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What could be the reason for an enlarged prostate and can I continue to live a healthy life with it and have kids?
She is being diagnosed with Carcinoma in Sigmoid colon 1st stage please suggest us with further procedure.
Does painless oral ulcer which does not heal within 1 month is always a cancer, or something else.Please tell.
Advice to use monurol sachet for chronic prostatitis? Have undergone surgery for removal of prostate (non cancer related)
I am a 60 years old male and have an enlarged prostate Grade 2-43 gms. I am employed and have been told to get a cure certificate within 4 months. Please advise medication.
I am 29 year old boy suffering from bacterial prostatitis klabsila bacteria is found in the semen culture .I am from shimla. I go to Delhi in medanta hospital. Delhi urologist said that this is chronic prostatitis so I should take ciprofloxacin500 mg twice a day for 6 months I start treatment and back to shimla In shimla urologist said that I take ciprofloxacin500 mg twice a day for 3 months and then single the dose. My question is in prostatitis ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice or once for 6 months. Reply me doctor?
I am 17 years old, weight is 65 kg. I am having a guilty in my right breast inside nipple. It pains when someone touches or hits. I am male. I am very scared that is it male breast cancer? Please suggest me some home remedies. Also, suggest me medicines.
Penile cancer occurs when cancerous cells form on tissues of the penis. If caught early, penile cancer is treatable. In early stages, a cancerous tumour can be removed with little or no damage to the penis. But if it is diagnosed late, a man may lose part of or all of his penis and sometimes his life too. Hence, it’s vital that you know more about this cancer.
But first, a small primer on the penis.
The penis has two types of erectile tissues, the spongy tissue that gets engorged with blood leading to an erection:
- Corpora cavernosa: This tissue forms most of the penis.
- Corpus spongiosum: This tissue forms a small portion of the penis. It also surrounds the urethra, a tube that transports urine and sperm to outside.
The erectile tissue comes wrapped in connective tissue and skin to form the organ.
Penile cancer is usually found on the ‘glans’ or tip of the penis, but can also occur on the shaft of the penis. Some of the common symptoms of penile cancer include sores and lumps on the penis, redness or irritation on the penis and blood discharge.
Factors that increase the risk of developing penile cancer
- Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV): This virus causes cervical cancer in women. Unprotected skin-to-skin contact as well as unprotected sex with multiple partners, increases the risk of a man getting HPV infection.
- Not being circumcised at birth: Circumcision, an operation in which a part or the entire foreskin is removed surgically is a big protection from penile cancer.
- Phimosis: This is a condition in which the foreskin cannot be pulled back over the glans or tip of the penis.
- Poor hygiene
- UV treatment for psoriasis
- Use of tobacco: The chemicals in tobacco smoke lead to genetic changes in cells of the penis, thereby leading to cancer.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Detection and diagnosis are done using tests like a biopsy in which a small sample of tissue is removed from the penis and tested for abnormalities due to cancer.
Chances of Survival
Treatment of penile cancer depends on what stage it is detected at and so is prognosis. The location and size of tumour, and whether cancer has just been diagnosed or has recurred also affect prognosis.
For stage I and II penile cancer or cancer that is limited only to the penis, the five-year survival rate is 85%.
The survival rate dips substantially if cancer is diagnosed after it has spread to surrounding tissues or lymph nodes in stage III or IV. The five-year survival rate is just about 59%.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Hello, Meri age 25 years hai. Or meri pareshani ye hai ki mere left wale breast me lumps hai jo thoda hard sa feel hota hai or kbhi kbhi pain bhi hota hai. One month se hai.
Good Evening Everybody! Today, 27 July, is declared as an oral cancer day. So, it is mandatory, I talk a little bit about oral cancer or some cancers. So, let's discuss about oral cancer.
How does oral cancer present or what is it actually? An oral cancer is an abnormal growth which presents anywhere from lip to the tongue which may cause a gingiva or the oral cavity inside anywhere. How can you find that you have this problem? If you find a small growth anywhere like ulcer and swelling for let's say for 3 weeks , if you have difficulty in swallowing or change in voice or if you have difficulty in speaking, you must get worried about it and visit your nearest doctor to show what is it because we cannot take a chance.
Moreover, if you a history of smoking, tobacco chewing or if you have any HPV infections, these all are the risk factors which we have to consider. Once you reach your doctor, we have to see exactly what is it. We have to investigate that. What do we need to do? We need to do a small biopsy of that region so that we can have the exact knowledge of what is the disease all about - inflammatory or cancerous .
If it is an inflammatory disease, medicines can help. It can also lead to cancerous growth so that if cancer comes on biopsy, we need further investigation like CTO or MRI to look into the extent of the disease. So what we need to do for the treatment ? Treatment can be surgical or it has to be radio or chemotherapy along with the other modalities depending upon your stage. The earlier we detect your region, the survival is better. And if one person survives better, the family survives better. So, prevention is always better than cure.
How can you prevent these cancers? We all know that smoking is injuries to health. Just quit smoking. If you are an alcoholic, quit alcohol or take in low and moderate amount. Tobacco consumptions may be harmful. Avoid sun exposures and direct exposures to the areas like lips where again the regions can harm and can be cancerous. So, if we can help ourselves or anybody else who suffering from such a disease or anybody who can be prevented, so it will be good. Thank You!