Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 34 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Delhi and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
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Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
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The human body is host to many microbes such as bacteria, fungi and other organisms. These organisms are natural to the body and are required for many functions. The female reproductive organ or the vagina is one such organ that is home to many such bacteria that help in maintaining the correct vaginal pH balance, the ultimate requisite for a healthy vagina.
However, if this delicate balance within the various micro-organisms is disrupted, it may cause problems such as irritation and itching.
Causes of vaginal itching and irritation
- Yeast infection: Just like bacteria, yeast is also present within the vagina and is required for a healthy pH balance within it. However, due to various factors, this balance can go topsy-turvy, thus causing yeast infections. The infections may cause a thick white discharge along with excessive itching and irritation.
- Skin irritation due to foreign products or contact dermatitis: This problem can occur on the skin of your body as well as the vagina. Dermatitis or irritation may be caused due to perfumes, products such as tampons, or sanitary napkins, detergents used to wash underwear, lubricants, and condoms among others.
- Common vaginal infections or bacterial vaginosis: This is the most common form of vaginal infection that women have reported to their gynaecologists. Just like yeast infections occur due to an imbalance in the level of healthy fungi within the vagina, bacterial vaginosis occurs when there is an imbalance with the levels of healthy bacteria within the body.
- Sexually transmitted disease or infections: This is also a very common reason for vaginal itching and irritation. Some of the common STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) or infections such as Chlamydia, Gonorrhea and Genital herpes can all cause irritation and in most cases, will result in itching. Pubic lice, also commonly referred to as crabs, can cause itching and are mostly transferred through sexual contact.
- Hormonal changes within the body: This is another common and major factor for changes within the human body and can especially create problems within the female reproductive systems. If you start or stop taking contraceptive pills, have irregular periods, are pregnant or approaching menopause, your hormones may fluctuate a lot. This will result in changes within the vagina and thus, may cause itching and irritation.
- Skin disorders such psoriasis and eczema: Certain underlying conditions within the body may cause problems, such as psoriasis and eczema. These may end up causing infections near the vagina and result in itchiness and irritation as well.
Although you can try out home remedies, it is advisable to go to a doctor and get yourself checked for either gynaecological issues or underlying physiological issues which may be causing the problems in the first place. Some of the medications that could be prescribed to you could be anti-inflammatory drugs as well as antibiotics, either in the form of oral medications or topical ointments. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.
Did sex with condom but In dout situation sperm enter inside her or not after sex she took ipill within 48 hr not please tell how to work ipill effect to her body in dout situation?
My mother was attacked by breast tumour in her left breast so it was deducted in 1998 .now she is well but her left arm has been heavy and some time feels pain have its any treatment?
I am 25 years old and now 26 weeks pregnant how to increase my baby weight by foods. I am scare because of my anemic problem it will affect my baby. So how to recover tis problem.
I want to conceive and my periods are regular. Can I use folic acid tablets? In how many months we use folic acid tablets before pregnancy? What are precautions taken to become conceive?
Cancer is the term that is used to describe a wide variety of malignant diseases. It is the second commonest cause of death in the world.
• The exact causesfor cancer is not known.
• It is multi-factorial disease – many factors contribute or predispose this condition.
• Modern diet – increased intake of junk food and decreased intake of fibers and roughage. adulteration of food, over milk and vegetables production by uses of hormones,
• Age, environmental pollutants or social, emotional factors influence the disease. stress
• Family tendency. nuclear family, working women, always stress in life, alcohol, smoking in female
• Exposure to radiations. over uses of gazett, mobile, internet, radiation in atmosphere
• Occupational exposure to pollutants – lung cancer.
• Increased consumption of cigarettes - lung cancer.
• Tobacco chewing – oral cancer.
• Chronic alcoholics – liver cancer.
• Use of contraception, excess sexual freedom, virginity, women with no children – cervical and uterine cancer
* Uses of hormones, antibiotics, antiallergic and steroids frequent since childhood during cold coryza cough, bronchitis, pneumonia, many disease
* More vaccination
• Late marriages, women who have not breast fed there children – breast cancer.
• Non vegetarian diet especially high consumption of meat and red meat.
• Obesity hypertension and diabetes have been seen to be associated symptoms.
SIGN AND SYMPTOMS:
• Most of the time there is no presentation no pain, cancer usually is detected accidentally and by the time it is detected it has spread in the whole body.
• Painless swelling in breast or at the site of cancer.
• Intracranial space occupying lesions can present with fits, severe headaches, vomiting, papilloedema.
• Abdominal lesions can cause constipation.
• Bronchial lesions present with cough & shortness of breath.
• Hemorrhage from various orifices.
• Pain either due to nerve compression or due to distension of an organ.
• There can be deep bone pains or referred pains.
• In terminal cases depression, loneliness & irritability.
• Tumor may cause obstruction affecting ingestion, digestion absorption, malabsorption through secondary intestinal changes.
• Pain, fatigue, depression, Anxiety, Nausea vomiting and diarrhea.
• Taste changes- mouth blindness develops – bitter and sweet thresholds are altered. Patient will avoid chocolate, coffee, tea, red wine, citrus fruits red meat cheese due to altered taste
• Low intake of food can cause severe weakness
• Loss of weight.
• Food aversion
• Early satiety
• Loss of body cell mass
• Emaciation- loss of subcutaneous fat and body protein leading to weight loss and muscle weakness.
• Metabolic disorders – altered metabolism of fats, proteins, carbohydrates, glucose, vitamins, minerals and electrolytes.
• Immunodepression- changes in the function of the immune system.
• Hyponatraemia and Hypercalcaemia
• Acid-base imbalance
• All these symptoms can be exacerbated by cancer treatment like chemotherapy or radiation.
• Give high energy and high protein diet.
• Wide variety of food should be selected to ensure all vitamins and minerals are included in the diet.
– Increase intake of antioxidants like vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium.
• Include Japanese sea vegetables (arame, hijiki, kombu, nori) in diet if available, they are remarkably nutritious.
• Wheat grass juice is recommended – grow wheat grains in a pot – grass comes up in a weeks time so its advisable to plant seven pots so as to have every days supply. Extract juice from these grass and consume twice a day. It helps you to develop immunity and remove toxins from the body.
• Consume ½ cup of bitter gourd every morning. Advisable to add little ginger and turmeric to it. You can also add honey or jaggery to it, to alter its bitter taste if required.
• Daily eat 3-4 mint and basil leaves.
• Have high energy food / drink like sugarcane juice, fats.
• Consumption of sesame seed / oil is advised as it is a very good tonic and has anti-cancer properties.
• During the cancer affections and treatment, there is high demand for energy hence fats are required in high amount. Hence it is recommended to fry food rather than grilling them.
• Vegetarians should increase their consumption of pulses and legumes (peas and beans).
• Consumption of fresh fruits and raw vegetables is advised.
• Milk and milk products should be avoided to those patients with intestinal damage who are also lactose intolerant or those who cannot tolerate, digest or absorb a normal diet in such case liquid supplement formula can be used.
• Multivitamin supplements may be required in case of digestive and metabolic disorders. Should be taken as indicated by your physician.
• Tube feeding can be used in patients who cannot or are unwilling to take food orally.
• Parentral feeding – is considered when there is gastro-intestinal tumors or gastro-intestinal tract is not functioning.
I consumed veg mayonnaise and red chilly sauce today in bargar is it safe for me and my baby pls tel me.
Pregnancy is a period that brings about a plethora of changes in a couple's life. From planning the baby's arrival to the personal needs, things no longer remain the same. During pregnancy, the sex life of many couples goes for a toss. There are many myths surrounding sex during pregnancy. In this article, we will discuss the facts about sex during pregnancy as well as a host of other things that one should take care of to ensure a healthy pregnancy.
Facts About Sex During Pregnancy-
- Some women complain of a low sexual desire (low libido), especially during the first trimester. This is normal, as, in addition to the hormonal changes, you are experiencing a lot of physical complications and discomfort such as morning sickness, depression, to name a few. However, with the progression to the second and third trimesters, the condition improves to a great extent (increased libido). A proper understanding and patience between the couples can be of immense help.
- As opposed to many popular beliefs and myths, in case of an uncomplicated and healthy pregnancy, sex neither affects the baby nor the pregnancy. Inside the womb, the amniotic sac and the uterine muscles act as protective shields safeguarding the fetus. It is also a well-known fact that during sex, the penis can never penetrate beyond the vagina, thus keeping the baby safe and unharmed. However, if you complain of any discomfort (such as bleeding or severe pain) after the intercourse, consult your attending physician immediately.
- Another myth that does the round is having sex during pregnancy can induce early labor. As stated above, in a healthy pregnancy, sex seldom triggers any complications. In spite of having sex, you will go into labor only when it is due. There may be some contractions but there is nothing to panic.
- During pregnancy, the best position to have sex is one in which both the partners, especially the woman (for obvious reasons), are comfortable. Experimenting too much may not be a wise idea.
- If needed, take the necessary protections (male or female conditions) to avoid any sexually transmitted infections or diseases.
- Contraindications: Conditions like signs of preterm labor, vaginal bleeding, placenta previa, cervical incompetence, or you are carrying multiples where sex is strictly prohibited.
Factors to ensure a healthy pregnancy-
With pregnancy, the nutritional requirements of a woman changes (needs additional nutrients as the baby derives nutrition from the mother). Thus, the diet should be nutritionally balanced. Essential nutrients during pregnancy-
- Protein plays a pivotal role in the fetal development, especially as a woman enters into the second and third trimester of pregnancy (a period marked by accelerated fetal development).
- Daily protein requirement for a pregnant woman (based on the body weight):- 40gms-70gms of protein daily.
- Sources of dietary proteins:- Lean meat, beans, milk, cheese, yogurt, tofu, fish avoid fish rich in mercury), poultry, eggs, to name a few.
- Prenatal vitamins: Pregnant women are often advised to take prenatal vitamins and minerals to ensure the nutritional requirement of the body is taken care of benefitting both the mother and the baby.
- While the prenatal vitamins include a myriad of vitamins, minerals, omega-3 fatty acids, a prenatal vitamin that deserve a special mention is a Folic Acid.
- Folic Acid: Also known as Folate, this synthetic form of Vitamin B9 plays a pivotal role in minimizing the incidences of Neural Tube Defects, especially Spina Bifida (congenital spinal defect), and Anencephaly (a severe congenital disorder of the brain).
- Folic acid goes a long way in preventing preeclampsia and in the normal functioning of the DNA, including the DNA repair and synthesis. The synthesis of the healthy RBCs is also dependent on folic acid.
- The daily requirement of folic acid for a pregnant woman:- 600 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid during the first trimester (should not exceed 1000 mcg per day).
(II) Relax as much as you can:
- From backaches to cramps to insomnia, pregnancy comes with its share of discomfort, especially during the first and third trimester. Thus, one needs to take rest.
- Sleep can work wonders to refresh and rejuvenate the body.
- Supporting your back or the belly with a pillow can work wonders ensuring a sound, uninterrupted sleep.
- In addition to this, prenatal massages by an expert can go a long way to ease the body pain.
- Prenatal yoga and stretches can also prove to be beneficial.
- Resting lying in left lateral position is best during pregnancy.
(III) Travel during pregnancy:
- As long as there are no identified complications or concerns with your pregnancy, it is generally safe to travel at all times during your pregnancy. The ideal time to travel during pregnancy is the second trimester.
- Air travel before week 36 of pregnancy is considered safe for women who have healthy pregnancies. You should check with your gynaecologist before you fly.
(IV) Drinking and smoking during pregnancy can result in deleterious consequences.
- When one consumes alcohol during pregnancy, it reaches the fetus via the bloodstream resulting in elevated levels of blood alcohol in the fetus. This condition is dangerous and may trigger stillbirths or even a miscarriage. Further, there may be developmental disorders in the child along with low birth weight. It can also trigger Fetal alcohol syndrome characterized by disorders of the CNS, heart problems, facial abnormality and poor and altered growth.
- One of the harmful effects of smoking during pregnancy includes stillbirths, low birth weights, sudden infant death syndrome, to name a few.
- Avoid constipation: As it can lead to piles, drink plenty of water and also include plenty fibre in your diet.
(V) Cutting down on the caffeine intake (less than 200 mg per day) is important to avoid pregnancy-related complications such as miscarriage or inadequate iron absorption.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!