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Dr. Ratna Rao

Gynaecologist, Delhi

Dr. Ratna Rao Gynaecologist, Delhi
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I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family....more
I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family.
More about Dr. Ratna Rao
Dr. Ratna Rao is a popular Gynaecologist in Okhla, Delhi. She is currently practising at Holy Family Hospital in Okhla, Delhi. Book an appointment online with Dr. Ratna Rao on has top trusted Gynaecologists from across India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 31 years of experience on You can find Gynaecologists online in Delhi and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.


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Maulana Mohammad Ali Road, Okhala. Landmark: Opp Sccot Hospital and Near Surya Hotal, DelhiDelhi Get Directions
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I am suffering from constipation since 2 week and irregular mensuration cycle since 2 month and obesity.

General Physician, Cuttack
1. Eat high fiber diet like fruits, vegetables, beans, boiled/sprouted moong dal, whole grain rice, whole wheat pasta, whole meal breads, oats. 2. Avoid foods which are high in fat. Choose lean meats like fish, chicken. 3. Eat on schedule 4. Drink plenty of water, 8-10 glasses daily, avoid alcohol/caffeine 5. Take regular physical exercise 6. Stick to a regular timing for going to toilet. 7. Take 2 tsf of softovac sf/naturolax powder with warm water at bed time for few days or syrup duphalac 15 ml twice daily.
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I am newly married man. But when last night when I had sex with my wife she has deep pain in vagina during sex and I was not able to enter my penis in her vagina so we didn't do anything. It was hard for me but affecting our sex life. Please doctor suggest some medicines to make space in her vagina.

Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Good foreplay may help u. It is something called vaginismus. Deep respiration during sex. N loosing perinium during sex may help you.
1 person found this helpful
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I have pain in the left breast and done sonography of left breast and seen there hypoechoic node position measure 2.3 x 1.5 cms in the left axilla measuring 11 x4 mm. Fibroadenoma is obsevered. Please doctor suggest what is resolution to solve this.

FMAS, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Ahmedabad
If its fibroadenoma its small in size, no treatment required. If feel so ,can be removed by a simple day care procedure.
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My periods are irregular. I had to get my periods on 27 th july. Still I didn't get my periods. I did 2 pregnancy test. Both of them came back negative. I have sore breast and milky white discharge from vagina. I have PCOS also. What shall I do?

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS, Post Doctoral Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
Gynaecologist, Pune
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Hi there. She is 36 years old had lumps in right side breast 4 cm one year back it was 2 cm doc did mammography n scanning he said we ll see after 6 month no medicine nothing wt to do I want permanent treatment. please suggest can it turn in to cancer.

MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Delhi
Please do not ignore this. You should get it operated and histopathological examination to be done to rule out cancer in it. Consult doctor.
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Aromatherapy - Understanding The Benefits!

Ayurveda, Ambala
Aromatherapy - Understanding The Benefits!

Aromatherapy is an ancient practice that dates back to ancient times across many cultures. This is a practice where concentrated oils are used to treat many imbalances and disorders within the body. The oils emit a fragrance or aroma, through which many important molecules enter your blood stream which have a healing effect. The oils can be applied on the skin and the aroma is then absorbed directly into the body through it. They can also be used as an aromatic agent where you need to sniff them in order for the molecules to get inside the body and then be absorbed into your blood.

What kind of oils are generally used in aromatherapy?
Aromatherapy uses essential oils similar to the ones used for massage in many other forms of alternative medicine such as Ayurveda and Chinese medicine. These oils have the organic compounds within the plants or respective sources concentrated into a small dose so it can pass on the benefits of those compounds to you, healing your body. Some of the types of oils used in aromatherapy are –
1. Peppermint oil
2. Tee tree oil
3. Lavender oil
4. Frankincense oil
5. Lemon oils among many others

How are essential oils made?
Essential oils are made from natural ingredients such as herbs and resins of different plants. These can be extracted from the following sources of a plant, tree or herb:
1. Flowers
2. Seeds
3. Fruits
4. Leaves
5. Bark
6. Roots
7. Stems etc.

Aromatic oils tend to be powerful as a lot of ingredients go into the making of a small quantity of oil. It is estimated that it takes multiple kilos of an ingredient to make only a few milliliters of an essential oil. Due to the immense concentration of the powerful organic compounds created by this, organic oils are very effective and thus potent in curing ailments. The compounds are separated through a distillation process that separates the oils from the other components.

How and where are essential oils in aromatherapy effective?
Aromatherapy is very effective in dealing with lesser ailments and also as a supplementary form of treatment for other larger problems such as recovery form surgery and pain relief. Some of the more common areas where aromatherapy is very helpful are:
1. Relieving and reducing stress
2. Relief from joint pain
3. Resisting Cold and flu like infections
4. Building the immunity of the body
5. Improving the appearance and health of your skin by fighting wrinkles, skin infections and inflammation
6. Reduce pain from inflammation and other disorders
7. Corrects and properly regulates hormone production within the body
8. Helps with gastrointestinal problems as well as improving digestion among many other such benefits

Certain specific types of essential oils and their benefits in aromatherapy
1. Lavender oil: Helps heal burns and cuts quicker, relaxes your body and improves your mood
2. Peppermint oil: Helps with digestion, builds up immunity, and helps with the ability to focus among others
3. Rosemary oil: Helps build hair strength, improves memory and brain function in general
4. Sandalwood oil: Improves skin quality, fights inflammation and wrinkles and also acts a as a libido booster
5. Rose oil: Extremely effective for combatting skin problems as well as for natural glow of the skin
6. Tea tree oil: An excellent immunity booster, Tea tree oil also has antifungal and antimicrobial properties which can fight off infections and cure the ailments much quicker. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ayurveda.

5369 people found this helpful


Ayurveda, Nashik
Bio-purification means cleaning your body with five types of panchakarma procedure.

1) vaman: vomiting

2) virechan: loose motions

3) basti: enema

4) raktamokshan: blood letting

5) nasya: nasal drops

It completely detoxifies the body. Makes you free from your diseases & makes you healthy too.
7 people found this helpful

I have to suffer from high quality pain at the time of periods. What should I do?

Homeopath, Faridabad
Hello. We can minimize the pain during menses with diet and medicines (which are safe to take).. Diet: - Calcium is a mineral associated with building healthy bones and teeth. However, it may have some applications in minimizing the harmful effects of menstrual cramping. So,increase your intake by eating low-fat dairy products such as milk, yogurt and cheese or green leafy vegetables. - Your body uses vitamin B-6 to manufacture new red blood cells. When you lose red blood cells via menorrhagia, your body will need more to build new cells. Also, vitamin B-6 is required for your blood sugar to stay at healthy levels. This can help prevent menstrual cramping-related mood swings and fatigue. Vitamin B-6 is found in fortified cereals, bananas, spinach, sunflower seeds, avocados, tomato juice and salmon. - Just as foods can help reduce the symptoms of menstrual cramping and bleeding, foods can aggravate your symptoms. This includes eating excessive amounts of sugar -- such as cakes, cookies and pies. These are known to contribute to water retention, which make you feel bloated and uncomfortable. High-salt content foods -- french fries, pizza and other fried foods --- can also contribute to bloating. Caffeine-containing beverages like tea and coffee should be avoided as they can contribute to headaches, mood swings and trouble sleeping. - If you're craving chocolate, make sure it's over 70 per cent cocoa. This bittersweet treat will help you relax your muscles. - We all know fluids are essential when your body is cramping or bloating. Drinking two to three litres of water during your period is essential. - Tea is an easy way to replace your caffeine craving. Green tea to soothe cramps. now, even though green tea contains caffeine, try decaffeinated green tea instead — but be aware, you may lose some health benefits with a decaf version. Caffeine is another no-no. Drinking lots of coffee or pop during your period can increase higher levels of tension and anxiety. - Avoid anything that can damage your liver should be off the list. So, avoid alcohol. - Red meat, Smart says, is also know to cause stomach upsets and cramps. Medication: Start taking homoeopathic medicines - Mag. Phos. 6x and Colocynthis 200 - every 2 hrly. during the time of menses. And take Five Phos. and Alfaalfa Tonic - thrice daily for 1 month. Revert me back.
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What are the checkups to be done for a woman aged around 47. To prevent these types of diseases.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
She has had menopause or is heading towards it, her cycle might be low or heavy due to hormonal changes. Do write details-low and delayed or heavy and erratic. Continue treatment for bp. Get ultrasound of abdomen done on empty stomach. Get basic tests for heart like- ecg, echo, stress test (if she can tolerate) blood for sugar and total lipids. Reduce weight the healthy way by giving up sugar and sweets, fats and oils. Do not reduce good fats like spoon of pure ghee/ butter and a katori of assorted nuts to get proteins and good fats ,every day her demand for calcium is more, she needs to take toned milk and curds. Walking is best exercise to reduce weight besides yoga and meditation.
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My girlfriend is 21 she was feeling like fainting she had loose motion for one time and now her stomach is aching for 2 days. I didn't had the intercourse but my penis touched her vagina. Pre ejaculated fuild was there on my penis. Is this the early sign of Pregnancy I had this incident on 15 august 10 days had gone, are these symptoms of Pregnancy.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
Hi these are not symptoms of the early pregnancy, but it is very difficult to diagnose pregnancy at this time . You should await period then depending on that we can diagnose.
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Healthy Living

Physiotherapist, Hyderabad
Healthy Living

Hot packs are very effective as they dilate blood vessels and increase blood flow, delivering needed nutrients and oxygen to cells in the area being heated, aiding the removal of cell waste and promoting healing.

IVF - How Does it Work?

Health and Medical ARC Fertility
IVF Specialist, Chennai
IVF - How Does it Work?

In vitro fertilisation, commonly known as IVF, is the process of fertilising single or multiple eggs outside the body. This treatment can be performed by either using your own egg and sperm or using donated egg or sperm or sometimes both. The resulting sperms and eggs are evaluated for quality and then one or more of them are positioned properly in the uterus through the cervix. IVF is regarded as one of the most commonly opted treatment plans, and it accounts for more than 99% of assisted reproductive technology processes.

Who are suitable for IVF?
IVF can be helpful for you in case you have some issues with the egg quality or ovulation, fallopian tubes that are blocked in some way or endometriosis. It can also help you get pregnant if your partner has problems with mortality and reduced sperm count and when you have opted for donor eggs. About 1.5% of babies in the United States are conceived through the IVF process.

How does IVF work?
There are several steps through which IVF process works and the timeline follows the following steps:

  1. Stimulation for ovary: You will have to take a special kind of fertility drug for 8 to 14 days near the start of your menstruation cycle. This drug aids in the stimulation of your ovaries for developing multiple mature eggs to fertilise instead of a single one. You may also need to take an artificial hormone-like cetrofelix and leuprolide for keeping your body from releasing eggs very early.
  2. Development of follicle: When you are under all these medications, you will have to visit your doctor’s office often for checking the hormone levels as well as ultrasound measurements for the ovaries.
  3. Getting the trigger shot: Once the follicles are ready, you are likely to receive a trigger shot, which is an injection causing the eggs for maturing fully and becoming capable of being fertilised. Your eggs are ready for being retrieved after about 36 hours of receiving this shot.
  4. Gathering the eggs: At this stage, you are likely to receive an aesthetic or ultrasound probe that is inserted through the vagina for checking the ovaries and identifying the follicles. Normally, about 8 to 15 eggs are retrieved through the insertion of a thin needle.
  5. Fertlisation: This is the most vital step, where an embryologist is going to examine the eggs before they are combined with the sperm and incubated overnight. Fertilisation happens at this particular time, but abnormal eggs are not fertilised.

Then the embryos slowly develop and are planted on the basis of your age and clinical condition. When the treatment is working, an embryo is implanted in the uterine walls and starts developing. 

3921 people found this helpful

Causes, Risk and Treatment of Infertility

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS, Post Doctoral Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
Gynaecologist, Pune
Causes, Risk and Treatment of Infertility

Infertility is a condition where a couple, trying to conceive in a natural way is not able to do so even after one year of trying. It is also a matter of worry for patients who are over the age of 35 years and those who are not able to conceive naturally even after 12 months of trying constantly. So here are the causes, risks and treatment for this condition.


There are many causes of infertility. It may be down to a condition present in one or both partners. As per a medical study, 20% of the cases of infertility are due to males, while 40% to 50% cases are due to problems in the female partner. 30% of the cases suffer from infertility due to problems in both males and females. 

Ovulation and fertilisation are the main elements of the conception process and any condition in the female or male can upset either function, which can make it difficult to conceive. While abnormal sperm production and transport may be a common condition that leads to infertility in males, other factors like side effects of cancer treatments and too much exposure to toxins and chemicals can also play an important role in this regard. 

For females, the causes of infertility may range from ovulation disorders, uterine and fibroid tumours, uterine and cervical anomalies, damage to or blockage of the fallopian tubes, endometriosis, primary ovarian insufficiency and pelvic adhesions. Also, factors like thyroid, cancer and medication leading to temporary infertility may be at play. 


There are a number of factors that put a male or a female at risk of infertility. Being in your mid 30s usually has an adverse effect on the ovulation and production of well functioning sperm. Further, smoking and tobacco are among the main causes of infertility in either partner. Excessive alcohol consumption may also lead to this problem. Being overweight or underweight can also make a person infertile. Further, not getting enough exercise and routine activities out of your day, can lead to this condition as well. 


Male patients can go through a treatment for any existing infections, hormonal injections and medication, surgical options like vasectomy reversal and ART or assistive reproductive technology. Female patients can turn to medication that will stimulate ovulation, Intrauterine Insemination, and surgical processes to correct a uterine septum and remove endometrial polyps, or even a hysteroscopy surgery. 
If these methods fail, the patient or the couple can always turn to methods like In Vitro Fertilisation. For other mild reasons, lifestyle changes along with a stress free environment can help in increasing the chances of conception.

3217 people found this helpful

Recently I had unprotected oral with a man. He tried to penetrate me unprotected and it went in about half an inch and probably not past the sphincter for about 1 second before I left as I felt disgusted. I soon got a cough and blocked nose which have been almost gone due to medication. Yesterday I found a swollen lymph gland on the right of my neck and left armpit. Today I feel slightly giddy but not much. Is hiv testing warranted or could the glands swelling be due to the cough.

Diploma in Diabetology, Pregnancy & Diabetes, Hypertension, Cardiovascular Prevention in Diabetes ,Thyroid
General Physician, Sri Ganganagar
Lybrate-user don't worrying you are suffering with uri. Get cbc esr tec and xray chest. Take antibiotics and anti-allergic. Donot worry. After 3 month of exposure you please check for hiv to be 100% sure.
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I have desk job. My age is 21. My periods flow nowadays are become less. Earlier the period use to continue for 4 day. But now it is reduce to 2 days nd even the flow is less. Is it normal?

Homeopath, Hyderabad
When there is irregular periods or complete absence of periods then you need to be concerned if there are normal periods at least for 2 days no need to worry. If you have any cots or inconsistency in bleeding then report it. Let me know if any you have to advise you further.
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Hi, My friend had been to Thailand last week, he took full body massage there in massage parlour at the end of massage the girl gave him hand job, and smooched her and he just fingered her, and he didn't done sex with her. Is there anything to worry that any STD'S he may get to contact?

General Physician, Cuttack
. Do hiv rna or rt pcr viral load test which can detect hiv virus as early as one week. If it is negative you have to confirm it after doing an elisa test after 3 months.
2 people found this helpful
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Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Sexologist, Chennai
11 common-sense sex rules that can save your life!!!

Love should not motivate you to take anything for granted because the pleasure of sex will be all forgotten if something goes wrong – say an unwanted pregnancy, or worse, a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD).

Sex is beautiful, but it is as dangerous and risky as it is rewarding.
This is the reason why you must ensure that you give yourself and your partner maximum protection when you decide to get together.

Love should not motivate you to take anything for granted because the pleasure of sex will be all forgotten if something goes wrong – say an unwanted pregnancy, or worse, a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD).

Here are 11 common-sense tips to assist you in making sex safe and sweet:

Try to use a condom always – as a first rule, always use a condom when in doubt because it is your next surest protection after abstinence. This rule becomes even more important if you have random sex partners.

Keep your genitals clean – a clean genitalia is the first step to safe sex. Leaving dirt around your genitalia is allowing for harmful organisms to proliferate. You will transfer these orgasms during sex.

Urinate after sex – Sex experts have found out that urinating after sex help to prevent Urinary Tract Infections to a large extents by cleaning out the urethra.

Clean sex is the best sex – it is best if you always go for sex clean, and this means taking a shower at least. You cut down the risk very much by being clean. Germs and bacteria on your bodies will be exchanges during sex if you don’t clean up …remember there are STDs that are transmitted skin-to-skin.

Wash your hands before sex – even if for anything you have to go into sex without cleaning up, your hands should at least be washed, especially if there will be fingering involved. Germs and bacteria behind fingernails for example are a major risk…

Don’t insert same fingers into the anus and vagina – you will end up transferring very harmful germs and bacteria if you inset the same finger (sex toy) into the vagina and anus simultaneously. If you must involve both, then use two different toys or use a condom and change it

Use lubricants – penetration is always better when you have a lubricant involved. It makes the woman able to accommodate the penis more and even heightens the sensation for her. The flavoured ones can also make the air a bit more pleasant…

Keep your pubic hair shaved or trim – there is nothing as good as smelling and looking fresh down there. A clean and aired pubic hair is not only inviting but healthy…you stand lesser risk of skin infections when the place is neat…

Avoid sex where the genitalia have open sores – open sores are the easiest ways to transfer STDs and you should be careful how you handle them. Best thing is to avoid Never have oral sex where the genitals or mouth is injured. Injury around those places can be opportunity to transfer STDs so stay off oral sex – including kissing, until it heals.

Treat every infection the day you notice it – it is a gamble that never pays to allow a sexual infection to develop. The best thing is to deal with it the moment you notice anything strange about your genital region…

Be careful what you use as sex toys – these days people get daring when improvising household items as sex toys and they end up hurting themselves. If you look up sex injuries online, you’ll be shocked. So, before you use anything as a sex toy, ensure that it is not sharp, does not have any electric parts and cannot break easily. Also, it must be CLEAN always….

May I know the reasons for occurrence of pregnancy. After having sex if we have doubt about pregnancy what to do to remove it? Medicines for removal of that?

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
If you have not taken post coital pill in 72 hours, wait for oeriods, if overdue for 4-6 days do a oreg test, if pregnant a medical abortion may be done by a gynaecologist.
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I am suffering from heavy bleeding during periods. First 2-3 day little bleeding after that its heavy and last 2-3 day normal. And duration of bleeding is 11-12 days.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hi, you should remain in rest during menstrual flow. Tk, plenty of water to hydrate yourself and to dilute blood. Tk, homoeo medicine: @ sepia 200-6 pills, thrice a day. @thlapai bursa q-10 drops, thrice with little water tk, regular, simple, easily digestible diet on time. Go for meditation, yoga for 30 mnts. Tk, apples, mcsrrots, spinach, almonds, milk, tk care.
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