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Balloon Angioplasty Procedure
Treatment of Hip Disorders
Prevention of Blockage, Atherosclerosis & Heart At
Holistic Heart Wellness & Health Care - Ayurveda
Mitral Valve Replacement Surgery
Cerebral Palsy Treatment
Vascular Surgery Treatment
Treatment of Blockage, Atherosclerosis & Heart Att
Cardiac Ablation Procedure
Coronary Bypass Surgery
Carotid Angioplasty And Stenting Procedure
Cardiac Catheterization Procedure
Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (Icds) Tre
Angioplasty Stent Surgery
Preventing Stent Surgeries
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I checked my diabetics FBS is 260 and PBS is 379 on 25 february. Today I checked my diabetics fbs is 167 and pbs is 215. And also I checked hba1c is 10.1. What is my status and can I able to control without medicine. Past one month without medicine only I reduce the sugar level. Kindly guide me.
I am a bybass patient, done in 20.01.2012. Still I am finding pain in chest. It will go or not. Dieting is necessary. May I take hot drinks or not. I need your guidence.
I am 25 years old, I have some problem regarding heart beat. Heart beat skips for 2/3 beats and feel some sort of suffocation at that time. It usually happens twice a week.
I am having hyper tension 160/120 3 months back. And I was advised to take medications. Now Bp became normal. My fear is that do I need to take medications for my whole life. I am taking telimartsan 40 mg tablet.
The primary cause of coronary heart disease (which causes a heart attack) is inflammation of the coronary arteries (the arteries which carry oxygenated blood to your heart). Before I move on to explain what is inflammation, let’s see what is atherosclerosis.
- Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory response initiated by damage to the innermost layer (known as the endothelium) of the arteries, which faces the bloodstream.
- Atherosclerosis is a disease which causes narrowing of the walls of the arteries which is characterized by plaque build up. This plaque build up inside the arteries results in blockage of the blood flow or sometimes formation of blood clots. This plaque blood clots can result in partial or complete blockage of blood flow. When all this happens inside the coronary arteries, it is called coronary heart disease which is the main danger as it can lead to a heart attack.
- As we see here that the underlying cause of blockage is the plaque build up. Let us see how this plaque is built up:
- Once damage occurs to the inner layer of the coronary artery, the body’s natural repair mechanism takes over. This mechanism begins with circulating levels of low- density lipoproteins (ldls) into the damaged area. Let me stress that this occurs whether a person has high or low ldl-cholesterol!
- Once ldls move into the damaged area of the endothelium, there is an inflammation response initiated by the body (inflammation response is a protective response of the body). This attracts the immune cells to the damaged site. This, in turn, produces growth factors, which cause muscle cells to multiply and invade the damaged area of the blood vessel. Eventually, the conundrum of ldl, immune cells, muscle cells and debris from the initial damage form “plaque.”
So as we see above, the primary cause of plaque build up is inflammation of arteries, and this plaque formation can happen, whether a person has low or high ldl levels, we are getting closer to the point of understanding that it’s not the cholesterol, but inflammation that is the primary cause of the blockage, which causes heart attack.
Now the question is what causes inflammation in the body?
- Inflammation is not just restricted to the arteries, but every cell of the body, and the prime cause of this is sugar is inflammatory. Imagine spilling sugar syrup on your keyboard and see what happens. Inside the body also, sugar does similar things. People with chronically high sugar levels (type-2 diabetics or even pre-diabetics) are suffering from inflammatory stress in the body. That is why injuries or wounds in diabetics take longer time to heal and surgeries become critical!
- And when I talk about sugar here, it is not only the refined sugar in the diet but also the excess intake of all carbohydrates in the body, which leads to chronically elevated blood sugar and insulin levels in the body.
- So a person (specially a sedentary person) having predominantly excess carbohydrates and sugar in the body, even if taking a diet low in fats, is still at a greater risk of heart disease even though his saturated fat intake is low. That is why a type-2 diabetic is at a greater risk of having a heart attack. This is due to inflammation of arteries. And since this inflammation is not only limited to arteries but every cell of the body, often these people suffer from lethargy and low and energy levels due to inflammation in the intestinal cells, which restricts proper absorption of vital nutrients like vitamins, minerals in the body and the hormones get affected leading to lethargy.
- This inflammation or damage to arterial walls can be caused by a few other factors as well like:
- High intake of omega-6 fats (like vegetable oils, soybean oil etc) high intake of alcohol, smoking, high free radical damageincreased cortisol (ie stress) lack of vitamin c and other anti-oxidants.
- If you really want to know the true health status of your cardio-vascular system that a mere lipid profile will not give you the true picture. A couple of blood tests that need to be added are:
- Hba1c (glycated hemoglobin): hba1c test is an indicator of how well the sugar levels are controlled in the body in the span of 3 months. The excess sugar molecules bind with hemoglobin and the resultant molecule is called glycated haemoglobin. The life span of this molecule is 3 months. The normal value of hba1c is 6. Anything more than that means the sugar levels are chronically elevated beyond normal in the last 3 months.
- C-reactive protein: this test indicates the level of inflammation in the body. This substance is produced by the liver which increases in the presence of inflammation in the body.
I have done CABG (by-pass-surgery) in Dec 13. Still now I am suffering with heavy chest pain. What should I do?
I am 30years old male, 62kg, 156cms. My BP 135/80, is it high bp and how to control it for normal range, please suggest me.
Deadlines to meet, personal commitments to attend, quick and unhealthy bites on the go, and hardly any time for your health. All these results in many lifestyle conditions, heart problems being predominant among them. Thousands of people in the India suffer a heart attack in a year. Don’t you think knowing the reasons behind heart problems is important to avoid suffering from one? Read on to know about Atherosclerosis, a condition that eventually leads to a block in an artery.
What is Atherosclerosis?
When the arteries start narrowing as a result of the plaque buildup, it is known as Atherosclerosis. It is also referred to as arteriosclerosis, which means that the arteries become very hard.
The blood vessels that are responsible for carrying oxygen and the necessary nutrients from the heart to the entire body are the arteries. As you grow older, the cholesterol and the fat starts getting deposited in the arteries, which lead to the formation of plaque.
Arteries are lined by the cell layer which is known as the endothelium. Atherosclerosis starts to develop when there is damage caused to the endothelium. This leads to the lipoproteins of low density getting accumulated in the wall of the artery. These lipoproteins are known as atheroma.
The pieces of the plaque may break off, and the flow of blood through the arteries is restricted due to the blood clot. Atherosclerosis may cause stroke, heart attacks, heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease if it is not treated properly. This disease can occur in any artery that is located in any of the body parts, which include the kidneys, the legs, or the heart.
What exactly happens?
Atherosclerosis starts when the arteries located in part of a person’s body become hard and narrow due to the buildup of excess fat in the artery walls. These damages lead to the development of plaque. The plaque starts creating a bump on the wall of the artery.
As the disease starts to progress, the bump starts to get bigger. This leads to a blockage. This process goes on throughout the patient’s body, placing his heart at a great risk. This may also lead to stroke or other serious health problems.
Once the disease starts progressing, it may lead to the rupture of the plaque lining. This causes the LDL cholesterol and the other unwanted substances to spill out in the blood stream. This leads to the blood clot, and the blood clot, in turn, may travel to any other body part, blocking the flow of blood to the nearest organ. The plaque can either stay in the wall of the artery, or it may start growing in the path of the flow of blood.
This disease progresses very slowly, and it may start developing in a person from his/her childhood. In adults, atherosclerosis is generally caused due to a high blood pressure, smoking, resistance to insulin, diabetes, obesity, or inflammation due to other diseases or lupus.
Maintaining a proper diet and exercising regularly can help to keep atherosclerosis in check.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!