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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
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Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
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Vulvodynia is a condition which causes severe pain in the opening (vulva) of the vagina without any apparent reason. The pain might be chronic in nature and can go on for years. Vulvodynia might affect your emotional health in the long-term and cause anxiety, depression and disrupted sleep patterns, if not treated immediately.
Doctors are still unsure regarding the exact causes of Vulvodynia. But there are few factors, which can increase your risks of suffering from this disorder:
- If you have a sensitive skin or have any past history of previous vaginal infections, you might be susceptible to vulvodynia.
- Vulvodynia might also be caused due to past injuries around the vulva.
- Sometimes, hormonal changes might also cause Vulvodynia.
- This disorder can also occur in women who have previously suffered from recurrent instances of sexual abuse.
The symptoms of Vulvodynia can be acute or chronic in nature with the pain being confined to one particular area or around the entire region.
The treatments for Vulvodynia aim at regulation of the symptoms. The most common treatments for Vulvodynia are:
- Your doctor might prescribe a specific dosage of steroids or antidepressants to get rid of the pain. Prescribed dosage of antihistamines might help to cure the itching sensation.
- You can apply a regulated amount of ‘Lidocaine’ ointment around the vulvar regions thirty minutes before sexual intercourse.
- You can also opt for pelvic floor therapies as they might provide relief from significant pain in the pelvic floor muscles resulting from vulvodynia.
- If the pain is centralized around a particular area, you might opt for vestibulectomy to remove the affected tissues and get rid of the pain.
I had sex for 6-7 times in these 3 months from December to march and I had also taken unwanted pills. In these month I had periods but little less bleeding is occurred. Doctor why I had less bleeding? Is there some problem.
Hi. I'm a 23 year old female. Recently I was diagnosed with polycystic ovarian syndrome. My doctor prescribed me dronis 20. For three months. My major concern is my weight gain. I have an upcoming wedding in my family in a month. And I have been doing cardio and other exercises since three months and I have a controlled / healthy diet too. I run for 6 kms every day. But nothing is helping me reduce my weight. My weight has reduced only by 1 kg in past three months. My doctor isn't prescribing me any pill to lose weight. Kindly suggest me a way out to lose the weight. I was 53 kgs and now I'm 61 kgs. It's getting really frustrating not seeing any results even after putting in the hard work.
Hello Dr. Me married hu. Or baby ki panning KR rhi hu. Mere regularly Period ate h every month. But is bar nhi aye. Fir mene10 din bad pragnancy check ki. But usme nagative aya. Ky esa hota h. Me pragnant nhi hu.
My name is Dr. Asha Khatri. I had passed MD in 1977 and obstetrics and gynecology from Pandit LNM Medical College, Raipur with gold medal and distinction. My special interests are infertility, high risk pregnancy, delivery and endoscopy. Today I am going to share with you some important topics related to obstetric which will help you in taking the proper decision. Premarital counseling is very important because so many conditions which you are not aware of can affect your obstetric outcome.
First you should know the HIV status of both the partners because if one is HIV positive the other can get the infection from the partner and if the mother is HIV positive then the baby can get infection from the mother during pregnancy. At the time of delivery, RH factor is decided by the type of protein on the red blood cells and it is also called NTJ. Most of the people have protein or RH Factor on the red blood cells and they are said to be RH positive and those they do not have the RH factor of protein on the cells are said to be RH negative. If RH negative mother carries an RH positive fetus during pregnancy, a small amount of leak or fetal blood cells takes place into the maternal circulation during pregnancy and at the time of delivery mother's body produces antibodies to fight the RH factor on the fetal red blood cells. These antibodies cross the placenta and reach the fetus and they destroy the fetal red cells and produce a condition called hemolytic disease of the newborn. In mild cases, the baby will develop the jaundice ; In moderate cases, it is the anemia of the newborn ; and in the sever cases the baby dies inside the uterus.
There is a way to prevent the formation of her body from forming antibodies rh- globulin containing RH. Antibodies should be injected into the Rh negative mother during pregnancy and just after delivery with readymade antibodies now available. The mother's body seems no need to make her own antibodies.
Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder affecting the red blood cells it affects 7-8% of the Indian population. Some of the high risk communities are Sindhi Punjabi's lohanas Maymans and Bhanushalis.
Two main forms of thalassemia are:
- Thalassemia minor
- Thalassemia major.
Thalassemia Minor- People with thalassemia minor generally healthy, though they may suffer from mild anemia.
Thalassemia Major- Child with thalassemia major is born when both parents are carriers of thalassemia minor. Thalassemia major is a fatal blood disorder.
A regular transfusion is essential to enable proper growth and development of the child throughout the life. Proper planning and use of 100% sure and safe method of contraception should be used to avoid the unwanted pregnancy before marriage.
Now I am going to tell you about pre-pregnancy counseling. Antenatal care begins long before the patient becomes pregnant. All the patients should visit the gynecologist before pregnancy. Those patients who are at risk of medical and offset complications should visit to know when to become pregnant. Medical complications like diabetes, hypertension, thyroid, asthma, tuberculosis during pregnancy can cause genetic disorder. If patient has genetic disorder then they can choose not to become pregnant and may decide for adoption. Follic acid should be started three months before becoming pregnant to prevent the development of neural tube defects like spinal bifida and anencellaly.
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The usage of “9 months” with pregnancy is almost universal. However, it is not always that all women go through the entire 9 months with the baby. Most often, delivery happens during the 37th to 40th weeks. This allows for the complete growth of the baby within the mother’s womb. When delivery happens before the 37th week, it is known as preterm delivery or premature labour. These babies may not be completely formed and may have temporary or long-term difficulties after birth.
There are many reasons which can induce premature labour, and while some are preventable, some may be inevitable.
- Smoking: One of the first things to do when planning a pregnancy or as soon as you realise you are pregnant is to quit smoking. It is way too damaging for the mother and the baby within.
- Alcohol consumption or street drug usage: These again can cause not just premature labour but also developmental abnormalities.
- Multiple pregnancy: Women pregnant with twins or multiples often have premature labour.
- Health problems: Medical conditions like hypertension, diabetes, infections, etc.
- Abnormalities: Developmental abnormalities in the newborn like Down’s syndrome, chromosomal abnormalities, etc.
- Weight: Being either obese or underweight can cause premature labour.
- Prenatal care: While preparing for pregnancy or as soon as you confirm it, ensure you put yourself in the hands of a good gynaecologist. This will ensure you (and your baby) get the required care.
- Less gap: Reduced gap between subsequent pregnancies can also induce premature labour.
Warning signs of premature labour
In some women, the doctor might be able to predict the chances of a premature labour and give enough suggestions to look out for warning signs. This will help the woman to be mentally prepared when it is time.
- Frequent pelvic contractions (about every 10 minutes)
- Vaginal leaking (fluid or bleeding)
- General ill-feeling with symptoms of nausea, cramps, and vomiting/diarrhoea.
- Inability to hold down fluids for a full day
- Abdominal cramps, similar to a period
- Pelvic pressure, a feeling of the baby descending down
What to do?
As mentioned earlier, if your doctor had warned you of the chances of a preterm labour, watch out for them after 35 weeks.
- With any of the above symptom, do not indulge in any activity and rest on the left side for a while.
- Drink about 2 to 3 glasses of juice or plain water.
- If the symptoms get better, continue to rest for the day.
- If they do not, call the doctor. Usually, the doctor will ask you to come to the clinic.
- In some cases, the baby might be delivered and require neonatal care for some days (to weeks) depending on development and symptoms. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.