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Hi, I'm 21 yrs old. Got married on 5 October. My last periods was on 24 October. We had been trying to conceive. and today as I woke up I found bleeding! What is that? Implantation bleeding? Or what? please help. Extremely nervous.
How Gender Identity Disorder can be treated?
Hello friends, I am Dr. Anubhav Gupta. I am a consultant plastic surgeon working at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi. Today, I am going to talk about a condition which has increasingly become more frequent in our practice and that is Gender Identity Disorder.
Gender Identity Disorder is a condition where in a person has incongruency between his sex and gender. Let me explain it to you, a person whose phenotypic and genotypic condition is male, his sex is also male. For example, a person who is having external genitalia, penis, beard, etc that is his phenotype, that is his sex and that is also a genotypic test as gene XY, so that will be his sex. But, gender is what a person feels about himself. For example, a male who is having phenotype and genotype sex as male but he feels he is a female then that is the gender of that person. What a person feels about himself is called his gender. So, when there is an imbalance between the sex and the gender of a person, it is called Gender Identity Disorder.
Basically, it is not what is wrong about them, it is why they feel about this. There is something which is hardwired into their brain, that they don’t have a feeling of equilibrium with their sex. It is not a disease; it is the way they think. There are certain neurohormonal factors which at the time of development have been said to cause this condition but there are no researchers that conclude the cause of this condition.
Yes, the government of India has now recognized the third gender that is transgendered. People who are not in congruence with their sex have been recognized as legal by the government of India.
See, when these patients come us, basically there are now well-described guidelines. When the patient first, comes to me, I first tell them what the exact condition that they have is and I send the person to a psychiatrist for evaluation. We have to be sure whether they have Gender Identity Disorder before we go for the surgery. So, the psychiatrist starts his treatment, basically takes counseling sessions and he tries to ascertain whether this person is actually having gender identity disorder.
Now, the recommendations are that permanent gender surgery, that is the change of gender surgeries like penectomy and vagina creation and penile creation, these are gender surgeries and are permanent in nature, should not be done before 1-year certification by the psychiatrist has been given. But, other surgeries like face surgery, and breast surgery, can be done after 3 months of psychiatric evaluation. So, this is what we follow. Once a psychiatrist has seen and he certifies that this person has gender identity disorder, we start doing the facial surgeries, and once a period of 1 year has passed, in the meantime we also send him to an endocrinologist who counsels them about hormonal therapy and we further encourage them to cross dress and live in the society as the gender of which they feel they want to stay.
So, once these things fall into place then we move into surgery. And, before surgery, we also need a certification from another psychiatrist just to counter and confirm what the first psychiatrist has felt. So we have certification from two psychiatrists and after a period of one year, we can proceed to Permanent Gender Surgery. Before we do that gender surgery we also need to take an affidavit in the court of law in which the person who is undergoing the surgery and the surgeon, they understand the fact that it is a permanent surgery and the person who is undergoing surgery will not be able to procreate or reproduce in the future, and the patients, when they understand these factors are then counseled and then the surgery is done.
In male to female patients, the initial surgeries, we start with the face surgery, such as Genioplasty and Rhinoplasty. Then, these patients, if they require breasts, we go for a breast augmentation by implants. There are two types of implants; if the chest is having enough space, we can go for a silicone implant and sometimes the chest of males are very tight, then we have to use an expander implant. So these are the common surgeries. Then there is the genital surgery which is a permanent surgery where we do a penile disassembly surgery and we use the penile skin to create a new vagina and we do an orchiectomy at the same time and so we do a gender surgery.
In the female to male also, we start with the face, rhinoplasty, brow lift, genioplasty, McSteamy is done, and these are the initial surgeries. Mastectomy is done where the male chest is created. And, finally after one year of treatment, we go for a creation of a new phallus, we create a penis by the process of radial artery forearm flap, wherein we take the skin from the hand and we create a penis. After that, we can do testicular implants in the labia majora to create testicles. And later on, this surgery is successful of the penile reconstruction by radial artery forearm flap and the patient is having sensation till the tip of the penis. Then we do a final erectile implant which can even cause the erection.
If you have any further queries regarding this topic, you can contact me on Lybrate.
I am suffering from excess of white discharge from vagina. It grows more when I do some physical activity, like exercises, running, jumping etc. I have grown weaker also and lost weight. I am very much worried about myself. Please help me.
Hello I am an 18 year old girl from India. From last 4 weeks, I started having blood tinged vaginal discharges. The consistency and color of the discharge varied and the traces found were of fresh blood. My doctor asked me to get a sonography done for lower abdomen. I went for a transabdominal ultrasound. No abnormality was detected. Ovaries, uterus and cervix were normal in size and echotexture. Do I need to get a pap smear done?
What is the real reason behind the surgery?
The decision to have breast augmented surgery should be a woman’s alone. Friend’s advice or pressure from your partner should not play a role in this. Since this is a complicated procedure, getting the surgery done with external pressure can lead to disappointment.
How expensive are these surgeries?
Breast augmentation surgeries are slightly expensive compared to other plastic surgeries. However, the price of the surgery varies depending on the procedure chosen and the doctor who is performing it. It makes sense to consider a clinic which fits the budget and has a very good reputation of its own. Planning your finance well in advance should be one of the top priorities of a woman.
While most breast augmentation surgeries are harmless, there are potential complications that go with it. Bruising and swelling are common risks that are involved with this procedure. This might even last for a week. If surgeries go wrong there is a potential risk in getting a second surgery to set things right. The candidate might have to take antibiotics and pain medication for quite a few weeks till things become normal.
Think about a realistic size-
There is this general notion that breast augmentation surgeries do not give a natural look to a woman. To ensure that one gets a natural look, it is very important to choose the right size of the implant. While it remains a personal choice, the appropriate breast size makes a woman more attractive.
Set the expectation right-
Most breast augmentation surgeries give people a positive outlook towards life. They feel more confident and happier than before. Having said this, there are chances of potential changes in the physiological and physical front. Before the surgery, a detailed discussion with the doctor is recommended.
Where should you have the surgery from?
While there are many places that offer cheap implant options, money should not be the only consideration. A surgery as important as this should have various parameters weighed such as the experience of a doctor, the success rate of the doctor, talking to people who have undergone the same procedure from the same facility etc.
Is a night stay at the clinic mandatory?
A night stay at the clinic is not mandatory. While some clinics emphasize for a night stay so that the patient can be kept under observation, some prefer that their candidates go home and heal at the privacy of their homes.
If a person is planning to get pregnant after the surgery, there is a potential risk of breastfeeding. While most women do not face this, there are considerable ones who come across this problem. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon.