take care of yourself.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2641 people found this helpful

Know More About Heart Failure

DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP, Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices, Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology), Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society, International Award of Excellence in Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Play video

I am Dr Viveka Kumar, Senior director Cath Lab, Max Hospital Saket. Today I am going to speak on heart failure which is an epidemic in Indian context because people take very late treatment for heart diseases after a heart attack, they take then consultations and opinion so they don't understand that early treatment of either heart attack or well disease or even congenital diseases would prevent heart failure. But if we look at the number of patients all across the globe, the treatment. Taken for heart disease in India is so slow and late and a lot of them they don't take treatment, so in stage and final common pathway of all heart diseases, heart failure and it has to be treated initially with medication. Later on there are lot of devices, we call it heart failure, pacemaker, Implantable cardioverter defibrillator and ultimately all these fails then the patient has to go for cardio Cardiac resynchronization therapy transplant and ultimately if all these fails then the patient has to go for Cardiac Transplant and artificial heart which is called the particular access devices. So these are the treatment options and because of the scarcity of the heart in a donation, people in society are not aware of this. So there are a lot of patients who do not get a heart in time and they don't survive. So I would say that the society has to be sensitized about heart failure epidemic and the various available treatment options. We fulfil that probably heart transplant and Edwards, this does not happen in our country. That's not true we at max are one of the largest volume implanters of the Edwards the heart failure, pacemaker and also the heart transplantation. So this all treatment options should be given to the patient but most important is the timely treatment for heart diseases.

Thank You.

2923 people found this helpful

Effective Ways To Deal With Hereditary Heart Disease!

DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP, Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices, Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology), Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society, International Award of Excellence in Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Effective Ways To Deal With Hereditary Heart Disease!

Ever wondered why you needed to share your family’s health history at a doctor’s clinic? Specific questions regarding health issues of your immediate family or close blood relatives give your doctor an insight into various health risks you might have now or in future. Those are medical conditions inherited by parents or grandparents through genes. Genes are passed from parents to children in DNA of eggs or sperms. Even a single mutation (fault) in gene can influence body systems and may lead to disorders. If any of the parents have a faulty gene, there are 50:50 chances of the child inheriting it.

Hereditary heart diseases are also a result of mutation in one or more genes and tend to run in families. Genes control almost all aspects of cardiovascular system including strengthening blood vessels, pumping capacity or communication of cells in the heart. A single genetic variation is enough to alter cardiovascular processes increasing the risk of developing a heart disease, attack or a stroke. Some of the most common hereditary cardiac disorders include; Arrhythmias, congenital heart diseases and cardiomyopathy. A family history of heart attack or stroke is also an established high-risk factor for the family members. High blood cholesterol, medically known as familial hypercholesterolemia also tends to run in families.

Unfortunately, many of these conditions cannot be prevented since they are acquired through genes. But there are many ways in which these could be managed before they become complicated or fatal.

Let’s look at some ways by which we can deal with hereditary heart diseases and increase a patient’s chances of survival:

  1. Early Diagnosis And Treatment: When one person in the family is diagnosed with a heart disease, it is strongly advisable for other family members to go in for screening. An early diagnosis can help in better treatment and management of the disease and impacts positively on patients’ life. Medical screening of siblings is highly recommended in case a person suffers a sudden cardiac death especially at a young age.

  2. Watch out for these symptoms at a young age: Abnormal heart rhythm, asthma that does not get better with inhaler, seizures that do not improve with medication, extreme fatigue or shortness of breath are warning signals and need immediate medical attention.

  3. Genetic Testing: Family members may opt for genetic testing to check if they carried genes of an inherited disorder.

  4. Genetic Counselling: Genetic counselling deals with problems like anxieties and fear of attacks, confusion over disease and emotional difficulties in accepting the situation.

We may not be able to change the family history but we can surely change our environment, lifestyle and habits. Eating healthy and following an active lifestyle does help in prevention and management of such diseases. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3586 people found this helpful

Cardiac Surgery: What Should You Expect?

DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP, Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices, Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology), Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society, International Award of Excellence in Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Cardiac Surgery: What Should You Expect?

One of the crucial types of surgery is the heart surgery, which is commonly known as the bypass. It is a type of surgery in which the chest is cut, and surgery is done on valves, muscles, and heart arteries. As per the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, it is one of the most common types of surgeries, which is performed on adults. During this surgery, the prime focus is to remove the blockage from the heart so that fresh blood can easily flow into the heart. No doubt that this process is critical, but it is easily true that after the surgery you have to take extra care of yourself.

Talking of which, here are certain things that you can expect after the surgery.

  1. Moved To ICU: The moment, the surgery is done, you will be moved to the Intensive Care Unit where the person’s health conditions will be monitored, vital signs will be checked, and medical professional will frequently visit to make sure that the patient is just doing fine. Once the surgery is over, you may not wake up quickly, but you will continue to breathe through the breathing tube. About food, of course, you will not be allowed to take solid food, but there is an intravenous (IV) needle will be put in a blood vessel in your chest and arm from which you will be given fluids. 
  2. Recovery At Home: Once you are given the discharge, your focus should be to get recovered quickly. Recovery at home entirely depends on the heart problem for which the surgery was done. Of course, the doctor will give you necessary instructions with regards to healing incision, dealing with after effect is and understanding the signs of complications. Follow up the medicines and attend the appointments as advised to keep track of your health condition. You may face some after effects such as appetite loss, constipation and sleeping problem. If there is any complication, make sure you speak with a doctor about the same immediately.
  3. Ongoing Care Is Important Too: Once the surgery is over, as said, you will have to go for frequent checkup with your doctor. During these visits, your doctor will tell you to get blood, stress test and electrocardiogram done, which will assess the working condition of the heart. You might also be given few blood-thinning medicine and bring certain changes in lifestyle and medicine.

There are certain phases of recovery which will take time eventually. The first phase is the lengthy one that can last for around 6-8 weeks. Once you get a discharge from the hospital, you will be given instructions that you must follow with good care. This will pace up the healing process and make the process better. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cardiologist.

3158 people found this helpful

All About Palpitations!

DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP, Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices, Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology), Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society, International Award of Excellence in Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
All About Palpitations!

What is Palpitation?
Palpitation is a feeling of awareness of your own heart beat. It is usually described as heart rate being either too fast (racing), too slow or a sensation of missing a beat.

Types of palpitations?

Normal (Benign)

  1. These palpitations occur as a response to physical or mental stress like exercise, fever, pain, fear, anxiety etc. 
  2. They are harmless and settle on their own once the precipitating factors disappear. They do not require any medical treatment.

Abnormal

  1. These palpitations occur due to some underlying abnormality in either the structure of heart or the beating of heart. 
  2. These can be dangerous and at times life threatening. They may or may not settle on their own and require some medical treatment.

Warning signs that suggest palpitations are abnormal?
Palpitations are abnormal, if they are associated with chest heaviness, chest pain, uneasiness, sweating, weakness, giddiness, feeling of black out, fainting, nausea, vomiting, seizures. Palpitations are more likely to be abnormal in people who have some existing heart disease and these patients should report to their doctor at the earliest.

What to do during palpitations?

  1. Stay calm. 
  2. Call for help. If u are alone avoid driving, use a taxi or auto, go to your nearest hospital/doctor and try to get an ECG during the palpitations. If you are helping someone having palpitations, if they faint, call for help, start CPR if they remain unresponsive and take them to the nearest hospital. 

Which doctor can treat palpitations?
Doctors who specialise in the treatment of palpitations are called Electrophysiologists. They specialise in heart rhythm and are capable of performing a variety of complex tests to identify and treat different types of palpitations.

Which investigations are used to diagnose palpitations?

  • ECG: Taken during palpitations and when the patient is normal is a very helpful tool. 
  • Holter: Externally applied recorder, which continuously records heart rhythm for 24 hrs. 
  • ELR: Extended loop recorder, is like holter, but it records rhythm for longer durations. 
  • ILR:  Internal loop recorder is attached within the body for recording rhythm for long duration. 
  • EPS: Electrophysiology study, is the most sure shot test to diagnose, identify and treat Palpitations.

What is EPS?
EPS stands for Electrophysiology study. By this test a trained Electrophysiologist studies the conduction and formation system of heart beat, to understand the source, cause and type of palpitation. It is a simple and safe procedure of 2 to 3 hours and can be done as a day care procedure (by admitting the patient for a few hours in hospital, with discharge on same day).

It requires fasting for 4 hrs, some standard blood investigations and is done with local anaesthesia and if required it can be combined with treatment like ablation in the same sitting.In the procedure Electrophysiologist take catheters into your heart to study and stimulate the palpitations and understand them. Once found they can use various techniques to stop the palpitations, the techniques are called Ablation.

What are the treatment options available for palpitations?
There are many options depending upon the nature of palpitations and condition of the patient: 

  1. Drug therapy 
  2. Cardioversion where either a drug or electric shock is given to stop palpitations immediately. 
  • Ablations using many sophisticated computer softwares 
  • Device Therapy like ICD (Internal cardiac defibrillator) 
  • Combination of all the above therapies. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cardiologist.
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Bradycardia: Is Slow Heart Rate Good or Bad for You?

DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP, Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices, Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology), Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society, International Award of Excellence in Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Bradycardia: Is Slow Heart Rate Good or Bad for You?

Having bradycardia implies that your heart beats very slowly. For the vast majority, a heart beats from sixty to hundred pulses a minute while very few are viewed as ordinary. In case your heart beats under sixty times each minute, it is slower than usual. A moderate heart rate can be ordinary and solid. On the other hand it could be an indication of an issue with the heart's electrical framework.

For a few people, moderate heart rate does not create any issues. It can be an indication of being exceptionally fit. Sound youthful grown-ups and sports persons frequently have heart rates of fewer than sixty beats a minute. In other individuals, bradycardia is an indication of an issue with the heart's electrical framework. It implies that the heart's regular pacemaker isn't working right or that the electrical pathways of the heart are disturbed.

A moderate heart rate may make you:

  1. Feel blurry eyed or woozy.
  2. Feel short of breath and feel that it’s harder to work out.
  3. Feel tired.
  4. Have neck pain or an inclination that your heart is beating or rippling (palpitations).
  5. Feel bewildered or experience difficulty concentrating.
  6. Black out, if a moderate heart rate causes a drop in pulse.

A few people do not have side effects, or their indications are mild to the point that they think they are quite recently part of getting more seasoned. You can discover how quick your heart is beating by checking your heart rate. In case your pulse is moderate or uneven, talk to a specialist.

How bradycardia is dealt with depends on what is causing it. Treatment likewise relies on symptoms. Given below are some of the symptoms:

  1. In case harm to the heart's electrical framework causes your heart to pulsate too quickly, you will presumably need a pacemaker. A pacemaker is a gadget put under your skin that revises the moderate heart rate. Some people might have a kind of bradycardia that requires a pacemaker.
  2. In case another medical issue, for example, hypothyroidism or an electrolyte irregularity, is bringing about a moderate heart rate, treating that issue may cure the bradycardia.
  3. In case a medicine is making your heart to pulsate too gradually, your specialist may change the dosage or recommend an alternate drug. In case you can't quit taking that medicine, you may require a pacemaker.

Bradycardia is frequently the aftereffect of another heart condition, so finding a way to carry on with a heart-solid way of life will enhance your general health. This may include:

  1. Showing at least a bit of restraint and dedication to a good diet routine that includes a considerable amount of organic products, vegetables, whole grains, fish, and low-fat or nonfat dairy foods.
  2. Being gradually on most, if not all, days of the week. Your specialist can let you know what type of exercise is okay for you.
  3. Getting more fit in case you have to, and maintaining a solid weight.
  4. Not smoking.
  5. Overseeing other medical issues, for example, hypertension or elevated cholesterol. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cardiologist.
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