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Dr. Sarwar Eqbal - Urologist, Delhi

Dr. Sarwar Eqbal

87 (15 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology

Urologist, Delhi

19 Years Experience  ·  1000 - 1100 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Dr. Sarwar Eqbal 87% (15 ratings) MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology Urologist, Delhi
19 Years Experience  ·  1000 - 1100 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Hi, I am Dr Sarwar Eqbal. I am Urologist and I hav done MBBS in the year 1999, MS in General surg...

Hi, I am Dr Sarwar Eqbal. I am Urologist and I hav done MBBS in the year 1999, MS in General surgeon in 2002. Later I have done snior residency in Urology from reputed Insitute of Delhi. Then I have done the urology in kidney transplant in Sir Gangaram Hospital, Delhi, in the year of 2008. I am working as a consultant urologist from last 8 years. And I would have attached to reputed hospitals in the Delhi NCR region.

Today I am going to talk about the major problem which people are facing in Delhi, that is, Urolithiasis or Kidney stones. The kidney stone issue has become very commonin the Delhi-NCR region. Out of 8-10 cases of OPD, we a can see 5-6 cases of kidney stone, and it is more common in male. The most common cause we see is an inadequate hydrateion body because of which there occur crystallization of urine which sediments in kidney and become stones later on. So , you have to be more carefull about your health. This kind of problem is very common in summers because of the sweating, there is a lack of water in the body which gets precipitated in the kidney and takes the shape of a stone.

Stone is one of the common cause of destruction or damage of the kidney world wide. So, what we do in case of the kidney stone?

The first thing is the awareness. They should know the cause of kidney stones, or how it can be checked or prevented. So, keep yourself hydrated throughout the summer. You are supposed to have that much amount of water which can make you produce atleast 2 litres of urine pe day.

In certain cases, it is very common amongst the family. May be in the family, or may be related to some kind of food which is very common, specially the non veg which may cause urinary stones.

Now, let us come to the different kind of stones which is vry common all around India;

  • Oxalate stone
  • Ureteral stones and the other stone

Now, what does these Kidney stones cause?

These types of stones are formed in the kidney and they grow with time and they can take the size of the stone, ehrein they are called size of the kidney. So they start forming in the kidney. If proper precautions are not taken , they can take the shape of the kidney and can enlarge to the kidney size. This is called staghorn calculus, which can cause complete destruction of kidney and leads to kidney failure. When the stone size is small, they can cause obstruction of the kidney at certain point, like the pigeon of the kidney is the common cause of obstruction, which leads to swelling in the kidney, pain, infection. If it is not treated on time, it can cause complete damage to kidney permanently. They can trickle down to uretor. Uretor is a line that connects kidney and the urinary bladder. So, they can obstruct the uretor at any point of kidney upto the bladder level. This can cause urinary chronic which is a severe pain associated with Nausea, vomiting, burning sensations and also sometimes can cause blood in the urine. If it is not treated on time, it can lead to complete destruction of kidney.

Sometimes these stones enetrs the urinary bladder and can choke the urethera. Due to this, patients may have some problem in passing urine, which is called obstruction of the retention of urine for which we may require catheterization and later the removal of the stone.

What are the modality in the treatment of kidney stones?

The modalities depends on the size of the kidney stones as well as the location of the stones. The other parameters like the diabetes, hypertension, CADS related conditions with the patients.

The size and position of the stone. 

The management depends on the stone size and the location. If the size of the stone is < 1 cm and lies anywhere inside the kidney. Then the treatment procedure is very simple, which is known as ESWL lithotripsy. It requires some small waves targeting the stones which makes the stone pulverised (sand like) and expelled out through the urine itself. But if the stone size is big, like more than 1 cm or 1.5 cm, then the choice of treatment will be miniperc. And if the size of the stone is < 1.5 cm and the patient is not ready for ESWL. Because ESWL requires some staging, then the other great option is RIRS, which is known as the Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery.

In RIRS, we put the endocscope through urinary passage and break the stone through laser. The fragments are taken out from the kidney itself. The patient does not require any kind of incision, not even the button hole incision. When the stone is inside the ureter, then the treatment of choice is URS, which is called Ureteroscopy. If the stone is inside the bladder, then the treatment procedure will be Laser lithotipsy. In this process, we pass the endoscope through the bladder and pulverise the stone and take out the fragments through it.

If you have any such problem. Like stones in the kidney or ureter or bladder, you can contact me through Lybrate.

Thank you.

 

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Personal Statement

My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. Sarwar Eqbal
Dr. Sarwar Eqbal is a well known urologist with more than 16 years of experience in the field. Having got his MS in general surgery, he went on to get his DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery from Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi. He holds the membership for Urology Society of India and is also a member of the Delhi Medical Council. He practices in a wide range of urology and is also a certified andrologist/sexologist. In his vast experience, Dr. Sarwar Eqbal has done countless Kidney Transplants, Surgeries on Kidneys, Urethra Bladder, Urethra, Prostate, Testes, Penis and Laser Surgeries. Dr. Sarwar Eqbal is an eminent Urologist and a Kidney Transplant Surgeon in Delhi/NCR and he offers his expertise in Renal ( Kidney ) Stones Treatment, BPH, Prostate Laser Surgery, Open Prostatectomy, Transurethral Incision of The Prostate (TUIP) , Urinary Incontinence Treatment/Surgery, Transurethral Resection of The Prostate (TURP), Cystoscopy, Ureteroscopy, Genitourinary Surgery, Andrology, Haematuria, Minimally Invasive Urology, Urologic Oncology and Pediatric Urology. He holds many awards and recognitions and his papers are one of the most sought after in his field. He continuously attends USICON and ASICON conferences every year. Dr. Sarwar Eqbal's success lies in his efforts, determination and training and dedication that he has cultivated over the years. His consulting fees are INR 850 - 1000 at the clinic. If you are in New Delhi, you can book an appointment with him online.

Info

Education
MBBS - RMCH - Ranchi - 1999
MS - General Surgery - Patna Medical College and Hospital - 2002
DNB - Urology - Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi - 2007
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Professional Memberships
Indian Medical Association (IMA)
Delhi Medical Council

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8 Diet Tips to Prevent Kidney Stones!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Delhi
8 Diet Tips to Prevent Kidney Stones!

The kidneys filter the blood and eliminate the waste products through urine. The waste deposition is sometimes in the form of excessive calcium, uric acid and other undesirable contents. It causes the urine to get highly saturated. The solid depositions then turn into stone like formations, also termed as renal lithiasis or calculi. There are different kinds of kidney stones, which are differentiated based on its varied constituents. Kidney stones cause excruciating pain and uneasiness. Frequent urination and discomfort during urination, presence of blood in the urine, are some major signs of kidney stones.

Kidney stones can be prevented by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet with sufficient nutrients:

  1. Calcium and oxalate-rich food should be consumed together. This leads to the binding of calcium and oxalate together in the stomach intestines, before they can be processed in the kidneys. This helps to control the formation of calcium and oxalate depositions in the kidneys.
  2. Do not cut down on calcium. Since most of the kidney stones are found to be calcium depositions, many people tend to cut down on their calcium intake. It is important to continue with food that is rich in calcium such as milk. However, it is necessary to reduce intake of other calcium supplements. Decrease in calcium can lead to degeneration and deformation in bones and muscles.
  3. Too much of red meat consumption and high fat dairy products can lead to the formation of stones in the kidneys. Animal protein is rich in purine that increases uric acid, saturating the urine and creating stones. It is important to balance your diet by including lots of green vegetables, whole grains, fibres, fruits and low-fat dairy products. Opt for non-animal protein such as lentils or legumes.
  4. Cut down on sugary and aerated drinks. They contribute to the formation of depositions due to their high and unhealthy levels of fructose and preservatives.
  5. Reduce or abstain from alcohol. Alcohol is known for its multiple disadvantages to the human body. It has also been found to increase the levels of uric acid in blood.
  6. Keep your body hydrated. Drink adequate quantity of water throughout the day, preferably 3 litres or more depending on your physical activities. It prevents the solidification of the depositions and helps to eliminate wastes smoothly.
  7. Increase the intake of anti-oxidants in the form of green tea, dark chocolates and fruits.
  8. Lower the intake of salt.
2 people found this helpful

Know The 5 Common Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Know The 5 Common Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer!

Only men have prostate gland, and it surrounds that part of the tube which carries urine out of the body from the bladder. When cells in this gland start growing without any control and get clumped with each other, they form tumors. It is then the chances of prostate cancer arise in the men's body. These tumors can be malignant, and they can kill the healthy tissues of your body and spread to other body parts. 

Chances of getting prostate cancer:

The chances of getting prostate cancer are among men who are over 65 years of age. The ratio of getting prostate cancer is one among six men. It is more common in black men compared to white men, Hispanic men and Asian men. Moreover, when there is history of prostate cancer in your family, the chances of having prostate cancer increases.

Now, let's find out the symptoms that will let you know that you may have prostate cancer.

Symptoms of prostate cancer:

There are different stages of prostate cancer and depending upon the stage you can get to know various symptoms. 

However, the problem is that in the early stages there are no specific symptoms of prostate cancer. Certain urinary symptoms may suggest that you are suffering from prostate cancer. Such symptoms are:

- Frequent urination
- Difficulty with starting urine flow

- Urination that burns
- Blood in the urine
- Weak flow, or 'dribbling'
These symptoms always do not mean that you are suffering from prostate cancer, as these symptoms may be there when your prostate gland gets enlarged. 

Another symptom associated with prostate cancer is pain in different parts of the body. When the cancerous cells spread they cause pain around the prostate gland. There can be pain in the hips, pelvis, and lower back or upper thighs. 

Prostate gland also plays a major role in the male reproductive system. Thus, if there is any sexual dysfunction, there are chances that it may be due to prostate cancer. If you are having a problem in getting an erection or maintaining it also becomes difficult, one problem can be prostate cancer.  Sometimes you may experience painful ejaculation, which also points towards chances of having prostate cancer. 

Thus, if you experience any of the above mentioned symptoms, its right time to get to your physician. Remember that as there are no early symptoms, the moment you find any of these symptoms, you should pay a visit to your doctor. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1918 people found this helpful

3 Causes Of Urinary Tract Infection!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Delhi
3 Causes Of Urinary Tract Infection!

The urinary tract starts from the kidneys to the urethra where urine is passed out. Given the rich concentration of minerals and toxic wastes, it is highly prone to multiple infections. UTI, as urinary tract infections are often referred to, is one of the most common infections. In women, especially, every 1 in 2 women is affected by an UTI. Whichever part of the tract is affected, the symptoms and treatment are mostly the same. Read on to know some of the most common symptoms and treatment options for these.

Symptoms

  1. A burning sensation with urination
  2. Pain with urination
  3. Burning sensation or pain in the urethra or vagina
  4. Frequent urge to urinate, though not much urine is passed out
  5. Sense of incomplete emptying of the bladder
  6. Pain in the lower back on the sides of the spine
  7. Change in the urine characteristics color, smell, or appearance
  8. Fever or chills, maybe associated with shivering, nausea and vomiting

Causes

Most urinary tract infections are bacterial in nature, and these could find their way into the body through multiple ways.

  1. The most common is through the urethra, which could happen due to unclean toilet habits.
  2. Women especially are advised to wipe the urethra after each toilet visit. The bacteria from the feces can also enter the urethra due to close proximity
  3. Use of unclean public toilets is another reason for UTIs

Tests

Though most often UTI does not require specific testing, the following are useful in confirming the diagnosis.

  1. Culture and sensitivity: The urine is sent for a culture to identify the exact organism that has caused the infection. It also helps identify the right antibiotic which will help bring the infection under control.

Treatment:

UTIs are very common infections and though there is nothing to worry, it should be cleared completely.

  1. Antibiotic course to get rid of the infection. Though you begin to feel better, the complete course should be completed to clear the infection.
  2. Following culture testing to ensure the infection is cleared
  3. Improve water intake to get rid of the toxins
  4. Fever and pain to be controlled with medications
  5. Healthy hygiene habits to ensure clearing of infection

Prevention:

Recurrent UTIs is a common problem, and the following can help prevent.

  1. Ensure complete emptying of the bladder
  2. Drink adequate water
  3. Safe toilet habits, including before and after sex
  4. Comfortable and clean underwear to prevent infection

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1 person found this helpful

What Is Urethral Stricture?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Delhi
What Is Urethral Stricture?

The urethra is a thin tube that is responsible for carrying urine from the bladder. The urethra is wide enough to facilitate a free flow of urine. However, in some cases, the tube can narrow down and it can restrict urinary flow. This condition is known as a urethral stricture. It is a condition that affects mostly men.

Causes:
The inflammation of the tubular tissues or the presence of scar tissue is the number one cause for urethral stricture. In some cases, an accident or the injury to the groin area can also lead to the formation of such thin tubes. The other factors can include pelvic fractures, radiation, urinary infection and in some cases even STDs(Sexually Transmitted Disease).

Symptoms:
Most of the symptoms of Urethral stricture are mild. Only in some rare cases, the symptoms can be extreme. These can include weak or restricted urine flow, frequent urges to urinate, and feeling of heaviness in the bladder, a burning sensation during urination, swelling and pain while urinating. Sometimes your urine may discharge volts of blood and the color of urine may change.

Diagnosis:
Diagnosis is by a physical examination and by analyzing the urine samples. In most of the cases, the thickness of the walls is measured by cystoscopy. The rate of the urine passed may also be checked for identifying the symptoms.


Treatment:
Treatment depends on the severity of the condition. Nonsurgical methods aim to improve the width of the urethra. This is done by using an instrument called a dilator. This is done as an outpatient procedure. This procedure is the most common method done and is done for most of the milder cases. Surgery is another option. The surgery aims to remove the heaviness of the urethra and enlarges the size of the flow.

Urine Flow Diversion:
This is done in extremely rare cases if the bladder has to be completely removed. In those cases, hole in the abdomen is done and urine is bypassed to that hole. However, this is an extremely rare scenario.

Prevention:
Try to avoid injuries in the groin area. If you are playing sports or a fitness enthusiast, use proper protection for your abdominal and groin regions. Try to always have safe sex and if you feel that there is some discomfort or some uneasiness while passing urine, do consult with a doctor immediately. In many cases, the condition can be avoided if proper precautions are taken.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1867 people found this helpful

Enlarged Prostate Surgery - What To Expect?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Enlarged Prostate Surgery - What To Expect?

Enlarged prostate surgery is a very common type of surgery that many have to undergo nowadays. An enlarged prostate causes many health problems including urinary tract obstructions and urinary tract infections. It may also lead to the passing of blood via urine. Thus, enlarged prostate must be treated as soon as possible as neglect may lead to prostate cancer and its associated health issues. There are various types of prostate surgeries that a doctor performs on his/her patients. However, of late, radical prostatectomy is the most popular of them all.

What is Radical Prostatectomy?

This process can be handled in two ways. Firstly, the prostate can be reached through an incision in the abdomen. This would help the doctor work with precision and carefully avoid all the other nerves and muscles in the area the operation take places. The prostate is examined and any nodule or lymph formed over it is carefully removed. The advantage of this surgery is that the patient is less likely to suffer from any erectile problems post- surgery. The second option would be to make an incision between the scrotum and the anus. This process is best for those who are obese. The surgery is performed quickly and there is less loss of blood. Furthermore, the healing time is less too.

How To Recover From The Surgery?

Like most other prostate operations, even in radical prostatectomy, you would have to wear a catheter till you recover completely. For a few days post the surgery your urine would be collected through a urine bag attached to the catheter. One might feel a little sore in his/her genitals after the surgery, but that is quite normal to occur. The soreness is caused due to the surgery and the incisions made and would heal in a matter of a few days. Interestingly, since the urethra plays an important role in this surgery, the catheter has to be in place for at least two to three weeks but the patient can be discharged after a two to three night stay at the hospital. It is advised that the patient takes ample rest. But this does not mean all rest and no work. In fact, it is seen that patients can walk a little and even go back to a normal diet within a week to ten days of the operation. But regular checkups, till the urethra is healed, are compulsory.

Hence, these are some of the recovery procedures after an enlarged prostate surgery. Such surgeries are quite common and heal quickly. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Urologist.

1878 people found this helpful

Know More About Kidney Stones!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Play video

Hi, I am Dr Sarwar Eqbal. I am Urologist and I hav done MBBS in the year 1999, MS in General surgeon in 2002. Later I have done snior residency in Urology from reputed Insitute of Delhi. Then I have done the urology in kidney transplant in Sir Gangaram Hospital, Delhi, in the year of 2008. I am working as a consultant urologist from last 8 years. And I would have attached to reputed hospitals in the Delhi NCR region.

Today I am going to talk about the major problem which people are facing in Delhi, that is, Urolithiasis or Kidney stones. The kidney stone issue has become very commonin the Delhi-NCR region. Out of 8-10 cases of OPD, we a can see 5-6 cases of kidney stone, and it is more common in male. The most common cause we see is an inadequate hydrateion body because of which there occur crystallization of urine which sediments in kidney and become stones later on. So , you have to be more carefull about your health. This kind of problem is very common in summers because of the sweating, there is a lack of water in the body which gets precipitated in the kidney and takes the shape of a stone.

Stone is one of the common cause of destruction or damage of the kidney world wide. So, what we do in case of the kidney stone?

The first thing is the awareness. They should know the cause of kidney stones, or how it can be checked or prevented. So, keep yourself hydrated throughout the summer. You are supposed to have that much amount of water which can make you produce atleast 2 litres of urine pe day.

In certain cases, it is very common amongst the family. May be in the family, or may be related to some kind of food which is very common, specially the non veg which may cause urinary stones.

Now, let us come to the different kind of stones which is vry common all around India;

  • Oxalate stone
  • Ureteral stones and the other stone

Now, what does these Kidney stones cause?

These types of stones are formed in the kidney and they grow with time and they can take the size of the stone, ehrein they are called size of the kidney. So they start forming in the kidney. If proper precautions are not taken , they can take the shape of the kidney and can enlarge to the kidney size. This is called staghorn calculus, which can cause complete destruction of kidney and leads to kidney failure. When the stone size is small, they can cause obstruction of the kidney at certain point, like the pigeon of the kidney is the common cause of obstruction, which leads to swelling in the kidney, pain, infection. If it is not treated on time, it can cause complete damage to kidney permanently. They can trickle down to uretor. Uretor is a line that connects kidney and the urinary bladder. So, they can obstruct the uretor at any point of kidney upto the bladder level. This can cause urinary chronic which is a severe pain associated with Nausea, vomiting, burning sensations and also sometimes can cause blood in the urine. If it is not treated on time, it can lead to complete destruction of kidney.

Sometimes these stones enetrs the urinary bladder and can choke the urethera. Due to this, patients may have some problem in passing urine, which is called obstruction of the retention of urine for which we may require catheterization and later the removal of the stone.

What are the modality in the treatment of kidney stones?

The modalities depends on the size of the kidney stones as well as the location of the stones. The other parameters like the diabetes, hypertension, CADS related conditions with the patients.

The size and position of the stone. 

The management depends on the stone size and the location. If the size of the stone is < 1 cm and lies anywhere inside the kidney. Then the treatment procedure is very simple, which is known as ESWL lithotripsy. It requires some small waves targeting the stones which makes the stone pulverised (sand like) and expelled out through the urine itself. But if the stone size is big, like more than 1 cm or 1.5 cm, then the choice of treatment will be miniperc. And if the size of the stone is < 1.5 cm and the patient is not ready for ESWL. Because ESWL requires some staging, then the other great option is RIRS, which is known as the Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery.

In RIRS, we put the endocscope through urinary passage and break the stone through laser. The fragments are taken out from the kidney itself. The patient does not require any kind of incision, not even the button hole incision. When the stone is inside the ureter, then the treatment of choice is URS, which is called Ureteroscopy. If the stone is inside the bladder, then the treatment procedure will be Laser lithotipsy. In this process, we pass the endoscope through the bladder and pulverise the stone and take out the fragments through it.

If you have any such problem. Like stones in the kidney or ureter or bladder, you can contact me through Lybrate.

Thank you.

 

3116 people found this helpful

4 Procedures To Treat Large Kidney Stones

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Delhi
4 Procedures To Treat Large Kidney Stones

A kidney stone may not be as big as the stones in your garden but can be quite a pain. Kidney stones are actually mineral crystals formed that are usually a combination of calcium and phosphates. The size of a kidney stone ranges from the size of a sugar crystal to a ping pong ball. While some kidney stones pass out of the body with urine, others can block the urethra and become painful. 

In addition to being painful, a kidney stone can cause permanent damage to your kidneys. Since large kidney stones are usually painful, they rarely go undiagnosed. However, if a kidney stone is left untreated, it could cause the kidney to atrophy and lower the functionality of the kidney. Kidney stones that are related to an infection can also lead to chronic urinary tract infections and damage the kidney through scarring and inflammation. This could eventually lead to kidney failure.
Not all kidney stones need to be treated with surgery. Of the kidney stone is very small, your doctor may prescribe plenty of water and medication to treat the pain. With plenty of water, you should be able to pass the stone in your urine. Ideally, you should take plenty of rest until the stone is passed. 
 Larger kidney stones may need you to be hospitalized for treatment. These are:

- Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)

To begin this form of treatment, a painkiller is administered. Ultrasonic waves are used to determine the location of the kidney stone. Shock waves are then passed though the kidney stone to break it into smaller pieces. These can then be passed out of the body through urine.

- Ureteroscopy
This is also called retrograde intrarenal surgery and is performed when the kidney stone is stuck in the ureter. A ureteroscope is passed through the urethra and bladder into the ureter. Laser energy may then be used to break the stone into smaller pieces to unblock the ureter. 

- Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
This surgery is performed under general anesthesia.  It involves a small incision being made in the back and a nephroscope passed into the kidney through it. Laser or pneumatic energy is then used to break up the stone into smaller pieces and pull them out. 

- Open Surgery
Open surgery is performed only in the case of an abnormally large stone or abnormal anatomy of the person. An incision is made in the back that allows the doctor to access the kidney and manually remove the stone. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Urologist.

1753 people found this helpful

I have a stone in my urine pipe near about 8 mm what kind of medicine I take for through out.

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Delhi
I have a stone in my urine pipe near about 8 mm what kind of medicine I take for through out.
If it's really 8 mm then it's very hard to be removed by itself or by medicines. It will eventually require endoscopy.
1 person found this helpful
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Common Symptoms and Treatments Available for Kidney Stones

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Common Symptoms and Treatments Available for Kidney Stones

Our kidneys are an important organ in the body and are responsible for the filtration of blood and creation of urine. Sometimes, during this process salt and other chemicals get stuck together to form small crystals also known as kidney stones. The size of a kidney stone can range from the size of a sugar crystal to the size of a ping pong ball. However, it is noticed only if it is large enough to cause a blockage. Smaller stones may pass out of the body without you realizing it.

Kidney stones can be a very painful experience. Some of the symptoms exhibited by patients suffering from kidney stones are:

1. Severe back pain
2. Pain in the belly or groin
3. Painful urination
4. Frequent urination
5. Nausea and vomiting
6. Blood in the urine

Excruciating pain is usually the symptom that makes a patient consult a doctor in cases of kidney stone problems. A confirmed diagnosis can then be made by using a series of tests that include an X-ray, ultrasound, CT scan and urine analysis. A blood test may also be conducted to check the mineral levels in the body.

Kidney stones are a common condition faced by many people, but some people are at a higher risk of suffering from this than others. Some of these factors are:

1. Family history of kidney stones

2. High uric acid levels in the blood
3. Being between 20-50 years of age
4. A previous kidney stone
5. Chronic diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure
6. Some medication such as diuretics and antacids with calcium
7. Inadequate fluid intake

Between men and women, the former are at a higher risk of suffering from kidney stones. Asians and Caucasians also suffer from this condition more than people from other races. Hormone changes during pregnancy can also trigger the formation of kidney stones.

The first thing to do if you suffer from a kidney stone is to increase your water intake. This can help dissolve some of the minerals in the stone and make it a small enough to pass through the urethra. Injectable anti-inflammatory drugs and pain relievers may be used to ease the pain caused by kidney stones.

If the kidney stone does not pass on its own, a process known as lithotripsy may also be used. This involves the administration of shock waves that can break a large stone into smaller pieces. In extreme cases, surgical techniques may also be used. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

2812 people found this helpful

Are You at Risk of a Prostate Disease?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Are You at Risk of a Prostate Disease?

What menstrual problems are to women, prostate problems are to men. The prostate is a gland in the lower abdomen that aids in the production of semen. The prostate is walnut sized in a young man, but can get enlarged with age. As it grows bigger, it can cause a number of problems. These are commonly seen after a man celebrates his 50th birthday.

There are three common prostate problems faced by men. Some of the symptoms that can tell if a man has a prostate problem are:

1. Difficulty faced while urinating.
2. The urge to urinate frequently at night.
3. Constant feeling of a full bladder.
4. Pain while urinating.
5. Blood in urine.

Prostatitis

This can be defined as inflammation of the prostate gland. In most cases the cause of this inflammation is unknown. However, there are two types of prostatitis; bacterial and nonbacterial. While the former reacts well to antibiotics, the latter is more difficult to control. Symptoms of this disease vary from one person to the next. Some of the factors that could trigger this disease are:

1. Chemical irritants
2. Past bacterial infection
3. Dysfunctional pelvic floor muscles
4. Sexual abuse
5. Chronic anxiety

Enlarged prostate

As mentioned earlier, as men get older, the prostate gland tends to grow in size. This growth is benign, but can block the bladder neck and prostatic urethra. This can cause problems urinating and lead to acute urinary retention. This can be very painful. Inserting a catheter can provide temporary relief and help release stored urine. Chronic retention is much less common and is associated with high bladder pressure and can damage the kidneys.

Prostate cancer

Advancing age and family genetic history are said to be the main triggers of prostate cancer. This type of cancer can remain restricted to the prostate gland in its early stages but may spread to the other glands as the cancer advances. This can also cause the growth of secondary tumors in the bones.

The only way to correctly diagnose a prostate problem is with a thorough physical examination. This includes a digital rectal exam where the doctor will insert a gloved finger into your rectum to check the size of your prostate, a blood test, mid stream urine tests and ultrasounds. In some cases a biopsy of the prostate may also be required. Depending on the diagnosis, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics, surgery, radiotherapy or hormone therapy to manage your prostate. Or, you can also consult a specialist online.

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