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The liver is a key organ in metabolism and will have some amount of fat. However, excessive fat accumulation in the liver can be abnormal and is referred to as fatty liver. If the fat content exceeds anything more than 5% to 10% of the liver’s weight, it would be referred to as fatty liver.
Types - There are mainly two types based on causes:
- Alcoholic fatty liver: This is very common in people who consume excessive amounts of alcohol. Even a one-off instance of binge drinking can cause increased fat accumulation in the liver, but it would not produce any symptoms though. Preexisting hepatitis, pregnancy, obesity, and genetic predisposition may also lead to alcoholic liver disease.
- Non-alcoholic liver disease: This is the less common type of fatty liver, and there would be no alcoholic abuse history here. However, there could be genetic predisposition, obesity, autoimmune liver disease, malnutrition, which can lead to this condition.
Fatty liver disease is a chronic condition with insidious onset (meaning to say, the exact time of onset cannot be pinpointed). However, as the disease condition progresses, symptoms will become evident, which can trigger a medical evaluation to identify the fatty liver. Some of the symptoms include:
- Excessive fatigue and weakness
- Unexplained weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Trouble focusing and concentrating
- Impaired judgment
- Constant, slow enlargement of the liver can cause pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen (where the liver is)
- There could be jaundice, where the skin and the white of the eyes turn pale yellow
- Symptoms of liver failure, including increased levels of proteins in the chemical tests.
As noted earlier, it is not easy to identify liver disease, as there are no specific symptoms. However, the above symptoms could point to a potential fatty liver.
- Blood tests, especially for liver enzymes
- Ultrasound, where the liver is imaged to look for any structural changes
- Biopsy, where liver tissue is extracted to confirm the diagnosis of fatty liver
There is no specific treatment for fatty liver. It can be managed through the following, where symptoms reduce in severity, and overall prognosis improves.
- Diabetes control: There is a relation between how well diabetes is controlled and severity of fatty liver. Improving diabetes control ensures fatty liver does not progress.
- Alcohol: Cutting down or even better quitting alcohol, definitely helps improve symptoms. If it is alcohol induced fatty liver, alcohol should be stopped.
- Weight management: Obesity and fatty liver are related, so weight management is essential.
- Healthy diet: Eating a healthy diet and regular exercise regimen also helps improve symptoms of fatty liver.
Hi. My father is a patient of anemia. He is facing the digestive and gas issues. Does peppermint tea is good for him, if yes, then which time he may take this after meal of before meal. How many cup he may take in a day.
Having itching in anal & surrounding area. Stickiness & bad odour. It's happening for almost a year.
I am 26 years old, according to ultrasound report my liver was enlarged in size 13.8 cm with early hepatitis in march. Later I took some medicines but again in august report shows mildly enlarged liver 14.5 cm with grade 1 fatty changes. Previously I was drinking but now I stopped from 1 year. In between I took allopathic medicines but those were not affective but later I took homeopathic so for around 2 months my condition became better. But now again I faces same problem, after taking food my stomach gets upset. If I eat oily food my stomach become upset. And even after taking milk products like tea. Coffee or anything my stomach becomes upset. Please suggest me what to do .which doctor to prefer homeopathic or allopathic.
I have a sitting job and my weight has increased so much from 85 to 97 kg in a year. Also I have a big problem of higher acidity. please help.
Hello Sir I am 24 year old male. I am suffering from acidity problem (severe) with shortness of breath (severe. I have done bloodtest, urine test, chest x-ray, ecg every test is normal. I am very afraid what to do. Please suggest me. I am suffering this from last 7 months.
1. People then pass the gas either by burping or flatulence through the rectum. At times, though, people suffer from excess gas that can be painful and embarrassing. Understanding how to reduce excess gas can help your stomach feel normal. Keep reading to learn how to prevent excess gas.
Identify foods that give you excess gas. You may already know what foods cause you to have excess gas, but if not, start keeping a journal of the foods you eat to determine what foods seem to be causing your excess gas.
Once you have determined what foods are causing your excess gas, limit your consumption of those foods or avoid them entirely. Some of the most common gas producing foods include
Vegetables such as broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, and cauliflower.
Beans and other legumes.
Fruits such as peaches, pears, and raw apples.
Whole wheat products and wheat bran.
Carbonated drinks, fruit drinks, beer, and red wine.
Fried and fatty foods.
Sugar and sugar substitutes.
Milk and other dairy products.
Eat slowly. Eating too quickly causes you to swallow air, which may cause you to have excess gas. To prevent this side effect, take your time when you eat. Chew your food well and take breaks between bites to slow down your eating and reduce the amount of gas that you swallow
Brush your teeth between meals instead of chewing on gum or mints. Chewing on gum or sucking on mints or hard candies can cause you to swallow excess air, which may lead to excess gas. Try brushing your teeth between meals instead to reduce the amount of excess air that you swallow.
Sip beverages from the glass, not through a straw. Drinking through a straw can cause you to swallow extra air, which can lead to excess gas. Instead of drinking through a straw, sip your drinks right from the glass.
Make sure that your dentures fit well. Ill-fitting dentures can cause you to swallow excess air when you eat and drink. If your dentures are not fitting well, schedule an appointment with your dentist to have your dentures adjusted.