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Dr. Rajeev Sudan talks about Glaucoma.
Hi, I am Dr. Rajeev. I am a consultant in Glaucoma Arch perfunctory surgery and Cataracts. Today I am going to talk about Glaucoma- a very important health issue. We must understand first, what Glaucoma is? Glaucoma is a condition in which the intraocular pressure of the eye doesn’t commensurate with its normal functioning.
Let’s talk about intraocular pressure and what intraocular pressure is? I’ll show you the diagram, the cut section of the eye. As you can see that eye is a hollow organ and so is to maintain its shape there has to be some intraocular pressure inside. This pressure is formed by the constant secretion of the fluid called aqueous and there is a constant ingress and egress which matches and maintains an intraocular pressure within a narrow range. Glaucoma is a condition in which the pressure of the eye increases and this increase in pressure effects the blood circulation to the optic nerve and as a result there is an optic nerve damage. This is how the vision of the eye is lost. This condition is called as Kala Motia. This is called Kala Motia because it’s a condition which silently destroys the vision and patient doesn’t come to know about it.
Glaucoma is a condition which doesn’t have any specific symptoms. There can be non-specific symptoms like heaviness of the eyes, frequent change of glasses, colored hallows round the eye, difficulty in moving around in dim light and in extreme cases you may have difficulty in walking around and missing objects in the periphery of eye. Glaucoma is a condition which can be hereditary if your parents or any of your siblings, sisters or cousins have suffered from Glaucoma then you have an increased high risk of developing Glaucoma late in your life.
If you are 45 and you have a family stay of Glaucoma, you must consult your ophthalmologist and get a screening for Glaucoma. The screen test involves testing your intraocular pressure. If the pressure is persistently beyond 28mm of mercury and the ocular findings are suggestive of Glaucoma, then we order certain special tests. The treatment is indicated if your pressure is persistently high and your visual feels or null fiber analysis shows abnormality. Open angle Glaucoma is a condition which is imminently treated with medication. We have very effective medicines available which can control intraocular pressure.
The surgery is needed only in cases where medicines cannot control intraocular pressure. In case you need any further information you can contact me through Lybrate or can contact me online through Lybrate.
I have the problem in my eyes since my birth. I wear glasses from kindergarten and now I'm in class 11th. How can I remove my glasses?
This is the worst time of the year, for your eyes. Pollution from firecrackers, smog due to weather change and generally ever increasing vehicular pollution adds up to be the worst for your eye health.
Protect your eyesight and take care of your eyes by following these simple daily eye care tips.
1. Eat Well: Protect your eyes from within. Eat for good vision. Eat foods that have various nutrients such as omega 3 fatty acids, zinc and lutein, vitamins A, C and E to keep eye problems at bay. Green leafy vegetables, salmon and other oily fishes, eggs and nuts, orange and citrus fruits are great for eyesight.
2. Quit Smoking: For better eye-care leave smoking. This simple activity can make you likelier to get optic nerve damage, macular degeneration and cataracts.
3. Have eye-care routine: Most of us don’t have an eye care routine, which is essential for keeping them fit. So, develop a good eye-care routine. In this routine, practice eye exercises, focusing eyes on a point far away to promote muscle development. Clean eyes everyday with fresh, clean water to reduce eye mites and other problems.
4. Wear Sunglasses: Wearing sunglasses on a regular basis will protect eyes from UV rays and ensure protection. This will help in reducing the chances of getting cataracts and developing macular degeneration.
5. Use Safety Wear: It is important that you regularly wear safety wear problems. For instance, for sports, wear eye protection products, sports goggles or protective face masks.
6. Look away from computer: A lot of us use computers too much for work and recreation. Now is the time to look away from it. Staring at the computer for long can cause eyestrain and blurry vision, trouble focusing at a distance and result in dry eyes as well as neck and shoulder pain with headaches. So, take regular breaks from that computer.
If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'Consult'.