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I am 55 yr old man and Am getting chest conjunction /pain. While taking abrisk walk in the morning am not feeling cmoletely all right. Kindly suggest me to which medicine to be taken / to be consulted
I, m 46 male, weighing 78 Kg. Have hypertension 137/85 mmHg, 75 BPM. I belong to Odisha, but working in Chennai. Other than hypertension ,I, m a healthy person, but I want to reduce my wight by at least 10 Kg without leading to any reduction of energy level. I walk on Sat.
Are you experiencing irregular and fluctuating heartbeats? Is your heartbeat too fast or too slow? If yes, then it signifies that you are suffering from arrhythmias or abnormal heart rhythms. This is a disorder which affects the heart rate or heart rhythm and the heartbeat becomes irregular.
Causes of abnormal heart rhythms
Arrhythmias occurs due to problems with the electrical conduction system of the heart. In this case, abnormal signals might occur; the electrical signals might get blocked or slowed down, or the electric signals may travel in different paths throughout the heart. Abnormal heartbeats are commonly caused by the following:
- Abnormal potassium levels in the body
- Heart attacks or due to a damaged heart muscle, owing to a previous heart attack
- Inborn heart diseases
- Cases of an enlarged heart and heart failure
- Overreaction of the thyroid gland
- Several other substances or medicines may lead to arrhythmias, such as alcohol, stimulant drugs, caffeine, nicotine, and antidepressant medicines or blood pressure medicines.
Diagnosis of abnormal heart rhythms
For the diagnosis of arrhythmias, your doctor will use a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat. Several health monitoring devices are used to detect abnormal heart rhythms. These include the Holter monitor and the event monitor, or a loop recorder.
Other diagnosis tests which are required to be carried out include coronary angiography, ECG or electrocardiogram, and an echocardiogram. A test known as an electrophysiology can be undertaken for getting a closer look at the electrical system of the heart.
Treatment for abnormal heart rhythms
When a case of arrhythmias is severe, urgent treatment is required for restoring the heart’s rhythm to normal. The different forms of treatment are as follows:
- Electrical shock therapy such as defibrillation or cardioversion
- Implanting of a heart pacemaker for a short term
- Certain medications which are given through the veins or orally
- A group of medicines known as anti-arrhythmic drugs is used for the prevention of recurrence of the condition and to keep the heart rate from fluctuating continually.
- Cardiac ablation may be carried out for destroying some areas in the heart from where the rhythm problems are caused.
- An implantable cardiac defibrillator is used in people who are at a risk of facing cardiac death.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
With recent lifestyle changes, more and more people, younger in age, are falling prey to heart attacks. While some silently suffer the attack during their sleep and never wake up, others have symptoms which they dismiss as acidity or muscular pain and ignore them. There are multiple media programs that are trying to create awareness about how to identify a heart attack. If done at the right time, there is a good chance that the person can be saved.
What is a Heart Attack?
The blood vessels gradually narrow, reducing the blood flow to the target organs. This reduces the efficiency of the target organ, and if this happens to be the heart, it is known as a heart attack. The area that should ideally receive blood does not, leading to its “death.” If the damage is not severe, it can be reversed. However, if this attack happens in one of the critical areas of the heart, it can even be fatal.
Symptoms To Watch For: Very few attacks happen suddenly. Most start slowly and progress, and if identified on time, a life can be saved. The episode takes about an hour, and if you are well-versed with the symptoms, it could help identify the condition correctly and save a life. Most people use antacids and muscle relaxants to ease the situation, which does provide immediate relief, but not a proper cure.
Chest discomfort: There is a central pain which is constant, nagging, and has a squeezing like sensation. This causes discomfort and most often, this pain is in the center of the chest area, which lasts for just a few minutes. Sometimes the pain can go and come back. This pain radiates down into the arm, up into the neck area, and also into the jaw and is almost always indicative of a heart attack.
- There is almost always profused sweating where the person breaks into a cold sweat.
- If the attack happens during sleep, the person may be snoring and may feel as if something is choking his airway.
- Due to reduced return of blood from the peripheral organs, there could be swelling of the feet and ankles.
- Irregular heart beat: If there is irregular heart beat (palpitations) very often, talk to your doctor about it.
When you suspect a person of having a heart attack, check for these signs. Very often, a heart attack is detectable and can be managed with timely intervention.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Heart disease, an old-age ailment, nowadays has emerged as a major lifestyle concern. Rate of heart diseases in india is twice that of western countries.
Heart disease - one of number one cause of mortality, especially among young indians. Almost 50% of all heart attacks in indian men occur under 50 years of age and 25% occur under 40 years of age.
Despite being a growing concern, not many us are aware of the most common heart attack symptoms. Though a person's genetic disposition and family history remain as the most common and uncontrollable risk factors, majority of heart diseases may be caused due to modifiable factors like blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, stress and weight issues. Our high risk lifestyle emerges as the biggest risk factor.
In most cases, a heart attack occurs when a blood clot is formed in one of the blood vessels responsible for supplying blood to the heart, when the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is disrupted due to certain blockages in the coronary arteries.
Lack of knowledge often causes a delay in handling the situation, which could aggravate the damage and in some cases prove to be fatal. Early medical attention and treatment decrease morbidity and mortality.
The early symptoms:
- The most common - sharp and constricting pain in the center of the chest, which may radiates to the left side of the body, particularly the left arm, back, chin and jaw discomfort.
- Profuse sweating – diaphoresis due to the over-activation of the sympathetic nervous system.
- In diabetic patients sweating, feeling light headed and momentary black outs are more common than feeling sharp pain.
- Dizziness and losing consciousness.
- Discomfort in the upper part of the abdomen and a burning sensation - can sometimes mistaken as acidity or heartburn.
- A strong feeling of nausea.
- Unexplained fatigue, paleness, palpitations and anxiety are other symptoms.
- In women presentation can be atypical. Other symptoms, like lightheadedness, nausea, extreme fatigue, fainting, dizziness, abdominal pain or pressure in the upperback.
Do's and don'ts – when a heart attack occurs?
What to do-
- Call for emergency medical help.
- Make the person lie down flat on a firm surface and loosen clothing.
- Clear the airway and allow him to take a few deep breaths.
- The pulse should be checked not on the wrist but on any one side of the neck (carotid). Check for the regularity of the neck pulse.
- Try giving him oxygen if breathless.
- Turn the patient one side if feeling nauseating and let him vomit so as prevent aspiration into the lungs.
- Raise both the legs to improve the supply of blood to the heart.
- Isosorbide dinitrate is a vasodilator, widens blood vessels and makes it easier for blood to flow through them and reach the heart. It is available in the form of pills and should be taken sublingually.
- If the person is unconscious, no pulse, perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (cpr. Call for help. If you don't know cpr, you can still help in rescuing by helping others. American heart association has given simplified way of cpr. Everyone should know cpr.
- Cpr stands for" cardiopulmonary resuscitation" it is a way to get blood and oxygen moving throughout the body of someone whose heart has stopped working.
- Cpr can save a person's life. It can keep the brain and other organs from being damaged by lack of oxygen. It is something you do until the heart can be shocked back into action or until it becomes clear the person cannot be saved.
What not to do-
- Do not try to feed the patient anything and it is best to avoid oral medication.
- Thumping and pumping the chest without knowing the heart rhythm should be avoided.
- Famous self-administered treatment of coughing repeatedly is unlikely to help.
- It is important to note that most lifesaving medications that help in recovering from a heart attack, work best when given within one or two hours of experiencing the first symptoms, when the cardiac damage is limited. Therefore, in such situations time is most crucial. Recognizing the early symptoms and immediate medical attention can save many lives.
Tmt was positive so I consult cardiologist on 8.8. 15. Angiography was done and found single vessel disease 99% blockage in LAD. Angioplasty done. PTCA+STENT (XIENCE V3.0?18mm) done on 8.8. 15. Doctor prescribed me ecosprine150 clopilet 75 bd. Cilacar 5 bd nebi 2.5 od xtor 40 od pan d and angispan tr 2.5 bd. Now I am not feeling well. Left side chest burning sensation and discomfort. Right side chest and abdomen heaviness. Right leg burning sensation. Blurred vision and depression. What I have to do please suggest me and the medicine which I am taking is correct or not.
When I lay down on bed and take my bp in home monitor its comes 130/86 with pulse 77 but when I sit and take it my bp comes 143/94 or 95 so what is my bp very confused is sitting position right or laying down. Am I bp patient. I am very confused. How should I take bp sitting or laying. And what is my bp because I have crossed check more then 10 times now.
How to reduce fat near heart? And say the diet for healthy heart. Like the food which people with heart issues can have and the food they have to avoid for a better living.
Arrhythmia is a disorder which is characterized by improper and irregular heartbeats; be it too slow or too fast. This problem occurs when the electrical impulses that are used to regulate your heartbeat don’t work in the correct manner. Your heart may beat irregularly, too slow or too fast.
Although this disorder does not yield many symptoms, a few noticeable symptoms of arrhythmia are slow heartbeat, or a racing heartbeat, chest pain, breathing difficulties and dizziness. Arrhythmia can lead to inefficient pumping by the heart, leading to bouts of fainting. A severe symptom of this disorder is ventricular fibrillation, wherein the ventricles tend to quiver instead of transporting blood. This symptom can cut off blood supply to the vital organs, which may lead to death.
- Coronary artery disease: In this disease, arteries of the heart can get blocked, leading to irregular heart beat and impaired heart functioning.
- A heart attack: An ongoing heart attack usually leads to irregular heartbeats.
- High blood pressure: High blood pressure problems make you more vulnerable to this condition.
- Impaired functioning of the thyroid glands: An overactive or underactive thyroid gland can lead to heart arrhythmia.
- Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption: These habits can cause problems with the blood vessels in the body, thus increasing risks of this particular condition as well as other cardio-vascular diseases.
- Stress: Too much stress can lead to high blood pressure; that is again linked to heart arrhythmia.
Mild symptoms of arrhythmia do not require treatment. However, complications resulting from it warrant treatment. The various treatment options for this condition are:
- Pacemaker: A pacemaker is a device that is used to regulate your heart rhythms. It is placed in the body by a surgical procedure and an insulated wire is put, connecting the heart to the pacemaker. In case of an irregular heartbeat, the pacemaker sends out impulses to correct the improper heartbeat.
- Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: This device is used to prevent a dangerous symptom of heart arrhythmia, a symptom wherein the ventricle quivers. It is similar to a pacemaker as it is also placed near the collarbone. In case it detects an abnormal rhythm, it sends out shocks to reset the heart rhythm.
- Maze procedure: This is a surgical procedure wherein incisions are made on the upper heart tissue to create a scar tissue. Scar tissues act as insulators to prevent stray impulses.
- Alternative therapies: Alternative procedures such as yoga and meditation can help remedy the disorder.