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Kidney Stones Treatment
Removal Of Stitches Procedure
Corn Removal Procedure
Dressings Of Wounds Procedure
Varicose Vein Laser Treatment
Hernia Repair Surgery
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
Stitching Of Wounds Procedure
Treatment Of Deep Vein Thrombosis - Dvt
Male Breast Reduction Treatment
Prostate Laser Surgery
Gastric Bypass Surgery
Treatment of Bone Marrow Transplantation
Vascular Surgery Treatment
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I had one fibroadenoma in left breast. Bt before 6 months I operated. Now I don't have bt still sometimes I feel pain there. Soo please call you tell me what should i do & why its paining.
Doc please tell me a nice face wash and a moistriser for daily use my skin is normal but I have pigmentation on my face and I am 23 yrs old.
Which sunscreen is best for skin (face & body)? Which are best skin care products? And what should I do to increase my haemoglobin count?
Hi mam good morning my name is Vijay recently I was met with an accident so after 2 days my face became black because the blood clotted under the skin so that's why it became black on my cheeks under my eyes forehead everything became black after 20 days blackness all gone but under my CVS still have blackness like dark circles now its second month but still I have it so kindly please tell me how to get rid of blackness under my e y e s is there any cream please suggest me mam before my accident I did not have this blackness under my skin.
I have a skin problem, which was like white dots on the skin. What will be that problem? Whether it is allergy or skin disease? Please help me.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is also called as acid reflux. It is a long-term digestive disorder that affects the lower esophageal sphincter, the ring of muscle between the esophagus and stomach which causes the stomach contents to come back up into the esophagus resulting in either symptoms or complications. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is mild acid reflux that occurs at least twice a week or moderate-to-severe acid reflux which occurs at least once a week.
In western populations, GERD affects approximately 10% to 20% of the population and 0.4% newly develop the condition. In developed nations, the prevalence rate of GERD is associated with age; with adults aged 60 to 70 being the most commonly affected.
Signs and Symptoms
Esophageal symptoms include:
- Regurgitation of food or sour liquid
- Sensation of a lump in the throat
Extraesophageal symptoms include:
- Coughing and/or wheezing
- Hoarseness, sore throat, or laryngitis
- Otitis media
- Noncardiac chest pain
- Enamel erosion or other dental manifestations
- New or worsening asthma
- Disrupted sleep
- Hiatus hernia
- Scleroderma and systemic sclerosis
- The use of medicines such as prednisolone
- Delayed stomach emptying Zollinger-Ellison syndrome which can show an increase in gastric acidity because of gastrin production
- A high blood calcium level which can increase gastrin production, leading to increased acidity
- Visceroptosis or Glénard syndrome, in which the stomach has sunk in the abdomen upsetting the motility and acid secretion of the stomach.
Factors that can increase acid reflux involve:
- Smoking habit
- Eating heavy meals or eating late at night
- Eating fatty or fried foods
- Drinking certain beverages, such as alcohol or coffee
- Medications, such as aspirin
- Tight clothes
- Increased intra-abdominal pressure
- Heart disease causing chest pain
- Laryngopharyngeal reflux OR extraesophageal reflux disease
- Peptic ulcer
- Esophageal spasm
- Narrowing of the esophagus (esophageal stricture): Stomach acid causes the formation of a scar tissue which narrows the food pathway.
- An open sore in the esophagus (esophageal ulcer): Acid causes an open sore which bleeds, causes pain, and makes swallowing difficult.
- Precancerous changes in the esophagus (Barrett's esophagus): Damage from acid can cause changes in the tissue lining the lower esophagus
How to arrive at the diagnosis?
- Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy/esophagogastroduodenoscopy
- Esophageal manometry
- Ambulatory 24-hour pH monitoring
The goals of treatment are controlling symptoms, healing esophagitis, and prevention of recurrent esophagitis or other complications.
Lifestyle modifications include the following:
- Losing weight (if overweight)
- Eating small and frequent meals instead of large meals
- Waiting 3 hours after a meal to lie down
- Elevating the head end of the bed by 8 inches
- Avoiding bending or stooping positions
- H2 receptor antagonists (ranitidine, cimetidine)
- Proton pump inhibitors (omeprazole, pantoprazole)
- Prokinetic agents (aluminum hydroxide)
- Antacids (magnesium hydroxide)
- Transthoracic and transabdominal fundoplication
- Placement of a device to augment the lower esophageal sphincter
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Acne is a condition that usually occurs when you are in your adolescence, but sometimes it can happen when you are an adult as well. In women, it occurs when they have reached their menopausal age. The chances of adult acne occurring in women are higher than men.
What causes acne in adults
- Stress: If you are under stress on a regular basis, then the body tends to produce a hormone called androgen which stimulates oil glands in the skin, resulting in acne flare ups.
- Hormonal imbalance: Hormonal imbalance in the body may lead to acne breakouts. You may experience imbalances in your hormones during your periods or when you have reached menopause. Acne may also occur if you have started or stopped taking birth control pills abruptly.
- Family history: If other people in the family are prone to acne, then you may be genetically predisposed to it.
- Medications: There are certain medications which can cause acne to flare up. They contain chemicals that stimulate hormones in the body thus, resulting in acne.
- Skin products: If you have oily skin, then using products that contain oil may aggravate acne. They may also contain chemicals which may clog pores in your skin.
Symptoms of acne in adults are often seen as bumps on the skin, blisters filled with pus and inflamed black heads. Apart from these some people also witness hard and painful lumps beneath the skin.
- Stay away from junk food: Avoid eating junk food and fried foods as they can aggravate oiliness in the skin and result in pimples. Rather, replace them with natural foods and other complex carbs.
- Drink plenty of water: Drink plenty of water as it helps in filtering out the waste products and toxins from your body.
- Avoid smoking: Smoking causes blood vessels to narrow and thus, limits blood circulation in the body. This may cause multiple complications in your skin, acne being one of them.
If you wish to discuss about any specific skin problem, you can consult a specilized dermatologist and ask a free question.