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Dr. Seema Sharma - Gynaecologist, New Delhi

Dr. Seema Sharma

92 (227 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG

Gynaecologist, New Delhi

25 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Dr. Seema Sharma 92% (227 ratings) MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG Gynaecologist, New Delhi
25 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Personal Statement

To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies....more
To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies.
More about Dr. Seema Sharma
With an excellent bedside manner and a truly reassuring touch, it comes as no surprise that Dr Seema Sharma has managed to make inroads not only in her professional sphere, but also in the hearts and minds of her patients in Delhi and its surrounding areas. She is a gynecologist par excellence with a clinic where she practices as per the various specialities that she is trained and qualified in. One of her biggest strengths is the fact that she has catered to so many challenging cases that she has now managed to gather a substantial client base and knowledge base that have both helped her progress at a good growth rate. Rather than mere medication and surgical procedures, she is a proponent of the holistic approach which she has developed with years of experience, practice and a sharpened instinct to catch hold of the root cause of various gynaecology related ailments and conditions. Her diagnosis in this regard often includes a thorough evaluation, probe and study of the mental and family related factors that surround the patient on a day to day basis. With this, she is able to recommend a lot of lifestyle changes that help in getting around the stress and relationship related issues that may be creating health problems in the reproductive system. From pre and post natal care for pregnant ladies and new mothers, to surrogacy planning as well as contraceptive care and advice, she practices in various fields that pertain to the challenges of health problems in the field of gynaecology. Accordingly, she has gained the trust of her loyal patient base, which makes her one of the most highly recommended doctors in her field, within Delhi.

Info

Education
MBBS - Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi - 1992
DGO - Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi - 1996
MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology - Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi - 2000
...more
MRCOG - Royal College Of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists, London, Uk - 2004
Past Experience
2004 - 2006 Consultant at Farwania Hospital(Kuwait)
. at MGS Hospital
. at Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital & Institute
...more
. at Deen Dayal Hospital
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Professional Memberships
Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists -London (RCOG)
Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery- F- MAS Recognized by the -World Association of Laparoscopic Surgeons (WALS)
Government Representative Appointed by the Ministry of Health for the District Advisory MTP Committee in West Delhi - 2001
...more
Advanced Diploma in infertility treatment(FOGSI) - 2008
IMS
IFS
Federation of Obstetric and Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI)
DMC

Location

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Srishti Health Care Centre

Srishti The Gynae Clinic, J9 / 13, Rajouri GardenNew Delhi Get Directions
  4.6  (227 ratings)
500 at clinic
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"Very helpful" 10 reviews "knowledgeable" 3 reviews "Practical" 1 review "Professional" 2 reviews "Inspiring" 1 review "Well-reasoned" 4 reviews

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5 Tips for a Smoother Transition to Menopause

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
5 Tips for a Smoother Transition to Menopause

5 Tips for a Smoother Transition to Menopause

Menopause is such a major stage in woman's life. But unlike puberty, its effect is more on the depressing side than fulfilling. Women who are going through the menopausal stage tend to experience changes in their body that they are not prepared for yet. Menopause signifies the end of a woman's fertility period and that may change a lot of things about her. Her ways, personality, lifestyle, and even marriage may be affected by this condition.

There are many ways to deal with menopause if only to smoothen its effect among females. Here are some tips to guide you through it:

1. Lead a healthier lifestyle

Menopause won't affect your body so much if you are accustomed living healthy. Stop smoking for that would dry up your skin and affect many of your internal organs. Stay clear of alcohol as your body will have lower tolerance of it as you get older. The permissible alcohol limit for women is 40ml per week. This time usually also corresponds to the time when children are leaving home for higher education, hence you can pay more attention to yourself and get into a regular lifestyle.

2. Watch your diet

What you eat is who you are. Be sure that you eat lots of vitamin-rich foods that would put your body well in shape. During the menopausal stage, your body will require a diet that is high in fiber and calcium. Make sure to pile up your plate with naturally coloured foods to get all the nutrients.

3. Exercise

The best and the fastest way to keep your body in shape is still through regular exercise. The peri-menopausal stage will make your body feel tired more than usual. Counter that by living a more active lifestyle. Work out more often. Muscle aches and fatigue tend to go away with the daily flexing of bones and muscles. Have enough exposure of sunlight i.e. around 30 min per day between 10am-3pm, to get vitamin D into your bones.

4. Take hormonal pills

There are many pills available at drug stores and pharmacies that contain the women's hormones progesterone and estrogen or derivatives of it. These pills are going to help greatly in countering the changes that your body is expected to go through. However, these medications can only be obtained with proper prescription so talk to your health provider about it.

5. Have a positive outlook of life after menopause:

Consider it as a life free of period and pregnancy worries instead of a time of lost youth. Yoga and meditation can be extremely beneficial to reduce hot flushes and to overcome dryness and weakness of the genital muscles.

Is There A Right Biological Age For Women To Conceive?

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Is There A Right Biological Age For Women To Conceive?

Is there a right biological age for women to conceive?

Once a girl starts having her periods, theoretically her biological body is ready to bear a progeny. There is a subtle phase when the physical body transits gradually from being a girl to a woman through the pubertal years. This preparatory phase lasts for three-four years and the growth of the inner organs is complete within two-three years of initiation of periods.

This means that starting fifteen-sixteen years onwards, a girl can achieve pregnancy and this is given to her by nature. In fact, the best pregnancy outcomes are achieved from the age of eighteen to twenty five years, as the body is biologically best prepared with maximum number of eggs in the ovaries and the hormones surging.

But, there is a lot of hue and cry when it comes to deciding the right age for pregnancy. Many women are concerned about their child-bearing abilities once they cross over to their late twenties and thirties. But, worry not ladies. We have all the answers for you, right here, for all your pregnancy queries and worries. So, read on.

Thirty and still struggling with your career?

It is a common scenario these days that your career woes may continue longer than you anticipated. Past the age of thirty, the ovaries start to lose out on good quality eggs and this decline in the egg quality and numbers speed up after the age of thirty-five years. So, one must make an informed choice between conceiving well in time and settling their career past a certain age.

In fact, the age of thirty-five years is considered as a watershed line after which pregnancy rates and fertility outcomes decline drastically. Also, as a woman's age goes past thirty five, irrespective of how much she exercises or is fit, her chances of bearing an abnormal child increases. This happens due to natural ageing of her eggs and it increases her chances of producing a mentally challenged child among other things.

The good news is that most of these disorders can be detected through appropriate tests and ultrasounds during pregnancy, so it possible to know about them before delivery. The sad news is that it is not possible to totally prevent these problems in the baby, except to conceive at the right age.

Forty plus did you miss the bus totally?

Well, thanks to technology and artificial reproductive techniques, even forty plus women can have a fair chance to conceive. But age is a big factor in deciding the success rates and outcomes of these procedures.

With increasing age, the success rates of ivf (in vitro fertilisation) become poorer, miscarriage rates increase and possibilities of poor outcomes in the baby increase. You may even be asked to get eggs from a younger woman (ovum donation) to counter these problems, which may imply that the baby is not totally yours genetically.

4 people found this helpful

Pregnant - 3 Ways To Stay Stress Free!

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Pregnant - 3 Ways To Stay Stress Free!

If you are stressed and wondering if this anxiety will affect the health of your child, you can be assured that you will have an uncomplicated childbirth and a healthy baby. It is absolutely normal to be stressed to some extent regarding the changes that are taking place in your life and to your body. But that doesn’t mean you can be stressed all the time and if this is the case with you, then you should seek professional help as high anxiety levels can adversely affect the health of your baby. This is because the cortisol or stress hormone may cross the placenta and create an impact on the emotional development of the baby.

There are various ways of staying stress free during pregnancy, and they are simple enough to be incorporated in your daily routine.

  1. Take enough rest and concentrate on your baby: It is good for you and the baby if you relax. You should sing and talk to your baby and you will be happy to know that he or she can hear you from around 23rd week. This would also allow you to bond better with your child after the birth takes place.
  2. Talk about your stress with people you trust: If you have any tension or worries regarding your child’s well-being, you can always communicate it to your best friend, your mother or anyone you faith in. You should never hesitate to be honest about your thoughts and feelings, and when you are true to yourself, you are likely to receive the support you require. You should talk to your partner as well and you may be surprised to know that both of you share similar worries and that your partner has some concerns that you are unaware about.
  3. Eat well and stay healthy: Eating tasty as well as nutritious food is good for your mind and body. Take in as many minerals, vitamins and Omega-3 fatty acids as you can, as these will help in elevating your mood. It is believed that the amino acid named tryptophan can help you get rid of all the tensions and boost your mood. It also helps in raising the levels of serotonin and melatonin that allow you to sleep better and make you feel well rested.

With little exercise and pampering, you will be able to reduce the stress and feel comfortable about your pregnancy. But in case you feel that you are stressed out without any control, you must consider consulting a doctor.
 

2656 people found this helpful

Yesterday morning I had protected sex with my girl friend and the sperms enter into her vagina because of condom breaks. What is the solution to avoid pregnancy?

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Yesterday morning I had protected sex with my girl friend and the sperms enter into her vagina because of condom brea...
Dear Vinita, Best way to go about it is to use emergency contraception available with chemists over the counter. And use good quality condoms from next time.
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Hello Doctor, My wife is pregnant and third month is already completed. Actually from last 15 days she is complaining about Vomiting. Whatever she ate it comes out and because of that she is feeling weakness and tired ness. I am bit worried is this normal or should I give any medicine to her which was prescribed by Gynecologist. Addition to the above point also would like to know is she can travel or not? As she is in Hyderabad and my job is in Bangalore. Thank you so much in advance.

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hello Doctor,
My wife is pregnant and third month is already completed. Actually from last 15 days she is complaining...
Dear some vomiting is usual in pregnancy but if you feel this episode is intense it could lead to complications in your wife. Please give her medicines prescribed by your gynaecologist as persistent vomiting is more dangerous than medication and severe vomiting may cause problems in your baby. Having said that please try fresh ginger as it helps to reduce vomiting.
5 people found this helpful
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Vaginal Infections - How To Prevent It?

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Vaginal Infections - How To Prevent It?

An infection in a woman’s reproductive organ is characterized by pain, discomfort, itching, burning sensations and a foul smell. Even normally, a women’s reproductive organ creates a discharge which is a clear liquid but slightly cloudy. However, when this discharge becomes abnormal and has a foul smell, it could be a tell tale sign for a vaginal infection.

Symptoms of Vaginal Discharge:

  1. Your vaginal discharge is heavier than usual.

  2. The smell seems different and can be quite offensive.

  3. The color of your vaginal discharge may also change.

  4. Your vagina can swell and become sore.

  5. Itching and burning sensations are also felt.

  6. Sex is extremely uncomfortable and painful.

What causes a vaginal infection?

Sometimes vaginal discharges happen due to an allergic reaction or irritation caused by the use of products such as vaginal douches and creams.

Vaginal infections which are not contagious in nature can be caused by detergents, fabric softeners, perfumed soaps and vaginal sprays which may change the natural, chemical and bacterial balance of the organ.

Vaginal infections are also quite commonly caused by sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, Chlamydia, trichomoniasis, human papillomavirus (HPV) and herpes among others.

How can you prevent vaginal infections?

  1. Keep your genital area dry and clean – Every time you have a bath, clean your vagina with water and don’t use chemical or vaginal washes which can only make things worse. Vaginal infections can also occur due to the disturbance of the ph level (the balance of alkaline and acidic chemicals) in your vagina. Thus use only water to wash and maintain general hygiene.

  2. Avoid wearing underwear made out of nylon and synthetic material – These materials trap heat and moisture in your vagina and can make them smelly and itchy. Cotton underwear is recommended to prevent vaginal infections and also for general health.

  3. Eating yogurt or other pro-biotics can prevent vaginal infection – Any healthy vagina has a balance of many forms of bacteria and fungus. If you have pro-biotics such as plain yoghurts or other specially formulated foods, then it will help maintain the balance and prevent infections from happening.

  4. Use condoms – Always use either a female condom or ask your partner to use a male condom before engaging in intercourse. This will prevent the passing of sexually transmitted diseases which are a leading cause of vaginal infections. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

2564 people found this helpful

Infertility - Are You at Risk?

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Infertility - Are You at Risk?

Infertility is a condition where a couple is trying to conceive in a natural way and is not able to do so even after one year of trying. It is also a matter of worry for patients who are over the age of 35 years and those who are not able to conceive naturally even after 12 months of trying constantly. So here are the causes, risks and treatment for this condition.

Causes: There are many causes of infertility. It may be down to a condition present in one or both partners. As per a medical study, 20% of the cases of infertility are due to males, while 40% to 50% cases are due to problems in the female partner. 30% of the cases suffer from infertility due to problems in both males and females. Ovulation and fertilisation are the main elements of the conception process, and any condition in the female or male can upset either function which can make it difficult to conceive. While abnormal sperm production and transport may be a common condition that leads to infertility in males, other factors like side effects of cancer treatments and too much exposure to toxins and chemicals can also play an important role in this regard. For females, the causes of infertility may range from ovulation disorders, uterine and fibroid tumours, uterine and cervical anomalies, damage to or blockage of the fallopian tubes, endometriosis, primary ovarian insufficiency and pelvic adhesions. Also, factors like thyroid, cancer and medication leading to temporary infertility may be at play. 

Risk: There are a number of factors that put a male or a female at risk of infertility. Being in your mid 30s usually has an adverse effect on the ovulation and production of well functioning sperm. Further, smoking and tobacco are among the main causes of infertility in either partner. Excessive alcohol consumption may also lead to this problem. Being overweight or underweight can also make a person infertile. Further, not getting enough exercise and routine activities out of your day, can lead to this condition as well. 

Treatment: Male patients can go through treatment for any existing infections, hormonal injections and medication, surgical options like vasectomy reversal, and ART or assistive reproductive technology. Female patients can turn to medication that will stimulate ovulation, Intrauterine Insemination, and surgical processes to correct a uterine septum and remove endometrial polyps, or even a hysteroscopy surgery. 

If these methods fail, the patient or the couple can always turn to methods like in-vitro fertilisation. For other mild reasons, lifestyle changes along with a stress free environment can help in increasing the chances of conception. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

2937 people found this helpful

I am 4 months pregnant and during night time I have breathing problem and Running nose. Which disturb my sleep.

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
I am 4 months pregnant and during night time I have breathing problem and Running nose. Which disturb my sleep.
Stuffy nose is a common problem in pregnancy. Use a high pillow under your head and put saline drops in your nose
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Taking Medicines during Pregnancy: Safe and Unsafe Medications

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Taking Medicines during Pregnancy: Safe and Unsafe Medications

Normal pregnancy lasts for 38 to 42 weeks. However, there may be times during these weeks that you may have some physical issues such as vomiting, backache, and loose stools etc which require treatment with medicines.

Therefore, monitoring and managing these physical conditions becomes necessary to ensure a normal delivery. Management consists of both medicines and rehabilitation. Medicines are considered to be the first line of treatment; however, the health care provider needs to take care while prescribing medicines during pregnancy taking into consideration the harmful effects they can have on both – the mother and the foetus.  Medicines pass on via the placenta from the mother to the foetus. Hence, before prescribing any medicine the provider should check the possibilities of the medicine causing any congenital defect. You should avoid medicines from the time of conception till the first 10 weeks, as this is the time when the foetus is most prone to the get permanent congenital deformities. Medicines given in the later stages (after 10 weeks) may cause systemic damage. For example NSAIDs (Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) may lead to problems during labour or organ defects in the foetus.

Therefore, medicines should always be avoided during pregnancy. Still there are certain medicines, which can be taken but after consulting your physician. Let’s discuss the medicines that are safe during pregnancy.

The following is a list of medicines and their effects during pregnancy:

1. Analgesic Medicines

Paracetamol Safe
NSAIDs, such as aspirin May cause heart abnormalities in the third trimester

2. Opiates 

Codeine Effective in low doses
Hydrocodone Effective in low doses
Hydromorphone Effective in low doses

3. Anaesthetics 

Etomidate Unknown always ask your provider
Ketamine Avoid during the last trimester
Lorazepam Avoid for severe conditions, safe for short periods

4. Thrombolytics - The possible advantages of this class may balance the risk during pregnancy. Common medicines used are: Alteplase, Reteplase, Streptokinase, Urokinase.

5. Antidotes

Hydroxycobalamin antidote: cyanide Safe
Methylene blue antidote: methemoglobinemia Has a potential risk to the mother and foetus

6. Penicillins

First generation: penicillin G, benzathine penicillin, Bicillin, penicillin VK Safe
Second generation: oxacillin, dicloxacillin, nafcillin Safe

7. Cardiac agents

Adenosine Safe
Digoxin Not advised in third trimester
Lidocaine Safe

8. Diabetes: Insulin is safe to use during diabetes.

9. Antacids

Famotidine Low risk
Ranitidine Safe

10. Corticosteroids: Advised for short term use

Cetirizine Almost safe
Chlorpheniramine Safe

Always talk to your physician in case of any complication and before taking any medicine given above.

4 people found this helpful

Safe and Unsafe Medications to Take While Pregnant

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Safe and Unsafe Medications to Take While Pregnant

Which medicines are safe to use during Pregnancy?

Normal pregnancy lasts for 38 to 42 weeks. However, there may be times during these weeks that you may have some physical issues such as vomiting, backache, and loose stools etc which require treatment with medicines.

Therefore, monitoring and managing these physical conditions becomes necessary to ensure a normal delivery.Management consists of both medicines and rehabilitation.Medicines are considered to be the first line of treatment; however, the health care provider needs to take care while prescribing medicines during pregnancy taking into consideration the harmful effects they can have on both – the mother and the foetus.  Medicines pass on via the placenta from the mother to the foetus. Hence, before prescribing any medicine the provider should check the possibilities of the medicine causing any congenital defect. You should avoid medicines from the time of conception till the first 10 weeks, as this is the time when the foetus is most prone to the get permanent congenital deformities. Medicines given in the later stages (after 10 weeks) may cause systemic damage. For example NSAIDs (Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) may lead to problems during labour or organ defects in the foetus.

Therefore, medicines should always be avoided during pregnancy. Still there are certain medicines, which can be taken but after consulting your physician. Let’s discuss the medicines that are safe during pregnancy.

The following is a list of medicines and their effects during pregnancy:

1. Analgesic Medicines

Paracetamol Safe
NSAIDs, such as aspirin May cause heart abnormalities in the third trimester

2. Opiates

Codeine Effective in low doses
Hydrocodone Effective in low doses
Hydromorphone Effective in low doses

3. Anaesthetics

Etomidate Unknown always ask your provider
Ketamine Avoid during the last trimester
Lorazepam Avoid for severe conditions, safe for short periods

4. Thrombolytics - The possible advantages of this class may balance the risk during pregnancy. Common medicines used are: Alteplase, Reteplase, Streptokinase, Urokinase.

5. Antidotes

Hydroxycobalamin antidote: cyanide Safe
Methylene blue antidote: methemoglobinemia Has a potential risk to the mother and foetus

6. Penicillins

First generation: penicillin G, benzathine penicillin, Bicillin, penicillin VK Safe
Second generation: oxacillin, dicloxacillin, nafcillin Safe

7. Cardiac agents

Adenosine Safe
Digoxin Not advised in third trimester
Lidocaine Safe

8. Diabetes: Insulin is safe to use during diabetes.

9. Antacids

Famotidine Low risk
Ranitidine Safe

10. Corticosteroids: Advised for short term use

Cetirizine Almost safe
Chlorpheniramine Safe

Always talk to your physician in case of any complication and before taking any medicine given above.

3 Ways You Can Increase Your Chance of Getting Pregnant

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
3 Ways You Can Increase Your Chance of Getting Pregnant

Have you been trying hard to conceive, but in vain. Then here are 3 things you can do increase your chance of getting pregnant:

  1. Keeping track of the ovulation period: Even though regular sex throughout the month is advised, it is certainly more fruitful to know your cycle. You can only get pregnant when the sperm meets the egg, and the egg is only released around the 14th day in your cycle. This egg lives only for a day or two, so you have a limited window when you can actually get pregnant. Typically this window is approximately of 6 days, so it's best to have sex in this period. But it's important not get obsessive and put too much pressure to have sex on these days as the stress can reduce sperm quality. So be mindful of it and still enjoy the activity rather than being obsessive. There are several free apps that you can download to help you track your cycle.
  2. Have missionary sex at least once every 2-3 days: The key is to have regular unprotected sex for over a year. The success rate for this is 84%. It is advised that you have sex every two to three days in every month of the year, and it's not necessary to stick to only those days for having sex when the woman is ovulating. Further, a spiced up sex life can increase your chances of the girl getting pregnant. As for the position, the missionary position works best as it helps the sperm on travelling through the cervix, which in any other position proves to be difficult. You can make the path of the sperm even easier by placing a cushion under the woman as it tilts the uterus, allowing the sperm to travel through more easily.
  3. Try de-stressing: Psychological preparedness is as important as physical preparedness to maximise your chances of getting pregnant. These days couples lead very hectic and stressful lifestyle in which trying to get pregnant can only add to their stress levels. Increased stress lowers egg passage in women. Besides, trying too hard to get pregnant and the stress that it creates is the reason behind 30% of all infertility problems. In such cases, destressing by exercising, yoga, meditation or acupuncture is a good idea. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.
2963 people found this helpful

What Extra Precautions Need To Be Taken After Cesarean Delivery?

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
What Extra Precautions Need To Be Taken After Cesarean Delivery?

10 Extra Precautions Need To Be Taken After Cesarean Delivery:

A Cesarean Delivery is unlike normal (vaginal) delivery with fast recovery period. It usually takes four to six weeks for a woman to recover after a C-section.

1. Take Medications for Pain and Discomfort

After the anaesthesia wears off, you will feel pain and discomfort. On first doses, the pain medications will be given intravenously and then after a few days, they will be given orally. Take these medications piously.

2. Get Plenty of Rest and Sleep

Having ample amount of rest and sleep will get your strength back after the Caesarean Delivery. A tip is to fall asleep when your baby falls asleep too. Sleep with your baby especially in the first few weeks of recovery.

3. Ambulate Early

Early ambulation is important after a C-Section. Air may be trapped inside the stomach that causes pain. To relieve the pain and discomfort, mothers should start walking 24 hours after surgery. Sitting, standing and walking should be done in the next 24 hours as well. Fast recovery will be achieved after doing moderate physical activity.

4. Monitor Your Bleeding

Lochia bleeding is important to monitor in the first few weeks after the delivery. The lochia colour, consistency and amount should change over time.

5. Take Fibre-Rich Foods and Know What to Avoid

Fibre-rich foods are important in women recovering from Caesarean Delivery because they relieve constipation and gas formation. Fruits and vegetables are good source of fibre.

6. Learn How to Care for Your Wound

Wash your hands whenever you inspect your wound or change wound dressing. This is the best way to prevent infection. Watch out for signs of infections such as an oozing green discharge or red skin around the wound area. Call your doctor immediately.

7. Avoid Strenuous Activities

All physical activities should be limited in the first few weeks following a C-Section. Even after the sixth week or being fully recovered from the delivery, mothers are advised to refrain from overexertion.

8. Be Warned of Emotional Imbalance

Women are normally emotional after delivery because of hormonal changes. You must watch out if you become overly depressed and hopeless. This may be sign of emotional imbalance and may lead to postpartum depression.

9. Educate Yourself with Right Breastfeeding Techniques

There are different types of baby holding techniques for breastfeeding purpose. It is important to familiarize them and try it on your baby later on. The best advice is to be able to find which ones suit you and your baby the most.

10. Know When To Ring The Emergency Numbers

Secure your Obstetrician and Paediatrician’s numbers in case of emergency. Store them on your phone’s memory. Scribble them down on your notes or pin them on your fridge. You must call for help if you experience fever, flu, skin discoloration and difficulty breathing. Give your OB a ring if you notice green oozing discharges and red flashes on your wound area, smelly vagina, pain when urinating, abdominal pains, severe headache and chest pain.

2 people found this helpful

6 Ways to Increase the Chances of Normal Delivery

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
6 Ways to Increase the Chances of Normal Delivery

How to increase chances of normal delivery?

A normal birth or a normal delivery takes place when the uterus contracts strong enough to push the baby out of the vagina. This mode, being agonizingly painful; however, is also one of the safest and healthiest means of giving birth. When the child passes through the birth canal, they acquire healthy bacteria which build up their immunity.

In few cases, the normal birth process faces few obstacles owing to which an assisted delivery method has to be approached. This includes an episiotomy, forceps delivery, ventouse delivery, induction, as well as c-section.

If you wish to avoid the above mentioned methods of assistance during your delivery, then go through the following content of the article to learn about certain ways of attaining a normal delivery.

1. Perineal massage:

A perineal massage once or twice a week during the end days of pregnancy can reduce your chances of having an episiotomy, if you are about to deliver for the first time. However, such a massage would be of no use if you have already given birth to a baby vaginally.

2. Early labour at home:

Many women tend to head to the hospital during early hours of labour. However, such an act increases the incidence of c-section. During early hours of labour, staying at home until active contractions begin is much more appropriate than the former act.

3. Mobility during early labour:

The early hours of labour require mobility such as walking, squatting or turning sides when resting. With your body moving, the baby shall also acquire some mobility enough to help itself through the birth canal.

4. Control your weight:

Throughout your gestation, you need to check for your weight and keep it under control. Gaining too many kilos can result in obstructed labour, which in turn shall call the need for an instrumental assistance.

5. Hot shower:

During the early hours of labour, dipping yourself in a tub filled with warm water can make some really effective means of controlling pain. The pain eases off a bit while the uterus contracts and does its job. If you do not have a tub, then take a shower with warm water instead.

6. Avoid panicking:

At the hospitals, women who fail to achieve proper uterine contractions are offered induction of labour via administration of oxytocin. This is a hormone, which is actually released naturally in the body when the time of delivery approaches. However, stress can produce adverse affects on the body’s oxytocin production. Hence, try to stay calm and relaxed when you are approaching your time of delivery.

2 people found this helpful

Hi doctor, I am 37 week pregnant women ,i had a pain in my back bone while I am sleeping state and some time I had a pain in my lower abdomen while walking and band on knees and my baby movements so much mature.

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hi doctor, I am 37 week pregnant women ,i had a pain in my back bone while I am sleeping state and some time I had a ...
Dear lybrate-user, some aches and pains are regular features towards the end of pregnancy. Continue with pre natal exercises to help you deliver normally. If your baby's movements are painful please tell your gynaecologist so she will get certain blood tests done for you.
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Had a pregnancy problem my wife had a miscarriage how to go with analyzing the problem.

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Had a pregnancy problem my wife had a miscarriage how to go with analyzing the problem.
Few tests can be done to find the reason for miscarriage and then depending upon what the reports are, solution can be found.
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Back Pain during Pregnancy? 6 Effective Ways to get Relief from it.

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Back Pain during Pregnancy? 6 Effective Ways to get Relief from it.

What to do to Relieve Back Aches  during Pregnancy?

Back pain is a common symptom seen during pregnancy. The pain mostly occurs in the lumbar region, the lower region of the spine. About half of the women who are pregnant may suffer from back pain during pregnancy.

Your provider may suggest you various methods and techniques to relieve your back pain. The treatment mainly includes medicines and physiotherapy.

 

Relieving Back Pain:

Many techniques used to manage back pain are accepted across the world. Treating the cause of pain is considered to be the best method. There are classes that focus on the basic anatomy, biomechanics, correct posture and relaxation methods. If they fail to give the desired results, then you may contact your provider and physical therapist for instructions on the same. Back pain cannot be prevented fully, but you can decrease the frequency and severity of the pain by:

  1. Practicing good posture: As the trimester advances the centre of gravity shifts forward. This may cause forward falling. Women usually compromise this falling by leaning back. This strains the back muscles. To correct this posture you should stand straight and tall, hold your chest high with shoulders relaxed. Avoid locking of your knees and widen your feet while standing. This prevents forward falling. Always choose a good comfortable chair with pillow while sitting.
  2. Heat and Cold: Using heat and cold is an effective way to relieve back pain. Start by placing a cold pack (pack of frozen peas) to the pain area for 15 to 20 minutes during the first few days. After 2 or 3 days apply hot packs for the same time. DO NOT apply heat to the abdomen.
  3. Exercises: Regular exercises not only strengthen the muscles but also boost healing of the strained muscles. The intensity  of exercise depends upon your life style before and during pregnancy. Walking, Swimming, and Static Cycling are considered to be the best exercises to relieve back pain during pregnancy.
  4. Lifting: A proper lifting technique is very important to take care of. Always take care to bend your knees, keeping your back straight to pick up things. Always talk to your provider before lifting any heavy object.
  5. Counselling: Stress related back pain can always be relieved by talking to a counsellor.
  6. Acupuncture: Acupuncture not only relieves pain during pregnancy but also helps in curing nausea.  It is the safest method of managing back pain during the first two trimesters. Take care about certain points, which may induce labour. Researchers have also shown that acupuncture works far much better than heat, massage or any other form of exercise.

Ideally, you should always talk to your provider before you start any of the treatments.

When to call your Health Care Provider

Back pain usually relieves by itself in the first few days if the above treatment methods are followed with care. Contact your provider in case you suffer from:

  • Osteoporosis
  • Obesity
  • Pain that gets worse in spite of the treatment
  • Cramps
  • Numbness or tingling in the upper or lower limbs
3 people found this helpful

Role of Religion in shaping Sexuality, Contraception and Abortion

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Role of Religion in shaping Sexuality, Contraception and Abortion

Role of Religion in shaping Sexuality, Contraception & Abortion:

Each major religion has developed their moral codes, which covers issues such as sexuality and sexual practices. The views of religions and religious believers range widely, with some giving sex and sexuality a negative connotation and some believing that sex is the highest expression of the divine. Some religions believe that sexual activity should only be practised for reproduction and to have children, so sexual activity for pleasure is thought to be immoral.

Religion has a powerful influence on attitudes and behaviour of many individuals, and it often forms a society’s orientation towards human sexuality and what is considered to be moral or immoral. When there are societies or countries where many people practice a particular religion, it creates a culture that is strongly influenced by religion and certain moral standards, even for those who may not be practicing the religion. Personal interpretations of any religion regarding sex can vary from being interpreted freely to being interpreted very strictly, however this depends on the individual. Different religions have their own viewpoints when it comes to sex, the use of contraception, marriage and abortion.


 

Church of England

  • Contraception is acceptable in most of the Church of England, as long as both partners mutually agree to it. It is generally accepted that parents have a responsibility to decide on the number of children based on the needs of their existing children and how they can care and provide for their family.

  • The Church of England is strongly against abortion, however they do recognise that in a limited number of cases it can be accepted if, for example, the pregnancy puts the life of the mother or child in danger.


 

Catholicism (Catholics)

  • Catholics do not accept contraception, as they believe that using artificial methods to stop pregnancy is immoral. Catholicism believes in natural family planning, and that sex is for the purpose of having children.

  • Abortion is considered by Catholics as the termination of a human life, and those who have an abortion fully aware of what they are doing incur the penalty of excommunication from the religion.


 

Islam (Muslims)

  • Pre-marital sex is prohibited, however a sexual relationship is seen as part of married life for the purposes of having children as well as to satisfy the needs of a couple in a relationship. Contraception has been accepted to space out having children or where there is a fear for the physical and mental wellbeing of the mother.

  • Abortion is never permitted as a means of birth control.


 

Sikhism

  • Sikhs very much believe in monogamy (only having 1 sexual partner), and birth control is generally an acceptable practice.

  • Abortion is permitted in only extreme circumstances such as rape or to save the mother’s life.


 

Hinduism

  • Hinduism is a way of life as well as a religion, and it permits four possible approaches to life. All methods of contraception are permitted in Hinduism, however many Hindus believe that it is their duty to produce a son; therefore contraception is generally not practiced until the birth of a son.

  • Abortion is generally disapproved as Hindus believe that physical and spiritual life enters the human embryo at the moment of conception (when the woman’s egg is fertilised by the man’s sperm). To Hindus all life is sacred, however abortion has been legalised in cases of rape, incest and to protect the mental health of the mother.


 

Judaism

  • Family and community are at the core of religious practice, and the basic source of the Jewish tradition is the Old Testament of the bible, which gives a fundamentally positive view of sexuality.

  • Jewish law states that a man may not use any form of contraception, however since it did not mention a woman’s use of contraception, many have interpreted it to mean that it is acceptable for a woman to use contraception (for example: the contraceptive pill)

  • Abortion is prohibited unless the life of the mother is at risk, or if continuing with the pregnancy will pose a severe threat to her health. Abortion is also allowed in the case of rape.


 

Buddhism

  • Buddhists are free to act according to their own insights and understandings, however they are taught to act responsibly and to take complete responsibility for the effects of these actions.

  • Many Buddhists believe that conception occurs when the egg is fertilised, so the use of contraception to prevent fertilisation is usually accepted.

  • Buddhism teaches that consciousness enters the womb and human life begins when the egg is fertilised, which implies that the foetus has equal rights to that of an adult, so terminating the pregnancy would be seen as killing a human being.

6 Easy Ways to Prevent Pregnancy Stretch Marks

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
6 Easy Ways to Prevent Pregnancy Stretch Marks

How to prevent Pregnancy Stretch Marks?

There are ways in which you can improve your appearance and get rid of the stretch marks after pregnancy. However, care should be taken to prevent the formation of stretch marks during pregnancy. Preventive measures may include:

1. Using Topical preparations: Ointments and crèmes are one of the best ways to prevent formation of stretch marks, as they increase the elasticity of skin. Verum, olive oil, cocoa butter, shea butter, and vitamin E are the commonly used topical agents. Your provider may prescribe you retinoid crème to get rid of striae.

2. Staying hydrated: During pregnancy your body demands an increased supply of water. Drinking around 8 to 12 glasses of water not only prevents dehydration but also inhibits formation of stretch marks.

3. Using Oil: Similar to topical crèmes, oils can also be used to prevent stretch marks. Olive oil, almond oil, vitamin E, castor and other essential oils have anti-oxidant effects. This prevents formation of stretch marks.

4. Using Zinc: Zinc also has anti-oxidant effects. It also promotes formation of new collagen. This collagen formation promotes reduction of stretch marks.

5. Eating a Healthy diet: Diet is the most important factor, not only to prevent stretch marks but also for a stress free healthy pregnancy. Foods rich in vitamin A, C and E promote collagen formation, thereby preventing stretch marks formation.

6. Getting Massage: Massaging the skin everyday with bitter almond oil increases the blood flow, thereby promoting the formation of new collagen.


 

When to contact your health care provider:

As time progresses, the stretch marks start fading without any treatment. Contact your provider if you:

• Have developed stretch marks for the first time.

• Have stretch marks due to side effects of certain medicine.

• Have other symptoms along with stretch marks, such as rashes.

8 people found this helpful

I have recently got married while doing sex last night my condom breaks and sperms got scattered in the vaginaRight now we do not want to became parents of the childhow much chances to get pregnant in this case if yes then how to over come out from this situation. Please advise!

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
I have recently got married while doing sex last night my condom breaks and sperms got scattered in the vaginaRight n...
Hello lybrate-user, KIndly give your wife i-pill emergency contraceptive pill. There is chances to get pregnant.
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