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Dr. Sujata Agrawal  - Gynaecologist, Delhi

Dr. Sujata Agrawal

89 (137 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In La...

Gynaecologist, Delhi

30 Years Experience  ·  300 - 1000 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Dr. Sujata Agrawal 89% (137 ratings) MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasou... Gynaecologist, Delhi
30 Years Experience  ·  300 - 1000 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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How Many Ultrasounds Do You Need During Pregnancy?

Hello, mera naam Dr Sujata Agarwal hai, mein MBBS MD Gyaene hoon, obtsetrology mein mera diploma kiya hua hai, main Sarita Vihar, Badarpur aur Apollo hospital mein practice karti hoon. Main aap logo ko pregnancy aur usse related ultrasound ke baare me batana chahungi, agar aap log mujhe dikha na chahte hain ya consult karana chahe toh aap mera number Lybrate se le sakte hain. Pregnancy aur ultrasound aajkal dono ek doosre ke saath bilkul mil rahe hain, main aim hamara pregnancy mein ultrasound karne ka ye hota hai, ki bache ki growth theek ho aur baccha us samay deliver karaya jaaye jab woh safe ho, koi complication ho toh hum usko pata karle, bache ke andar kisi bhi tarah ka defect ho to usko pata karle. Kuch logon ka iss tarah se myth hota hai ki ultrasound jo hai bahut jyada karana pregnancy mein safe nahi hai, lekin yeh bilkul galat hai dharna hai. Ultrasound ek tarah ka different mechanism hai jisme sound waves bache ke andar ja ke reflect hoke wapas machine mein aati hain, isme Koi x-ray ya koi aur tarike radiation nahi hai jo bacche ki growth pe ya uski kisi development pe problem kare. Isliye pregnancy me ultrasound bhale hi doh ho, dus ho, bees ho depending upon our requirement woh bilkul hi safe hote hain. Jo pehla ultrasound hum karte hain wo do se teen mahine ke beech mein karte hain yeh janane ke liye ki kaee baar twin pregnancy hoti hai, triplet pregnancy hoti hai, ke number of foetuses kitne hain. To know number of foetuses No.1, No. 2 bacche ko hum naap ke uski age pata laga sakte hain aur usse delivery ki date hum confirm karte hain aur teesra bacche ki heartbeat dekh ke hum bata sakte hain ki bacche ke andar koi missed abortion hai ya koi cruel problem nahi hai. Toh pehla ultrasound hota hai dating viability scan between 2 to 3 week preferably 8 weeks mein, second ultrasound humlog usko NT scan bolte hain 11 to 30 weeks me kiya jata hai. Iss ultrasound baccha pura bann chukka hota hai, uske charo haath pair bann chuke dekhte hain uske sar ki mainly, sar k i haddi bani hai ki nahi skull bone woh nazar aati hai kabhi kabhi kuch defects ho bacche ka skull nahi bana hota hai. Waise anal carefree baby ko hum early diagnose kar sakte hain. Teesra bache ke neck ki bone ko major karte hain jo main anteen hota hai aur uski thickness se hum bata sakte hain ki bacche mein koi development chromosomal defect hai ya nahi hai. Agar anteen normal se jyada hoga toh phir hame aage janch karne ki jarurat hogi kyunki usme bache ka defective hone ka risk badd jata hai. Uske alawa bache ka hame bacche ka stomach, urinary bladder, bacche ka heart care flow, ductors flow aur ek basic heart ka structure hame dikh jata hai aur hum ye bata sakte hain ki bacche mein basic koi defect nahi hai, yeah 11 to 13 weeks Mein NT scan hota hai. Iske baad mein jo sabse important ultrasound hai woh 4 se 5 mahine ke beech mein hota hai preferably 18 to 19 weeks mein 20 weeks se pahle hame dekh lena hota hai ki bache ke andar kisi bhi tarah ka koi defect nahi hai. Toh 20 weeks ke baad agar bachche defective bhi hai toh bhi abortion karne ke liye Supreme Court ke paas ja ke unse hame permission leni padti hai. MTP act mein sirf 20 weeks tak hi hum log agar defective baby ho toh terminate kar sakte hain. Toh 18 to 19 weeks mein baby jo hai pura develop ho chuka hota hai, uski puri body, brain, skull, heart, kidney, hath, pair har tarah ki cheeze hume dikh jati hain aur hum confidently bol sakte hain ki bacch bilkul safe hai aur aap pregnancy aram se continue kariye. In 18 to 19 weeks jisko hum anomaly scan bolte hain, uske baad jo next ultrasound hai wo patient to patient requirement pe depend karta hai. Normally ye around 30 to 34 weeks pe karte hain aur isko coloured optical scanning bolte hain. Isme hum bache ke sare brain, heart or uske alag alag naso me blood ka Prabhav dekhte hain aur usse hame pata chal jata hai ki bacche ki growth jo hai thik hai ke nahi hai, uterus ki arteries mein blood flow dekhte hain usse pata chal jata hai ki high BP hone ka risk hai ki nahi pregnancy ke samay. Aur jin baccho mein growth retardation hota hai, unka phir hum doh doh hafte pe serials scan karke dekhte hain ki growth ho rahi hai ki nahi ho rahi hai aur agar hame lagta hai ki baby bahut jyada week hai aur pait mein uski maa ke andar uterus mein dala jata hai isliye hum timely delivery plan kar sakte hain ultrasound ke dwara. Toh is tarah se ultrasound pregnancy mein bahut hi safe hai, isko karane mein koi hichak nahi honi chahiye. Deliveries ki requirement ho aur aapke doctor suggest kare, toh usko bina kisi darr ke karaiye, uska koi side effect nahi hai. Thank you so much agar aap logon ko mujhse kabhi kuch scan karana ho ya milna ho toh aap mere se appointment le sakte hain.


 

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Hi!<br/><br/>I'm Dr. Sujata . Me ek gynecologist hun. Aur mere 2 clinic hain ek sarita vihar mein...

Hi!

I'm Dr. Sujata . Me ek gynecologist hun. Aur mere 2 clinic hain ek sarita vihar mein hai ek badarpur mein hai aur me Apollo mein bhi bethti hun.

Aj me ap logon ko Polycystic ovarian syndrome ke bare mein batana chahungi. Aj kal apne dekha hoga ziada tar larkian bari pareshan rehti hain PCOS hogaya hai Polycystic ovarian syndrome hogaya hai aur sab is barey mein chinta kerte hain ke humari ovary mein cyst hogaye hain. Basically is mein chinta ki koi baat nahi hai. Polycystic ovarian syndrome ek tarah ka syndrome hai jis mein buhat sari cheezain ek sath hoti hain. Basically yeh un logon mein hota hai jin ke family history mein diabetes ho ya jin ke parents, grandparents ya jau khud prone ho diabetes ko un larkion mein polycystic ovarian syndrome hota hai. Aur jau clinical presentation hoti hain in patients ki us mein patient ka weight barha hota hai, un logon ke abnormal hair patterns hote hain, facial hairs hosakte hain hath pairon mein ziada baal hosakte hain, pigmentation hosakta hai, bas unko periods irregular hote hain. Irregular ka matlab hai periods over ho ker hote hain, one month two months till 6 months. Kabhi bhi unko total irregular cycle hoti hai. Jau main karan polycystic ovarian syndrome ka hai uske karan yeh hai ke patient ke andar regular menstruation nahi hota hai kyoun ke regular ovulation nahi hota hai. Har mahinay ek egg banta hai, jau rupture hota hai aur uske baad periods hote hain. In patients mein egg banta nahi hai chota sa banna shuru hota hai aur ovary mein para rehta hai is liye unko periods nahi hote. Aur dhere dhere kerke multiple chote chote eggs ho jate hain jinko hum follicles bhi bolte hain aur jau clinical presentation ultrasound mein dikhta hai woh typical polycystic ovaries mein who chote chote eggs dikhte hain. Yeh cyst kisis tarah se dangerous nahi hai yeh koi cancerous cyst nahi hai is liye inke barey mein ziada pareshan nahi hona chahye. Per iska treatment is liye zaruri hai kyoun ke polycystic ovarian syndrome hone se number 1 patient obese hojaega, uske facial hair ho jaenge, usey pigmentation hojaegi, tau uski external appearance kharab hojaegi, uska confidence kam hojaega number, usko diabetes ka risk barh jaega yeh dekha gaya hai ke jau log ka insulin level ziada hote hain un logon ko yeh condition ziada hoti hai. Aur agar hum sahi time per pata kerke insulin resistance de ker usko treat karen tau who diabetes ko prevent bhi ker sakte hain aur unka jau polycystic ovarian syndrome hai who clear hojata hai. Thirdly is mein infertility ka problem hota hai, infertility mayney baby nahi ata hai. Ovulation nahi hoga tau conception ki problem hogi. Aur lastly is mein periods irregular hote hain. Agey ja ker yeh patients jau hote hain unko diabetes ho sakti hai, diabetes ki wajah se unko heart disease hosakti hai, kidney failure ho sakta hai inka lipid profile kharab ho sakta hai. Is liye yeh ek pura syndrome hai jisko hum Polycystic syndrome bolte hain jis mein irregular periods, egg nahi banna matlab anovulation, mota hona obesity, abnormal hair pattern hirsutism plus diabetes ka risk, blood mein lipids cholesterol barhne ka risk, heart disease ka risk aur baad mein kidneys per effect hone ka risk hoskta hai. Is ka treatment buhat simple hai, is mein ghabrane ki koi zarurat nahi hoti hai. Is mein lifestyle modification karna hota hai, exercise karna hota hai, diet control karna hota hai, plus kuch basic tests kerwa ker kuch simple dawaiyan khani hoti hain aur yeh araam se control hojata hai.

Agar ap logon ko is tarah ka koi problem hai tau ap mere ko aker mere clinic per mil sakte hain direct contact ker sakte hain ya ap through Lybrate mujhe contact ker sakte hain. Thank you so much!

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Personal Statement

Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences....more
Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences.
More about Dr. Sujata Agrawal
Dr. Sujata Aggarwal is a trusted Gynaecologist in Sarita Vihar, Delhi. She has had many happy patients in her 28 years of journey as a Gynaecologist. She has done MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology. She is currently associated with Heart And Gyne Clinic in Sarita Vihar, Delhi. Book an appointment online with Dr. Sujata Aggarwal on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 38 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Delhi and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

Info

Education
MBBS - King George Medical University - 1988
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology - King George Medical University - 1992
Diploma In Ultrasound - The Global Open University - 2011
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Fellowship In Laproscopy - World Laproscopy Centre - 2004
Past Experience
Exeperience In High Risk Pregnancy Management at Sydney Australia
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Professional Memberships
Association of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists of Delhi (AOGD)
IFS
IMSA
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AICOG

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Heart And Gyne Clinic

House No-21, Behind H Block Market, Sarita ViharDelhi Get Directions
  4.5  (137 ratings)
500 at clinic
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IVY Health & Infertility Centre

Opposite NTPC Gate No.3- 6A/2, Molarband Jaitpur Road, BadarpurDelhi Get Directions
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300 at clinic
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1000 at clinic
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"knowledgeable" 6 reviews "Well-reasoned" 1 review "Very helpful" 11 reviews "Caring" 1 review "Thorough" 1 review "Practical" 1 review

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Ectopic Pregnancy - Things You Must Be Aware Of!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Ectopic Pregnancy - Things You Must Be Aware Of!

In a normal pregnancy, the egg that the ovaries release enters the fallopian tube. If a sperm fertilises it, the fertilised egg attaches itself inside the uterus. However, sometimes the fertilised egg can attach itself outside the uterus. This condition is called ectopic pregnancy.

Ectopic pregnancy can be detected in the first few weeks of the pregnancy itself. If your doctor does discover ectopic pregnancy, you would need immediate medical attention. Ectopic pregnancies can be sad and scary. The survival rate of the baby is extremely low, and you may need some time to get over your loss. Fortunately, one ectopic pregnancy doesn't mean you can never conceive again. Many women who lost their first baby to ectopic pregnancy have been able to have a healthy and normal pregnancy the second time around.

The causes of ectopic pregnancy include:

  • An inflammation or infection of the fallopian tube can lead it to become entirely or partially blocked.
  • Scar tissue from a surgery or an infection of the fallopian tube may also hinder the movement of the fertilised egg.
  • Surgery in the tubes or pelvic areas in the past might cause adhesions.
  • Birth defects or abnormal growths can cause anomalies in the shape of the tube.

These causes are usually followed by certain risk factors, such as:

  1. Age (The age group of 35-44 especially)
  2. An ectopic pregnancy in the past
  3. Previous abdominal or pelvic surgery
  4. Pelvic inflammatory disease
  5. Several prompted abortions
  6. Conceiving with an intrauterine device in place
  7. Smoking
  8. Endometriosis (growth of uterus lining tissues outside the uterus).

Fertility treatments:
The signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include:

  1. Minimal vaginal bleeding
  2. Vomiting and nausea with pain
  3. Pain in the lower abdomen
  4. Sharp cramps in the abdomen
  5. Localised pain (Pain concentrated on one side of your body)
  6. Pain in your neck, rectum or shoulder
  7. Rupture of the fallopian tubes can cause fainting due to the bleeding and pain

The treatment of ectopic pregnancy can be any one of the following:

  1. If the pregnancy has not progressed too far, methotrexate will be administered. This absorbs the pregnancy tissue and can save the fallopian tubes.
  2. The tubes may be removed if they have ruptured or stretched, and have started bleeding.
  3. Laparoscopic surgery (operations performed by making minor incisions) may be performed to remove or repair the tubes and recover the ectopic pregnancy.
7 people found this helpful

5 Things You Didn't Know About Your Menstrual Cycle!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
5 Things You Didn't Know About Your Menstrual Cycle!

Menstrual cycles are a part and parcel of a woman’s life. Every woman knows the reasons behind these cycles and what to do during this time. But there are many other facets that are unknown to most women. This article highlights five important aspects of your menstrual cycle which you were probably not aware of till now.

  1. Cycles do not protect women from pregnancy: For ages, it has been pointed out that a woman cannot get pregnant during the menstruation period. This is nothing, but a sheer myth. To be precise, these cycles occur only when an egg is released from the ovary. Thus, intercourse during this time would actually increase the chances of getting pregnant rather than reduce it. Male sperms can survive for up to three days in the female body and having intercourse when the female egg is released would allow for the fertilisation of the egg and the sperm, thereby making the woman pregnant.
  2. False periods: Many times, you take contraceptive pills in order to make sure that you do not get pregnant. The process of contraception works in a manner that prevents the body from releasing an egg. This means that the process of ovulation is prevented for the month. But the lining of the uterus, which is formed due to layers of blood, cannot be prevented by the contraceptives. Hence, even though no ovulation occurs, one still gets their cycles as the uterus lining discharges itself.
  3. Iron deficiency: Menstrual cycles cause loss of significant amount of blood from the body. This leads to the loss of iron from the body as blood is a rich source of iron. Especially, for women who suffer from any form of anaemia, it is in their best interest to take iron supplements.
  4. Insomia is of concern: Sleepless nights and insomnia is a matter of concern during your menstrual cycles. Sleep is brought about by progesterone. But lack of sleep would mean that the level of progesterone is low in the body. It is a sign that these levels need to be checked by a medical practitioner. Sleeplessness can trigger additional problems related to menstrual cycles, including heavy bleeding.
  5. Check oestrogen levels: High oestrogen levels could result to severe back pain and heavy bleeding during your cycles. This is an indication that the hormone level is high and needs to be controlled.

Thus, these are some of the interesting facts that you need to know about your menstrual cycles. None of them are really threatening and can be controlled via medicines or supplements under medical supervision.
 

9 people found this helpful

Pre-eclampsia - 14 Signs You Are Suffering From It!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Pre-eclampsia - 14 Signs You Are Suffering From It!

Preeclampsia is a serious condition that can develop in pregnant women, especially after 20 weeks. Also called toxemia, it is characterized by high blood pressure, even in women who’ve never had high BP.

Eclampsia is a rare but severe complication of preeclampsia which causes seizures and convulsions in pregnant women. It can even cause death of the woman and/or her baby. This serious condition is prevalent in about 1 in every 200 women with preeclampsia.

Common symptoms of preeclampsia

  1. High BP
  2. High level of protein in urine of pregnant woman
  3. Swelling in the feet, legs, face, and hands
  4. Severe headaches
  5. Excessive weight gain
  6. Excess nausea and vomiting
  7. Vision problems- Blurred vision, floaters and flashing lights
  8. Problems urinating
  9. Rapid weight gain due to accumulated bodily fluid
  10. Abdominal pains
  11. Changes in body’s reflexes
  12. Decrease in urine or no urine output
  13. Dizziness
  14. Preeclampsia can also cause placenta to suddenly rupture from the uterus, causing stillbirth

Symptoms of eclampsia

  1. Seizures
  2. Stroke
  3. Loss of consciousness
  4. Agitation
  5. Muscle pains
  6. Headaches

What causes preeclampsia and eclampsia is not completely understood, but genetics definitely play a big role. What is of relevance to the layman is that both these conditions affect the placenta that provides nutrition to the fetus. If the placenta can’t deliver requisite oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, preterm surgery is required to save the baby’s life. Preeclampsia can also cause your baby to be born very small. It is also a leading cause of premature births, and the complications that can follow, like cerebral palsy, epilepsy and developmental challenges like learning disabilities and vision problems. If preeclampsia is not diagnosed and treated in time, it can lead to eclampsia, which we already know can be fatal. Hence any symptoms of preeclampsia should be taken seriously by a pregnant woman.

Risk factors for preeclampsia

  1. First-time pregnancies
  2. Teenage pregnancies
  3. Pregnancy in women over 40
  4. A history of high BP
  5. A history of preeclampsia
  6. Having a mother or sister who have had preeclampsia
  7. Obesity
  8. Carrying twins

History of diabetes, kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis and Lupus
A pregnant woman should not ignore any symptoms like sudden and new swelling in face, feet, hands and a high BP reading. Sudden weight gain over just 2-3 days is another red flag. Sometimes preeclampsia comes with no symptoms. That's why it's so important to see a doctor for regular BP check- ups and urine tests. There's no way to cure preeclampsia and the only way to protect oneself is to know preeclampsia symptoms and by taking prenatal care seriously because when preeclampsia is caught early, it's easier to manage.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3914 people found this helpful

Healthy Pregnancy - 7 Tips You Must Follow For It!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Healthy Pregnancy - 7 Tips You Must Follow For It!

Pregnancy is that phase in a woman’s life where she has to take care of not only herself, but also the bundle of joy growing inside her body. Pregnancy gestation in humans is a total of nine months. These nine months the to-be mother has to be extra careful in all ways possible. At times, some complications may arise during this time. It is not possible to say that these complications can be avoided but at least precautions can be taken to live a healthy life during these nine months.

Here are some tips to follow during your pregnancy period for a healthy delivery.

  1. Smoking is a strict no-no during pregnancy. Due to mothers who smoke, the baby can be delivered prematurely or have a low birth weight. At times, mothers think that babies with low weight are easier to deliver. But it causes additional complications in the child and the mother after delivery.
  2. Proper balanced diet should be followed. According to age-old customs, to be mothers are asked to eat for two people. But that is not so. A mother needs a few extra calories which should be consumed through fruits and vegetables and not by eating chocolates or junk food. Also, water intake should be doubled to avoid constipation.
  3. Alcohol is deemed as poison for the baby growing inside you. Thus, it should be completely avoided by pregnant women.
  4. Additional vitamin and protein supplements in the form of tonics, capsules or even milk supplements can be consumed. These would give the necessary nutrition the body needs but is unable to get from the balanced diet.
  5. It is a myth when to-be mothers are asked to rest completely during their gestation period. Adequate rest is compulsory for pregnant mothers but working or exercising is equally important. Thus, to be mothers should keep themselves busy for at least thirty minutes per day with some simple exercises.
  6. During the early stages of pregnancy exposure to toxic materials like paints, new carpets etc should be avoided. Toxic chemicals may enter the body of the mother and cause severe damage to the growth of the child, particularly the brain.
  7. Pregnancy, especially for the first time, can be stressful for the women. They should turn to focusing their free time to simple therapies and hobbies in order to reduce their stress.

Thus, these are seven simple steps to have a healthy pregnancy leading to a proper delivery of your newborn baby.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3846 people found this helpful

Rectocele - The Most Common Reasons Behind It!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Rectocele - The Most Common Reasons Behind It!

Also known as Posterior Prolapse, Rectocele involves weakening of the walls between vagina and rectum, thereby, causing the rectal wall to swell and protrude into the space of the vagina. This bulging is a common, but temporary problem that arises after childbirth. In severe cases, the swollen tissues may extend out of the vaginal opening and usually cause more discomfort than pain.

What are the most common causes of Rectocele?

  1. An upright posture places a lot of weight on the pelvic region, which is probably the most important cause for Rectocele or Posterior Prolapse.
  2. Constipation is also a very valid reason for Rectocele because it causes straining of the connective tissues that separate the vagina and the rectum.
  3. Constant heavy lifting and indiscriminate increase of body weight may also put a lot of pressure on the pelvic region that could ultimately lead to weakening of rectal and vaginal tissues.
  4. Weakening of vaginal passageway due to pregnancy and childbirth is also a common reason for Rectocele development.
  5. Chances of developing Posterior Prolapse increases with age.

Physiological problems posed due to Rectocele:

  1. Passage of bowel becomes difficult and may sometimes require pressure on the vaginal bulge.
  2. The protrusion of tissue takes place from your vaginal opening, when you strain while passing bowel. This usually happens in people with constipation.
  3. This disorder may also induce a sensation that the bowel tract has not been fully emptied even after passing stool.
  4. Such vaginal bulging also causes difficulties and embarrassing concerns during sexual intercourse.

Medical recommendations and preventive measures to tackle Rectocele:

  1. Home made remedies and exercise are usually effective. Performing exercises help re tighten the pelvic muscles and tissues, thus reversing the effects of Rectocele. Vaginal pessaries or rubber rings, inserted into the vagina, can also support loose tissues and keep them in place.
  2. Surgical procedures are hardly needed in most cases of Rectocele. But if the issue is chronic, you may opt for removing the protruding tissues by surgery or strengthen the boundary between vagina and rectum by a mesh patch.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3540 people found this helpful

5 Most Common Gynaecology Problems!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
5 Most Common Gynaecology Problems!

Almost every woman suffers from a gynecological problem at some point or the other. In most cases these disorders are mild and easily treatable, but some gynecological problems can have serious implications and affect their fertility and quality of life.

Here are the five most common gynecological problems faced by women.

  1. Dysmenorrhea: Abdominal cramps and back aches are common side effects of menstruation but some women can suffer from excruciating pain during their menstrual cycles. This is known as dysmenorrheal. This is caused by a decreased supply of oxygen to the uterus due to strong contractions in the uterus. These cramps become less painful as a woman ages and in most cases is resolved by childbirth. Symptoms of this disorder include excruciating abdominal pain, pain in the lower back, inner thighs and hips, nausea and loose stools.
  2. Ovarian Cysts: Ovarian cysts can be big or small and many women live with cysts without being aware of it. These cysts can be described as fluid filled sac like structures that develop around and on the ovary which vary in terms of size and type. Ovarian cysts may or may not be tumors. Cysts can be a result of the growth of a follicle or the breaking down of tissue within the ovaries. In most cases, these cysts dissolve on their own but they should be monitored carefully.
  3. Endometriosis: This is a condition where the uterine tissue grows outside the walls of the uterus. This occurs commonly on the ovaries and fallopian tubes but can also develop on the cervix, bladder, bowel or rectum. The exact cause of endometriosis is unknown. Some theories suggest that it is triggered by retrograde menstruation or the backward flow of menstrual blood into the fallopian tubes. The symptoms of this condition include abdominal cramps, pain during intercourse and bowel movements, bleeding between periods and digestive problems.
  4. Poly Cyst Ovarian Disease (PCOD): PCOD is a condition where the ovaries produce follicles that develop into cysts instead of eggs. This leads to a lack of viable eggs and thus affects a woman’s fertility. This can also cause mood swings and depression. PCOD is triggered by hormone changes and exhibits symptoms such as irregular periods, acne, hair loss and breathing problems while sleeping.
  5. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): UTIs are usually caused by bacterial infections and can be triggered by pregnancy, frequent intercourse, diabetes and as a side effect of certain types of medication. The symptoms of this condition include stinging and burning sensations while urinating, abdominal cramps, painful intercourse and an increased urge to urinate frequently.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3470 people found this helpful

Ultrasound During Pregnancy

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
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Hello, mera naam Dr Sujata Agarwal hai, mein MBBS MD Gyaene hoon, obtsetrology mein mera diploma kiya hua hai, main Sarita Vihar, Badarpur aur Apollo hospital mein practice karti hoon. Main aap logo ko pregnancy aur usse related ultrasound ke baare me batana chahungi, agar aap log mujhe dikha na chahte hain ya consult karana chahe toh aap mera number Lybrate se le sakte hain. Pregnancy aur ultrasound aajkal dono ek doosre ke saath bilkul mil rahe hain, main aim hamara pregnancy mein ultrasound karne ka ye hota hai, ki bache ki growth theek ho aur baccha us samay deliver karaya jaaye jab woh safe ho, koi complication ho toh hum usko pata karle, bache ke andar kisi bhi tarah ka defect ho to usko pata karle. Kuch logon ka iss tarah se myth hota hai ki ultrasound jo hai bahut jyada karana pregnancy mein safe nahi hai, lekin yeh bilkul galat hai dharna hai. Ultrasound ek tarah ka different mechanism hai jisme sound waves bache ke andar ja ke reflect hoke wapas machine mein aati hain, isme Koi x-ray ya koi aur tarike radiation nahi hai jo bacche ki growth pe ya uski kisi development pe problem kare. Isliye pregnancy me ultrasound bhale hi doh ho, dus ho, bees ho depending upon our requirement woh bilkul hi safe hote hain. Jo pehla ultrasound hum karte hain wo do se teen mahine ke beech mein karte hain yeh janane ke liye ki kaee baar twin pregnancy hoti hai, triplet pregnancy hoti hai, ke number of foetuses kitne hain. To know number of foetuses No.1, No. 2 bacche ko hum naap ke uski age pata laga sakte hain aur usse delivery ki date hum confirm karte hain aur teesra bacche ki heartbeat dekh ke hum bata sakte hain ki bacche ke andar koi missed abortion hai ya koi cruel problem nahi hai. Toh pehla ultrasound hota hai dating viability scan between 2 to 3 week preferably 8 weeks mein, second ultrasound humlog usko NT scan bolte hain 11 to 30 weeks me kiya jata hai. Iss ultrasound baccha pura bann chukka hota hai, uske charo haath pair bann chuke dekhte hain uske sar ki mainly, sar k i haddi bani hai ki nahi skull bone woh nazar aati hai kabhi kabhi kuch defects ho bacche ka skull nahi bana hota hai. Waise anal carefree baby ko hum early diagnose kar sakte hain. Teesra bache ke neck ki bone ko major karte hain jo main anteen hota hai aur uski thickness se hum bata sakte hain ki bacche mein koi development chromosomal defect hai ya nahi hai. Agar anteen normal se jyada hoga toh phir hame aage janch karne ki jarurat hogi kyunki usme bache ka defective hone ka risk badd jata hai. Uske alawa bache ka hame bacche ka stomach, urinary bladder, bacche ka heart care flow, ductors flow aur ek basic heart ka structure hame dikh jata hai aur hum ye bata sakte hain ki bacche mein basic koi defect nahi hai, yeah 11 to 13 weeks Mein NT scan hota hai. Iske baad mein jo sabse important ultrasound hai woh 4 se 5 mahine ke beech mein hota hai preferably 18 to 19 weeks mein 20 weeks se pahle hame dekh lena hota hai ki bache ke andar kisi bhi tarah ka koi defect nahi hai. Toh 20 weeks ke baad agar bachche defective bhi hai toh bhi abortion karne ke liye Supreme Court ke paas ja ke unse hame permission leni padti hai. MTP act mein sirf 20 weeks tak hi hum log agar defective baby ho toh terminate kar sakte hain. Toh 18 to 19 weeks mein baby jo hai pura develop ho chuka hota hai, uski puri body, brain, skull, heart, kidney, hath, pair har tarah ki cheeze hume dikh jati hain aur hum confidently bol sakte hain ki bacch bilkul safe hai aur aap pregnancy aram se continue kariye. In 18 to 19 weeks jisko hum anomaly scan bolte hain, uske baad jo next ultrasound hai wo patient to patient requirement pe depend karta hai. Normally ye around 30 to 34 weeks pe karte hain aur isko coloured optical scanning bolte hain. Isme hum bache ke sare brain, heart or uske alag alag naso me blood ka Prabhav dekhte hain aur usse hame pata chal jata hai ki bacche ki growth jo hai thik hai ke nahi hai, uterus ki arteries mein blood flow dekhte hain usse pata chal jata hai ki high BP hone ka risk hai ki nahi pregnancy ke samay. Aur jin baccho mein growth retardation hota hai, unka phir hum doh doh hafte pe serials scan karke dekhte hain ki growth ho rahi hai ki nahi ho rahi hai aur agar hame lagta hai ki baby bahut jyada week hai aur pait mein uski maa ke andar uterus mein dala jata hai isliye hum timely delivery plan kar sakte hain ultrasound ke dwara. Toh is tarah se ultrasound pregnancy mein bahut hi safe hai, isko karane mein koi hichak nahi honi chahiye. Deliveries ki requirement ho aur aapke doctor suggest kare, toh usko bina kisi darr ke karaiye, uska koi side effect nahi hai. Thank you so much agar aap logon ko mujhse kabhi kuch scan karana ho ya milna ho toh aap mere se appointment le sakte hain.

 

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Screening For Chromosomal Abnormalities In First Trimester - Why It Is Important?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Screening For Chromosomal Abnormalities In First Trimester - Why It Is Important?

First-trimester screening is a prenatal test. It is conducted to get early information about a baby's risk of certain chromosomal conditions. It can detect conditions like Down syndrome (trisomy 21) and extra sequences of chromosome 18 (Trisomy 18).

It is usually conducted in two steps:

  1. Blood test
  2. Followed by USG

Initially, a blood test is conducted to ascertain the levels of two pregnancy specific substances in the mother's blood. The blood is tested for pregnancy associated plasma protein and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). Thereafter, a USG is done to find out the size of the clear space in the tissue that is present at the back of the foetus’s neck.

The screening is done between weeks 11 and 14 of pregnancy. The doctor is able to gauge the risk of your baby having Down syndrome or Trisomy 18 by using your age and results of the test. This screening is quite helpful and can guard you against deadly consequences in the future. Down syndrome is known to cause impairments in the mental and social development of the child. Trisomy 18 gets often fatal by age 1. However, first screening doesn’t find out the risk of neural tube defects.

It is the first screening done in pregnancy. It can be done before any other screening. Thus, the results are known at an early stage. You will get time to think about the future consequences can help you in deciding your course of action and the decision to either continue or terminate the pregnancy. You will be ready to know and decide whether you will be able to live and take care of a baby with special needs. You can conduct other screenings later in pregnancy. You must know that first-trimester screening is treated as being optional. It can detect the risk and cannot tell you whether your baby has the problems in real or not.

Often women get worried about the test and it’s after effects. However, there is no need to worry. It will not harm your pregnancy. The foetus remains untouched and safe during the screening. It will not lead to any miscarriage or any other complication.

A practitioner will collect your blood by inserting a needle into your veins. The blood is then sent for testing to the lab. You can resume your usual daily activities. The ultrasound will need you to lie on your back on a table and the technician will put a transducer on your abdomen. The sound waves will be changed into digital images that the technician will refer to. You can get back to your normal routine as soon as the test is over.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
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Hi!

I'm Dr. Sujata . Me ek gynecologist hun. Aur mere 2 clinic hain ek sarita vihar mein hai ek badarpur mein hai aur me Apollo mein bhi bethti hun.

Aj me ap logon ko Polycystic ovarian syndrome ke bare mein batana chahungi. Aj kal apne dekha hoga ziada tar larkian bari pareshan rehti hain PCOS hogaya hai Polycystic ovarian syndrome hogaya hai aur sab is barey mein chinta kerte hain ke humari ovary mein cyst hogaye hain. Basically is mein chinta ki koi baat nahi hai. Polycystic ovarian syndrome ek tarah ka syndrome hai jis mein buhat sari cheezain ek sath hoti hain. Basically yeh un logon mein hota hai jin ke family history mein diabetes ho ya jin ke parents, grandparents ya jau khud prone ho diabetes ko un larkion mein polycystic ovarian syndrome hota hai. Aur jau clinical presentation hoti hain in patients ki us mein patient ka weight barha hota hai, un logon ke abnormal hair patterns hote hain, facial hairs hosakte hain hath pairon mein ziada baal hosakte hain, pigmentation hosakta hai, bas unko periods irregular hote hain. Irregular ka matlab hai periods over ho ker hote hain, one month two months till 6 months. Kabhi bhi unko total irregular cycle hoti hai. Jau main karan polycystic ovarian syndrome ka hai uske karan yeh hai ke patient ke andar regular menstruation nahi hota hai kyoun ke regular ovulation nahi hota hai. Har mahinay ek egg banta hai, jau rupture hota hai aur uske baad periods hote hain. In patients mein egg banta nahi hai chota sa banna shuru hota hai aur ovary mein para rehta hai is liye unko periods nahi hote. Aur dhere dhere kerke multiple chote chote eggs ho jate hain jinko hum follicles bhi bolte hain aur jau clinical presentation ultrasound mein dikhta hai woh typical polycystic ovaries mein who chote chote eggs dikhte hain. Yeh cyst kisis tarah se dangerous nahi hai yeh koi cancerous cyst nahi hai is liye inke barey mein ziada pareshan nahi hona chahye. Per iska treatment is liye zaruri hai kyoun ke polycystic ovarian syndrome hone se number 1 patient obese hojaega, uske facial hair ho jaenge, usey pigmentation hojaegi, tau uski external appearance kharab hojaegi, uska confidence kam hojaega number, usko diabetes ka risk barh jaega yeh dekha gaya hai ke jau log ka insulin level ziada hote hain un logon ko yeh condition ziada hoti hai. Aur agar hum sahi time per pata kerke insulin resistance de ker usko treat karen tau who diabetes ko prevent bhi ker sakte hain aur unka jau polycystic ovarian syndrome hai who clear hojata hai. Thirdly is mein infertility ka problem hota hai, infertility mayney baby nahi ata hai. Ovulation nahi hoga tau conception ki problem hogi. Aur lastly is mein periods irregular hote hain. Agey ja ker yeh patients jau hote hain unko diabetes ho sakti hai, diabetes ki wajah se unko heart disease hosakti hai, kidney failure ho sakta hai inka lipid profile kharab ho sakta hai. Is liye yeh ek pura syndrome hai jisko hum Polycystic syndrome bolte hain jis mein irregular periods, egg nahi banna matlab anovulation, mota hona obesity, abnormal hair pattern hirsutism plus diabetes ka risk, blood mein lipids cholesterol barhne ka risk, heart disease ka risk aur baad mein kidneys per effect hone ka risk hoskta hai. Is ka treatment buhat simple hai, is mein ghabrane ki koi zarurat nahi hoti hai. Is mein lifestyle modification karna hota hai, exercise karna hota hai, diet control karna hota hai, plus kuch basic tests kerwa ker kuch simple dawaiyan khani hoti hain aur yeh araam se control hojata hai.

Agar ap logon ko is tarah ka koi problem hai tau ap mere ko aker mere clinic per mil sakte hain direct contact ker sakte hain ya ap through Lybrate mujhe contact ker sakte hain. Thank you so much!

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