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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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Doctor advised me to take deviry tablet for 5days. Can you help me in telling mg of the tablet to get menses. Deviry tablet mg and tablet full name? And how many times should I take the take 1time or 2times a day?
Hi I got cesarean delivery back 3nd half month but my bleeding was going on till yesterday because in report we got something placenta remain after that v done d&c but bleeding was going on it was 26mm n report then it came 18mmm thej 10 nd now its 8mm in report but yesterday my bleeding was stopped and today we joined in sex does there is any chances of becoming pregnant I do not want to be pregnant now so I became I feel scare so what is the solution exmpl any tablet is there to not become pregnant because we joined today so please let me know any solution quickly.
The inability to conceive after indulging in unprotected sex is known as infertility. It can also be referred to the biological incapability of a male to cause the conception or a woman being unable to carry the pregnancy for full-term. Research has shown that female problems contribute to over half of all the infertility cases while a majority of the other causes include sperm disorders.
Treatment of infertility depends on:
- Cause of Infertility
- Duration of Infertility
- Age of both partners
- Personal preferences
Causes of infertility in women include:
1. Ovulation disorders: This is regarded as the most common cause of infertility in women. The disorders can be caused due to the following
- Premature ovarian failure
- PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome)
- Poor egg quality
- Overactive or Underactive thyroid gland
- Chronic conditions like cancer or AIDS.
2. Problems in fallopian tubes or uterus: Abnormalities in the uterus or fallopian tubes render the woman incapable of conceiving naturally. This might be due to:
- Submucosal fibroids
- Previous sterilization treatment
3. Medications: There is a possibility that treatment will cure infertility. Examples include NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy. Treatment of infertility might involve a significant amount of psychological, physical, temporal and financial commitments. In men, treatment is done to treat lack of healthy sperm or general sexual problems. The treatments include:
- Change in lifestyle
- Sperm retrieval
Even though it is possible to restore fertility in women using only one or two therapies, a number of treatments might be required before conception is possible. Some of these treatments include:
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
- Stimulation of ovulation with fertility drugs
- Surgery to restore fertility
In situations where pregnancy does not happen spontaneously, Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) can be used by couples to achieve pregnancy. It is a form of fertility treatment which involves the handling of sperm and egg. The entire ART team consists of psychologists, physicians, embryologists, nurses and lab technicians.
One common ART technique is In vitro fertilization (IVF). It is a process where an egg and sperms are manually combined in a laboratory dish, followed by transfer of embryo to the uterus. Some aspects involved in an IVF cycle are:
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
- Assisted hatching
- Donor eggs or sperm
- Gestational carrier
Some complications that may occur during the treatment of infertility are:
- Multiple pregnancy
- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)
If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist and ask a free question.
Sweating during warm weather is very common, but if a person wakes up from bed soaked in sweat, it is not a pleasant feeling. It does not allow for a sound sleep, and may not always be related to warm weather.
There is no serious underlying medical issue, but it is always advisable to consult a doctor to get this corrected. The following are some common reasons that could lead to night sweats.
- Menopause: The hot flashes that are so popularly associated with menopause is one of the main reasons for night sweats. The presenting factors (woman, age, and other symptoms) should help arrive at this diagnosis. Hormonal levels can be checked to confirm if required. Even puberty and pregnancy can cause night sweats, due to hormonal level alterations.
- Infections: Most infections present with fever and night sweats are very common. Tuberculosis, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, influenza and even HIV can cause night sweats and hamper a person’s sleep. Most infections cause an increase in temperature, which is worse at night.
- Obstructive sleep apnea: The walls of the windpipe get narrowed, and the person might have short periods where the breathing just stops. These people are three times more likely to develop night sweats.
- Hypoglycemia: One of the most common symptoms of low blood sugar is night sweat. When the sugar drop happens during the time the person is sleeping, it is very common for the person to wake up soaked in sweat.
- Cancer: For some cancers, night sweats are one of the first warning signs. These cancers include lymphoma, and presence of symptoms like unexplained weight loss, fatigue, etc. should be addressed to rule out the possibility of cancer.
- Side effect of medications: Antidepressants, psychiatric drugs, anti-pyretic drugs, anti-virals, steroids, anti-diabetic medications, hormones, etc. can lead to night sweats. Suspected cases of night sweats should have their medications reviewed to see if any drug is causing the night sweats.
- Gastro-esophageal reflux disease: GERD, as it is popularly known, can cause night sweats in addition to heartburn. They would also have other symptoms of indigestion, which will help in identifying the problem.
- Neurologic disorders: Stroke, neuropathy and anxiety disorders can cause night sweats and would require psychotherapy in addition to medications.
- Idiopathic: And despite all these possible reasons, if there is no identifiable reason, it is known as idiopathic hyperhidrosis (increased sweating). The person produces too much sweat without any known underlying cause and can even wake up at night soaked in sweat.
Management: Identifying the underlying cause is the first step in treatment. It may require hormonal corrections, changing or withdrawing the causative medications, treating associated conditions, etc., as the case may be.
MRI or Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a process of reproducing images from the structures & organs of the insides of the body on the computer screen with the help of energy pulses generated from the radio waves using a magnetic field placed inside a special machine.
MRI is used to diagnose various medical conditions like internal injuries or bleeding, rupture of blood vessels & other internal infections. However, an MRI scan is also useful for diagnosis of brain tumors, brain strokes, spinal tumors, bone tumors, ruptured ligaments, breast cancers, aneurysm etc. MRI scan is also used to detect problems in liver, gallbladder, kidneys, eyes and ears that are otherwise unrecognisable.
On comparing it with other similar imaging processes like ultrasound imaging, CT scans & X-rays, you will come across the following facts:
- MRI can effortlessly produce images from different directions & orientations of one particular structure.
- MRI is also helpful for getting detailed & precise images of soft tissues in comparison to similar imaging processes.
- MRI provides a macroscopic overview of the body in contrast to other imaging processes like ultrasound which concentrates on a minute examination of your body parts.
- MRI is also useful to determine the limit to which cancer has spread in the body.
- MRI can be useful to detect health issues when other imaging processes fail, because of its multi-faceted image recording technique.
I am 20 years female n had sex two times at an interval of 4-5 months Got urinary infection both the time What should I do? Is it normal as it was my first n the second time that I did it.
A new study in The Journal of Sexual Medicine examines the way depression and anxiety during the pregnancy and postpartum periods affect a woman?s sexual life.
Researchers from Brazil and the United States found that depressive/anxiety symptoms, or DAS, can be linked to declines in sexual life for up to eighteen months after a baby is born.
While relationship and socioeconomic problems have been studied in relation to decreased sexual activity after woman gives birth, the association between DAS and sexual decline has not been clear.
The study focused on lower-income women who were receiving antenatal care at public primary clinics in S�o Paulo, Brazil. To learn more about sexual activity, research assistants interviewed the women between 20 and 30 weeks of pregnancy and again at some point during the eighteen months after delivery. During the postpartum period, the women completed the Self Report Questionnaire (SRQ-20), a tool that assesses depression and anxiety.
Eight-hundred thirty-one women participated during pregnancy. Of these, 644 women had resumed sexual activity and were available for follow up after delivery. The women?s mean age was 25 years and approximately 78% of them were living with a partner.
During the interview, the women were asked, ?Considering your sexual life before pregnancy, how would you describe your present sexual life: improved, the same, worsened??
Based on results of the SRQ-20, the women were divided into four groups:
? Group 1 had no DAS during pregnancy and the postpartum period.#11;
? Group 2 had DAS during pregnancy only.
#11;? Group 3 had DAS during the postpartum period only.#11;
? Group 4 had DAS during both pregnancy and the postpartum period.
About 21% of the women had seen their sex lives decline. This result was more likely among women in Group 3 (DAS during the postpartum period only) and Group 4 (DAS during both pregnancy and the postpartum period.)
Sexual decline was also associated with the mother?s age and the number of miscarriages she had had. The risk of sexual decline was twice as high for women over 30 when compared to younger women, a result that could be related to stress. Women who had had miscarriages had a 50% increase in the risk of sexual decline, which could be due to the emotional toll of miscarriage.
The researchers acknowledged that DAS and sexual decline could work in two ways. DAS could lead to sexual difficulties after delivery. But problems after delivery, such as episiotomies, could also lead to DAS.
The findings may help practitioners recognize DAS symptoms and their effects on the sex lives of lower-income women.
Pelvic Floor Dysfunction & Women?s Sexual Concerns
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and urinary incontinence can have many sexual repercussions for women. Recently, a team of European researchers described these problems in detail in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.
POP occurs when female pelvic organs drop and put pressure on the vaginal walls. Urinary incontinence (UI) refers to the loss of bladder control and leaking of urine. Both conditions can make women anxious about sex.
The authors explained that healthcare providers often do not consider themselves fully trained to treat sexual issues associated with POP and UI. Also, much research has focused on the quantitative aspects of sexual function for these women. The goal of this study was to add ?meaning and context? to the current literature.
Thirty-seven women between the ages of 31 and 64 participated. Each woman was about to have corrective surgery for POP, UI, or both POP and UI. All participants were sexually active except one, who avoided sex because of her condition, but wanted to start again after surgery.
Each woman was interviewed face-to-face, responding to open-ended questions about how POP and/or UI affected them sexually. Questions focused on desire, arousal, orgasm, pain, satisfaction, body image, partners, and intimacy. Because of a recording error, one interview could not be used. Therefore, results were based on interviews with thirty-six women.
Seventeen percent of the women said their sex lives were satisfactory, with no problems from POP or UI. Thirty-nine percent rated their sex lives negatively and 44% indicated that their sex lives were fine overall, but that certain aspects were negative.
Most Commonly Affected Sexual Areas
? Body image. Women with POP described their vaginas negatively, using descriptors like ?ugly? and ?not normal.? Those with UI were anxious about using incontinence pads and emitting urine odor. Many women felt embarrassed, depressed, unattractive, or undesirable. They were also concerned about their partner?s experience. For example, some women with POP worried that a partner could feel the prolapse.
? Desire. Many women found themselves less motivated to have sex because they feared pain and felt awkward. Some rushed through sex; others avoided sex altogether.
? Arousal. Distraction, fear of pain, and difficulty relaxing could all contribute to diminished arousal.
? Orgasm. Some women had trouble reaching orgasm because they couldn?t relax or ?let go.? Others found their orgasm less intense. Some didn?t allow themselves to reach orgasm because they feared incontinence.
? Pain. Women with POP were more likely to report discomfort or pain, which were mainly due to sexual position, the prolapse itself, or the fullness of their bladder.
The authors acknowledged that other factors, aside from POP and/or UI, could play a role in the women?s sexual problems. A partner?s sexual issues, relationship conflict, stress, and menopause could all be involved. ?Despite the profound effect of POP and/or UI, the confounding effect of these factors should not be overlooked when assessing female sexual function,? the authors wrote.
They also noted ways that healthcare providers can help women with POP and/or UI by addressing sexual problems. Letting patients know that these conditions are common may help them gain confidence.