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Dr. Sunakshi Singh - Dermatologist, Delhi

Dr. Sunakshi Singh

88 (152 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS

Dermatologist, Delhi

9 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Dr. Sunakshi Singh 88% (152 ratings) MD - Dermatology, MBBS Dermatologist, Delhi
9 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Hi, I'm Dr Sunakshi. I am a dermatologist and hair transplant surgeon in ADHD clinic in Kalkaji. ...

Hi, I'm Dr Sunakshi. I am a dermatologist and hair transplant surgeon in ADHD clinic in Kalkaji. Today I will be talking on PRP.

PRP is an abbreviation for platelet rich plasma which is prepared from whole Blood. The PRP is written certain growth factors which help in various conditions like hair fall in skin rejuvenation and in fat transfer. So talking about the indications of PRP, it is used in aesthetic procedures as well as other conditions like wound healing and in dental procedures. So how we prepare PRP varies according to the kit that is used which also gives a different result.

So about preparation we need to withdraw some amount of blood are usually with donor 25 to 30 ml of blood and then we centrifuge it at 4000 RPM. The best result is after 15 minutes of centrifugation. Then we take the uppermost layer which is the plasma rich PRP and we need to activate the PRP with certain activators like calcium before injection. There are various kits as I talked earlier. The kits come as Genesis CS. Then there is region lab kit which have different anti cobelans that give a different result. The cost factor also values according to the kit used. So the PRP is then injected into the areas where it is required, it can be injected superficially into the skin in the areas of wrinkles that is around the eyes around the mouth corners it can be injected on the forehead and also cheeks for some tissue augmentation.

So this way it helps in facial rejuvenation which is also known as Vampire Facelift. In hair condition, there are conditions like androgenic alopecia where there is a pattern hair loss. We also use PRP in these conditions along with other modalities like derma rulers. Few sessions are required. Almost minimum three to four sessions are required for any indication. So these sessions can be done once in a month or maximum 45 days to 2 months. This is the intent to face that I said for three to four months and then there are also maintained session that can be required in six months or one year according to the result. So PRP can be a various type. It can be pure PRP or it can be fibrin PRP. Fibrin PRP is inner gel form which is used for wound healing but pure PRP is a liquid form that can be injected.

So for PRP, a candidate has to be fit. Regarding the platelet count and some conditions like HIV, hepatitis, VDRL has to be tested before the procedure is done. So once all these tests are within normal limits, PRP can be done.

So I have already talked on the indications and the procedure. We are doing it in ADHD clinic since two years now and we are given promising results.

So if there are any queries or requirement you can contact me through Lybrate.

read more
Hi, I am Dr Sunakshi. I am a dermatologist and hair transplant surgeon. Today I will be talking o...

Hi, I am Dr Sunakshi. I am a dermatologist and hair transplant surgeon. Today I will be talking on hairfall.

Hairfall as we all know is a natural phenomenon. Up to hundred strands of hairfall in a day is called normal. But more than 100 strands in a day is alarming. We should start looking for the cause of hairfall.
So, first I will discuss the various causes of hairfall. The most common form that we see in our population is pattern baldness. It is present s male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness.

In the male pattern, the hairline recedes and there is thinning of hair over the front and crown area which is progressive. There is grading for this pattern which progresses from grade 1 to grade 7. We decide the treatment according to the severity of the baldness. So, it starts as thinning of the hair root and it progresses to the stage where the hair root is lost.

In female pattern baldness, there is widening of the hair partition area and there is thinning of hair over the crown area. Male pattern baldness is basically because of the male hormone testosterone which acts at the receptors, DHT present on the hair follicle. For this hormones basically, cause hairfall in the front and crown area. The hair on the back and the side area of the head are resistant to the hormone because they do not have DHT receptor. When the baldness is mild and when there is only thinning, it can be corrected with medical treatment which comes in the form of minoxidil lotions, various supplements which come in the combination of various vitamins and minerals available for hair growth.
The other medical treatments are PRP (platelet rich plasma). It is extracted from the blood of the patient and it is injected into the area of thinning. PRP contains various growth factors which are helpful in hair regrowth. The severe stage of baldness when the hair root diminishes is a stage when hair transplant is done. In this hair is taken, the roots are extracted from the donor area as I mentioned in the back and the side area, the follicles are extracted and then they are implanted in the recipient area.

General care should also be done for hair fall. Like frequent wash is important. If there is a problem of dandruff, anti-dandruff shampoos should be started to control hair fall. Diet should be supplemented. It should be rich basic vitamins and minerals which are present in green leafy vegetables. Proteins should be taken I the fo0rm of eggs and fruits.

Treatment of hair fall are medical and surgical. We decide the treatment according to the severity of the baldness. When the stage is mild and there is thinning over the front and crown area, medical treatment is recommended. Supplements are started which comes in the combination of vitamins and minerals which help in hair regrowth. There are lotions available like monoxidal lotions as a combination of nutrient which help in hair regrowth. Supplements are given which comes in oral tablets which are combination of vitamins and minerals which help in hair regrowth. The other medical treatments are PRP (platelet rich plasma). It is extracted from blood of the patient and it is injected into the area of thinning to combat hair thinning and hair regrowth.

The severe stage of baldness when the hair root diminishes is a stage when hair transplant is done. In this hair is taken, the hair follicles are extracted from the donor area as I mentioned in the back and the side area, the follicle are extracted and then they are implanted on the recipient area.
 

Other treatments available is general care like care of dandruff, anti-dandruff shampoos for twice a week.Frequent washing should be done in monsoon seasons specially. Diet should be supplemented, junk foods and unhealthy foods should be avoided to decrease the oil secretion which can further enhance the dandruff problem.
Now coming to female pattern hairloss, it is mostly nutritional or hormonal. A thorough check-up has to be done for hormonal causes and for nutritional the most common cause is iron deficiency. There are other causes of hairfall, present in different forms. There are auto-immune disorders like alopecia areata which presents as patchy hairloss over the head. It can be present in other areas of your body like armpits, beard eyebrows. Coming to other causes, there are fungal and bacterial infections which have to be treated to treat hairfall.
These days, trauma that is traction alopecia is seen to be increasing. Tight ponytails and chemical treatments like rebonding causes pressure on the roots especially on the front and side area which causes a pattern of hairloss which is traction alopecia.
There are various myths regarding hairfall. So to clarify, to clear and to treat hairfall you should consultant a dermatologist or a specialist in the field to know the specific cause of hairfall and treat it accordingly.

To connect with me, you can connect me through Lybrate by video call or text messages.

Thank you.
 

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Personal Statement

I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care....more
I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care.
More about Dr. Sunakshi Singh
Dr Sunakshi Singh is an MBBS graduate with an MD in dermatology and she has a thriving practice for the past seven years in Delhi. She can be found giving out treatment and consultation at Advanced Dermatology and Hair Transplant Clinic (ADHT Clinic) in CR Park, Delhi. Her forte includes anti aging treatments and Botox treatments as well as Restylane Vital treatment which helps her in preventing those obvious signs of aging. Also, she is well known for successfully treating cases of anti aging with the help of the Vampire face lift. She renders these treatment measures with a firm hand and steady knowledge, which has helped her build on the trust of her patients. She also carries out various other kinds of treatment for the skin as well as the hair. To begin with, she carries out acne and acne scar treatment for those people who are experiencing a heavy flare up at frequent intervals, or constantly for many years. She also conducts a bleaching treatment which is essential for reversing the effect of tanning and pollution which shows up on our skin as we go about our daily activities. Her understanding of aging, skin and hair have helped her in building a flourishing practice. She has completed her MBBS from BPKISS in Nepal before doing an MD in dermatology from the same institute. She is also a member of the Fellowship in Aesthetic Hair Transplant Surgeons, which helps her in learning more about her field for the benefit of her patients. She is proficient in both English and Hindi.

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Education
MD - Dermatology - BPKISS, Nepal - 2014
MBBS - BPKISS, Nepal - 2009
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Professional Memberships
Fellowship In Aesthetic Hair Transplant Surgeons

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Advanced Dermatology & Hair Transplant Clinic

G-1219/A, Basement, CR Park, Near Market 2,Delhi Get Directions
  4.4  (152 ratings)
500 at clinic
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Signs and Symptoms You Might be Suffering From Lichen Planus

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Signs and Symptoms You Might be Suffering From Lichen Planus

The skin is the most exposed organ to irritants, and when the body recognizes something as foreign, the immune system kicks into action. It produces what is known as antibodies against the foreign bodies (antigens). However, in many situations, the body produces antibodies against its own cells or tissue or components, causing an autoimmune reaction. One such autoimmune reaction is lichen planus, which is a skin rash caused when the body produces antibodies against its own skin or mucous membranes.

Risk factors: While anyone with a weak immune system can develop lichen planus, the followings increase the chances of that happening:

  1. Presence of other autoimmune disorders
  2. Hyperactive immune system, causing the allergic reaction
  3. Genetic inheritance
  4. Increased stress levels
  5. Prior history of viral infections
  6. Middle aged women
  7. Exposure to allergens like gold, arsenic, iodine, and drugs like diuretics and antibiotics
  8. Prior history of hepatitis C

Symptoms: Diagnosis of lichen planus is quite easy, as it has a characteristic appearance.

  1. Basically, a skin rash that is purple in color with flat tops on the skin
  2. Rashes spread over the body in a matter of weeks
  3. They are itchy, painful, and produce a burning sensation
  4. Could have blisters which burst
  5. Have thin lacy margin
  6. Can be seen in the genital area, scalp, ankle, hands, mucous membranes, and nails

If required, a biopsy can be done in some cases to confirm the diagnosis. Allergy testing can also be done to confirm hyperactive immune system.

Treatments: This can depend on the severity of the condition. In people where it is not progressive or inflamed, it could be observed to run its natural course and subside.

For those requiring symptomatic treatment, the following can be used:

  1. Steroids (topical or oral) to reduce inflammation
  2. Antihistamines to reduce the allergic response
  3. Retinoids (topical or oral) which can help overall skin health
  4. Nonsteroidal creams to clear up the rash
  5. Moisturizer to keep skin healthy and prevent dryness and itching
  6. Cool compresses on the rashes
  7. Loose clothing to prevent irritation and itching
  8. Anti-itch creams and powders and lotions
  9. Oatmeal bath to avoid itching and inflammation
  10. Ultraviolet radiation to the rash to reduce severity
  11. Avoid agents (drugs or chemicals) which can cause lichen planus
  12. If the lesions are in the mouth, mouthwash and/or rinse can be used for topical relief

Lichen planus often does not require any treatment. However, depending on each individual, it may require topical and/or systemic treatment to manage the symptoms. It usually runs its course over 6 to 10 weeks and subsides on its own.

7 people found this helpful

When Can You Go For Glycolic Peel?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
When Can You Go For Glycolic Peel?

Glycolic peels can significantly improve the appearance of the skin. This is a type of treatment that involves applying a chemical solution that makes the skin blister followed by peeling it off. The new skin that generates is less wrinkled and smoother. This treatment can successfully reduce lines under the mouth and the eyes, treat acne, improve scars, treat skin damaged by sunburn and wrinkles, improve the look and feel of the skin. It must be noted that the skin becomes very sensitive after a glycolic peel treatment. It, therefore, makes sense to wear sunscreen and refrain from direct exposure to UV rays.

Who is an ideal candidate for a glycolic peel?
Both fair-skin and dark-skinned people are suited for this treatment. The success rate and the effectiveness of this treatment depend on the condition for which a candidate being treated for. People with extremely dark complexion may not be well suited for this treatment.

How to get started?
Before going ahead with the treatment, it makes sense to discuss any underlying condition with the dermatologist. A history of cold sores and scarring should be discussed. If a person is undergoing any medication, it should be informed to the doctor prior to the treatment. A dermatologist often stops other medicine and prescribe skin meds such as Retin-A, Renova etc. to prepare the skin for the treatment. Furthermore, certain antiviral and antibiotic medicine can be prescribed to treat the certain underlying condition before resuming the treatment. An open discussion with the doctor about the depth of the peel is necessary to set the expectation straight.


How is the procedure performed?
A glycolic peel is an outpatient procedure. An overnight stay at the hospital is not necessary. The skin is thoroughly cleaned. The skin is then applied with a solution such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid, carbolic acid etc to a very limited area of the skin. It results in a controlled wound and the new skin fill up the wound within hours. A burning sensation can be felt for a span of 10 minutes followed by a sensation of stinging. A doctor might prescribe pain medication and suggest cool compressor to reduce the uneasiness.

What to expect after the procedure?
A sunburn-like reaction is witnessed after the procedure. This is followed by scaling that lasts for about a week. Peels can be repeated within weeks to get the exact look a person seeks. The procedure might result in crust, blister, and patches. The area is bandaged after the procedure is performed. Sunlight needs to be strictly avoided since the new skin very fragile and sensitive to the powerful rays of the sun.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3649 people found this helpful

How Often You Must Get the PRP Treatment Done?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
How Often You Must Get the PRP Treatment Done?

If there is one thing that men and women dread the most, it is hair loss and hair fall problems. In the last decade or so, the number of young men and women suffering from severe hair loss is quite alarming. The hair fall, which may be an outcome of stress, anxiety, hormonal imbalance, genetics, medical conditions, unhealthy habits, poor diet or lack of a proper hair care routine, can make life miserable and embarrassing. People try out every possible treatment to deal with the problem. In this regard, the PRP or the Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy comes as a revelation.

The Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy is a path-breaking, nonsurgical and natural option that treats the conditions of severe hair loss through hair, scalp, and skin simulations, as per the requirements. The procedure for PRP are as follows:

  • The plasma contains the platelets. The platelets are important as they not only heal but also helps in regeneration
  • of the damaged tissues.
  • The first step involves extracting the blood of the person undergoing the PRP Therapy.
  • Next step is the centrifugation step. Centrifugation helps to obtain the platelet rich plasma (which gets separated from the blood during the centrifugation process).
  • The patients are given anesthesia at the scalp (mainly the nerves) to ease the pain.
  • The platelet rich plasma is then carefully injected into the scalp of the patient to initiate the hair restoration.

The PRP therapy channelizes on the fact that the growth factors present in the platelet rich plasma will act as a catalyst, triggering the stimulation and growth of the hair follicles

Some of the growth factors that help in the hair restoration are as follows

  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (responsible for the formation of blood vessels).
  • Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (triggers the growth of blood vessels along with cell replication as well as the formation of the skin).
  • Epidermal Growth Factor (involved in the formation of blood vessels and collagen along with the growth and differentiation of the cell).
  • Insulin Like Growth Factor (this growth factor is mainly involved in the regulation of the normal cell physiology).

For better and effective results, the therapy is repeated at every 3 - 4 months interval.

  • As impressive and fruitful as it may sound, the PRP Therapy is a big no for people dealing with certain medical conditions such as cancer, platelet dysfunction syndromes, hypofibrinogenemia, severe and chronic skin problems, severe liver disorders, sepsis, hemodynamic instability, or acute and prolonged infections.
  • People who are into drinking, smoking or drug abuse should also avoid the PRP Therapy.
  • PRP fails to provide the desired results in the case of complete baldness.

Advantages:

  1. The PRP therapy that has benefitted many people worldwide comes with the following advantages
  2. PRP Therapy is non-invasive and natural with a faster recovery.
  3. The Therapy is less time consuming and is quite safe.
3 people found this helpful

When Should You Go For Hair Replacement Procedure?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
When Should You Go For Hair Replacement Procedure?

Strong, healthy and lustrous hair acts as a natural ornament, adding an extra spark to one's personality. Women, particularly, are very possessive about their tresses. They try every effective hair care routine and remedy to maintain their hair. Unfortunately, at times, certain factors can trigger hair problems. For young adults, the problem can be highly demoralizing and depressing. In extreme cases and left with no other options, people opt for the various hair replacement procedures such as Hair Transplant, Hair Weaving, PRP, to name a few. In this article, we will mention the various factors that act as contributing factors triggering a hair replacement.

Conditions That Trigger Hair Replacement
On an average, it is normal for a person to lose between 50-100 hair strands daily. The problem starts when the hair loss exceeds 150 (often 200-250) with very little hair regrowth. With time and if left untreated, the condition worsens with the thinning of the scalp. Soon after baldness sets in (complete, partial or in patches). Men and women may both be equally affected by the condition. Mentioned below are some of the common reasons that result in hair fall, hair thinning and baldness.

Genetics: A term Androgenic Alopecia is often used to describe the severe hair loss in young adults (both the sexes), with the hereditary or genetic condition being the main wrecker in chief. In men, a condition called Male pattern baldness (some even in their early 20's) is characterized by hair loss and baldness mainly from the front part of the scalp and the crown. In women (female pattern baldness), the condition can result in severe hair loss from the crown and the overall thinning of the scalp. However, in most women, the visible signs appear after 40.

The hair loss can also be a part of the normal aging process, a condition medically termed as Involutional Alopecia.

The hair growth cycle consists of three stages-

  1. Anagen, a phase where there is active hair growth.
  2. Catagen, a phase characterized by transitional hair growth.
  3. Telogen, a phase when the shedding of hair takes place.

In some people, there may be a condition known as Telogen effluvium.This condition is characterized by an increased hair fall in the resting phase resulting in temporary thinning of the scalp.

  1. In some people, the hair loss can also be triggered by Alopecia Universalis, a condition where a person starts losing all the body hair at an alarming rate.
  2. Few young adults and children may rapidly start losing hair in patches (Alopecia areata). Over time, the condition may progress into Alopecia Totalis resulting in total baldness. However, the good news is, in most people the condition is reversible.
  3. Certain inflammatory disorders such as acne, folliculitis, lichen planus, to name a few (scarring alopecia), can result in permanent hair loss due to the inability of the hair to undergo regeneration. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
3557 people found this helpful

How To Control Excess Facial Hair?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
How To Control Excess Facial Hair?

Facial hair in women can be an embarrassing and touchy subject. While people may notice it and avoid speaking about it, the stare that lasts for just a second longer on your face will be uneasy. It is time you get rid of it and stop grabbing more attention than you need:

1. Hide it: Some of the most common methods to hide facial hair are bleaching, threading, waxing, depilation or electrolysis. Each of these methods have their advantages and disadvantages. Bleaching, for example, masks the hair for a while and gives it a golden tinge which still makes it less visible. Threading or waxing has to be undertaken at periodic intervals and both may result in thicker hair growth in the surrounding areas. Women who are regular with their body care regimen can try these methods.

2. Destroy it: Use a tweezers to pull it out: This one mostly works on the instinct that you get when you see the hair. It works if you don't have too much hair and just a couple here and there that can be easily pulled out. Sterilize the tweezers with alcohol to avoid infection. You will have to grip near the root and give a firm pull to get rid of the whole thing. It is painful but if done right it can last 3-8 weeks before its replacement shows up.

3. Shave it: Yes, women do it too. Apply a shaving gel or foam and use a disposable razor to clip the hair. Though this is relatively less painful, hair growth afterwards is quite fast so you'll have to be careful to add it to your schedule often enough.

4. Try natural methods: It is slow but cheap and reliable. The visible effects of using natural ingredients for hair removal happens only over a period of time but the results are well worth the wait. Turmeric powder is an ancient remedy for facial and body hair - so much so that Indian brides follow a traditional 'haldi' routine before their wedding. Other natural ingredients you can try include gram flour (besan) and sugar was. You can also give a good rub with a pumice stone.

5. Try Electrolysis: It is the only permanent method but is tedious and requires multiple sessions. It is usually recommended if there are few thick hair limited to one part of body. In this method hair root is destroyed with the help of thin metallic probe connected to a  machine through which electricity is delivered to hair roots.


6. Try a laser treatment: Laser is one of the most effective treatments for unwanted body hair. The bright beams of heat and light from the laser directly reaches the roots of the hair, removing it and preventing re-growth for a fair period of time. The downside is that it'll take a few months and prove to be expensive but the results can be well worth the wait as it can permanently remove hair. You may also need multiple sittings to destroy the hair growth completely. If peace of mind is your criteria, then go for it.

If excessive hair is stopping you from living and enjoying your life, Consult a Dermatologist  who can help you find a way.

5476 people found this helpful

PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy)

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Play video

Hi, I'm Dr Sunakshi. I am a dermatologist and hair transplant surgeon in ADHD clinic in Kalkaji. Today I will be talking on PRP.

PRP is an abbreviation for platelet rich plasma which is prepared from whole Blood. The PRP is written certain growth factors which help in various conditions like hair fall in skin rejuvenation and in fat transfer. So talking about the indications of PRP, it is used in aesthetic procedures as well as other conditions like wound healing and in dental procedures. So how we prepare PRP varies according to the kit that is used which also gives a different result.

So about preparation we need to withdraw some amount of blood are usually with donor 25 to 30 ml of blood and then we centrifuge it at 4000 RPM. The best result is after 15 minutes of centrifugation. Then we take the uppermost layer which is the plasma rich PRP and we need to activate the PRP with certain activators like calcium before injection. There are various kits as I talked earlier. The kits come as Genesis CS. Then there is region lab kit which have different anti cobelans that give a different result. The cost factor also values according to the kit used. So the PRP is then injected into the areas where it is required, it can be injected superficially into the skin in the areas of wrinkles that is around the eyes around the mouth corners it can be injected on the forehead and also cheeks for some tissue augmentation.

So this way it helps in facial rejuvenation which is also known as Vampire Facelift. In hair condition, there are conditions like androgenic alopecia where there is a pattern hair loss. We also use PRP in these conditions along with other modalities like derma rulers. Few sessions are required. Almost minimum three to four sessions are required for any indication. So these sessions can be done once in a month or maximum 45 days to 2 months. This is the intent to face that I said for three to four months and then there are also maintained session that can be required in six months or one year according to the result. So PRP can be a various type. It can be pure PRP or it can be fibrin PRP. Fibrin PRP is inner gel form which is used for wound healing but pure PRP is a liquid form that can be injected.

So for PRP, a candidate has to be fit. Regarding the platelet count and some conditions like HIV, hepatitis, VDRL has to be tested before the procedure is done. So once all these tests are within normal limits, PRP can be done.

So I have already talked on the indications and the procedure. We are doing it in ADHD clinic since two years now and we are given promising results.

So if there are any queries or requirement you can contact me through Lybrate.

3132 people found this helpful

Causes And Prevention of Skin Darkening!

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Causes And Prevention of Skin Darkening!

Have you been noticing that some parts of your skin have turned dark and dull recently? Do you have ugly blotches and spots developing on your skin that keep on worsening? These may indicate that you have been affected by a medical condition known as skin darkening. Also known as hyperpigmentation, it is commonly caused by the overproduction of a pigment known as melanin. Although skin darkening is not a harmful condition, it demoralizes an affected person.

Types of Hyperpigmentation:

There are several types of hyperpigmentation or skin darkening. They are:

  1. Lentigenes: This type of skin darkening refers to on the dark brown or black marks on skin surface.

  2. Solar lentigenes: This type of skin darkening includes sun spots, age spots or liver spots. These are spots, which are caused due to exposure to the sun.

  3. Melasma: This type of skin darkening, also called as mask of pregnancy, occurs due to hormonal changes of pregnancy. Some areas of the facial skin become blotchy and pigmented.

Causes of Skin darkening:

There are several conditions, which may lead to the occurrence of skin darkening or hyperpigmentation. They include the following:

  1. Hereditary factors: Some inherited factors present since birth may be responsible for the change in the skin complexion and the development of patches.

  2. Skin disorders: Several skin disorders may cause the darkening of the skin, resulting into the formation of blotches and the skin becoming thicker.

  3. Vitamin deficiency: Insufficient consumption of essential vitamins such as vitamin A, E, C and B complex may result in darkening and roughening of the skin. Vitamin deprivation also makes the skin look dull. Liver disorders: Certain liver disorders are also responsible for hyperpigmentation. A dysfunctional liver may lead to darkening of the skin.

  4. Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes within our body and during pregnancy in women may also cause skin darkening.

  5. Exposure to UV rays: Overexposure to the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun may lead to skin tanning. This causes overproduction of melanin, which in turn results in skin darkening.

Prevention:

There are several ways in which you can prevent skin darkening. They include the following:

  1. Avoid exposing yourself directly to the rays of the sun.

  2. Try to apply sunscreen every time before you go out in the sun.

  3. You should drink plenty of water and always keep yourself hydrated.

  4. Try to abstain from consuming too much of spicy, oily and rich foods.

  5. You must intake a lot of fruits and vegetables, which are rich in vitamin A, B, C, and E.

There are many options for treating the hyperpigmentation, from skin lightening peels to lasers. A properly planned customized skin care routine and treatment options can minimize, the pigmentation on your skin dramatically. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

4744 people found this helpful

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis - Causes And Treatment

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Cutaneous Leishmaniasis - Causes And Treatment

The most common form of leishmaniasis, cutaneous leishmaniasis is generally identified as a parasitic disease caused by the bite of infected sand flies and is responsible for causing skin sores. These skin sores vary in size and appearance and are susceptible to changes over time. They have often been described as miniature volcanoes, having slightly elevated edges with a central crater, and at times covered by a scab. Occasionally, swollen glands can appear in and around the sores, and may or may not be painful. 

Causes:
Causes of cutaneous leishmaniasis include: 

  1. Cutaneous leishmaniasis can be easily spread by the mere bite of certain types of phlebotomine sand flies. Initially, sand flies get infected when they bite an infected animal; say a rodent or a dog, or even another person already suffering from it. They then act as a vector agent and carry the virus around with them. If they happen to bite you, you will discover the growth of these volcanic skin sores gradually, if not immediately.
  2. Cutaneous leishmaniasis can also be spread via blood transfusions or through the use of contaminated needles.
  3. Occasionally, though very rarely, cutaneous leishmaniasis can also be spread from a pregnant mother to her newborn baby.

Treatment:
Cutaneous leishmaniasis can be treated in various ways. Some effective methods of treatment may include:

  1. Cryotherapy
  2. Local heat therapy (most suitably at around 40 degrees celsius) 
  3. Several topical paromomycin preparations
  4. Certain types of sodium preparations
  5. Antibiotic therapy

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

5188 people found this helpful

Hair Transplant - The FUSS and FUE Technique

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Hair Transplant - The FUSS and FUE Technique

Thinning of hair and bald spots can be caused by a number of factors. Just as you can ‘erase’ wrinkles with cosmetic surgery, today, you can ‘fill’ bald spots with hair transplants. Hair transplants are a type of surgery which transplate hair follicles from one area to another. There are two types of hair transplant surgery; Follicular Unit Strip Surgery (FUSS) and Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE).

Follicular Unit Strip Surgery involves the removal of a 6-10” piece of skin from the back of your head. This is because the back of your head is genetically resistant to balding. This is then divided into thousands of tiny grafts each with a few strands of hair on them. For a Follicular Unit Extraction, the doctor will pluck individual hair follicles from the back of your head while you are under anesthesia. This can be done in a single session or multiple sessions depending on the amount of hair follicles needed and the surgeons’ experience. These are then prepared into grafts. The surgeon will then make holes or slits in the bald spot that is to be filled and carefully place one graft in each slit. Finally the scalp is bandaged. This process can take anywhere between 4-8 hours.

  • Don’t worry, if you begin to see the transplanted hair fall out after 2-3 weeks. This is normal and will be followed by new growth in a few months. You may require a hair growing drug to improve hair growth rate after a hair transplant surgery. You should be able to see dense hair growth within 10-11 months.
  • A hair transplant is not as painless as other forms of cosmetic surgery. Most patients require pain medication for several days after the surgery. Your scalp will feel very tender for the next few days and you may also require anti inflammatory drugs. However, you should be able to get back to work within a week.
  • There are minimal risks associated with this procedure. In some cases, the patient may experience hair fall from the area where the transplant was taken. This is usually temporary and is known as ‘shock loss’. There may also be slight inflammation when the new hair follicles emerge. This can be effectively treated with antibiotics.
  • A hair transplant surgery does not guarantee that your hair will stop falling. Hence, in some cases, you may need to undergo the procedure again to hide bald spots. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.
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Sensitive Skin Care: 5 Things You Must Know

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Sensitive Skin Care: 5 Things You Must Know

Sensitive skin can make life miserable. Factors, such as environmental and climatic changes, certain beauty products and medications can affect individuals with sensitive skin. There may be skin inflammation, irritation, rashes, redness, dryness and flakiness. The extent of the sensitive reaction can vary from one individual to another. In many cases, it has been observed that sensitive skin appears to be thinner than the normal skin. Thus, people with such delicate skin type need to be extra careful. Do not try self medication. It will make things worse. Always seek an expert advice. A dermatologist knows what is best for your skin. 
     
People with sensitive skin need to follow some basic skin care regimes:

  1. It is very important to keep a sensitive skin hydrated and moisturised all the time. A dehydrated skin not only appears tighter, but also results in extreme skin dryness and irritation. Drink at least 6 to 8 glasses of water daily. It is very important to flush out the toxins and maintain the alkaline skin pH. Avoid taking very hot water or ice baths. The extreme temperatures will do your skin more harm than good. A warm water bath is an excellent option. Apply generous amounts of moisturiser, whenever your skin feels dry and itchy.
  2. It is best to avoid products that are harsh on your skin. Consult a dermatologist before using products containing alpha hydroxyl acids. These are strong acids and their application can lead to skin irritation and rashes. It is a healthy practice to keep your skin clean. However, not all soaps are suitable for sensitive skin. Soaps (strong alkali) are a big no. It is best to use a medicated soap, specially formulated for sensitive skin. To cleanse your face, use a mild (soap free) face wash or a cleanser.
  3. For people with sensitive skin, it is best not to experiment with the skin care products. Play it safe, stick to the brands you have been using for long. Certain beauty products are strongly fragranced. These can trigger severe skin and allergic reactions. Lanolin, artificial mineral oil and alcohol containing products are no better. It is best to use natural and herbal skin care products.
  4. Do not use cosmetics and beauty products beyond a certain period of time. Face powders, silicone based foundations, sunscreen (titanium oxide or zinc oxide based) are best for sensitive skin. These products are known to be less harsh and thus have little or no side effects.
  5. Before using any products, know the ingredients and chemicals that goes into its manufacture.
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