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Treatment of Squint
Lasik Surgery Treatment
Routine Eye Checkup
Laser Cataract Surgery
Reduced Vision Treatment
Visual Field Testing
Retina And Lasik Surgery
Endoscopic Dcr Procedure
Eye Muscle Surgeries
Artificial Eye Procedures
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One of the most cutting edge eye procedures which has been very successful in practice and has been loved by millions of patients is LASIK. LASIK is a form of eye surgery performed with the help of a precise laser and is very effective in correcting nearsightedness, farsightedness as well as astigmatism (imperfections with the shape of the cornea). With any such procedure, there are bound to be myths which arise out of misconceptions. Some of those myths as well as the advantages of LASIK have ben enumerated below.
Myth # 1 – Lasik can only be performed up to a certain age
Many people think that LASIK cannot be performed on people of advanced age. This is a misconception as LASIK has been performed on people above 90 as well. There are some considerations however, such as the health of the person and the condition of the eyes. If there are no medical objections, then LASIK can be performed regardless of the age of the person. Doctors also tend to wait till young adulthood (around 18-20 years of age) before performing LASIK. However, LASIK procedures have been performed on young children with severe vision problems as well.
Myth # 2 – The technology behind LASIK is too new and thus not yet perfected
This is yet another commonly propagated myth about LASIK. The technology for this procedure has been around for quite some time and has ben performed with increasing regularity since the 1980s. There have been multiple long term studies done on people who underwent LASIK surgery and almost all of them have had favorable results both in the short term as well as the long term. It is a properly established field and means of treatment within ophthalmology and is subject to the same stringent standards testing as other treatments within the field of medicine.
Myth # 3 – LASIK can cause many complications such as dry eyes and night glares
Any surgical procedure has a certain chance of complications occurring. However, LASIK tends to have very low occurrences of complications. What many people tend to confuse complications with is the normal healing procedure. Dry eyes and night glares usually occur after the first few weeks of the procedure and is part of the healing process of the body. It usually tends to go way with the first few months itself.
Myth # 4 – Contact lenses are better than LASIK
While contact lenses do serve a purpose in correcting vision, they can often contribute to eye infections as well as irritations and headaches. Also contact lenses need to be changed every few weeks or so. LASIK surgery eliminates all of these hassles and you can have perfectly clear vision without having to worry about all the problems that contact lenses bring with them.
Myth # 5 – The LASIK procedure is painful
No other myth is farther from the truth. In this procedure, the surgeon creates a thin flap like structure out of the tissue within the cornea with the help of a laser. This layer is then used to reshape the cornea and thus correct vision problems. Antiseptic and numbing eye drops are used when performing this surgery which results in minimal discomfort that only stays during the initial stages. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
I have eye sight of -10 with cylindrical power. M of 25 years old. What should I do? Is my eyesight will be stable?
My eye sight is weak with (- 1.75). I use to work on laptop and study late night too. Often my left eye got red and pain starts in it. What should I do?
Squint in my right eye. It started about three years back after being diagnosed diabetes type 2. Please suggest suitable treatment. If it is surgery whether it is painful. Suggest suitable treatment to be undergone.
Eyes are a beautiful gift of God, enabling us to appreciate the beauty around us. Thus utmost care should be taken of this delicate organ. However, aging comes on with different sets of diseases, and an eye problem is one of them. It becomes very important to visit an ophthalmologist in that case.
A visual field test and ophthalmoscopy are necessary tests that are used to determine the eye problems of the patients. Cataract is one of the commonly occurring eye problems across the planet. Getting to know about the condition and the ways to manage cataract is imperative to avoid complications in vision.
Cataract can be defined as the clouding of the natural lenses in the eyes. This is caused by the clumping of protein in the eye lens. Cataract is a common eye disorder and the leading cause of loss of vision in people who are past their fortieth birthday. Cataract can occur in one or both eyes. When diagnosed properly, cataract can be treated with surgery to prevent blindness.
What is a Cataract?
It is a disease where clouding of the lens occurs which leads to decreased vision in patients. It can affect one or both eyes. Cataracts are the cause of blindness and visual impairment nearing 33 percent worldwide.
Common symptoms that show up include blurry vision, halos around light, faded colors, and trouble seeing at night which causes driving problems, trouble in reading or recognizing faces and many more. This disease is most commonly caused due to aging. In rare cases, it may be present from birth, and other risk factors include tobacco smoking, diabetes, prolonged exposure to sunlight, trauma or radiation exposure and alcohol.
A recently conducted eye surgery also increases the chances of good results.About 20 million people are blind due to this disease, and in the US alone, it is the cause for 5 percent of blindness, while in Africa & South America it is the cause for nearly 60% of blindness.
Depending on where and how they develop, there are many types of cataract. The most common amongst these are:
- Subcapsular cataract: These occur at the back of the eye lens. Diabetic patients are very susceptible to this kind of cataract.
- Nuclear cataract: Yellowish-brown cataract that form in the center of the lens are called nuclear cataract. This is usually seen in cataract caused by ageing.
- Cortical cataract: Cataract in the lens cortex are known as cortical cataract. These are wedge shaped and whitish in color. Spokes protruding out of these opaque wedges can be seen moving towards the center of the eye.
- Congenital cataract: Though they are not common, babies can also have cataract. Cataract formed at birth or within the first year of a baby's birth are known as congenital cataract.
- Secondary cataract: Cataract is one of the known side effects of diabetes and glaucoma. Some steroids and medicines are also linked to cataract.
- Traumatic cataract: If your vision becomes cloudy years after an eye injury, it could be a traumatic cataract. It can take several years for this to happen.
- Radiation cataract: Exposure to radiation can also lead to cataract. This is seen sometimes in patients who have undergone radiation therapy to fight diseases like cancer.
Though the type of cataract might differ from person to person, the symptoms are usually the same. Some of the common symptoms of cataract are:
- Blurred vision
- Reduced night vision
- Increased sensitivity to light and glare
- Seeing halos around lights
- Colors appearing faded
- Double vision
Treatment and Management of Cataract
Well, no medical treatment is effective once the opacity of lens has developed. Therefore, surgical treatment remains the only option left to go with. Performed usually using local anesthesia, about 9 out of 10 patients achieves a corrected vision of 20/40 after surgery.
Management of patients with cataract is a gradual process where the first assessment done by ophthalmologists is regarding the prevalence and the morphology of the eyeball. Three major types of cataract are known, and patients are categorized into them first. The category includes cortical, nuclear or PSC (Posterior subcapsular). Some may have mixed cataract.
Complications may occur post operation, and thus management is required.
A patient post operation is sent to a co-managing doctor, and the eye surgeon decides what should be the proper time to take this step. Most of the ophthalmologists prefer to observe the patient’s condition at least once in a day by a post-operative visit to ensure zero complications.
Optometrists provide post-operative care in more than 2/3rd of the cases. Co-management should be done in patient’s best interest be it at day one or later in the post-operative course.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!