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Diagnostic Cardiac Procedures
Treatment of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
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Hiv Prophylaxis Post Exposure
Restylane Vital Procedure
Treatment of Shin Splints
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I am 23 I smoke heavily now I can not even run 100m I want to quit smoking and also want to better way to get my lungs smoke free naturally and speedily please help.
My pennis is just 4 and half inches its look so small and my wife doesn't get satisfaction give me a better way to get a bigger pennis.
Hello, My father is 54 year old, He is suffering from "Ulcerative colitis" for which his treatment going since last two month, even we have opted for 16 dose Adalimumab inj. (Exemptia 40 mg) out of which 7 dose has been completed so far, but still he is having problem of excessive Loose motions (without blooding). We would like to take second opinion and suggestions if better solutions available to cure.
Hi Sir, I am having total bilirubin 2.8 mg for last 1.5 year. I have also reduced weight 10 kgs and sometimes feel tired. But there is no symptoms like yellow skin, eyes. Is it something to worry and what are are reason of this high bilirubin and how can I make it normal. Thanks!
Hi Can you guys what should I do to wake up early in the morning and please tell me what should I prefer at night times.
Hi, I am 32 yrs married person. I am suffering from pre mature ejaculation. Please suggest me medicine.
I'm having headache every night from last 1month since I had viral fever a month back why it happening wid me after dat viral fever?
Sir I'm 21y old. Weight 41 kg, height 5.4 I never participated in reproduction till now. Sometimes when my pennis gets strong (when I have more sexual feeling. Then I felt my pennis paining. More,and a light pain from testis what is the problem? Is it need to consult doctor?
Sir, I have constipation and from some days I got increase my muscles at the Anus. I have problem in passing tool. Is it piles? My age is 25 years. What should I do for its treatment?
My penis size 2.3 when it erect hard, I measure it with out meatus length. Is it normal or microsize?
Last 3 days ago I am suffering from fever, now my chest, hip is very painful & vomiting feeling, please tell me what am I doing ?
Sir my father has sugar and my grandma has also sugar, it seems I may get it future. Now I am 28 when will I get sugar, and is there any chance to stop it or when I get in my future.
I am a 22 year male. I had a severe left ear pain. I went to an ent he said solid wax problem. After a week he cleaned the solid wax. Bt still now both the ears pain.
My son 23 years, 90 kg weight, last two to three months, he complained about breathing, he says that he felt difficulty in breathing, he want to reduce his weight, he is cycling, pranayam, walking, not believe in allopathy, so, please give me answer.
Epilepsy is a chronic disorder of the brain that affects people worldwide. It is characterized by recurrent seizures, which are brief episodes of involuntary movement that may involve a part of the body (partial) or the entire body (generalized), and are sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness and control of bowel or bladder function.
Seizure episodes are a result of excessive electrical discharges in a group of brain cells. Different parts of the brain can be the site of such discharges. Seizures can vary from the briefest lapses of attention or muscle jerks to severe and prolonged convulsions. Seizures can also vary in frequency, from less than 1 per year to several per day.
One seizure does not signify epilepsy (up to 10% of people worldwide have one seizure during their lifetime). Epilepsy is defined as having 2 or more unprovoked seizures.
Fear, misunderstanding, discrimination and social stigma have surrounded epilepsy for centuries. This stigma continues in many countries today and can impact on the quality of life for people with the disorder and their families.
Signs and symptoms
Characteristics of seizures vary and depend on where in the brain the disturbance first starts, and how far it spreads. Temporary symptoms occur, such as loss of awareness or consciousness, and disturbances of movement, sensation (including vision, hearing and taste), mood, or other cognitive functions.
People with seizures tend to have more physical problems (such as fractures and bruising from injuries related to seizures), as well as higher rates of psychological conditions, including anxiety and depression. Similarly, the risk of premature death in people with epilepsy is up to 3 times higher than the general population, with the highest rates found in low- and middle-income countries and rural versus urban areas.
A great proportion of the causes of death related to epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries are potentially preventable, such as falls, drowning, burns and prolonged seizures.
Epilepsy is not contagious. The most common type of epilepsy, which affects 6 out of 10 people with the disorder, is called idiopathic epilepsy and has no identifiable cause.
Epilepsy with a known cause is called secondary epilepsy, or symptomatic epilepsy. The causes of secondary (or symptomatic) epilepsy could be:
- brain damage from prenatal or perinatal injuries (e.g. a loss of oxygen or trauma during birth, low birth weight),
- congenital abnormalities or genetic conditions with associated brain malformations,
- a severe head injury,
- a stroke that restricts the amount of oxygen to the brain,
- an infection of the brain such as meningitis, encephalitis, neurocysticercosis,
- certain genetic syndromes,
- a brain tumor.
Epilepsy can be treated easily and affordable medication. Recent studies in both low- and middle-income countries have shown that up to 70% of children and adults with epilepsy can be successfully treated (i.e. their seizures completely controlled) with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). Furthermore, after 2 to 5 years of successful treatment and being seizure-free, drugs can be withdrawn in about 70% of children and 60% of adults without subsequent relapse.
Idiopathic epilepsy is not preventable. However, preventive measures can be applied to the known causes of secondary epilepsy.
- Preventing head injury is the most effective way to prevent post-traumatic epilepsy.
- Adequate perinatal care can reduce new cases of epilepsy caused by birth injury.
- The use of drugs and other methods to lower the body temperature of a feverish child can reduce the chance of febrile seizures.
- Central nervous system infections are common causes of epilepsy in tropical areas, where many low- and middle-income countries are concentrated.
- Elimination of parasites in these environments and education on how to avoid infections can be effective ways to reduce epilepsy worldwide, for example those cases due to neurocysticercosis.