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Dr. Pankaj

Ophthalmologist, Delhi

20 at clinic
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Dr. Pankaj Ophthalmologist, Delhi
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My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well....more
My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well.
More about Dr. Pankaj
Dr. Pankaj is a renowned Ophthalmologist in Gulabi Bagh, Delhi. You can visit him/her at N K Surana Hospital in Gulabi Bagh, Delhi. Save your time and book an appointment online with Dr. Pankaj on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Ophthalmologists in India. You will find Ophthalmologists with more than 29 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Ophthalmologists online in Delhi and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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N K Surana Hospital

Building No 219/220, N K Surana Marg, Gulabi Bagh. Landmark:-Behind Gurudwara, DelhiDelhi Get Directions
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I have recently suffered with headache from last 3 years, when I am reading a books and see a computer the headache will start, or my eyesight is totally correct, there is is no problem in my eyesight, please give me a right solution about this. Thank you.

BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
I have recently suffered with headache from last 3 years, when I am reading a books and see a computer the headache w...
Try homeopathic medicine belladona 30 three times a day and inform after 5 days. How long your pain lasts. Will advise you to blink your eyes every 20-30 minutes when you work on computer, also have good amount of green leafy vegetables in your diet.

Iam suffering from dark circles and skin allergy wt is the solution for this please tell me.

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Visakhapatnam
Iam suffering from dark circles and skin allergy wt is the solution for this please tell me.
Dark circles are due to Lack of eye rest Continuous use of laptop or moniters, genetical, Improper sleep, Increased vascularity around eye Odd time duties Take eye rest for a minimum of 8 hrs, Use black googles to cover eyes when travelling in day time, Take intermittent breaks who r working on laptops and monitors, Avoid rubbing of eyes, Don't apply any cosmetics to eye, Use medication specially made for eyes

For the last 2 days I have a eyebag below to my right eye. How can I remove that?

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
For the last 2 days I have a eyebag below to my right eye. How can I remove that?
Homoeopathic medicine pulsatilla nig 30 (dr reckeweg) drink 1 drop direct uo tongue daily night apis mel 30 (dr reckeweg) drink 2 drops direct on tongue 3 times daily precautions 1. Visit an eye specialist to rule out possibility of weak eyesight 2. Make sure your working area has ample lightening 3. Take precautions while using computers, mobile and watching tv 4. Have a sound and refreshing 8 hour sleep daily 5. Quit smoking if you do so 6. Drink 6-8 glass water daily 7. Daily bramari pranayam for 10-15 minutes. 8. Go for following tests blood-cbc, esr, thyroid profile, rft and urine examination routine.

My eyes are yellow from last 2 years. and nowadays my liver pains. What it could be ?

MD Unani
Unani Specialist, Patna
My eyes are yellow from last 2 years. and nowadays my liver pains. What it could be ?
U should consult with any physician. It may be jaundice. If yes then you should start unani medicine, which has the best solution for liver disease. You may consult me privately.
1 person found this helpful

Myopia - Symptoms, Types, Treatment And More!

MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Delhi
Myopia - Symptoms, Types, Treatment And More!

Myopia:

Myopia, also known as nearsightedness is a prevalent refractive disorder of the human eye, i.e. a disorder related to the abnormalities in the shape and size of the eyeball (or other parts of the eye), due to which the eye is not able to correctly focus light on the retina. 

In this condition, people are not able to see clearly objects that are far but can see close. Those having myopia usually find it difficult to watch TV or read the blackboard in school. 

Symptoms 

The most apparent symptom is that distant objects look blurred. Apart from this, some people may also have: 

• Squinting 

Headaches 

• Eye strain 

Fatigue while driving or during sports activities 

• Difficulty in reading road signs or blackboard in schools (for children with myopia)

 Causes: 

People with myopia have either extra-long eyeballs or their cornea is more curved due to which the light rays do not bend correctly into the eye, focusing in front of the retina, which is light-sensitive, instead of focusing directly on the retina, thus leading to blurred vision. 

Myopia can be inherited in families and its symptoms start appearing in childhood. It may improve or worsen with age if left untreated. 

While there is no proper evidence of whether myopia is a inheritable disease, but chances are that children whose parents are nearsighted, either one or both, may develop myopia.  

In fact, most of the times, the development of myopia in a person depends on how much care he/she takes of his/her eyes. People who work long hours at a computer, do extensive reading, or perform intense visual activities have greater chances of developing myopia. 

Usually, myopia/nearsightedness starts during childhood and gradually worsens around the age of 20. This doesn’t mean that myopia can’t occur in adults. In fact, it can also develop in adults because of eye stress or due to underlying diseases like diabetes

Complications/Types of Myopia 

Myopia can occur in varying degrees depending on: 

• the length of the eyeball, 

• how curved the cornea is, and 

• how strong the eye lens are. 

An eye test by the optometrist (optician) will show how much focusing power your eye has. Optometrists use Diopters to measure the focusing power of eyes. This shows how strong a lens needs to be to produce focused vision.  

It is generally written as “-5.00 dioptres (D)”. A minus sign on your glasses or contact lens prescription shows that you have myopia. A higher number means you have greater degree of near sightedness. Lens powers up to -3.00 dioptres (D) come under mild myopia. 

• Powers of -3.00 to -6.00D are considered moderate  

• Over and above -6.00D is taken as high myopia. 

Generally, people have myopia below -6.00D, but sometimes there may be cases of people having higher levels of myopia. The degree of their myopia can decide if there are further complications related to their eyes. People with myopia of up to -6.00D can easily deal with it with help of glasses or contact lenses, and they do not face further problems with their eyes. This is referred to as simple myopia. 

 High Myopia

In people with high myopia of more than -6.0 diopters or more, there is the risk of retina being detached. Retina is the tissue present at the back of the eye that sends image signals to the brain when light rays fall on it. If it is detached, it will be torn away from the choroid, the tissue lying under it. Retina gets its oxygen supply and other nutrients from the choroid. 

People with high myopia have the risk of developing cataract and glaucoma diseases. Cataract is the darkening of eye’s lens. Glaucoma is a set of diseases that impair the optic nerve, which transmits signs from the retina to the brain. Any of these conditions can lead to loss of sight. 

 Degenerative or pathological myopia  

People having higher than -6.00D myopia are at risk of few eye conditions that require more extensive treatment rather than correcting it with just contact lenses or glasses. This is called degenerative or pathological myopia, which is a rare condition. 

In this condition, the eyeball becomes excessively long that impairs the proper functioning of the retina, the optic nerve, the choroid, and other components of the eyes.  

Symptoms of degenerative myopia first emerge in childhood and gradually worsen once adolescence and adulthood is reached. There is no treatment to stop the elongation of the eye; but other complications like retinal detachment, macular edema (which happens due to building up of fluid in the center of the retina), and glaucoma can be corrected. 

Diagnosis/Treatment 

An eye test by an optometrist can detect if you have myopia. In general cases, contacts lenses, glasses or refractive surgery can easily treat your myopic condition. 

The prescription glasses or lenses are meant to support the eye in focusing light on your retina. That corrects your vision. 

Nowadays, people opt for eye surgery to correct their as they do not want to wear glasses or contact lenses. Common procedures for treatment of myopia are: 

• PRK (Photorefractive keratectomy): In this procedure, a laser is used to shape the mid layer of the cornea of the eye. This helps to flatten/correct the cornea’s curve which was preventing light rays to focus on the retina. After the correction of the cornea curve, the light rays can focus directly on the retina thus producing accurate images. 

LASIK surgery: This is a popular procedure and most preferred surgery for myopia. In this procedure, a laser is used to make a thin flap on the top of the cornea. The cornea is then shaped with another laser and the flap is brought back into its position. 

• Orthokeratology: This is a non-surgical method in which a person is made to wear specially designed Rigid Gas Permeable (RGP) or gas permeable contact lenses during the night. These lenses reshape the cornea while sleeping. Once the lenses are removed in the morning, the cornea retains the new shape for a temporary period, and the person is able to see clearly during the day without the help of any eyeglasses or corrective lenses. Orthokeratology also known as corneal refractive therapy (CRT) is effective only for improving mild to moderate levels of myopia for a temporary period. These procedures are used as alternatives to surgery for those persons who are not fit for LASIK or any other refractive surgery due to other health conditions. 

• Phakic intraocular lenses (IOLs) are another exclusive alternative for people who have high myopia and whose corneas, being very thin, do not permit LASIK and PRK surgeries. In this condition, Phakic lenses are surgically inserted into the eye to correct the focus of light on the retina. 

 Risk Factors 

Myopia is usually diagnosed around the ages of 8 to 12 (as per the National Eye Institute). At this age, the eyes are in the growth stage and the shape of the eyes may also change. A person diagnosed with myopia in childhood may remain nearsighted till adulthood.  Other people with diseases like diabetes may also become nearsighted at later stages. 

Nearsightedness often results in visual stress as a risk factor. If a person does extensive reading or uses laptops for long hours, he/she may suffer from eye strain. 

Nearsightedness or myopia can run in families. If your mother or father or both of them are nearsighted, it is much possible that you inherit the condition from them. 

 Preventing/Controlling Myopia 

The fast changing lifestyle and use of more technology and computers has further led to increase in the percentage of people being affected by myopia. Research and studies are ongoing to control the development of myopia in childhood itself. 

A lot of new techniques have been experimented upon — such as progressive lenses for children, bifocals, and gas permeable contact lenses — that have shown mixed results. 

A New Zealand research reported positive results from expressly designed "dual focus" soft contact lenses for controlling nearsightedness in children. These lenses are designed to reduce the inclination for unnecessary lengthening of the eye which causes myopia.  Such experimental lenses are still under research and are not available to use unless proper evidence of positive outcome is achieved. 

 Myths 

 Myth 1: Contact lenses or Glasses will worsen my Myopia

Reality: A common myth is that people think wearing glasses will further degrade their vision. But the truth is that prescription glasses help correct your vision and focus on objects more clearly. If there is any inconvenience like headaches or eye strain while wearing your lenses or spectacles, you need to check the power of your lenses which may be either high or low, thus causing headaches or eye stress. It is suggested that you conduct a comprehensive eye test to know the degree of your nearsightedness and get optimal lens upgrades.

 Myth 2: Using lesser Lens Power will control my Myopia  

Reality: Absolutely wrong! The lens power is determined only after a comprehensive eye exam by an optometrist. The power is prescribed as per the severity of the refractive error. If you use lesser power lens, it will not help see objects correctly as required and may even worsen the condition of your eyes.

 Myth 3: Childhood Myopia will improve with Age

Reality: There is no evidence to this myth. Myopia usually develops in childhood and may continue during adulthood. Also, there is no proof that a person cannot develop myopia in later ages.  Lifestyle irregularities and other diseases can trigger the onset of myopia in adults as well.

 Myth 4: LASIK Surgery will permanently cure Myopia

Reality: Undergoing LASIK is a proven method of correcting myopia. It helps correct the distorted shape of your cornea, leading to improved light focus.  It relieves you from wearing lenses and glasses for long. However, it does not guarantee that myopia will not reoccur in your life. With age and other health conditions, people may experience nearsightedness or other problems in vision.

 FAQs

Q: Why does Myopia occur?

Answer: Myopia occurs when the distance between your eyes’ front and back parts becomes too long. This is a refractive error which also results from incorrect curvature of your cornea or from thickening of your eye lenses. These abnormalities in the shape and size of eye parts cause light rays to be focused in front of the retina rather than directly on it.

 Q: What do I know if I have Myopia?

Answer: Common symptom is when you experience difficulties in understanding or seeing far objects easily.  You will still have no problems in seeing close objects. You may also get eyestrain and headaches while working or doing computer tasks. Street signs may appear blurred while driving. In all such cases, you need to visit your Ophthalmologist to check your eyes.

 Q: Can myopia be inherited?

Answer: Yes, heredity may be one reason in your chances of developing this problem. If your parents are nearsighted, you may develop this problem as well. However, there are other causes that may lead to this condition apart from getting it from your families.

 Q: How is Myopia controlled?

Answer: Getting corrective lenses and eyeglasses can cure the problem that occurs due to myopia. It will help focus light rays correctly on your retina, and you will be able to see better images from a distance.  

You may also consider LASIK and other refractive surgeries. Apart from these, yoga and vision therapy are also becoming popular means of maintaining eye health. These are meant to perform eye exercises, thus inducing enhanced coordination of your eyes with the brain.

 Q: Are reading glasses same as distance glasses or different?

Answer: Reading glasses (with a plus sign) are convex lenses that move objects far away and reduce accommodation (focusing effort). Distance glasses, called minus lenses, are concave lenses that move objects closer and increase accommodation.

 Q: When and for how long should plus lenses be used?

Answer: Plus lenses should be while extensive reading, computer use, while watching TV, and during other activities that require close examination.  

 Q: What to do when eyes become too tired or stressed when wearing plus lenses?

Answer: Stop wearing them for some time and if the problem persists, consult your eye doctor to examine your eyes.

My friends eye spec number is increasing day by day. His age is 34. In last 3 years 3 times his spec no increased.

BHMS
Homeopath, Greater Noida
My friends eye spec number is increasing day by day. His age is 34. In last 3 years 3 times his spec no increased.
U have to take proper and symptomatic treatment in homoeopathy. Some medicine as euphrasia 200 and cineraria martima eye drop has good result in such cases and take vitamin c rich diet and green leafy vegetables
1 person found this helpful

I have red eyes and feeling jealousy in my eyes because of this I can't sleep properly its very bad for my eyes.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
I have red eyes and feeling jealousy in my eyes because of this I can't sleep properly its very bad for my eyes.
Take Belladonna 30, 3 drops, thrice daily. Use Schwabe's cmd2, eye drop. instill 2 drops in each eye twice daily. Wash your eyes with cold water twice daily. Revert me after 1 week. Take care.

I feel my near eye side giving problem and I checked found ok. But after every evening my eyes go down tired. How I can improve.

FPRS, DNB Ophtalmology
Ophthalmologist, Pune
I feel my near eye side giving problem and I checked found ok. But after every evening my eyes go down tired. How I c...
Most common cause is having a spectacles power. Just get it checked with nearest eye care specialist

I've been having eye ache from the past week. And headache too. Headache in the sense on the sides of my head and I thought may be it's due to lack of sleep. I've moved to Australia 2 months ago and I've started working. I'm not able to sleep on time due to working hours. And from the past 2 days I'm not able to fall asleep even though I'm trying to. I'm not able to have deep sleep. May I know what the problem is.

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
I've been having eye ache from the past week. And headache too. Headache in the sense on the sides of my head and I t...
1.You may be having anxiety or stress. Avoid stress. 2.You need 7-8 hours of sound sleep to remain healthy. 3.Go for regular exercise, Take part in games and sports, 4.Do yoga, meditation and deep breathing exercise like pranayama to calm your mind, control your emotion, relieve anxiety and improve concentration. 5.Adhere to a specific sleep time and regular schedule 6.Take light dinner. 7.Avoid taking tea/coffee at bed time. Have a glass of warm milk at bed time . 8. Don’t go to sleep immediately after dinner.Take a small walk after dinner and if possible take hot water bath before sleep. Read a light magazine or interesting book before going to bed 9. Avoid late night. 10.Don’t sleep in day time 11.Don’t take sleeping pill 12. If no relief consult doctor
1 person found this helpful

I have red eyes from last 4 days and urine colour is pale yellow and also have weakness and vomiting what was the problem.

Ex Sen.V.Surgeon/Research Scientist, M.D.(Alternative Medicine/tibetan/chinese/acupuncture), Vaida/ Unani, Homeopath
Unani Specialist, Moga
I have red eyes from last 4 days and urine colour is pale yellow and also have weakness and vomiting what was the pro...
Hi dear - you r suffering red eye disease called viral conjuctivitis - you may take homeo med ;- ipecauc-30 - belladonna 200 3 times each-- alternately-- 1 day and report me.
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