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Spinal Surgery Disorders
Treatment of Neurological Problems
Treatment of Knee replacement
Treatment of Nerve And Muscle Disorders
Treatment of Hip Disorders
Neuro Physiotherapy Treatment
Treatment of Knee Injury
Pregnancy Exercise Therapy
Treatment of Sports Injuries
Treatment of Splinting
Treatment of Spondylosis
Arthritis And Pain Management Treatment
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Orthopedic Physical Therapy
Treatment of Shin Splints
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I am a 21 year old male and have a backache last 3-4 years long. What should I do in such situations?
Hi I am 47 years lady and have very painful pain in my arms, legs and my uric acid is 7. 2 . please help me so that I can get prevention from gout.
The common term ‘shinbone’ suggests there is only one bone in the lower leg. Actually, there are two: the fibula and the tibia. The muscles of the fibula attach to the ankle and help to move the foot. The muscles on the outer side of the tibia extend over the top of the foot and help to lift the foot & uncurl the toes.
Causes of Shin Splints
Shin splits commonly occur due to overuse or over-activity. It usually occurs when a person has started running after a long period. Running on hard surfaces or wearing of inadequate and poorly shoes is also one of the major causes of shin splints. Other then this being overweight, lack of calcium or any previous injury can also be reasons of pain in lower leg.
Signs & Symptoms of Shin Splints
The patient has a dull, aching pain in the front part of the lower leg. For some, the pain and discomfort emerge only during exercise, while for others it comes after the physical activity is over. Pain can also be there all the time. The pain can be on either side of the shinbone, or in the muscle itself - this depends on the cause. Signs and symptoms related to shin splints may include:
Moderate swelling in lower leg
Tenderness or soreness along the inner part of the lower leg
Feet may feel numb and weak, because swollen muscles irritate the nerves
Pain triggers when the toes and foot are bent downwards
In severe cases,pain can also be felt while climbing stairs
Stress fractures of one of the two bones in the leg below the knee can also cause shin splint-type pain. A stress fracture is a type of incomplete fracture in a bone. Stress fractures tend to occur as a result of overuse and are known as overuse injuries.
Diagnosis of Shin Splits
Shin splints are usually fairly easy to diagnose. The doctor carries out a physical exam, checks the patient's medical history, and may ask relevant questions regarding lifestyle and physical activities.Sometimes, the doctor may order some diagnostic tests in order to rule out other possible causes, such as a stress fracture. The tests you may have are listed below
MRI scan- This uses magnets and radiowaves to produce images of your shin bone and surrounding soft tissues. Because MRI scans are the most accurate and don’t expose you to radiation, this is usually the test of choice.
X-ray- This is a test that uses radiation to produce an image of the inside of your body.
CT scan - This uses X-rays to make a three-dimensional image of your shin bone. You’re exposed to more radiation than a simple X-ray when you have this test.
Bone scan - This looks for abnormalities or changes in your bones.
Treatment of Shin Splints
Following are things you can do yourself to treat shin splints
Avoid doing activities that causes pain,swelling or discomfort. It is better to do low-impact exercises like bicycling, swimming instead of completely avoiding it. But if you have stress fracture it is recommended to take rest for few weeks and heal properly.
Try cold ice packs to help relieve any pain. Wrap your ice pack in a towel – don’t apply it directly onto your skin. Hold it in place for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. You can repeat this several times a day if you need to.
You can take over-the-counter painkillers like paracetamol or ibuprofen to reduce pain.
Check your sport shoes to make sure they are giving your feet enough support and cushioning. Orthotic insoles for your shoes may also help to improve the way you run.
When you start exercising again, start slowly. If you get shin splints again, stop the activity and rest for a few days before starting the exercise at a lower level of intensity.
Run on soft surfaces like grass
Your physiotherapist can develop a training programme for you to gradually increase your level of activity and help you return to your usual sports. They may use a range of different treatments to help your recovery, including massage and stretching exercises.
Most of the time, surgery isn’t required for shin splints. However, if your shin splints are caused by compartment syndrome and your pain is severe, your doctor may suggest an operation called a fasciotomy. This releases the pressure on the muscles in your lower leg.
Prevention of Shin Splints
Risk of developing shin splints can be reduce by doing the following
Wear shoes with good support and padding
Wear cushioned insoles to absorb some of the impact while doing any sport activity
Warm up before working out
Stretch the muscles in your legs after workouts
Work to maintain and improve strength in muscles
If you are suffering from arthritis, it is important for you to know about how it affects your knee and other joints. Arthritis is a chronic, systematic inflammatory disease which damages your joints and connective tissues. Your knee is commonly affected by arthritis and there are three primary types of arthritis that occur in the knees. They include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and post-traumatic arthritis.
Types of arthritis
The different types of arthritis affecting the knees occur due to different reasons. Osteoarthritis is a progressive condition, which wears away the joint cartilage over time. Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory condition, which may occur at any age. Post-traumatic arthritis occurs after an injury is inflicted to the knee and may occur several years after a ligament injury or knee fracture.
- Arthritis pain may occur all of a sudden, but commonly develops slowly. In the early stages, the pain is observed in the morning after you have been inactive over the night. Pain is likely when you want to move around. Pain may be experienced even when immobile.
- Periodic inflammation is a common symptom of arthritis of the knee. This happens because of the formation of bone spurs or excess fluids in your knee. The swelling gets pronounced after being inactive for a long period. The skin on your knee may look red and feel warm while you touch it. This may lead to chronic inflammation, which is very difficult to manage.
There are several ways of treating knee arthritis. The mode of treatment depends on the severity and cause of knee arthritis. NSAIDS or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly prescribed for dealing with arthritis pain temporarily. Other medicines used for knee arthritis treatment are as follows:
- Analgesics, which help in pain reduction act as good alternatives to NSAIDS.
- Corticosteroids are used for reducing inflammation.
- Certain DMARDs or disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs are used.
Certain injections that are used for helping with knee arthritis. They include:
- Hyaluronic acid supplements, which ease the pain and inflammation by lubricating your knee joints.
- Corticosteroid injections also soothe inflammation and pain.
You may also require a surgery for dealing with knee arthritis when other modes of treatment fail. The most common surgeries are as follows:
- Total joint replacement, where your knee is replaced with a prosthetic made of metal, plastic or ceramic.
- Osteotomy, where the knee bones are modified for controlling pressure and damage in the knees.
- Arthroscopy, where an incision is made in the knee for removing damaged parts.
It is recommended for you to consult a doctor, if you experience any symptom of knee arthritis. Early treatment will prevent the condition from worsening.