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If you are concerned about your heart’s health, it is important for you to make some dietary modifications. Simple changes in your everyday diet may offer benefits, which help in preventing future heart problems. If you suffer from high blood pressure or high cholesterol or have atrial fibrillation.
Here are some tips regarding the best diet for protecting your heart:
- Believe in the food hype: Having healthy meals is certainly beneficial and makes a big difference to your heart health. Consuming meals which contain vegetables, grains, low fat dairy and lean meat will allow you to live a longer and healthier life.
- Avoid crash diets: A crash diet may be effective, if you want to fit in a dress within one month. However, for improving your heart health, undertaking different fad diets is not useful. Meals in which a certain type of nutrients such as carbohydrates or fats are ruled out are not beneficial as well. You should have a sensible approach towards your diet and focus on food products such as vegetables, whole grains and lean meat.
- Do not overeat: Overeating will lead to weight gain and commonly, many people get heart attack after taking a big meal.
- Eat less salt: You should consume less amount of salt in your diet and do not eat more than one teaspoon of salt a day. Avoid any food item which contains high amounts of sodium. Salt is responsible for increasing blood pressure.
- Limit your intake of alcohol and caffeine: In case you suffer from atrial fibrillation, you should avoid caffeine and any other stimulant as they tend to trigger the symptoms. You must drink moderately as consuming more than one drink a day increases your risks of having heart problems.
- Choose meat wisely: You should avoid red meat, which contains large amount of saturated fats as these are not good for the heart. You should choose the leanest cuts of meats and trim all fat from it. You should opt for cuts such as flank, rump roast, tenderloin and sirloin. Pork tenderloin, chicken and turkey breast are other alternatives.
- Add fish to your diet: Fish is essential for improving your heart health. Try to avoid having deep fried fish and choose grilled fish or roasted fish, which are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids. Consume fishes like tuna, salmon, trout and sardines.
You should also add whole grains to your diet. They are effective in controlling blood sugar and lower the chances of diabetes. Hence, the risks of heart diseases are less if you do not have diabetes. Whole grains also help with weight loss, which is beneficial for the heart. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
I am suffering from fever and dry cough for the one month and I have chest pain whenever I cough hard. Can you suggest what should be done.
82 years my father suffer with backach and low backach since last 10 years and he takes number of medicines prescribed by expert doctors. Present now he can' t walk strightly, different parts legs and finger bones grown up (gouts) very fast, chest pain, serious pain in abdominal stomach. What to do?
I am diabetic and hypertensive. Undergone bypass surgery in2008. I on insulin and dia norm m and zylos am. My blood sugar is fluctuating. Pl. Suggest homeopathic medicine.
Sir I have a pain on my chest. It growing. Sometimes it suddenly came And suddenly gone. What should I do?
I have gastritis and hypertension and taking medicines for this. Pl. Suggest acupressure points for it.
Hello I am 70 years old and I had angioplasty done 5 years back in my lad. Which was 95 % two long blocks. After that I did not have any problems. Do I need to check anything now? I get pain in throat after walking for twenty min. Which stops instantly after stopping the walking. I do not have breathlessness during walking. I am prediabetic for last twenty five years with almost normal glucose levels. I take met xl 25 and ramcore daily and clopitab 75 in the afternoon. Weight 65 kg height 5 feet 7 inches.
My age is 21 and my hand and body shivering many time whenever that wark which is doing in pressure or little work some time my hand shaking than heart beat increasing and thn I can not typing properly and heart beat increase.
Hi doc, My mom's (58 yrs) HDL cholesterol is 56 mg/dl, Triglycerides is 116 mg/dl, Serum cholesterol is 239 mg/dl VLDL is 23 mg/dl and LDL cholesterol is 160 mg/dl what to do? Suggest diet plan and also let me know if any risk factors.
I am 44 years old and suffering from BP (170/90, kidney problem and a diabetic patient. Please advice.
Holy month ramadan is auspicious for worldwide muslims and most of them starts fasting early in the morning up to the sunset in the evening during this entire month.
Heart disease patients tend to fast during ramadan but they have many questions:
1. Cardiac patients can fast?
The holy Quran exempts sick people from fasting. Fasting is allowed only for stable heart disease patient and it's strictly the discretion of the treating cardiologist.
Common types of cardiac conditions as follows:
A. Patients who had heart attack or recent stenting or open heart surgery
Many studies comparing ramadan with other months in cardiac patients shows there is no significant differences in the incidence of heart attack or typical cardiac chest pain during ramadan. Patients with recent acute heart attack, heart attack equivalent chest pain with high cardiac enzymes, recent stenting, recent open heart surgery should strictly avoid fasting.
B. Patients with low pumping of heart i. E, reduced ejection fraction
Low pumping of the heart is one of the common cause of frequent hospitalisations among cardiac patients. Many studies done in the middle east shows there was no significant difference in the number of hospitalizations for patients with low heart pumping during ramadan. Its almost similar to other months without fasting. But in this category certain groups of patients cannot fast especially patients with difficulty in breathing, associated swelling of legs, associated cough and sudden increase in weight.
C. Patients with high blood pressure.
Most of the high blood pressure patients on controlled medications can fast during ramadan as it will not affect the blood pressure readings and it was proved in many studies. Certain group of patients with resistant blood pressure who requires multiple drugs for controlling should consult treating doctors before ramadan for appropriate dose adjustments. If dose adjustment is not possible then for such patients it is advisable to abstain from fasting to avoid cardiac and other complications.
2. How to take their cardiac drugs during this month?
Stomach ulcer and related complications are common during ramadan. Hence drugs which can cause gastric irritation (like aspirin) should be taken as per the advice of treating doctor. Before ramadan you should consult your doctor and make sure regarding the dose and timing. Medications like water pill (lasix)to be avoided during fasting.
3. Lifestyle during ramadan
Avoid over eating while breaking the fast
Avoid exercise after a large meal
4. Can cardiac patients do hajj pilgrimage?
Cardiac patients who is certified as stable and fit by the treating cardiologist can go for hajj
Full medical workup is mandatory before hajj.
Patients with recent acute heart attack, heart attack equivalent chest pain with high cardiac enzymes, recent stenting, recent open heart surgery are unfit for hajj.
Take home messages-:
A. Consult your doctor before ramadan regarding your health condition and dose adjustments if required.
B. Comply to medication
C. High risk patients should avoid fasting
D. Unfit cardiac patients should not try hajj pilgrimage.