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Dr. Shama Batra

Gynaecologist, Delhi

Dr. Shama Batra Gynaecologist, Delhi
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I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family....more
I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family.
More about Dr. Shama Batra
Dr. Shama Batra is a renowned Gynaecologist in Shakarpur, Delhi. She is currently practising at Dr. Shama Batra in Shakarpur, Delhi. Book an appointment online with Dr. Shama Batra on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 34 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Delhi and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Hi, my wife has a pregnancy of age 30 days approximatly. We don't want to have kids now. Does abortion will decrease the chances of getting pregnancy in future ?

DGO, MD, MRCOG, CCST, Accredation in Colposcopy
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
Hi, my wife has a pregnancy of age 30 days approximatly. We don't want to have kids now. Does abortion will decrease ...
No there is no evidence that suggests that abortion decreases chances of getting pregnant in the future provided done properly.
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Stammering and Homeopathy

Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, M.Sc - Psychology, BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
Stammering and Homeopathy

Stammering or stuttering is a type of speech impairment where sounds or syllables are repeated involuntarily or there are unintended gaps in between words when the person is unable to make the desired sound.

People develop stutters due to genetic flaws, motor functioning defects, coordination problems or due to psychological stressors. The condition can result in anxiety, depression and withdrawal from verbal communication.

How does homeopathy help?

A stutter can be practiced away or corrected by speech therapy but there is no specific medicine that can be used to cure stammering. Homeopathic medicines can provide relief from the symptoms by fixing flawed nervous functions, improve motor coordination and modify the vocal apparatus. Different homeopathic treatments can be used depending on the nature of the condition.

The following is a list of homeopathic remedies and lifestyle changes that can be used to address the problem:

  1. Foods rich in vitamin B6 like nuts, fish, bananas and chicken should be consumed regularly by children who have a stutter to help with motor functions.
  2. Adults should avoid caffeine, tobacco and other recreational drugs as they cause hyper-stimulation of the nervous system.
  3. Stramonium (jimsonweed) can be used when the stammering is violent and the person distorts the facial muscles heavily in order to be able to speak.
  4. Lychopodium (clubmoss) can be useful for stammering as well as depression, memory weakness and sleep problems. This is especially helpful if the patient struggles with the last few words of a sentence.
  5. Spigelia is beneficial for a mild stutter at the beginning of a sentence, often followed by undisturbed speech.
  6. Causticum is prescribed when emotional excitability causes stammering, twitching of the facial muscles or problems in the vocal chords.
  7. Staphysagria can aid in reducing social anxiety which often causes stammering i.e. the stammer only happens while interacting with strangers or authority figures.
  8. Nux vomica (strychnine) is the medicine to use when stammering is a result of extreme stress or over work.
  9. Fright or shock often causes speechlessness or stammering. Aconite can provide immediate relief in such cases.
  10. Lachesis is an effective homeopathic medicine when the patient stutters over specific letters or syllables.
  11. Gelsemium is used to treat stuttering after severe viral infections when the patient complains of a heavy tongue and lack of general coordination.
4455 people found this helpful

My wife is suffering with severe stomach ache and back pain during periods how can she overcome that.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
My wife is suffering with severe stomach ache and back pain during periods how can she overcome that.
Hello, Here are some tips to help you get rid of your problem: It is good to avoid fried, sour and protein rich foods in the last week of the menstrual cycle. Eat fish as it contains omega-3 fatty acids, which helps in easing contractions during menstruation Avoid eating dairy products, meat and poultry Maintain healthy and nutritious diet and perform yoga to help you stay away from problems If you are suffering from anemia, you should take food rich in iron Avoid vegetables like potato, eggplant, yellow pumpkin and try to concentrate on consuming drumsticks, papaya, white pumpkin, snake guard, cucumber and bitter guard When you experience pain, you can help reduce the pain by giving the area hot treatment. Drinking plenty of water and herbal tea also helps reduce pain and problems faced during menstrual periods. You can also perform yoga and some cardiovascular exercises that will help you get rid of these cramps. Last but not the least; take as much rest as possible. This will help you keep your menstruation under control. Medication: Take Schwabe’s Mag. Phos. 6x/ 5 tablets to be dissolved in ½ cup of water after every 2 hrly. till the pain lasts.
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Women related cancer: Prevention and Treatment

MBBS, MS- Surgery , M.Ch - Surgical Oncology , FIAGES
Oncologist, Delhi
Women related cancer: Prevention and Treatment

With the modernization of all economies around the world, one health hazard that has become one of the largest perils within both developed and developing nations is the incidence of cancers of the female reproductive system, especially cervical and breast cancer.

Breast cancer

Breast cancer is the formation of malignant tumors within the breast tissues of a woman. Usually, breast cancer affects women in the age range of 40 to 50, but there have been many reports of it occurring earlier. About 48 % percent of the Indian women having breast cancer have been reported to be under 50. This is an almost 17 percent jump compared to figures 25 years earlier.

Alarming Signs of Breast Cancer:

  • The most common symptom of breast cancer is a new lump or mass. A painless, hard mass that has irregular edges is more likely to be cancerous, but breast cancers can be tender, soft, or rounded.
  • Swelling of all or part of a breast (even if no distinct lump is felt)
  • Skin irritation or dimpling
  • Breast or nipple pain
  • Nipple retraction (turning inward)
  • Redness, scaliness, or thickening of the nipple or breast skin
  • Nipple discharge (other than breast milk)

Screening Guidelines for Breast cancer:

  • Mammography: US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends mammography once in every 2 year for females between age group 50-75 years. Women with a family history has a benefit of starting at age 40 years. After 75 years there are insufficient evidence of benefit of screening mammography.
  • Breast Self Examination and annual Clinical examination: breast self examination is easy to learn and and any abnormality should be reported to the oncologist.
  • For High Risk/ Genetic risk factors: screening should start by age 25 or 10 years earlier of youngest relative affected. Annual mammogram and MRI or Doppler ultrasound alternating at 6 month interval can be considered.

Treatment Options:

Some of the common treatment options for breast cancers are:

  • Breast conservation surgery - This is where the tumors are removed without cutting out too much of the surrounding breast tissue.
  • Mastectomy - If the cancer has spread too far then large amounts of breast tissue has to be removed along with the tumor to stop its spread any further.
  • Sentinel lymph node Biopsy - it's part of both surgical procedures, it decreases morbidities of lymph node dissection first draining lymph nodes only are removed in patients with clinically negative axilla. If negative on frozen section further axillary dissection is avoided. It avoids the morbidity of complete axillary clearance.

Cervical cancer ( Carcinoma Cervix)

Cervical cancer is the cancer of the cervix, which is the opening of the uterus and connects the uterus to the vagina. Indian women in particular are susceptible to cervical cancer as more than 1/3rd of the cervical cancer related deaths in the entire world happens here in India, which is about 74000 deaths annually. The leading cause for cervical cancer is HPV or Human Papillomavirus infection, which if left untreated and unchecked will result in cancer.

Alarming Signs of Cervical Carcinoma:

  • Early lesions and precancerous lesions have no symptoms
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding such as bleeding after vaginal intercourse, bleeding after menopause, bleeding and spotting between periods or longer/heavier periods
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Pelvic pain
  • Late stage disease may cause lower extremity swelling, problem with urine and/or stool passage

Screening Guidelines:

  • Cervical cancer screening is most effective screening programme of any cancer disease resulting in significant decrease in mortality from carcinoma cervix
  • United state preventive services task force (USPSTF) recommend cervical cancer screening starting at age 21 yrs.
  • Between age 21-30 years cytology recommended at 3 year interval and HPV testing is not recommended.
  • Between 30-65 years cytology every 3 year or cytology +HPV testing every 5 year.
  • If previously adequately screened screening can be discontinued after 65 years.
  • Women with prior total hysterectomy and no CIN can discontinue screening.

Apart from breast and cervical cancers, certain other cancers have also reported an alarming increase such as:-

Ovarian cancer (Carcinoma Ovary)

Starting in the ovaries, diagnosis of this type of cancer is usually delayed due to lack of visible symptoms in the initial stages. About 85% to 90% of ovarian cancers are epithelial ovarian carcinomas. Epithelial ovarian cancers tend to spread to the lining and organs of the pelvis and abdomen (belly) first. This may lead to the buildup of fluid in the abdominal cavity (called ascites). As it advances, it may spread to the lung and liver, or, rarely, to the brain, bones, or skin. The main treatments for ovarian cancer are surgery and chemotherapy.

Cancer of the endometrium (Carcinoma Endometrium)

Endometrium is the lining of the uterine wall and has along with ovarian, uterine and cervical cancer is also increasing in occurrences throughout India and the world.

The grade of an endometrial cancer is based on how much the cancer forms glands that look similar to those found in normal, healthy endometrium.

  • Grade 1 tumors have 95% or more of the cancerous tissue forming glands.
  • Grade 2 tumors have between 50% and 94% of the cancerous tissue forming glands.
  • Grade 3 tumors have less than half of the cancerous tissue forming glands. Grade 3 cancers tend to be aggressive and have a poorer outlook than lower-grade cancers.

Treatment Options:

Cervical cancer along with Ovarian, uterine and endometrial cancer can be treated using the following methods:

1. Surgery: Radical Hysterectomy primarily preferred option for early stage disease. Both open and minimal invasive approaches are suitable.

  • For precancer high grade lesion conisation is also option for compliant patient.
  • In young suitable patient willing for childbearing trachelectomy is also possible in very early lesion.
  • Depending on risk factors after surgery adjuvant treatment may be advised.

2. Radiation therapy or Combined Radiation therapy+Chemotherapy: Alternative to surgery in early stage and choice in late stage.

Prevention:

Certain prevention techniques that would be advisable to detect cancer in its early stages would be,

  • Regular Pap smear tests for cervical cancer
  • Taking vaccines for cervical cancer
  • Regular mammograms and checkups for breast cancer
  • Changing lifestyles to reduce stress
  • Changes in diet to reduce risks
  • Leading a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise

'Consult'.

Related Tip: Can Ayurveda Really Treat Cancer? Find Out.

3253 people found this helpful

I'm 28 years old, mother of a 3 yr old and having knee pain and irregular period like once in 3 months, i'm trying to conceive, pleas help

Dip. SICOT (Belgium), MNAMS, DNB (Orthopedics), MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Hi thanks for your query and welcome to lybrate. I am Dr. Akshay from fortis hospital, new delhi. As far as your knee pain goes, if there is no history of any injury, no swelling or any other s/s of inflammation or infection, my advise will be for physical therapy, anti inflammatory medications for 5-7 days, adequate calcium and vitamin d intake, ice packs at home and then let us see how much are you improving with conservative management. For your irregular periods, you should consult your gynaecologist as she will the best person to advice on that. Do not hesitate to contact me if you need any further assistance. You can also discuss your case and treatment plans with me in a greater detail in a private consultation.
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Hi. I want to lose post pregnancy weight. My kid is now 4.5 months old. He is on my feed. So can anyone suggest something which doesn't effect my feed and I reduce too.

Diploma in Public Health, Diploma in Anesthesia
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Aurangabad
Hi. I want to lose post pregnancy weight. My kid is now 4.5 months old. He is on my feed. So can anyone suggest somet...
You must not compromise on nutrition as long as you are feeding your baby. But good protein, soy can help you reduce your weight along with exercise.
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My wife's got last period 11th February. This month period didn't start. We have a baby of 9 month. At this stage we're not ready for another baby. What should we do? What is medicine name should she take for avoid this pregnancy?

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Nagpur
My wife's got last period 11th February. This month period didn't start. We have a baby of 9 month. At this stage we'...
First of all you need to confirm whether your wife is pregnant or not. Do a simple urine pregnancy test. If its positive, then there is more than 95% chance that she may be pregnant. In that case visit a gynecologist to decide the right medicine to terminate the unwanted pregnancy. If the pregnancy test is negative, you need not worry. Just wait another week or so for periods to begin.
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My 16 months old daughter's urine is smelling bad from few weeks. She takes packaged milk/ breastfeeding/ solid food as well. Her water intake is normal, we give rooh afza as well frequently. Her weight is 11 kg.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Health Administration
Ayurveda,
Causes of Foul smelling urine in children : ? Bacterial bladder / kidney infection ? Cystitis (inflammation of urinary bladder) ? Dehydration ? Kidney calculus Treatment Notes: Only your doctor (pediatrician) can advise whether any of these treatments are appropriate for your specific medical situation. Always discuss all treatment options with your doctor before making a decision, including whether to start or discontinue any treatment plan.
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Is there any pill which can b given to my gf, after having continues intercourse for about 20 days. I don't want her to get pregnant. please help fast.

DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Bhavnagar
There are pills available which you can give her within 72 hrs of intercourse once. But no medicine when you have had continuous intercourse for 20 days.
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I am 31 weeks pregnant, i am taki ng tab.Methyldopa,250mg from my 20th week tid ,but still my b.P remains 140/90, no albumin in urine. Plz tel my pregnancy outcome

MBBS (Gold Medalist, Hons), MS (Obst and Gynae- Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst and Gynae), Fellow- Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (ACOG, USA), FIAOG
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
Pregnancy outcome is not totally normal but with this BP, more or less normal pregnancy can be expected.
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I'm married n we r planning for a child. We are trying from past 6months but no any positive results. Are any tests to be done to know y I'm not conceiving?

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
IVF Specialist, Delhi
I'm married n we r planning for a child. We are trying from past 6months but no any positive results. Are any tests t...
It is advised that couples try for 1 year before seeking doctor consultation unless there is some apparent problem that needs to be addressed.
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After 2 years of marriage my wife cant conceive a child reports are normal. Why we are getting late?

Advanced Aesthetics
Ayurveda, Gulbarga
After 2 years of marriage my wife cant conceive  a child reports are normal. Why we are getting late?
Planning for your pregnancy Folic acid If you and your partner are planning to conceive, you should start taking folic acid before you get pregnant. Folic acid helps to provide the best health outcomes for your baby when it is growing. Taking folic acid daily before and during pregnancy also prevents the occurrence of neural tube defects, such as spina bifida, in your baby. The best time to get pregnant You?re most likely to get pregnant if you have sex within a day or so of ovulation (releasing an egg from the ovary). This is usually about 14 days after the first day of your last period. An egg lives for about 12-24 hours after it?s released. For pregnancy to happen, the egg must be fertilised by a sperm within this time. If you want to get pregnant, having sex every couple of days will mean there?s always sperm waiting in the fallopian tubes to meet the egg when it?s released.
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Hello doctor m 20 years old. I has unprotected sex on 28 th of sept after which I took unwanted 72 pill. Then I got my periods next day on 29 th. N today is 10 th day and m still getting blood spots on my underwear. The bleeding hasn't stopped. Whts the reason. Pls help.

MD - General Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Jaipur
Hello doctor m 20 years old. I has unprotected sex on 28 th of sept after which I took unwanted 72 pill. Then I got m...
Dear mam, after taking these pills some abnormality in menses can be there for that period. After this next period will become normal.
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Sir/madam my wife was pregnant and got delivered in july from that time I never had sexual intercourse with her .yesterday night I had sex with for which she got bleeding why is it like that is there any problem or else we can continue. Wwhy it bleeds. Today morning when she was in bathroom a little bit blood came out is there need to worry or its normal. please help me and my wife.

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Sir/madam my wife was pregnant and got delivered in july from that time I never had sexual intercourse with her .yest...
There may be a small injury or it maybe her first period, if no pain not to worry.. if reccurs get a gynae examonation of cervix of uterus
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I have always pain in lower abdomen before 10 days of periods. It lasts for nearly two days. Is there any complications. My age is 27 yrs.

BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
I have always pain in lower abdomen before 10 days of periods. It lasts for nearly two days. Is there any complicatio...
usually there is not any chance of any complication but for reliving your pain start homeopathic medicine mag phos 6x three times a day with colocynth 200 two time a day before meal when pain started
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Different Types of Contraceptives and Its Uses

M.D.MEDICINE , Diploma in Diabetology
Sexologist, Jaipur
Different Types of Contraceptives and Its Uses

Contraceptives are generally drugs and devices, which are used to prevent pregnancy. A large number of contraceptives are available which allow the couple to enjoy sex without running the risk of unwanted pregnancies. The general categories of contraceptives are explained below:

Barrier Methods:

  1. Male Condom: It is one of the most common forms of contraception. They are worn on the penis before sex is initiated. For safety purpose, a new condom should be used every time the person has sex.
  2. Female Condom: Much like male condoms, these are available at over-the-counter pharmacies without prescription. The condoms can be inserted to the vagina anytime within a period of 8 hours prior to sex.
  3. Diaphragm: This should be coated with a spermicide before sex and placed inside a woman's vagina so that the sperms are prevented from entering the uterus.
  4. Cervical Cap: These are used as replacements for diaphragms because some women may develop bladder infections such as cystitis while using it and these caps have lesser contact with the vagina.

Hormonal Methods:
The main implementation of hormonal changes to provide contraception is the pill. This is the most common form of female contraception available. It comes in two forms:

  1. Combined contraceptive pill: Contains a combination of hormones such as progestin and oestrogen.
  2. Mini-pill: Contains only progestin: It is available only with the prescription of the doctor and should be used as per the prescription.

Intrauterine Devices: The intrauterine device (IUD) is a long-acting and reversible form of contraception for women. It is of two types: Copper IUD (contains copper) and Hormone-releasing IUDs (progestin hormone is released into the womb slowly). It is a small device that is fitted inside the womb and it provides contraception by facilitating the prevention of fertilization of the egg.

Sterilization: This is a lifelong option that is available for both men and women. In males, the procedure is known as vasectomy which basically ties and cuts off the tubes that carry the sperm.

In women, two forms of sterilization are available; surgical and non-surgical. Surgically, the fallopian tubes are cut and tied using small cuts in the belly so that the ovaries and uterus are not linked. Non-surgically, coils are inserted into the fallopian tubes so the resultant development of scars leads to complete blockage of the tubes.

Other forms of contraceptives include contraceptive patches, vaginal rings, contraceptive injections, spermicides and contraceptive implants. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a sexologist.

7834 people found this helpful

ELIXIR TO YOUR GREAT HEALTH

Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Gurgaon
ELIXIR TO YOUR GREAT HEALTH
Body seems to be such a big place and so much time-consuming when we really start caring about it. Few things which all of like are-

1. Fair and healthy skin
2. Perfect figure
3. Long and shiny hair
4. Healthy teeth and gums
5. Strong and beautiful nails
6. Lustrous and dark-circle free eyes.
Anything thing else you would like to add to list?

What all of would want is for this to happen without devoting hours to it!

So here's a simple elixir for your good health for winters-
3 gooseberries
1/4 cup curry leaves
1/4 cup coriander leaves
1/2 cup spinach
Honey to taste

Blend all these together with some water (as required). Let it be the first thing in the day to enter your mouth. Do not forget to drink 2-3 glasses of warm water after drinking this. As it will help in flushing out the toxins!

Try it for a month and feel its goodness
Smile emoticon

Take care.
2 people found this helpful

I am 4 month pregnant. But I can't eat anything. Every time feeling like nausea. Please give me syrup name so I can improve my digestion.

MICOG, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
I am 4 month pregnant. But I can't eat anything. Every time feeling like nausea. Please give me syrup name so I can i...
Take small frequent meals for easier digestion. Nausea is a symptom of early pregnancy; will gradually subside over a period of time. No medicine if not severe.
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