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I am 27 years old girl. I got pain in my breast before I am bleeding. And sometime I feel lump on my left breast and some time I don't feel and once I observe a little milk from my right breast. Can you please tell me why this is happening?
Sir, My mother had a colon cancer at Stage 2 and gone thru Radio & Chemo therapy and completed 28 days on 6th Sep-17. From 7th onwards she is having motions normal stool & now from last 4 days she is having watery motions where she does not have any control while passing the same. We have kept the Diapers but still its coming out. We are giving the medicine of REDOTIL 100 mg & becelac forte 1-1-1 from last 7 days. But motions are not getting controlled. Could you pls advice what should we do.?
How can one check if they have breast cancer or not? What are the symptoms? Could you please explain it in detail?
Prostate cancer is a condition triggered by the abnormal and uncontrolled growth and division of some cells of the prostate gland. Today, incidences of prostate cancer are alarmingly rising in India. In fact, some reports suggest that the cases of prostate cancer are likely to double by the year 2020, all the more reasons to manage and control the condition on time.
Like the other forms of cancer, prostate cancer can also metastasize and affect the other vital organs of the body (Secondary Cancer). One of the body parts where the prostate cancer is most likely to metastasize first are the bones. As per the American Cancer Society, bone metastasis can give rise to a host of complications and discomfort including Hypercalcemia (elevated levels of blood calcium levels). There will also be severe bone damage with frequent bone fractures which can be quite painful. Thus, it is essential that the spread of prostate cancer is somehow controlled or slowed down. In this regard, the Bone Directed therapy deserves a special mention.
The Osteoclasts are cells in the bone that plays a pivotal role in bone reabsorption, ensuring that the bones stay healthy and disease free. The metastasis of the prostate cancer to bones results in the osteoclasts becoming over-reactive. This, in turn, can result in a myriad of problems affecting the bones. The Prostate Bone Directed Therapy involves the use of drugs and medications that will help to regulate and slow down the over-reactive osteoclast cells. For this purpose, the drug that is commonly used is Zometa or Zoledronic acid, which is a type of Bisphosphonate.
The use of this drug can go a long way to ensure that the bones remain healthy by
- Lowering the level of the calcium in the blood.
- It also contributes significantly preventing the bone loss, bone thinning, and bone metastasis.
- As per various scientific studies, the use of Bisphosphonates can work wonders to slow down or arrest the metastasis of prostate cancer to the bones.
However, if the prostate cancer had already metastasized the bone, the use of the drug Prolia (intravenous injections are often used) may provide fruitful results. The dosage of the drug may vary among individuals depending on the extent of the damage.
- Prolia is known to play an instrumental role in reducing the incidences of bone breaks and hypercalcemia.
- In people with a relatively higher level of Prostate-specific antigen or PSA ( a protein produced by the prostate gland cells which can be indicative of prostate cancer), the drug Prolia can help to arrest the growth of the malignant cells.
However, the drug comes with its share of side effects which may range from a sharp dip in the calcium level to allergic reactions, backaches, or even jaw bone complications.
Thus, the drug should be used with great care and under strict medical supervision.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
What are the precautions for cancer? Is there something related to age or food habits? How does it actually happens?
You've probably heard that a HPV vaccine can protect women against cervical cancer. In fact, the vaccine may be most effective when given to girls and young women. However the strains against which the HPV vaccine provides protection is limited. The vaccine does provide cover against the most prevalent strains (learn all about Cervical Cancer).
What Are the Benefits of the HPV Vaccine?
The main benefit of the vaccine is protection from cervical cancer.
Two HPV vaccines are currently on the market: Gardasil and Cervarix. In 2006, the FDA licensed Gardasil, the first cervical cancer vaccine. In 2007 Cervarix was approved. However, they don't protect against all types of cancer-causing HPV. Vaccines protect against these four types of HPV:
These types are responsible for 70% of cervical cancers and 90% of genital warts (learn more about warts).
What parents should know about the HPV or Cervical Cancer Vaccine
Does your daughter need the HPV vaccine to help protect against cervical cancer?
Pap screening in girls and young women should be recommended as follows:
Within 3 years of becoming sexually active.
By age 21.
Most girls taking the vaccine will probably need fewer Pap smears taken at longer intervals over their lifetimes.
Has your daughter already been infected with HPV virus?
If so, receiving the vaccine won't prevent disease from that particular type. However, the HPV vaccine will protect against infection from the other HPV strains included in the shot.
Why Should Girls Receive the HPV Vaccine?
Full benefit of the HPV vaccine occurs only if you receive it before you're infected with any of the HPV strains included in the vaccine. That's why, vaccinating girls between ages 11 and 12 is recommended .Ideally, this is before they become sexually active. The HPV vaccine can also be given to girls as young as 9 and to girls from age 13 to 26 who have not received it earlier.
You may question whether 11 or 12 is too early to vaccinate, the vaccine has been shown to be more effective in immunizing against HPV when it is given to younger girls who have never been infected with the dangerous HPV strains.