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Dr. Ratna Rao

Gynaecologist, Delhi

800 at clinic
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Dr. Ratna Rao Gynaecologist, Delhi
800 at clinic
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I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family....more
I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family.
More about Dr. Ratna Rao
Dr. Ratna Rao is a popular Gynaecologist in Okhla, Delhi. She is currently practising at Holy Family Hospital in Okhla, Delhi. Book an appointment online with Dr. Ratna Rao on Lybrate.com.

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Holy Family Hospital

Maulana Mohammad Ali Road, Okhala. Landmark: Opp Sccot Hospital and Near Surya Hotal, DelhiDelhi Get Directions
800 at clinic
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Know More About Psychotherapy!

MD-Dermatology, MBBS
Sexologist, Pune
Know More About Psychotherapy!

Psychotherapy is essentially a conversation which involves listening to and talking with those in trouble with the aim of helping them understand and resolve their predicament. Therapeutic listening is not passive but involves alert and sympathetic participation in what troubles the client. Psychotherapy is not superficial chat and does not seek quick, temporary relief by suggestion. It involves talking honestly and with increasing familiarity and intimacy between people who are equally committed to understanding the sufferer and his problem, with the aim of bringing about the change . It is difficult to draw a line of demarcation between psychotherapy and counselling.

Psychotherapy is classified broadly into three categories: Supportive psychotherapy, Re-educative psychotherapy and Reconstructive Psychotherapy. Though all the categories are equally effective in treating psychological problems, supportive psychotherapy is found to be simple, easy to implement and effective in solving sexual problems.

Supportive Psychotherapy :

The objectives are (a) strengthening the existing defenses (b) restoring to an adaptive equilibrium (c) elaborating new and better mechanisms of maintaining control.

Approaches applied under supportive psychotherapy are : Guidance : It aims at a specific disturbing problem that interferes with the adjustment . This includes education about the problem and social relationship.

  • Tension control: Tension provokes a variety of psychological symptoms that divert the person from concentrating on the tasks. Of the methods used to control this tension are self relaxation, self hypnosis , meditation and yoga. All these methods have basically 4 principles namely , minimization of external stimuli , focus on single stimulus , a state of passivity and comfortable position.
  • Externalisation of interests : By providing varied types of activites such as sports, crafts, games, fine arts the client is enocouraged to resume activities that were once meaningful to him. This contributes to lessening of the neurotic symptoms .
  • Reassurance : it is particularly valuable in cases of severely distressed clients who lack the capacity to handle their anxiety through their own resources.
  • Prestige suggestion : the suggestion is accepted  when it comes from prestigious authority. Hypnosis is important for reinforcing prestige suggestion.
  • Ventilation : this is most common method of relieving emotional tension. One talks over his problems with a professional person. The beneficial effects are due to the release of pent up feelings and emotions. 
  • Somatic therapy : this is an adjunct rather any from of psychotherapy, and has a positive effect on the morale of the client. It includes pharmacotherapy, psychosurgery, convulsive therapy etc.
6 people found this helpful

I use to give a blowjob to my boyfriend and I swallowed semen a month has been passed and I didn't get my periods I want to know did I got pregnant?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I use to give a blowjob to my boyfriend and I swallowed semen a month has been passed and I didn't get my periods I w...
With swallowing semen no one can get pregnant and to get pregnant, sufficient quantity of semen should be deposited in the vagina. Menses can get delayed because of hormonal changes. You r 100% not pregnant and wait for another 1 month for getting menses.
3 people found this helpful
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Hi doc I had unprotected sex with my gf 2 days earlier her period date ,n not ejaculated inside, But for safety I told her to take ipill. Will she get pregnant? & will periods delay.

BHMS PGCGO
Homeopath, Hubli-Dharwad
Hi doc
I had unprotected sex with my gf 2 days earlier her period date ,n not ejaculated inside,
But for safety I tol...
if you had sex two days prior to her expected date of periods then it's safe period for sex any how if she taken i pill also No problem. if Her periods got delayed No issue. few times due to tab it accur. and periods won't be under control
1 person found this helpful
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Can I take ayurvedic and allopathic medicines for pcos at a time? Pls give reply am really tensed with pcos.

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS), M.sc in yoga and naturopathy, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Ayurveda, Delhi
Can I take ayurvedic and allopathic medicines for pcos at a time? Pls give reply am really tensed with pcos.
Hi Lybrate user, yes you can. You should give at least 1-2 hours of gap between ayurveda and allopathic medicine. But it is best advisabale if you stick with one science do daily exercise or yoga for 1 hour eat healthy food avoid junk and fried food keep engaged always and mind should be free from stress and tension.
1 person found this helpful
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Hello doctor I have suffering from fibroadima in breast so please tell me how will remove my cyst permanently because due to my this problem I 'm too much disturb please help me doctor.

MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Kanpur
You need to be examined by surgeon and FNAC and mammography to be done and finally the lump has to be removed by surgery n sent for examination.
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Symptoms of delivery day last week what all happens before delivery. Especially body stomach changes.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
Symptoms of delivery day last week what all happens before delivery. Especially body stomach changes.
Hi lybrate user, you can have blood stained discharge, back ache, abdominal cramps. Breathing difficulties are reduced.
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MERI wife ko 16 sep ko periods Aaye the aur 22 ko complete huye to uska kehna hai ki kab sex Karne se wo pregnant hosakti hai. Kis date ko sex Karne se pregnant hogi. please give me a solution. Thank you.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
MERI wife ko 16 sep ko periods Aaye the aur 22 ko complete huye to uska kehna hai ki kab sex Karne se wo pregnant hos...
Jinka periods regular 28 din pe aata hai unko pregnancy rahne ka chances jyada hota hai jab intercourse 11 se 16 din kea as paas hota hai. Counting period ke pahle din se hota hai. Agar periods alag hai to alagse counting karna padta hai kyonki ovulation agle aanevale period se 14 din pahle hota hai. Magar sharir machine jaise kam nahi karta aur kyonki ek hi din hi pregnancy rah sakti hai 12 se 24 mahina prayatna karna chahiye
1 person found this helpful
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I want to knw is pcod is curable? Is that women has any kind of issues for being pregnant I want to knw this as she is my girlfriend and I want to marry so please sugest me what to do? G.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I want to knw is pcod is curable? Is that women has any kind of issues for being pregnant I want to knw this as she i...
PCOD is a disease where there is hormonal imbalance. Depending on your complaints, examination, reports and stage of life treatment differs and it also needs more time so get yourself treated with patience. Meet Gynecologist in whom you have trust as you will need to go for long time to him/her. Overweight is very common so in case you have that reduction of weight helps tremendously. In PCOD ovulation- release of ovum is deranged because of hormonal changes. So long time different trials are required to treat same so with patience continue consulting Gynecologist or infertility specialist in whom you have trust.
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Thalassemia - Symptoms Based on Types of Thalassemia

Clinical Hematology , MD, MBBS
Hematologist, Noida
Thalassemia - Symptoms Based on Types of Thalassemia

Thalassemia is a genetic (which is passed from parents to children through genes) blood disorder. People with Thalassemia disease are not able to make enough hemoglobin, which causes severe anemia. Hemoglobin is found in red blood cells and carries oxygen to all parts of the body. When there is not enough hemoglobin in the red blood cells, oxygen cannot get to all parts of the body. Organs then become starved for oxygen and are unable to function properly.

There are two types of Thalassemia disease

  1. Alpha Thalassemia disease: There are two main types of Alpha Thalassemia disease. Alpha Thalassemia Major is a very serious disease in which severe anemia begins even before birth. Pregnant women carrying affected fetuses are themselves at risk for serious pregnancy and delivery complications. Another type of Alpha Thalassemia is Hemoglobin H disease. There are varying degrees of Hemoglobin H disease.
  2. Beta Thalassemia disease: Beta Thalassemia Major (also called Cooley's Anemia) is a serious illness. Symptoms appear in the first two years of life and include paleness of the skin, poor appetite, irritability, and failure to grow. Proper treatment includes routine blood transfusions and other therapies.

Causes of Thalassemia

Thalassemia occurs when there’s an abnormality or mutation in one of the genes involved in hemoglobin production. You inherit this genetic defect from your parents.

If only one of the parents is a carrier for thalassemia, the child may develop a form of the disease known as thalassemia minor. If this occurs, the born child probably won’t have symptoms, but he/she will be a carrier of the disease. Some people with thalassemia minor do develop minor symptoms.

If both of your parents are carriers of thalassemia, you have a greater chance of inheriting a more serious form of the disease.

Symptoms

The symptoms depend on the type of thalassemia:

  • Thalassemia Minor: Thalassemia minor usually doesn’t cause any symptoms. If it does, it causes minor anemia.
  • Beta-thalassemia: Beta-thalassemia comes in two serious types, which are thalassemia major, or Cooley’s anemia, and thalassemia intermedia. The symptoms of thalassemia major generally appear before a child’s second birthday. The severe anemia related to this condition can be life-threatening. Other signs and symptoms include:
    • fussiness
    • paleness
    • frequent infections
    • a poor appetite
    • failure to thrive
    • jaundice, which is a yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes
    • enlarged organs

This form of thalassemia is usually so severe that it requires regular blood transfusions.

  • Alpha-thalassemia: Alpha-thalassemia also has two serious types, which are hemoglobin H disease and hydrops fetalis. Hemoglobin H disease can cause bone issues. The cheeks, forehead, and jaw may all overgrow. Hemoglobin H disease can cause:

    • jaundice, which is a yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes
    • an extremely enlarged spleen
    • malnourishment

Hydrops fetalis is an extremely severe form of thalassemia. It occurs before birth. Most individuals with this condition are either stillborn or die shortly after being born.

How is thalassemia diagnosed?

Thalassaemia is often detected during pregnancy or soon after birth.

  1. Screening during pregnancy: Screening to check if a baby is at risk of being born with thalassemia is offered to all pregnant women.
  2. Testing after birth or later in life: Newborn babies aren't routinely tested for thalassemia because the test used isn't always reliable soon after birth and the condition isn't immediately dangerous. However, the main form of the condition – beta thalassemia major – is often picked up as part of the newborn blood spot test (heel prick). A blood test can be carried out at any point to diagnose the condition if a child or adult has symptoms of thalassemia and the condition wasn't picked up earlier on.
  3. Testing for the Thalassemia Trait- A blood test can be done at any time to find out if you have the thalassemia trait and are at risk of having a child with the condition. This can be particularly useful if you have a family history of the condition or your partner is known to carry thalassemia.

If your child has thalassemia, blood tests may reveal:

  1. A low level of red blood cells
  2. Smaller than expected red blood cells
  3. Pale red blood cells
  4. Red blood cells that are varied in size and shape
  5. Red blood cells with uneven hemoglobin distribution, which gives the cells a bull's-eye appearance under the microscope

Blood tests may also be used to:

  1. Measure the amount of iron in your child's blood
  2. Evaluate his or her hemoglobin
  3. Perform DNA analysis to diagnose thalassemia or to determine if a person is carrying mutated hemoglobin genes

Treatment for Thalassemia-

The treatment for thalassemia depends on the type and severity of disease involved. Your doctor will give you a course of treatment that will work best for your particular case.

Some of the utilized treatments include:

  • blood transfusions
  • a bone marrow transplant (BMT)
  • medications and supplements
  • possible surgery to remove the spleen or gallbladder 

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

2603 people found this helpful

My period was missed from 12 th june consulted doctor after 1 week. She examined scanned and prescribed me a progesterone tablet for 5 days 2 tablets daily and told will get periods within 10 days after stopping tablet. Today is 10th day I don't get periods so I am confused what I should now.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
My period was missed from 12 th june consulted doctor after 1 week. She examined scanned and prescribed me a progeste...
Hello, relax! menstrual disorder is caused due to stress, anxiety, depression, malnutrition, anaemia, over exertion, pcod, thyroidism, resulting in, delayed, painful, excess & frequent blood flow during menstruation. * tk, plenty of water to hydrate yourself, to eliminate toxins & to dilute your blood to ease your problem. * go for meditation to reduce your stress, anxiety to calm your nerve to ease your stress. * your diet be simple, non- irritant, easily digestible on time to maintain your digestion. * tk, apple, carrots, cheese, milk, banana, papaya, spinach, almonds, walnuts to improve your haemoglobin to release your flow. * tk, homoeo medicne, gentle & rapid in action with no adverse effect, thereof. @ pulsatilla 30-6 pills, thrice a day. @ sepia200-6 pills, thrice a day. * ensure, sound sleep in d night for at least 7 hrs. * avoid, caffiene, junkfood, dust, smoke, exertion your feedback will highly b appreciated for further, follow up. Tk, care.
4 people found this helpful
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