Here are screening and treatment of different types of cancers in women
Hello I am Dr. Uma Verma. I am consultant gynecologist in West Delhi, Narayana. Today I will talk about the screening of the cancer in women.
What is screening? Checking your body for cancer before you have symptom increase the chances of detecting certain cancer when they are in most curable stage. First I will talk about cervical cancer. Cervix is the lowermost part of the womb. This is the only cancer which is preventable and it has a very long indolent part present as a precancer region. Nowadays vaccine is also available to prevent this cancer. Pap smear is the ultimate screening of chest to prevent the cervical cancer. Once we start screening Pap smear 3 year after the first intimate relation from 21 to 29 years of age yearly and after 29 it should be done with the HPV virus detection. It can be done till 65 years of age and later also if anything abnormal with the Pap smear, patient can go further for the rompers copy also.
Second cancer we are going to discuss is about the breast cancer. We have the Mammogram Manual examination of the breast and MRI. Self examination of the breast is controversial issue, It should be done or not. Some authorities say to be done, some say it is of no use. If at all it should be done it should be started at age of 29 till 40. It should be done with three early and after 40 year it should be done annually. Candidate for the genetic testing, Personal history of CA breast should undergo genetic testing for the breast cancer. Close relative having history of breast, prostate or unaware cancer. Breast cancer developing before the age of 50 having both the breast in ovarian cancer, near relative having the breast cancer, Easter European, Jewish ancestors, anybody who is having ovarian cancer, these are all above the position should be genetically investigated for the screening of the breast cancer.
Now we come to ovarian cancer. This is the ninth most common female cancer. The test used for the click screening is CA 125 and trans vaginal sonography. There is no reliable way to screen for the ovarian cancer in women who do not have any sign. Screening should start at 30 to 35 years that is 5 to 10 year areas when the cancer detected in youngest member of the family. Screening does not reduce death from the cancer in general population. 20 to 25% of the women diagnosed with ovarian cancer have the heriditary tendency. Now come to the uterine cancer screening.
For the uterine cancer there is no screening way. We only have Diagnostic test that Diagnostics test are Endrometrial sampling, DLC, hysteroscopy and also we have the ultrasound to see the endrometrial sickness. Now come to the Colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer screening is to begin at the age of 50. In this we do high sensitivity fecal occult blood testing, colonoscopy and sigmatoscopy. It should continue annually till the age of 70. That is all.
In summary I want to tell the cancer screening is important so that we can treat the disease at earliest possible. And when the disease is detected earlier the chances vof cure is high. Once the patient develop the disease then nobody knows what is going to happen. Two cancer in the females are the cervical and breast which needs definite screening for the general population as well as for the high risk population. Breast cancer the screening is not of much use.
That is all. Thank youread more
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3 month lost pregnant lady, scanned and found 8 cm posterior wall uterine fibroid, Is that dangerous! Need to take urgent surgery! Expecting another baby in future. What to do? First one also c-section delivery. If I need surgery means I would go for continuous surgery I.e. To remove fibroid, next for baby and next for permanent solution.(Remove uterus). Total 4 surgery in life time. please suggest me what to do?
Am 4 week pregnant and am bleeding (pinkish) with pains, I've gone to the hospital I was told to do a scan after the scan he said I should come back in 2 week time for another scan. This is my first result wrote by the doctor. 1.UTerus is non gravid, normal in shape, size (5.4*3.5 cm)and ante vetted in orientation. 2.MYOMETRIUM is homogeneously normal in echotexture. No myoma seen. 3.ENDOMETRIAL cavity is empty, intact and normal in echotexture. It measures 5 mm in AP dimension. 4. Both adnexae/ovaries are free. No cyst/Mass. 5.URINARY BLADE contains clear fluid and maintains normal wall thickness of 3 mm. Please Dr. tell me the meaning of this I will appreciate it thanks.
My wife is suffering from thyroid for last 3 years. She is using 100 mg thyronorm. We are planning for 2nd kid. Some one told me it is not good to go for pregnancy at this thyroid level and also infants will born with either metal or physical defects if mother has such thyroid history. My internet research almost telling me the above. My first kid born in 2011. She don't have thyroid at that time. Please let us know is it good idea to go for 2nd kid and also what should be the ideal health condition that she should start working to prepare her body for 2nd kid. Thanks in advance for reading my query. Your valuable suggestions will be highly appreciated. Looking forward for right answers.
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Hi. I want to know, Witch is the best time/day for child planing after period? And I also want to know, is there any problem having sex from third day after period day?
What does 12 days bleeding mean? Is this mean I'm pregnant I had unwanted 72 with in 24 hr how can I be pregnant. Does 12 days mean I'm pregnant?
Hi. I had sex with my bf 4 times in a year after 2 to 3 month gap in each time. And taken unwanted 72 every time. From last year my mensuration cycle is ok but I am worried about my future. Is there any infertility problem in future for using unwanted 72 in interval or 2 to 3 month.
I am 25 years old and now 26 weeks pregnant how to increase my baby weight by foods. I am scare because of my anemic problem it will affect my baby. So how to recover tis problem.
Me and my girlfriend used to have genital grinding alone for past few 10 months. No ejaculation and no penetration. And I will not touch the tip of my penis near her vaginal hole. And she is a virgin. Her age is 23 She always have light periods since her puberty. During 26 to 30 November her periods was very very light. Last time we were genital grinding around November 11th. During December her periods did not come. She went for consultation on December 30 ultrasound shows everything is normal. In blood test negative pregnancy. And yesterday (jan 7th) we took home pregnancy test it was also negative. In blood test TSH level is 0.132 mlU/L can this be the reason of late periods. Am scared she is pregnant. Can someone become pregnant without penetration and without ejaculation near her vaginal opening. And I do not finger her since she is a virgin. Please help me am dead scared. Am thinking about it the whole month.
Disregarding genital tract infections and issues including the symptoms of the same can lead to problems when it comes to fertility. It may also cause problems in your sexual life. Genital problems can also lead to infertility. These days, infertility is a noteworthy and very important occurrence that plagues many couples.
Common Infections: A large portion of these genital tract diseases occurs because of infections. Salpingitis happens in close to 15% of ladies in their reproductive age and 2.5% of all ladies get to be infertile as an aftereffect of salpingitis by age 35. Many times, symptoms of conditions and STDs like Chlamydia trachomatis are usually nonexistent. The real rate of ladies with upper genital tract infections is presumably underestimated.
Infection and Infertility: Infectious agents can hinder different vital human functions, including reproduction. Bacteria, fungi, infections and viruses can meddle with the reproductive capacity in both genders. Diseases of male genito-urinary tract represent around 15% of the instance of male infertility. Diseases can influence distinctive areas of the male regenerative tract, for example, the testis, epididymis and male sex organs and glands. Urogenital diseases at various levels of their advancement, development and transport can affect the sperms themselves in this manner. Among the most widely recognized microorganisms required for sexually transmitted diseases, meddling with male fertility are Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhea.
Symptoms: If the following symptoms of a genital tract infection are ignored, it can definitely lead to the person being infertile in some stage of life or immediately. These are as follows:
The signs and symptoms in males are
- Changes in the way you discharge
- Bleeding while urinating or discharge
- Thick white, yellow or green release from the tip of the penis along with pain in urethra or pain while urinating
- A hard but painless sore on the penis along with swelling of the lymph hubs in the crotch
- Pain or uneasiness while urinating or discharge from the urethra
- Difficult or irritated red spots and small blisters on the penis
- Chestnut bits on the hair around the penis
- Gentle delicacy around one of the testicles
- Delicate swelling in the scrotum on one or both sides
- Extreme pain after injury to your penis
The signs and symptoms in women are as follows:
- Irregular vaginal discharge with a pungent smell
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Tingling or itching in the outer area of vagina
- Uneasiness and pain during sex
- Sore vagina
- Foamy greenish-yellow discharge with a foul smell
- Light bleeding after intercourse
- Warts in the vagina
Regular check-ups and visits to the gynecologist are very essential. One should always keep the partner updated about their sexual health problems to practice a healthy and honest relationship and to avoid further contagious infections from occurring.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!