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Dr. Saurabh Mishra  - Urologist, Delhi

Dr. Saurabh Mishra

86 (10 ratings)
MCH-Urology

Urologist, Delhi

11 Years Experience  ·  800 at clinic  ·  ₹500 online
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Dr. Saurabh Mishra 86% (10 ratings) MCH-Urology Urologist, Delhi
11 Years Experience  ·  800 at clinic  ·  ₹500 online
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Cancer is the most dangerous disease noticeable throughout the world. The most common type of can...

Cancer is the most dangerous disease noticeable throughout the world. The most common type of cancer that affects men is prostate cancer. Prostate is a small exocrine gland situated directly below the bladder and in front of the rectum. This is gland is approximately in size of a walnut and plays an important role in production of a milky fluid during orgasm of sex in which the semen travels. During the climax stage of the prostate gland is forced to push the fluid and remove the semen out of the reproductive structures.

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Hello friends! I am Dr. Saurav Mishra. I am working in senior consultant in the department of Uro...

Hello friends! I am Dr. Saurav Mishra. I am working in senior consultant in the department of Urology Moolchand MedCity Lajpat Nagar.

Friends today I am going to discuss about the stone disease. This will be more of the point of view of the general public. So coming to the topic. The Stone disease is a common disease and mostly involve the young patients. The commonest factor of the stone disease there are multiple factors in fact but dehydration has been seen as to be the most consistent factor. The risk of recurrences are as high as 50%. There are various kinds of stones but oxalate stones are the commonest one.

How are they present? Most of the stones present as a pain – pain in both the sides of the abdomen is the commonest pain. How to detect these stones. Best investigation is the CT scan. The accuracy to detect these stone of the CT is more than 99%. How to treat these stones. The treatment depends on the location and the size of the stone. The size even it may be very small but according to the location it may be a dangerous stone. For example a stone of 5mm 6mm in the ureter may be dangerous whereas a stone of 2cm versus 10mm may not be dangerous in the kidney. Because a very small stone can block a kidney completely and knock out the kidney. Even a large stone if it occupies one corner of the kidney not going to cause a problem.

Come to the treatment. The medical treatment although discussed commonly but it has a role in the ureter stone. In our practice we see approximately 60% of the small stones. They pass spontaneously under the effect of medical treatment. As such there is not a single entity or a medication which can dissolve the stone and reduce the size of the stone and cause spontaneous passage. There is no existence of such thing but it has been seen there are few drugs which relaxes the ureter and facilitate the process of passage by the tune of 10%. So if someone is claiming that I am giving a particular tablet you can get rid of stone its wrong. Its total the size of the stone which is going to decide and the passage.

If the ureter is wide enough it can allow the stone to pass off. Now if the stone does not pass then the options are the surgical intervention or procedures. In urine stone it is surgeries are almost non existent. Now almost all the procedures are minimally. Majority are done through urine passage. The commonest procedure done is the ureteroscopy. The stones which are more than 5mm in diameter the possibilities are that the urine passage is low. These are stones they need the surgical procedures for their removal. Now the commonest procedure is the ureteroscopy. And the most common ureteroscopy is the semi-rigid ureteroscopy. If the stone is lying in the kidney and a small stone, for example, less than 10mm then the flexible ureteroscope can be used and be removed the same way as the ureter stone. If the stone size is large more than 1cm in that case the capacity of RIRS is not that much. So either it will not be able to fragment that amount of stone. So the PCNL has a upper hand in such patient. PCNL is there is the hole made in the back and through that a camera incepted and the stone is broken down and the pieces are removed so for larger stone in kidney the best modality is PCNL. The stones in the ureter or even the kidney stones which are small size the best modality is the ureter uterescopy. So these procedures they carry out 80% procedures found for urolithiasis. Thank you so much.

read more
Hello everyone!<br/><br/>I am Dr. Saurabh Mishra. Today I will discuss the myths and facts about ...

Hello everyone!

I am Dr. Saurabh Mishra. Today I will discuss the myths and facts about BPH. There is a common myth that if the size is small than treatment will be by medications and if the size is large then it may need surgical treatment. But in fact, it may happen vice versa. Now the second myth is about the BPH versus prostate cancer. There is a common myth that prostate patient may develop prostate cancer. So, BPH patients do not have a high risk of prostate cancer. The third myth is that all patients can be treated with surgical treatment. But in fact, few patients need surgical treatment.

Fourth myth: Leakage of urine after prostate surgery. This rate has gone down in the recent time. Fifth myth: Small prostate has a small problem and large prostate has a large problem. But in fact, size does not matter in this problem at all.

Thank You!

read more
Hello friends. I am Dr Saurabh Mishra. I am a senior consultant in Urology in Lajpat Nagar, New D...

Hello friends. I am Dr Saurabh Mishra. I am a senior consultant in Urology in Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi. Now I am going to discuss something about Prostate. As you know prostate is a very common problem and it is not only seen by the urologist but so many other colleagues in the medical specialities, specially the physician. There are lot of myths and confusions about the Prostate in patients as well as the health care professionals. So, I would like to simplify the treatment methods for the prostate specially from the patient's point of view.

For the treatment protocol, we keep the patients into three categories;

  • Those patients who are asymptomatic and incidently been detected an emlarged prostate. Anything above 20g prostate, we call it as enlarged prostate. So, suppose a patient have some symptoms, he has undergone ultarsound and enlarged prostate was picked up. Such patients lie in Group-1. They do not need any treatment and kept under observation. Once they face any problem, they are given appropriate treatment.
  • Group-2 are those patients who suffer some urinary problems. Most commonly, they face frequent urine at night. In this category, they can have some obstructive features also. For example, they take long time to pass urine, the last part of the utine comes slowly that is called dribbling of urine. If these symptoms are present, the patient goes to the doctor and doctor evaluates and if no complicated factors are found then the medical treatment is started. So many medicines are available for the medical treatment of the Prostate. But unfortunately, most of them belong to same family. Due to this, if one drug fails to work then the options are least.
  • Group-3 patients are those who have complications. The complication may include the recurrent urinary tract infection, recurrent blood in urine, either of the kidney or both the kidneys are enlarged, bladder stones etc. If these symptoms are present, then it becomes the complicated factor. If any of tehse factors or all of these are present in the patient, then these patients may directly be planned for the surgery and no medical treatment is incorporated in such patients.

Few things we come to know. I have never dicussed about the size of the prostate. That means the size of the prostate will not tell about the treatment. There are so many patients who took treatment from the physician also. So, to such patients, I want to clarify the thing that the treatment is not that complicated but the treatment should be incorporated. The patient should be clarifies about the problem and the treatment and the group should be evaluated for the patient.

Thank you so much.

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Personal Statement

I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care....more
I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care.
More about Dr. Saurabh Mishra
Dr. Saurabh Mishra is a trusted Urologist in Mayur Vihar, Delhi. He has helped numerous patients in his 9 years of experience as a Urologist. He is a qualified MCH-Urology. You can visit him at Dr Saurabh Clinic in Mayur Vihar, Delhi. Book an appointment online with Dr. Saurabh Mishra and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Urologists in India. You will find Urologists with more than 38 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Urologists online in New Delhi. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Education
MCH-Urology - AIIMS,New Delhi - 2008
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English
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Dr Saurabh Clinic

26/A, Pocket-4, Mayur Vihar, Phase-1Delhi Get Directions
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Moolchand Medcity

Lala Lajpat Rai Marg, Near Moolchand Metro Station, Block M, Lajpat Nagar 3, Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi, DelhiDelhi Get Directions
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Prostate Cancer - Know The Misconceptions About It!

MCH-Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Play video

Cancer is the most dangerous disease noticeable throughout the world. The most common type of cancer that affects men is prostate cancer. Prostate is a small exocrine gland situated directly below the bladder and in front of the rectum. This is gland is approximately in size of a walnut and plays an important role in production of a milky fluid during orgasm of sex in which the semen travels. During the climax stage of the prostate gland is forced to push the fluid and remove the semen out of the reproductive structures.

2710 people found this helpful

Signs And Symptoms Of Bladder Cancer!

MCH-Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Signs And Symptoms Of Bladder Cancer!

Bladder cancer can be caused by a variety of factors which include genetic factors, inheritance, drugs, chemicals, environment-related factors and smoking. In fact, smoking tobacco is one of the major causes of bladder cancer around the world. The chemicals present in tobacco can irritate the bladder lining which ultimately leads to bladder cancer. Besides smoking other important environmental factors might be chemotherapy, exposure to chemicals from newspaper, dye, leather, paints industries.

Symptoms of bladder cancer are as follows:

Most often it occurs in people more than 50 years of age. It can present in different ways but common symptoms being :

  1. Painless hematuria - reddish or brownish colored urine with or without clots Increased frequency of urination Pain while passing urine.
  2. Difficulty in passing urine

Diagnosis:

The diagnosis requires a proper imaging workup including ultrasound, CT scan and urine examinations. Following the initial imaging, a biopsy is required to confirm the diagnosis and stage the disease. This is done by cystoscopy under anesthesia.

Treatment Options:

Treatments for bladder cancer depend on the stage of cancer. Broadly bladder cancers can be categorised into Non-invasive and Invasive cancers.

  1. For non-invasive cancers: It requires recurrent cystoscopic surveillance and resection. For those with high risk of tumor recurrence or progression, intravesical chemotherapy or immunotherapy might be required.
  2. For invasive cancers the various treatment choices are:
    1. Surgery: For localised tumor which is amenable to resection perhaps surgery is the best possible treatment. This is a major undertaking wherein whole of bladder along with accessory organs is removed. The surgeon may offer choices for reconstruction between neobladder (refashioning bladder with patient's gut) or ileal conduit (fashioning a stoma over which bag can be worn to collect urine). Following surgery, a regular follow up is required and the prognosis is good.
    2. Chemotherapy: This modality is reserved for patient's where surgery is not possible or they have metastatic disease (disease spread to other body parts).In this method, medications are used to target and destroy cancer cells.
    3. Radiation Therapy: This might be an option for patient's that are not suitable for surgery. Radiation therapy uses gamma rays to destroy cancer cells in the body The key to good prognosis in bladder cancers is early detection timely intervention and good follow up.
2 people found this helpful

Urinary Incontinence - Is Constipation A Cause?

MCH-Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Urinary Incontinence - Is Constipation A Cause?

Urinary Incontinence is the sudden urine loss that occurs involuntarily in women. Some of the factors which cause urinary incontinence are pregnancy, menopause and childbirth. It should be noted that urinary incontinence by itself is not a disease, but is a symptom of other underlying disorders such as diabetes, infections and other conditions.

Causes of temporary cases of urinary incontinence include:
1. Constipation
2. Urinary tract infections
3. Excess consumption of alcohol and caffeine
4. Consuming carbonated drinks
5. Use of artificial sweeteners
6. High doses of vitamin B and vitamin C
7. Being on sedatives, muscle relaxants, blood pressure and heart medications
8. Eatables which are too spicy, acidic or sugary

However, persistence of incontinence might be due to a more serious condition. Some of the causes are stated below:

  1. Age: The bladder muscles tend to weaken with age. This affects the bladder’s urine holding capacity.
  2. Pregnancy: Hormonal changes and increase in weight during pregnancy can cause incontinence.
  3. Menopause: Oestrogen is responsible for the healthy maintenance of the lining of the urethra and bladder. The onset of menopause causes the oestrogen hormone levels to drop. The gradual damage of the bladder tissues causes incontinence.
  4. Childbirth: The bladder control muscles are weakened during normal vaginal delivery, thus leading to incontinence.
  5. Obstruction: Occurrence of tumours in the urinary tract can block the normal flow of urine which can cause incontinence.
  6. Hysterectomy: The same ligaments and muscles support both the bladder as well as the urethra. With removal of the uterus by hysterectomy, the pelvic floor muscles are deteriorated. This leads to urinary incontinence.
  7. Neurological disorders: Conditions such as multiple sclerosis (autoimmune disorder in which the immune system destroys the protective sheath of the nerves), Parkinson’s disease (disorder affecting motor functioning of the body), brain tumours, spinal injury or strokes are capable of causing incontinence.

Different forms of urinary incontinence are classified on the basis of their symptoms:

  1. Urge incontinence: Urge or urgency incontinence occurs when there is a leak before the person reaches the toilet.
  2. Stress incontinence: Small amounts of urine leak out during normal physical movements such as sneezing, coughing and exercising. This happens because of the minimum stress exerted on the body, and hence, the name.
  3. Functional incontinence: Sudden leakage of urine occurs due to external deterrents or physical disabilities such as not being able to find a toilet.
  4. Overactive Bladder: This is characterized by frequent and urgent urination.
  5. Overflow incontinence: A full bladder, at times, leads to unexpected leakage.
  6. Transient incontinence: If urine leakage occurs due to temporary situations such as infections, or new medications.
2581 people found this helpful

Life On One Kidney - Know How To Be Healthy!

MCH-Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Life On One Kidney - Know How To Be Healthy!

One single kidney in place of two is a scenario which is often termed as solitary kidney.

Who has a solitary kidney?

  1. Their body functions normally and are generally not unhealthy. This is also known as renal agenesis.
  2. In some cases, people are born with two kidneys with just one of them healthy and fully functional. The other one does not function fully or partially. This condition is known as kidney dysplasia.
  3. A person who had to undergo a kidney removal surgery (nephrectomy); such surgery is conducted when a person has an infected kidney or diseased, malfunctioning/cancerous growths on the kidney.
  4. A person who has donated a kidney to someone who required kidney transplantation.

What potential health risks does a person with a solitary kidney have?

  1. Normally, a person born with a single kidney does not have any such potential health risks. They are generally healthy and lead normal lives.
  2. Later in life, there may or may not be slight loss or degradation in the functioning of the kidney.
  3. The life span of a person with a single kidney is normal. There is no apparent effect on the mortality rates.

What kind of special diet must a person with a single kidney follow?

  1. There is no need for any such special diet for a person with a single kidney.
  2. A normal healthy balanced diet with all the essential nutrients should suffice.
  3. You must be careful about your animal protein intake and calcium supplements.
  4. Drink sufficient quantity of water to remain hydrated all day and prevent the urine from turning acidic.
  5. Controlled consumption of alcohol and caffeine is a must. It is also important to reduce the consumption of aerated drinks.

Exercises and Physical activities for a person with a single kidney:

  1. A person with a solitary kidney can function like any other normal individual.
  2. You may also participate in sports. However, you must take enough precaution to prevent injuries to your kidney. Proper padding and protection around your lower abdominal region and back are of utmost necessity.
  3. You can hit the gym, run a marathon and nothing is impossible for you.
2603 people found this helpful

Everything You Should Know About Hypertonicity Of Bladder!

MCH-Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Everything You Should Know About Hypertonicity Of Bladder!

A problem pertaining to the storage function of the bladder that results in bouts of sudden, often uncontrollable urge to urinate is referred to as an overactive bladder. This condition which is marked by unconditioned or involuntary loss of urine can sometimes be quite difficult to stop. People who experience such a condition often feel humiliated and as such tend to limit their social and work life. Despite such, only a few are conscious that a brief evaluation can help them manage and overcome an overactive bladder.

Mechanism of Urination-
During urination, the urine proceeds from the bladder and flows into the urethra which is located at the tip of the penis in men and above the vagina in women. As the bladder fills, the nerve signals in the brain prompt urination by coordinating the relaxation and contraction of the urinary sphincter muscles.

Causes and Symptoms of an Overactive Bladder
Primarily caused due to involuntary contraction and relaxation of sphincter muscles, several conditions can lead to overactive bladder. 

Some of them are: 
1. Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's and other neurological disorders
2. Poor kidney function due to diabetes
3. Medications that lead to increased production of urine
4. Bladder abnormalities like tumors or stones
5. Constipation
6. Excessive consumption of caffeine or alcohol

Some of the common signs of an overactive bladder are:
1. Bouts of sudden, uncontrollable urge to urinate
2. Awakening at night frequently to urinate
3. Urinating more than eight times a day

Risks

  • The risk of an overactive bladder gradually increases with age. Conditions such as diabetes and an enlarged prostate results in the increased likelihood of an overactive bladder. People who have previously faced strokes and heart attacks experience cognitive decline which often times lead to the development of an overactive bladder.
  • Urinary incontinence, as well as a host of associated factors, can be detrimental to your life. Emotional distress interrupted sleep cycles and depression are some of the observed complications of this condition.
  • Thus if you experience or entertain suspicion of an overactive bladder, you should consider visiting a general physician who might refer you to a specialist, if need be.

Prostatitis - Know The Causes & Symptoms Of It!

MCH-Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Prostatitis - Know The Causes & Symptoms Of It!

Prostatitis is a very common infection of the prostate. However, it is worth to note that prostatitis can also be an inflammation of the prostate without infection. Only 5 to 10 percent of prostatitis is caused by bacterial infection. Prostate cancer does not normally have its chances increased by prostatitis.

There are several forms of prostatitis, including acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis and chronic nonbacterial prostatitis (which is also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome ).

The exact cause for prostatitis is not known, but here are some factors which increase its risk, particularly acute bacterial prostatitis.

Possible causes:

  1. Medical instrumentation: Putting an instrument like a urinary catheter may well cause prostatitis.
  2. Rectal intercourse: This is basically another name for anal sex.
  3. Abnormal urinary tract: The urinary tract comprises of the bladders, kidneys, ureters and urethra. If anyone of these organs gets infected, then prostatitis is much more likely.
  4. Bladder infection: A bladder infection may well spread to the prostate.

Symptoms
Prostatitis has a variety of symptoms. Here are the most common symptoms of prostatitis:

  1. Constant need of urination: This is one of the most common symptoms of prostatitis.
  2. Difficulty when urinating: Just like the constant need of urination, difficulty urinating is also a sign that you may have prostatitis.
  3. Pain while urinating: This is because the prostate gland is a part of your urinary tract and if it does not work properly, there will be pain.
  4. Chills and fever: This is a rarer symptom, but may indicate prostatitis if it is coupled with the other symptoms.
  5. Pain in perineal area and genital organs: If you are experiencing pain in genital organs, than it may indicate prostatitis.
  6. Painful ejaculations or relief of perineal pain after ejaculations: If you are having painful ejaculation or the pain arises after ejaculation, then it may be due to prostatitis.
  7. Hematospermia: Pinkish or brownish semen.

If these symptoms are persistent or bothersome, then a proper consultation is required. Evaluation includes physical examination along with few simple tests. This can be followed by proper treatment for cure or relief of symptoms.

2 people found this helpful

Benign Prostrate Hyperplasia - Know The Causes & Symptoms Of It!

MCH-Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Benign Prostrate Hyperplasia - Know The Causes & Symptoms Of It!

Benign Prostrate Hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition which results in the enlargement of the prostate gland. The prostrate grand is situated near the Urethra (a tube which helps flush out the urine from the bladder). Generally, the chance of developing BPH increases after one crosses the age of 50. But it is yet unknown as to why some men experience more severe symptoms than others.

Causes of BPH
This condition generally occurs because of old age and affects almost all men above the age of 75. It occurs because of the various hormonal changes and changes in cell growth that the body goes through, as one becomes old. Sometimes BPH can set in due to genetics. If BPH sets in due to genetically reasons, it usually is quite severe and affects men before they reach 60.

Symptoms of BPH
Quite a few men who develop BPH, experience no symptoms at all. But when symptoms of BPH, known as lower urinary tract symptoms (LUT) start, they can be either mild or very severe. The severity of the symptoms is not related to the extent of the enlargement. Many a time, men with only a mild enlargement complain about severe symptoms, while men with a highly enlarged prostate gland have not complained about any discomfort faced. 

Symptoms of BPH tend to worsen due to cold weather and also because of physical and emotional overexertion. There are certain medicines, which should be avoided if you suffer from BPH, as they have a tendency to worsen your symptoms, for example, diphenhydraminepseudoephedrineoxymetazoline spray and other antidepressants.

The symptoms of BPH are related to bladder emptying and issues with bladder storage.

Symptoms related to the urine drainage from the bladder are:

  1. Strain while urinating
  2. Weak urine flow
  3. Some dribbling after urination
  4. Sudden urge to urinate
  5. Pain while urinating

Symptoms related to storage of urine in the bladder are:

  1. Waking during the night to urinate
  2. Urinating frequently during the day and at night
  3. Sudden urge to urinate, which may be hard to control

It, however, has to be kept in mind that these symptoms may not primarily occur due to prostate enlargement, but are the result of other conditions like urinary tract infections, prostatitisprostate cancer, neurological disorders and even diabetes. Thus, it is essential that you visit a doctor and get the cause for these symptoms diagnosed properly.

2449 people found this helpful

Stone Disease

MCH-Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Play video

Hello friends! I am Dr. Saurav Mishra. I am working in senior consultant in the department of Urology Moolchand MedCity Lajpat Nagar.

Friends today I am going to discuss about the stone disease. This will be more of the point of view of the general public. So coming to the topic. The Stone disease is a common disease and mostly involve the young patients. The commonest factor of the stone disease there are multiple factors in fact but dehydration has been seen as to be the most consistent factor. The risk of recurrences are as high as 50%. There are various kinds of stones but oxalate stones are the commonest one.

How are they present? Most of the stones present as a pain – pain in both the sides of the abdomen is the commonest pain. How to detect these stones. Best investigation is the CT scan. The accuracy to detect these stone of the CT is more than 99%. How to treat these stones. The treatment depends on the location and the size of the stone. The size even it may be very small but according to the location it may be a dangerous stone. For example a stone of 5mm 6mm in the ureter may be dangerous whereas a stone of 2cm versus 10mm may not be dangerous in the kidney. Because a very small stone can block a kidney completely and knock out the kidney. Even a large stone if it occupies one corner of the kidney not going to cause a problem.

Come to the treatment. The medical treatment although discussed commonly but it has a role in the ureter stone. In our practice we see approximately 60% of the small stones. They pass spontaneously under the effect of medical treatment. As such there is not a single entity or a medication which can dissolve the stone and reduce the size of the stone and cause spontaneous passage. There is no existence of such thing but it has been seen there are few drugs which relaxes the ureter and facilitate the process of passage by the tune of 10%. So if someone is claiming that I am giving a particular tablet you can get rid of stone its wrong. Its total the size of the stone which is going to decide and the passage.

If the ureter is wide enough it can allow the stone to pass off. Now if the stone does not pass then the options are the surgical intervention or procedures. In urine stone it is surgeries are almost non existent. Now almost all the procedures are minimally. Majority are done through urine passage. The commonest procedure done is the ureteroscopy. The stones which are more than 5mm in diameter the possibilities are that the urine passage is low. These are stones they need the surgical procedures for their removal. Now the commonest procedure is the ureteroscopy. And the most common ureteroscopy is the semi-rigid ureteroscopy. If the stone is lying in the kidney and a small stone, for example, less than 10mm then the flexible ureteroscope can be used and be removed the same way as the ureter stone. If the stone size is large more than 1cm in that case the capacity of RIRS is not that much. So either it will not be able to fragment that amount of stone. So the PCNL has a upper hand in such patient. PCNL is there is the hole made in the back and through that a camera incepted and the stone is broken down and the pieces are removed so for larger stone in kidney the best modality is PCNL. The stones in the ureter or even the kidney stones which are small size the best modality is the ureter uterescopy. So these procedures they carry out 80% procedures found for urolithiasis. Thank you so much.

2891 people found this helpful

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

MCH-Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Play video

Hello everyone!

I am Dr. Saurabh Mishra. Today I will discuss the myths and facts about BPH. There is a common myth that if the size is small than treatment will be by medications and if the size is large then it may need surgical treatment. But in fact, it may happen vice versa. Now the second myth is about the BPH versus prostate cancer. There is a common myth that prostate patient may develop prostate cancer. So, BPH patients do not have a high risk of prostate cancer. The third myth is that all patients can be treated with surgical treatment. But in fact, few patients need surgical treatment.

Fourth myth: Leakage of urine after prostate surgery. This rate has gone down in the recent time. Fifth myth: Small prostate has a small problem and large prostate has a large problem. But in fact, size does not matter in this problem at all.

Thank You!

3037 people found this helpful

Common Causes Of UTI You Must Know!

MCH-Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Common Causes Of UTI You Must Know!

Women have a higher risk of suffering from a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) as compared to men. This is because women have a much shorter urethra. This makes it easier for bacteria to enter the bladder. These infections typically affect the urethra and the bladder. It can be the cause of great discomfort and pain, but the good news is that UTI can be easily treated. But what is more important is the UTIs can also be prevented. To do this, one must first understand the factors that can cause UTIs which include:

  1. Sexual Intercourse: During the course of having sex, bacteria may be transferred from the vaginal cavity or bowels to the urethra. This can lead to cystitis. To reduce the risk of catching a UTI during the intercourse, women are advised to urinate within half an hour of having sex. It is also advisable for both partners to wash the genital area after having intercourse.
  2. Constipation: A person suffering from constipation will be unable to completely empty their bladder. This encourages the growth of bacteria and can cause an infection. The easiest way to prevent constipation is to eat plenty of fibrous foods and drink plenty of water. After passing stool, always wash the area from front to back and not the other way around.
  3. Urinary Tract Abnormalities: Some babies may be born with an abnormal urinary tract. If this prevents urine from leaving the body, it could be the cause of recurring urinary tract infections. In this case, surgery may be needed to correct the abnormality.
  4. Diabetes: It is a myth that eating too much sugar causes UTIs. However, in the case of diabetic patients, high sugar levels could promote the growth of bacteria in the urethra. This is because excessive sugar is removed from the body through urine.
  5. Bad Hygiene: Not keeping the genital area clean can also contribute towards urinary tract infections. Hence, always wash yourself well after urinating and passing stool. If possible, have a shower instead of a bath. Avoid using feminine washes and douches as they can increase the irritation. Keep the genital area dry and favour cotton underwear. This allows the skin to breathe and does not allow bacteria to grow.
  6. Dehydration: Not drinking enough water affects the body in a number of ways. It can also cause UTIs. This is because water helps flush toxins from the body. Without enough water, bacteria and toxins remain in the body and multiply. Ideally, one must drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day to stay hydrated. Aerated drinks may satiate thirst but cannot be included in the daily water intake. Rather than hydrating the body, these drinks aggravate dehydration. Instead, one may infuse water with herbs and fruits to improve its flavour.
2883 people found this helpful
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