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Treatment of Cancer
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The cancer of the ovaries is known as ovarian cancer. In women there are two ovaries present on each side of the uterus. These ovaries are as big as an almondin size and produce egg also known as ova. They also secrete the hormones progesterone and estrogen.
Ovarian cancer goes undetected until it spreads to the abdomen and pelvis. When detected at this stage then it might be fatal and the treatment gets difficult. An early stage ovarian cancer where the cancer is restricted in the ovaries is much easier to treat with high success rates.
Risk Factors of Ovarian Cancer :
- Age - With increasing age the risk of ovarian cancer is higher and is more common in women who are 60 and above. It is less common in women below 40 years of age and develops often after menopause.Obesity Women who have a body mass index of 30 are at a risk of developing ovarian cancer.
- History of Reproduction - It is believed that women who conceive before 26 and carry the full term have a lower risk of ovarian cancer. However, the risk is higher in those women who get pregnant after 35 or who do not have a full term pregnancy. Also, breastfeeding the baby lowers the risk.
- Gene Mutation - Inherited gene mutation causes some percentage of ovarian cancer. These genes are called breast cancer genes 1 and 2 (BRCA1 and BRCA2). These were initially found in cases with breast cancer but also pose great risk for ovarian cancer. Also, gene mutation leading to Lynch syndrome plays an important role in increasing the risk of ovarian cancer.
- Family History - If a woman's mother, sister or daughter is suffering from ovarian cancer then she is at a higher risk of developing the same. The risk also increases if someone from the father&amp;#x2019;s side also has ovarian cancer.
- Fertility Drugs - Drugs like clomiphene citrate, if used for more than a year can increase the risk of the cancer. The risk is even higher if a woman taking the drug does not get pregnant.
- Hormone Therapy and Estrogen Therapy - Long term use and large doses of estrogen can cause an increased risk. However, if estrogen is used in combination with progesterone then the risk is less.
- Age of menstruation and menopause - If menstruation starts before 12 and menopause occurs before 52 then there is a higher risk of getting the cancer.
- Diet - A low fat vegetarian diet has less risk of the disease. Fresh fruit and vegetables should be included in diet along with pulses, rice, pasta, beans, cereals and breads.
I am 53 years old operated for breast cancer on april 14th 2015 my eris negative mypr is negative my her is negative my score is 0 ans it is t2n0m0 mt tumor is 3.2*3.2*2.5cm and n-0/14 gradeiii (3+3+3=9) base not involved skin nipple arrola free from tumour. My hphigh grade partly necotric infiltrating duct carci right breast fully removed please suggest me next procedure I went for chemo they said no need for chemo and radiation please reply for the same why radiation and chemo not required.
Re: breast ultrasound in Mumbai. I have a lump on my breast and would like to get a breast ultrasound and any other necessary investigations. Do I need a referral from a GP for this or can I book directly with a clinic in Mumbai? What would be a rough estimate of the cost for a consultation and breast ultrasound? Lastly how long should I expect to have to wait for an appointment? Thank you in advance for any information or contacts you can provide to me on the subject. I am not an Indian resident and so am unsure how I need to proceed.
Hi This is to draw your kind attention that I am a lady of 56 years old and was detected with stage 1 TNBC in left side Breast during January, 2014.Immediately thereafter I underwent Breast conservation surgery followed by 8 doses of chemo and 35 rounds of 3D Linac Radiation therapy. The course of treatment was completed in December, 2014. Since then I am under check up of the Oncologist at regular intervals of 03 months. However on completion of the course of treatment as mentioned above, I have developed the problem of lymphedema in my left hand. Of late I am experiencing tremendous pain in the affect arm with high temperature over the affected arm. I shall be highly obliged if you kindly favor me with valuable advice in this regard. Regards Yours faithfully,
Ovarian cancer is referred to as the cancer of the ovaries. The ovaries are a component of the female reproductive system. There are two ovaries located on either side of the uterus in a woman's body. Ovaries which are the organs responsible for producing egg cells also produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer which often goes undetected until it has spread all the way to the pelvis and the abdomen. However, it is also very difficult to treat the condition in its later stages which is why diagnosing ovarian cancer quickly is quintessential. Here is everything you need to know about ovarian cancer;
- No symptoms at first: Usually, in its early stages ovarian cancer does not cause any symptoms.
- Abnormal bloating: Bloating is when your abdomen swells due to excess fluid or gas inside. Abnormal bloating is more frequently associated with irritable bowel syndrome or even constipation is a common symptom of ovarian cancer.
- Feeling full quickly: This is also an associated symptom which has often been mistaken for constipation or irritable bowel syndrome.
- Weight loss: This is one of the more common signs of ovarian cancer.
- Discomfort in the pelvis area: This symptom occurs towards the later stages of ovarian cancer after it has already spread.
- Constipation: Constipation is a symptom of ovarian cancer as well.
- Frequent urination: This is yet another symptom which is a sign of ovarian cancer.
The symptoms of ovarian cancer are often mistaken with that of irritable bowel syndrome and constipation.
Causes: As with other forms of cancer, it is still very unclear what exactly causes ovarian cancer.
- Surgery: Surgery most commonly involves removing large parts of the female reproductive system which includes the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus as well as the lymph nodes. The surgeon will also try and remove as many cancer cells as possible from the abdomen and pelvic areas.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is usually done after surgery. It is usually performed so that the rest of the cancer cells are killed off. Chemotherapy drugs can be injected directly into the vein, abdominal cavity or sometimes even both.
Cancer that originates in the skin cells is termed as skin cancer. This is typically seen in people who expose their skin to excessive sunlight or those who have a repressed immune system. It is one of the most common types of cancer. Skin cancer can be categorized into 3 types based on their symptoms:
- Basal cell carcinoma: This is the most common type of skin cancer that occurs in the outermost layer of the skin. Common symptoms associated with this type of skin cancer include red patches, open sores, scars and shiny bumps. It is very unlikely for this type of skin cancer to metastasize but is still considered malignant and hence should not be left untreated.
- Squamous cell carcinoma: This type of skin cancer is also known as ‘rat bite’ because of its distinctive appearance. This type of cancer originates in the upper layers of the skin and cause open sores, an elevated growth with a central depression and red, scaly patches. These sores may also bleed. It can spread to other parts of the body and if left untreated, can be fatal.
- Melanoma: Melanoma is the rarest form of skin cancer but its most aggressive form. This type of cancer originates in the melanocytes or cells that create pigments responsible for the color of our skin. It can occur anywhere in the body and is more commonly seen to affect light-skinned men and women. It can spread very fast from one part of the body to another and can be life-threatening. Symptoms of melanoma include patches or bumps on the skin that resemble moles. These are usually brown or black but may also be red, pink, white or blue. If treated in its early stages, this form of cancer can be cured.
Homeopathy is a holistic form of treatment that has negligible side-effects and can be very beneficial to skin cancer patients. When treating skin cancer, homeopathy is usually advised along with other forms of conventional therapy. Homeopathy will not influence the other forms of treatment or be affected by them. It has been proven to be able to help in the regression of skin cancer and helps in dealing with the side effects of chemotherapy and radiation. Homeopathy can also keep the disease from recurring and improve the patient’s overall quality of life. It can also help relieve the pain associated with skin cancer and conventional forms of treatment.