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Dr. Samir Kaleni

Psychiatrist, Delhi

1400 at clinic
Dr. Samir Kaleni Psychiatrist, Delhi
1400 at clinic
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Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences....more
Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences.
More about Dr. Samir Kaleni
Dr. Samir Kaleni is one of the best Psychiatrists in Preet Vihar, Delhi. He is currently associated with Delhi Psychiatry Center in Preet Vihar, Delhi. Save your time and book an appointment online with Dr. Samir Kaleni on has an excellent community of Psychiatrists in India. You will find Psychiatrists with more than 41 years of experience on You can find Psychiatrists online in Delhi and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.


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Five Foods for a Healthier Brain

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
Five Foods for a Healthier Brain

While many of us may associate healthy food with a healthy body, it is also true that healthy food can support a healthy brain. As we start to grow old, there is something known as oxidative damage which can lead to memory impairment and general brain decline. A healthy brain is one where the brain function is at an appropriate level and the aging process has been pushed back in terms of stellar memory and information processing. According to Ayurveda and other arms of medical science, there are a number of super foods that can help in this process. Here is a list of five foods that can lead to a healthier brain.

  1. Brahmi: This is one of the most commonly used Ayurvedic herbs. It can be used for many ailments and it also prescribed as a brain tonic for stronger memory. Besides making the memory clear and sharp, this ingredient can improve the brain’s grasping power and the mental capacity of the brain. It is also an excellent anti-anxiety agent, as per Ayurvedic science.
  2. Ginkgo Biloba: This herb promotes better blood circulation in the brain, which helps in improving the overall brain function. It is also a memory enhancer. This herb is used by Ayurvedic doctors for the treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease and Amnesia. It is a good medicine that can repair the damaged cells of the brain.
  3. Ashwagandha: This is also known as an Ayurvedic wonder herb. This herb contains many beneficial properties for the brain and the rest of the body. When it comes to the brain and its functioning, Ashwagandha is ideal for patients who are suffering from severe stress. Besides being a stress reliever, this herb can also be used to keep the brain in a calm state for better performance. It helps in improving the functioning of the brain and its complex nerves. This herb is also a good memory enhancer.
  4. Gotu Kola: Gotu Kola is a well-known Ayurvedic herb that can be used for protecting the nerves from damage. It protects the brain cells as well. Also, it enhances the capacity of the brain and leads to improved performance thanks to the many vital elements that it carries.
  5. Mulethi: This is a stress relieving herb used by Ayurvedic doctors. It improves the blood circulation in the nervous system, which gives rise to better brain function. This is a very good herb for children and students, as it is a memory booster which helps them in retaining and retrieving information. It is also a stress relieving medicine that can be used to keep the brain calm and cool even in the most challenging situation.
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Dear sir, I am 29 years old and an Engineer. I am do not concentrate during work or reading. I am getting missed name and important details in short time. I become early short temper and frustrated. My mind set was disturbed. Before 3 year ago it was not happening with me. Please let me know. Thank you in advance.

M.A-Philosophy, Masters in Psychotherapy and Counselling, B.A.M.S
you can learn mindfulness meditation for it seat three minutes to focus on breath your mind will wander you may have thoughts but when you realise it back to breathe do it again and again it will improve your concentration and memory.
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What is the best way I can stop over thinking about my psychological past so that I can stay calm, move on and then concentrate on my work to increase my productivity.?

M.Sc - Applied Psychology, Guidance &Counselling, B.A., Psychology, Pharmacy
Psychologist, Madurai
What is the best way I can stop over thinking about my psychological past so that I can stay calm, move on and then c...
Most of us are watering the dead plants, knowing that it is sheer waste. We can do nothing about the past, because at the moment it is only a thought, and we can change our thought about the past. We are capable of choosing our thoughts at any moment. Let me give an example. You are entering a dinner hall where a number of delicious and nutritious foods on the dishes waiting for you on a large table. On the other hand, foods you never like, causing allergies to you like diarrhea, vomiting etc. Also there are dishes containing foods giving bad odours that you dislike, on an another table. Which dishes would you choose for your dinner. Undoubtedly the one that suits you. Likewise, we can choose the thoughts with a little effort that make us feel happy and positive views. Don't try to forget the past, it will be a valuable experience to be applied in our present or future to succeed. Keep yourself always busy most of the waking hours with productive activities and spend quality time with parents, friends, colleagues etc. Time is a great healer. Struggling to bring about the dead plants (past) or nourishing the alive ones (present), the choice is yours.
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Hi My age is 29 I have serious mental and stress problem not getting how to solve it it's all about a girl whom I want in my life. What should i do?

MD - Psychiatry, MBA (Healthcare)
Psychiatrist, Pune
Hi My  age is 29 I have serious mental and stress problem not getting how to solve it it's all about a girl whom I wa...
Hi lybrate-user, If the serious mental stress you're talking about is related to this girl, then I have to urge you to look at the other aspects of your life which are equally important. Focus on your professional life and other interests. If you feel you're obsessed with this girl, and are finding it difficult to move on, kindly consult a psychiatrist in person. Good luck.
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I had body pains and cold every morning. I am taking proper diet but no sleep. What I the solution to be away from doctor.

AUTLS, CCEDM, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
I had body pains and cold every morning. I am taking proper diet but no sleep. What I the solution to be away from do...
• get plenty of rest so your body can use its energy to fight the cold • staying at home will keep you from spreading germs • drink plenty of liquids like herbal tea or hot broth/vegetable/tomato soups. Avoid foods or drinks with caffeine which can keep you from getting enough sleep Runny Nose and Sneezing- gargle to keep from getting a sore throat. Drink extra fluids. Use saline nasal sprays or nasal irrigation,,,,. • Tablet Nasorest-P once/twice daily may reduce the amount of mucous. • Do steam inhalation once or twice daily
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I suffering from confusion. Its a sham for me at this age m still confuse regarding decision making .whether is job or other events in life. M life devastated when I see my friend success. M in delema. I had done blunder decision in my life. Now m scared. I was in depression. My head spin. My face looking thin and hopeless .dont know where to go please help.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
I suffering from confusion. Its a sham for me at this age m still confuse regarding decision making .whether is job o...
On the positive side, confusion only means that you have many options. If you have too many, then there will be a problem of choice. But if you are habituated to stay confused even in the midst of good choices, then you may be obsessing and becoming indecisive. If you are not able to chose, then find someone whose opinions you trust to see what his/her choices will be and for what reason. That will help you. Since you had depression, there may be residual effects of depression and anxiety that needs some attention. I suggest you meet with a counselor and get some help to reduce anxiety and depression and help make healthy choices decisively.
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Learning Disabilities and Dementia

MBBS, DPM (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Thrissur
Learning Disabilities and Dementia

Learning disabilities and dementia

Advances in medical and social care have led to a significant increase in the life expectancy of peoplewith learning disabilities. The effect of ageing on people with learning disabilities – including therisk of developing dementia – has, therefore, become increasingly important. This information sheetoutlines some of the issues concerning people with a learning disability who develop dementia.

The causes of learning disability are diverse. They include genetic disorders such as Down’s syndrome, pre- or post-natal infections, brain injury, and general individual differences.

What is dementia?

Dementia is a general term used to describe a group of diseases that affect the brain. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. The damage caused by all types of dementia leads to a progressive loss of brain tissue. As brain tissue cannot be replaced, symptoms become worse over time.

Symptoms may include:
Loss of memory
An inability to concentrate
Difficulty in finding the right words or understanding what other people are saying
A poor sense of time and place
Difficulty in completing self-care and domestic tasks and solving minor problems
Mood changes
Behavioural changes
There is no evidence that dementia has a different effect on people with learning disabilities than it does on other people. However, the early stages are more likely to be missed or misinterpreted, particularly if several professionals are involved in the person’s care. The person may find it hard to express how they feel that their abilities have deteriorated, and problems with communication may make it more difficult for others to assess change.

What are the risks?
Down’s syndrome and Alzheimer’s diseaseAbout 20 per cent of people with a learning disability have Down’s syndrome. People with Down’s syndrome are at particular risk of developing dementia.
Figures from one study (Prasher, 1995) suggest that the following percentages of people with Down’s syndrome have dementia:
30-39 years - 2 per cent40-49 years - 9.4 per cent50-59 years - 36.1 per cent60-69 years - 54.5 per cent
Studies have also shown that virtually all people with Down’s syndrome develop the plaques and tangles in the brain associated with Alzheimer’s disease, although not all will develop the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. The reason for this has not been fully explained. However, research has shown that amyloid protein found in these plaques and tangles is linked to a gene on chromosome 21. People with Down’s syndrome have an extra copy of chromosome 21, which may explain their increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
Other learning disabilities and dementiaThe prevalence of dementia in people with other forms of learning disability is also higher than in the general population. Some studies (Cooper, 1997; Lund, 1985; Moss and Patel, 1993) suggest that the following percentages of people with learning disabilities not due to Down’s syndrome have dementia:
50 years + - 13 per cent65 years + - 22 per cent
This is about four times higher than in the general population. At present, we do not know why this is the case. Further research is needed. People with learning disabilities are vulnerable to the same risk factors as anyone else. Genetic factors may be involved, or a particular type of brain damage associated with a learning disability may be implicated.
How can you tell if someone is developing dementia?Carers play an important part in helping to identify dementia by recognising changes in behaviour or personality. It is not possible to diagnose dementia definitely from a simple assessment. A diagnosis is made by excluding other possible causes and comparing a person’s performance over time. The process should include:
A detailed personal historyThis is vital to establish the nature of any changes that have taken place. It will almost certainly include a discussion with the main carer and any care service staff.
A full health assessmentIt is important to exclude any physical causes that could account for changes taking place. There are a number of other conditions that have similar symptoms to dementia but are treatable: for example, hypothyroidism and depression. It is important not to assume that a person has dementia simply because they fall into a high risk group. A review of medication, vision andhearing should also be included.
Psychological and mental state assessmentIt is equally important to exclude any other psychological or psychiatric causes of memory loss. Standard tests that measure cognitive ability are not generally applicable as people with learning disabilities already have cognitive impairment and the tests are not designed for people without verbal language skills. New tests are being developed for people with learning disabilities.
Special investigationsBrain scans are not essential in the diagnosis of dementia, although they can be useful in excluding other conditions or in aiding diagnosis when other ssessments have been inconclusive.
What can be done if it is dementia?Although dementia is a progressive condition, the person will be able to continue with many activities for some time. It is important that the person’s skills and abilities are maintained and supported for as long as possible, and that they are given the opportunity to fulfil their potential. However, the experience of failure can be frustrating and upsetting, so it is important to find a balance between encouraging independence and ensuring that the person’s self-esteem and dignity are not undermined.
At present there is no cure for dementia. People progress from mild to moderate to more severe dementia over a period of years. New drug treatments seek to slow down or delay the progression of the disease and it is hoped that treatments will become more effective in the future. See the Society’s information sheet Drug treatments for Alzheimer’s disease – Aricept, Exelon, Reminyl and Ebixa.
Strategies for supporting the person with dementia People who develop dementia are, first and foremost, human beings with individual personalities, life histories, likes and dislikes. Dementia affects a person’s ability to communicate, so they may develop alternative ways of expressing their feelings. By understanding something of a person’s past and personality we can begin to understand what they might be feeling and why they respond in the way they do.
Many practical strategies have been developed to support people with dementia and their carers. Here are some ideas:
Enable individuals to have as much control over their life as possible. Use prompts and reassurance during tasks they now find more difficult.
Help the person by using visual clues and planners to structure the day.
Use visual labels on doors to help people find their way around their home in the early stages.
Try to structure the day so that activities happen in the same order. Routines should be individual and allow for flexibility.
A ‘life story book’ comprising photos and mementos from the person’s past may be a useful way to help the person interact and reminisce.
If speech is a problem make use of body language. Simplify sentences and instructions, listen carefully and give plenty of time for the person to respond.
If someone is agitated, the environment might be too busy or noisy.
Relaxation techniques such as massage, aromatherapy and music can be effective and enjoyable.
If someone becomes aggressive, carers and professionals should work together to try to establish reasons for the person’s frustration and find ways of preventing the behaviour or coping with the situation should it arise.
Medication may be used if someone is experiencing high levels of agitation, psychotic symptoms or depression. It is important that any prescribed medicine is monitored closely and that other ways of dealing with the situation are thoroughly explored.

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I am a 25 old female. I feel like I am depressed and feel anxious at times in everyday life situations. Is this normal or should I seek help?

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
I am a 25 old female. I feel like I am depressed and feel anxious at times in everyday life situations. Is this norma...
You should seek help, if the naxiety and depression are within normal limits or mild, you will be evaluated and given CBT (Cognitive behavior therapy), if moderate or severe a course of medications followed by CBT. Consult a psychiatrist, all the best.
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Symptoms and Treatments of Depression

MA - Clinical Psychology, P.G. Diploma in Guidance and Counseling, BA In Psychology
Psychologist, Mumbai
Symptoms and Treatments of Depression

Depression, or major depressive disorder, is a mental health condition marked by an extended sense of sadness and despair that affects how a person thinks, feels and functions. It affects the way you think and brings about changes in your physical and emotional self. In severe cases, depression makes it extremely difficult for you in carrying out your daily activities. Yes, the condition may significantly interfere with a person's daily life and may prompt thoughts of suicide. There is no instant cure for this disorder; rather it requires a more long term approach to treat this disease.


The symptoms of depression are:

  1. Feeling of emptiness and sadness.

  2. Violent outbursts of anger.

  3. Disturbances in sleep patterns, resulting in insomnia in few cases.

  4. Constant tiredness and fatigue.

  5. Constantly agitated and anxious.

  6. Drastic changes in your appetite (usually appetite decreases).

  7. Physical problems such as headache and back pain.

  8. Constant feeling of worthlessness and guilt.

  9. Recurrent thoughts of suicide and violence.


Although scientists agree that depression is a brain disorder, the debate continues about exact causes. Many factors may contribute to the onset of depression, including genetic characteristics, changes in hormone levels, certain medical illnesses, stress, grief, or substance abuse. Any of these factors alone or in combination can bring about the specific changes in brain chemistry that lead to the many symptoms of depression, bipolar disorder and related conditions.


  1. Psychological counselling and medications are the preferred treatment alternatives for depression. The medications that are used to treat depression are antidepressants and serotonin reuptake inhibitors. It is important to consult a psychologist before opting for any treatment procedure. The doctor will carry out a thorough diagnosis and then prescribe treatment accordingly.

  2. Psychotherapy is another treatment process that is used to treat depression; this involves you talking about your condition to a doctor. It can help you find better and feasible ways to find solutions to problems and set realistic goals in life.

  3. Electroconvulsive therapy is another mode of treatment that uses electric currents to modify the functioning of the neurotransmitters.

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As I am terminated from job , I am sitting home and facing a lot of consequences I feel tired as I don't get out of home I feel irritated but I know I am not in depression because the job was not related to my field . I want to know what bad effects one suffers when sitting at home, I also want to know what bad effects I will suffer if I lie on the sofa for long time.

MBBS, MD (AIIMS, Gold Medalist), Diploma in CBT (Glasgow)
Psychiatrist, Delhi
As I am terminated from job , I am sitting home and facing a lot of consequences
I feel tired as I don't get out of h...
You may not be depressed right now but if you continue to sit at home, you might get depressed. Besides physical problems such as weight gain, joint problems can result. So go out, meet a few friends and relatives everyday. make sure you take at least a 30 minute brisk walk daily. Dont think about what has happened so far, focus on what can be done to get your dream job!
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Hi, I am very depressed act the problem is I am married since last 3 months. But I have a relationship with another boy since last 5 years my husband is very nice person he don't know about my relationship, and I really want to stop my affair but I love my boyfriend, my boyfriend is not caring and loving his a flirty nature with every girl and that I do not like I want to come out from this and I want to enjoy my married life I had tried so many times that not to contact with my boyfriend but I failed I am very much depressed please help me in this situation.

Fellow,European Committee of Sexual Medicine, Diploma in Psychological Medicine, M.B.,B.S
Sexologist, Jaipur
Dear lybrate-user This is your self created problem. You need to set your priorities right You can't have both married love and boyfriend love simultaneously. You need to stop responding to boy friend. You know that husband is a nice person so win over your weakness.
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How to concentrate in studies? I am having internal exam of my msc nursing 1st year. But can't be able to concentrate in studies. Pls help me I want to do good result.

MS (counselling & psychotherapy), Ph D ( NLP)
Psychologist, Chennai
Dear Smitha, There are 8 Tpyes of memory centeres, in brain, language, logic,audiotry, visual, kinesthetic, musical, relationship,°& spatial as per my experience in helping students like you for the past 15 years your auditory memory center. Is poor in concentration your imagination should be running very high you can approach for professional help instead of failing eaxm after exam you can go though my YouTube videos for memory centeres clarity.
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Hey doctor I am so depressed for one year about my career. I always want to talk to my mom about it but don't have the guts to do it. Whenever I try to talk about it my heart beat becomes fast and sometimes I need to go to toilet. Is there any way that I could do it.

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Hey doctor
I am so depressed for one year about my career. I always want to talk to my mom about it but don't have th...
Regarding your career: Try to put up your résumés or CV on as many job sites as possible. Most of them are free so it will not cost you anything. It is possible that since you may not have significant experience, you may have to take a simpler job with less pay. However do not despair. Everyone has to start somewhere. The important thing is to start a job somewhere, get experience, then you can upgrade to a better job. At the same time, if possible, do some additional courses that will help to strengthen your resume. Also confide in someone you trust and spend time with family and friends. This will help you reduce your stress. If you feel suicidal consult a psychiatrist immediately. You seem to be having lot of anxiety about the same. Tremors, feeling anxious or nervous, sense of panic, sweating, increased heartbeat, feeling of impending doom, stomach discomfort, dizziness etc are signs of anxiety. These can be debilitating. If the anxiety us overwhelming, consult a psychiatrist at the earliest. With the right medication and counseling, it is likely your symptoms will improve. Other than that, try yoga, deep breathing, meditation, moderate exercise, progressive muscular relaxation and guided meditation.
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I am suffering from depression. I don't knw actually it's depression or smthng else. I love a girl all day night always think abt her. Life is becoming critical..

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
I am suffering from depression. I don't knw actually it's depression or smthng else. I love a girl all day night alwa...
Dear , you should be able to distinguish between obsession and depression. Obsession also brings on symptoms identical to depression but they are short lived. You are obsessed because of the thoughts about your girl friend. This is quite natural. I suggest psychological counseling for you. Take care.
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I'm 19 years old (m) 5'7ft 57 kg Due to depression and alone all the time I do not talk to people who ever comes to talk to me I always ignore saying that im busy I do not want to say that but im habituated staying alone thus why I ignore them whem im sad there is nobody by this I can not abel to concentrate in my studies I try to but my phone start singing a song which makes me distract what to do please help me to come out from depression since 6 months.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
I'm 19 years old (m) 5'7ft 57 kg Due to depression and alone all the time I do not talk to people who ever comes to t...
Dear. Don't try to force your basic behavior. Concentration is because of interest. Have interest and dedication with what you do. Consult a psychologist online. Take care.
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What is the best way to avoid mental stress and tension due to which people cant even sleep at night.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear, stress is simply a reaction to a stimulus that disturbs our physical or mental equilibrium. In other words, it's an omnipresent part of life. A stressful event can trigger the? fight-or-flight? response, causing hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol to surge through the body. A little bit of stress, known as? acute stress? can be exciting? it keeps us active and alert. But long-term, or? chronic stress? can have detrimental effects on health. You may not be able to control the stressors in your world, but you can alter your reaction to them. I need to know, what are the causes with which you are stressed? once you know the reason, you will be able to adjust with it with some tips and tricks. Please let me know the details. Take care.
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My 3 years old son is becoming more more stubborn n short tempered even without any reason. please don't blame us to fulfill his every wish bcoz we never did it. If we find his wishes r genuine n fare thn only we say YES. please guide me I also have become short tempered. Need anger management ideas.

MD - Psychiatry
Behavioural therapy. Reinforcement of positive behaviour by giving reward to positive behaviour and withdrawing reward at the time of negative behaviour if it is severe then he may need medication.
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I am in a very strange situation. I am getting lot of love from my bf but we have trust issues. My bf doubts that I am in relation with my friend and calls me my ex. He keeps blaming me about him. He says that my friend comes online only when I am not talking to my bf. I got vexed up with this an d broke all contacts with my friend for my bf. I never tried to contact my friend again. I thought that issues gets settled after this. But my bf still blames that I am in contact with my friend. whenever we are not in contact, he always doubts that I am with my friend. I tried to make him clear on this many times but he is not believing me. I thought to check my friends online status and saved his number on my mobile just to check his online status. One day his number is not getting deleted, So I had to uninstall whats app before my bf came to my place. When I asked my friend to send whats app app to me, my bf heard that and starts doubting me more. I thought that it is nt possible for my friend to come online every time when I am not talking to my bf. But that app is just killing me. whenever my bf is not talking with me. He is getting notification that my friend is online and according to my bf. I message my bf only when my friend goes offline. Things have gone worsened day by day. So I contacted my friend and told him about my problem. My friend asked me to leave my bf as he does not trust me. But I did not agree to that. Later I deleted my call loggs in my fon regarding my conversation with my friend, thinking that my bf will doubt more. But My bf is too intelligent that he checked true caller and identified that I talked to my friend. At that time my friend gave another number of his classmate so that I can call him if his network was not good. My bf noted that number also. Also, my friend has a gf whose number I gave to my bf. But he says that my friend and his gf never came online together. Later my bf started saying that number is also my friend's and that he is maintaining two numbers for me. Recently his classmate created whats app and my bf started abusing me that this number is also my friend's and he is maintaining 3 numbers for me. whenever one person in those three numbers comes online when I am not in contact with my bf. He starts abusing me very badly calling me a prostitute and a bitch. When I am not working, I used to spend onm skype whole day with my bf so that he does not doubt me. Even then when I used to go for wash room or drinking water, my bf used to doubt me. Now I have started working and now it is impossible to talk to him on skype all day. He thinks that I am having another phone which I uses only to contact my friend which is not true. Because of this in stopped going out and stay on skype whole day until I sleep. Now he started abusing that my friend comes online only after I get up and talks to me. When I am talking to him on for also, my bf thinks that i am chatting with my friend. Now a days he is blaming that I am chatting with my friend even when I am chatting with my bf. Continued in next question.

M.S. Counselling and Psychotherapy
Psychologist, Bangalore
I am in a very strange situation. I am getting lot of love from my bf but we have trust issues. My bf doubts that I a...
I think" trust" is a huge concern here. I sense that you are not happy with this relationship. But you are thinking that you are getting lots of love from your bf. I would suggest you to think more about it, do you really feel loved" love" - is freedom, respect, and taking care. Are you getting all this? please also think, for your own benefit, that what is the reason, that you are continuing in such emotionally abusive relationship? it appears that your bf is treating you like a weakling and you are submitting yourself to his demands. Another thing is, you are aware that your bf does not like you to maintain contact with your other friend, but you are still in touch with him. You need to decide which relationship is more important for you. Also please think about how will you manage in future with your bf if he is so suspicious? please think rationally, take someone's advice and then take decision to maintain that relation, which will not harm your present and future.
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Language Disorder - How to Diagnose it?

Consultant Dyslexia, Autism & Child Psychologist. Consultant Clinical & Mental Health Psychologist., Post Masters Doc in Behavioural Medicine , Post Masters Doc Psychology
Psychologist, Noida
Language Disorder - How to Diagnose it?

Language disorder is commonly known as language impairment, it is a common childhood disorder, which makes it difficult for kids to understand what the people around them are saying to them and to face difficulty in following simple directions, it also includes difficulty in expressing the thoughts and feeling through speech.

Language disorder can be classified as:

  1. Receptive language disorder: This disorder makes it difficult to understand what the other person is saying to the one suffering from it.
  2. Expressive language disorder: Kids suffering from it are not able to express themselves and their thoughts.
  3. Mixed receptive expressive disorder: These kids have combined symptoms of receptive language disorder and expressive language disorder, making it difficult to understand and to make someone else understand.

Symptoms of language disorder:

  1. Difficulty in understanding: The ones suffering from language disorder, finds it difficult to understand what the people around them are saying.
  2. Limited vocabulary: It is one of the prominent symptoms, in which the vocabulary of the kids is very limited as compared to other kids of that age.
  3. Trouble learning new things: Learning new things is a difficult task for the kid suffering from language disorder
  4. Repeat usage of certain phrases: Kids tend to use the same phrase again and again, which is one of the basic symptoms.
  5. Frustration: As the kid is either not able to understand or to make other understand or both, kids with this disorder tend to remain more frustrated in comparison to other kids, as they are unable to do things. 
  6. Sentences which do not make sense: Making incomplete or senseless sentences is a key indicator of language disorder.

What you should do?

  1. Speech therapist: The treatment may include speech therapy, in which the speech therapist will work towards building the vocabulary and improving the grammar of the kids suffering, making the kids more confident and feel good about themselves.
  2. Psychotherapy: If the kid is also suffering from emotional issues because of the language disorder, then one should also undergo Psychotherapy, as it not only improves the morale of the patient, but also provides the guidance on how to keep improving further from the language disorder.
  3. Positive Atmosphere: The kids suffering from such a disorder should be made comfortable enough to enjoy their being, giving plenty of time to your young ones is the best way to cure such disorder, so one should always communicate well with his kids and make them learn new things, sing to them, listen to various sounds, show different pictures, colours, shapes to make them learn.
  4. Parental Support: The parents should also understand the issue well, be patient, and should support the kid to work out on the disorder. Parents should also interact with other parents, who have been there, to learn more about the language disorders and how their kids overcome the disorder.

As language disorder is one of common issue in kids, this can be managed and cured well to improve after all the required knowledge and best practices to follow. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.

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How does smoking of weed effects in long term and what precocious need to be taken?

M.B.S.(HOMEO), MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Visakhapatnam
The immediate effects of taking marijuana include rapid heart beat, disorientation, lack of physical coordination, often followed by depression or sleepiness. Some users suffer panic attacks or anxiety. But the problem does not end there. According to scientific studies, the active ingredient in cannabis, THC, remains in the body for weeks or even months. Marijuana smoke contains 50% to 70% more cancer-causing substances than tobacco smoke. One major research study reported that a single cannabis joint could cause as much damage to the lungs as up to five regular cigarettes smoked one after another. Long-time joint smokers often suffer from bronchitis, an inflammation of the respiratory tract. The drug can affect more than your physical health. Studies in Australia in 2008 linked years of heavy marijuana use to brain abnormalities. This is backed up by earlier research on the long-term effects of marijuana, which indicate changes in the brain similar to those caused by long-term abuse of other major drugs. And a number of studies have shown a connection between continued marijuana use and psychosis. Marijuana can change the structure of sperm cells, deforming them. Thus even small amounts of marijuana can cause temporary sterility in men. Marijuana use can also disrupt a woman’s menstrual cycle.(29) Studies show that the mental functions of people who have smoked a lot of marijuana tend to be diminished. The THC in cannabis disrupts nerve cells in the brain, affecting memory. Cannabis is one of the few drugs that causes abnormal cell division, which leads to severe hereditary defects. A pregnant woman who regularly smokes marijuana or hashish may give birth prematurely to an undersized, underweight baby. Over the last 10 years many children of marijuana users have been born with reduced initiative and lessened abilities to concentrate and pursue life goals. Studies also suggest that prenatal (before birth) use of the drug may result in birth defects, mental abnormalities and increased risk of leukemia (cancer of the bone marrow) in children.
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