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Dr. K.K Sexena

Oncologist, Delhi

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Dr. K.K Sexena Oncologist, Delhi
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To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies....more
To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies.
More about Dr. K.K Sexena
Dr. K.K Sexena is a popular Oncologist in Fatehpur Beri, Delhi. You can visit him at Tirath Ram Shah Hospital in Fatehpur Beri, Delhi. Save your time and book an appointment online with Dr. K.K Sexena on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Oncologists in India. You will find Oncologists with more than 37 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Oncologists online in Delhi and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Tirath Ram Shah Hospital

#2, R.b.l.isher Das Sawhney Marg, Rajpur Road, Civil Line. Landmark- Near Metro Sation, DelhiDelhi Get Directions
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Brain Cancer

IFAANS, DNB (Neurosurgery), MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
Brain Cancer

Brain cancer is a disease of the brain in which cancer cells (malignant cells) arise in the brain tissue. Cancer cells grow to form a mass of cancer tissue (tumor) that interferes with brain functions such as muscle control, sensation, memory, and other normal body functions. Tumors composed of cancer cells are called malignant tumors, and those composed of mainly non-cancerous cells are called benign tumors. Cancer cells that develop from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors while tumors that spread from other body sites to the brain are termed metastatic or secondary brain tumors.

Prologue:

  1. Brain cancer is actually the abnormal growth and uncontrolled growth of the cancer cells in the brain that forms a tumor in the brain.Tumours can be either benign or malignant.

  2. Benign brain tumours are abnormal collections of cells that reproduce slowly and usually remain separate from the surrounding normal brain.

  3. Malignant tumours reproduce and grow quickly. Their borders are hard to distinguish from the normal brain around them.

Symptoms:

There are few early symptoms of brain cancer, but as the tumour grows within the confines of the skull, it causes increased intracranial pressure and exerts pressure on the brain, causing signs to develop.

Brain cancer symptoms and signs are varied and depend on the area of the brain involved, but can include:

  1. Headaches.

  2. Seizures.

  3. Nausea and vomiting, which, CANSA reports, may be worse in the morning or after a sudden position change.

  4. Difficulty walking or clumsiness.

  5. Vision changes.

  6. Changes in alertness.

  7. Behavioural impairment.

Causes:

Brain cancer occurs when there is an uncontrolled growth of cancer cells in the brain that form a malignant brain tumor. The underlying cause of primary brain cancer, cancer that begins in the brain, is not known. Secondary brain cancer is caused by a cancer of another organ in the body, such as the breast, prostate, kidney, skin, or bone, that has spread to the brain.

What are the risk factors for brain cancer?

  1. Certain inherited conditions, including neurofibromatosis, Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and Turcot syndrome

  2. Personal history of cancer or family history of brain cancer

  3. Impaired immune system

  4. Radiation therapy of the head

Treatments Options:

Treatment

Surgery is the main form of treatment for brain tumors that lie within the membranes covering the brain or in parts of the brain that can be removed without damaging critical neurological functions. The goal is to remove the entire tumor, whenever possible, as a tumor may recur if any tumor cells are left behind. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are generally used as secondary treatment for tumors that cannot be cured through surgery alone.

Stereotactic radiosurgery

Stereotactic radiosurgery is a treatment option that delivers a high concentration of radiation directly to the tumor in order to stop its growth, while delivering only a minimal dose of radiation to the surrounding tissue. Unlike conventional surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery does not require making an incision to remove the tumor. It can be especially effective in patients with many small metastatic brain tumors. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

2091 people found this helpful

Can Breast Cancer Be Predicted Before It Develops?

DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Can Breast Cancer Be Predicted Before It Develops?

Medical science constantly challenges the boundaries by finding not only the cures to the most dangerous diseases, but finds a way to prevent them even before they occur. With years of research, practice and data available for analysis, scientists are using advanced technology in combination with years of research to create a predicting mechanism for often fatal diseases like cancer.

Breast cancer screening has always been done with mammography. The fact is that this method is only 75% accurate, laden with false positives and misses a whole set of women totally- and that too when cancer has already developed. Part of the problem comes from the dense breast tissue which one in three women have. This tissue masks the lumps, which makes it difficult for mammograms to accurately screen cancer.

Some breakthrough scientific methods are changing this by drawing on years of research to predict this deadly disease, years before it can manifest itself.

A genetic test to predict cancer 10-11 years ahead of time
This test was performed to see how environmental factors could influence cancer, along with habits like smoking, abusing alcohol or hormones, genetic changes that occur and are put a large percentage of the women at a high risk of developing this disease.

A simple blood test is used for the genetic analysis of hereditary cancer. Researchers found a biological marker, methylation of the ATM gene, which has a very high ability to predict the risk of developing cancer, several years before diagnosis. 'Methylation' concluded that when one biological indicator is exposed to carcinogenic substances, or other abusive substances like tobacco and alcohol, it may trigger the development of cancer. On the flip side, this test will take time to reach the commercial market and even then cannot give an exact timeline as to when someone may develop the disease.

A simple blood test to predict breast cancer 5 years before it develops
This is the kind of medical miracle the world is looking for. Last year in April, researches in Denmark identified a simple blood test that can predict breast cancer five years before it actually develops with an accuracy of a whopping 80%.

It works by "measuring all of the compounds in the blood to build a 'metabolic profile' of an individual, in order to detect changes in the way chemicals are processed, during a pre-cancerous stage," says Laura Donnelly, health editor at The Telegraph, which covered this development. Danish researchers observed 57,000 participants over 20 years, gathering blood samples along the way, specifically comparing a set of 800 women who remained healthy or developed breast cancer within 7 years of their first blood sample. The researchers found they were able to predict, with 80 percent accuracy, which patients would be affected by the disease, just by looking at the metabolic profiles they built from the participants' blood samples. The results have been published in Metabolomics.


Are you living with the uncertainty of a lump in your breast? It's time you take the first step and consult a specialist here.

3169 people found this helpful

My PSA is 3.8 which is in normal limits but ultrasound shows enlargement of prostrate.I am interested in homeopathic treatment if any if required. My age is 75 pl give detailed comment wtth medicine if any.Thanks

MD-Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Chikhli
We have treatments but for that I have your detail case study . for any disease we have constitutional medicine not diseases wise but person wise so contact me. [Automatically added by Lybrate] Click "Consult Dr. Nivritti Parihar" below to consult privately with the doctor.
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Sir right side of my neck have swelling and like a tumour heavy painfull my esr level 69, crp positiveand my age 26 female. What is the symptom of neck cancer ?

MD - Oncology
Oncologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Neck nodes are a part of spread from primary site in head and neck cancer. Do a biopsy or simple FNAC to check if its cancer or not. If it comes positive for cancer then do a CT Scan of head and neck and meet an oncologist or ent specialist
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I have. Tumor palpation in my right side breast. please tell about it? I m so worried? Is this cancerous tumor?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Since you are quite young, you can get an ultrasound breast done after clinical confirmation by a doctor, preferably oncologist. If ultrasound shows some suspicious lump you can get an FNAC done for the confirmation of finding and diagnosis. Don't worry in most cases if is likely to be a benign disease.
45 people found this helpful
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What is heart cancer. What is his symptoms and what age does it occur and what is his treatment.

MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
Heart cancer (primary cardiac tumor) is cancer that arises in the heart. Cancerous (malignant) tumors that begin in the heart are most often sarcomas, a type of cancer that originates in the soft tissues of the body. The vast majority of heart tumors are noncancerous (benign).i have not seen or heard . thanks
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Before 1 week my uncle was admitted in hospital because of brain tumour and it was cancerous he had the operation there and it was successful but the doctor was saying that he can't live anymore only 3-4 months he is having and he is going for chemotherapy, is there any way to save his life ,so that he can live more.

MBBS, MD - Radiothrapy
Oncologist, Delhi
Hi lybrate-user With the details you gave, most probably your uncle is having glioblastoma. After surgery, radiation should be given to the region of brain where tumour was located. This is the internationally recommended treatment. Alongwith radiation he should have an oral tablet of chemotherapy daily. Despite treatment the average survival observed in our hospital in such cases is around 20 months.
1 person found this helpful
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I got cancer of breast 1 year back since then m not able to concentrate on anything, please help.

FMAS, MS
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Respected lybrate-user hi I would strongly suggest to do meditation for atleast 30 minutes a day to relieve your body from stress of those things & yoga is best for that & above all have faith & confidence inside you & god. Your destiny cannot be changed by your worry right? so why to ruin your future in worrying about the passed time ok so get set ready for new future in front of you & daily see new hopes in your future as soon as you get up. Thanks regards & hope for your best health today & always.
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Sir, I am 29 years. I have problem of frequent urination though I didn't drink much excess water. Is it any signs of any abnormalities with prostate?

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Palakkad
Sir, I am 29 years. I have problem of frequent urination though I didn't drink much excess water. Is it any signs of ...
All sorts of urinary disorders can be completely cured with homoeopathic medicines if properly taken as per the instructions of a qualified homoeopath either direct consultation or online. Homoeopathic medicines doesn't contain any side effects at all. No diet restrictions in homoeopathy, only coffee should avoid while taking medicines. Medicines like can notharis, apis, berberis, lycopodium, hydrangea etc are very good medicines to treat various urinary disorders according symptoms presented by the patient. Please do an ultrasound scan of abdomen and pelvis.
2 people found this helpful
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I am a patient of overy cancer. I had done full treatment ie; surgery and chemotherapy. Now my CA 125 is 6.5. please suggest me that what I should do or eat to control it and live a healthy life.

Registrar in Surgical Oncology, Fellowship in Gynaecologic Oncology, Masters In Advanced Oncology, Fellowship in advanced laparoscopy and robotic surgery, Fellowship in Gastrointestinal Oncology, Fellowship in CRS and HIPEC, Fellowship in PIPAC
Oncologist, Mumbai
There is no specific food or diet which protects you from recurrence. But studies have shown that people who eat healthy and exercise regularly after completing cancer treatment live longer and also tolerate treatment better in case of recurrence. Don't eat junk, don't overeat, exercise daily, do yoga. All these things have a supporting role.
1 person found this helpful
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I have little lump in testicle doctor told me this is not cancer. The lump sometimes itching.

MBA (Healthcare), Fellowship in Laparoscopy, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Indore
Go for sonography whether it is testicular or not. If it is testicular swelling you may require more investigation like tumour marker to rule out malignancy (cancer).
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My father age is 75. He has third stage throat cancer. How long he may survive? he may tolerate radiotherapy?

MD - Radiation Oncology, MBBS, DNB (Radiotherapy)
Oncologist, Howrah
Throat cancer can occur in larynx, oropharynx and hypopharynx. You didn't mention the specific site. Primary treatment for these sites is chemoradiotherapy. However prognosis depends on site. Survival after treatment is good for oropharynx and laryngopharynx, worse for hypopharynx. At 75 yrs of age, probably only radiotherapy will be given. Of his general condition is good, then go with radiotherapy. This is the only chance of cure.
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Cancer- General Information: Don't Fear, Be Aware

MBBS, MS- Surgery , M.Ch - Surgical Oncology , FIAGES
Oncologist, Delhi
Cancer- General Information: Don't Fear, Be Aware

Cancer

Cancer is an uncontrolled proliferation of transformed cells in any part of the body. Neoplasm or tumor are used variably to describe any swelling or new growth. Benign growths don't have the potential to spread to other organs or parts of the body while malignancy or malignant growths have uncontrolled proliferation and metastatic potential. Transformation is a multistep process with genetic alterations by which normal cells acquire malignant potential, uncontrolled proliferation capacity and capacity to spread to other parts of the body (metastasis) worldwide cancer is responsible for 1 in 8 deaths. Most common cancers are:

Men: oral cancer (in India), prostate, lung

Women: breast, cervix and endometrium, colorectal, lung


What causes cancer? cancer is usually multifactorial 


1. Age- more in age group greater than 60 yrs compared to younger age group

2. Obesity- body mass index greater than 30

3. Tobacco - cigarette, cigar, bidi, hookah, smokeless tobacco like gutka, zarda etc. There is no safe form of tobacco.

4. Pan masala and supari

5. Alcohol

6. Ultraviolet rays exposure

7. Radiation exposure

8. Genetic factors

9. Others- pollution, certain chemicals, infections


Prevention of cancer: 


1. Stay away from tobacco products

2. Eat healthy and daily physical activity- fresh fruits and vegetable are good, maintain optimal body weight

3. Be safe in sun

4. Cancer awareness and early detection: alarming signs are (caution)-
 

  • Change in bowel or bladder habits
  • A sore that will not heal
  • Unusual discharge or bleeding
  • Thickening or lump in the breast, testicles or elsewhere
  • Indigestion or difficulty swallowing
  • Obvious change in a wart or mole
  • A nagging cough or hoarseness


5. Cancer screening: screening is for healthy individuals with education. Rather than going for unnecessary blind tests, a programme for screening should be planned in consultation with your oncologist as requirements are different for different cancers and differ as per age groups and gender. Also, screening is not effective in all cancers. Cancer education and awareness have due importance. Some cancers in which screening has been shown to be effective includes breast, colon, rectum, cervix, prostate, lung in high-risk groups but as mentioned earlier it is planned with participation of both individual and oncologist.


Types of cancer treatment:


Cancer treatment is now a multidisciplinary management in which different surgical, medical and radiation oncologist plan treatment protocol for best possible chances of cure. Advancement in all these fields and their contribution in comprehensive management results in 25-30% improvement in cure rate over previous decades.
 

  • Surgery: involves surgical principles to remove the tumor with adequate margins and possible draining lymph nodes regions. Improvements and understanding of surgical principles even make resection of distant disease or cure of stage iv disease in some selected cases.
  • Chemotherapy: cytotoxic drugs are given either in injectable or oral forms which acts on uncontrolled cancer cells. Advances in this fields result in drugs with better efficacy and less side effect profile and at the same time resulting in better cancer control. Targetted therapy acts on specific pathways of cancer growth. Hormone therapy targets specific hormone receptors for controlling cancer.
  • Radiation therapy: is the delivery of radiation generated by radioactive source over the region of cancer. More and more advances in radiation technologists are emerging like imrt, sbrt to focus radiation over the specific location so as to avoid toxic effect over surrounding area.
9 people found this helpful

I have a small fat balls at waist. What i have to do to burn it.Please advise me. I'm waiting for ur valuable words Sir.

MD - Radiothrapy
Oncologist, Gurgaon
Small lumps of fat are quite common and normal in humans. If the lump is increasing in size and cause pain and functional impairement you should look a surgeon to examine that. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful
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My symptoms:- lump-pain in right testicle chest pain shortness in breathing Bone pains Frequant urination yellow urine headache my vision:- may be i am having testicular cancer stage 3.

MBBS (Gold Medalist, Hons), MS (Obst and Gynae- Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst and Gynae), Fellow- Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (ACOG, USA), FIAOG
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
Don't try self diagnosis. Consult a doctor and get examine and start therapy. Testicular cancer is very much curable, even in very late stage. So, don't waste time.
1 person found this helpful
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I have an allergy and some red spots and also itching in centre of my body? Please tell me is this is tha symptoms of cancer or not?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
I have an allergy and some red spots and also itching in centre of my body? Please tell me is this is tha symptoms of...
Allergy or red spots most likely indicates some kind of allergy and not primary symptom of cancer, red spots sometimes develop if platelets are low in some types of blood cancers but primarily you should consult dermatologist to rule out allergy or worm infestation.
120 people found this helpful
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My Mother is recently diagnosed by nasopharyngeal cancer. Stage I What are the possible treatment for this cancer Is surgery can be a better way.

Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mohali
Stage 1 disease surgery or chemotherapy + radiotherapy (CTRT) has equally good results. But we prefer to do surgery then we have CTRT as back-up. But if we do CTRT first then surgery is difficult (in case of recurrence) in an already irradiated patient. She should do well -don't worry.
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Signs of Gynecological Cancer

MBBS, DGO
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Signs of Gynecological Cancer

Being diagnosed with cancer is something no one looks forward to and Gynaecological Cancer is every woman’s worst nightmare. However, if diagnosed in time, it can be treated. Cancer in any part of a woman’s reproductive system is termed as gynecological cancer. It is of five types:

  1. Cervical cancer

  2. Ovarian cancer

  3. Vaginal cancer

  4. Vulvar cancer and

  5. Uterine cancer

Paying attention to your body and understanding its natural rhythm can help you recognize signs of gynecological cancer. This is because signs of gynecological cancer can be difficult to identify unless you know your body. Here are a five signs to watch out for-

  1. Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding: Bleeding in between periods is okay once in a while but if it happens continuously over a period of 2 to 3 months, do not ignore it. Vaginal bleeding after menopause should also never be ignored. Abnormal bleeding could be triggered by a number of conditions including cancer of the lining of the uterus. Sudden changes in your menstrual blood that persist for over 2 cycles such as heavy bleeding can also be a symptom of uterine cancer. Heavy bleeding can be defined as a period that lasts for over 7 days.

  2. Changes in the Vulva: Any change in colour of development of bumps, sores of thickened skin should be immediately shown to a gynecologist. Any form of vulvar itching or burning should also not be ignored. These conditions could be symptoms of vulvar cancer. Hence, it is important to know what your vulva looks like normally.

  3. Bloating: Persistent bloating that lasts for over a fortnight can be a sign of ovarian cancer. This is especially true in cases of bloating accompanied by sudden weight loss or between-period bleeding.

  4. Change in Bathroom Habits: Due to the proximity of the bladder to the reproductive organs, a tumour or swelling in the reproductive organs can trigger symptoms similar to those of a urinary tract infection. This includes pain while urinating, difficulty passing urine, diarrhea or constipation. Urinary incontinence could also a sign of gynecological cancer.

  5. Abdominal or Back Pain: In rare cases, lower back pain could be a sign of ovarian cancer or uterine cancer. Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic area can also be a sign of ovarian cancer.

The above could also be signs of other health disorders. The only way of knowing for sure is by consulting a doctor. Hence, understand your body and if you notice any of these symptoms consult your gynecologist at the earliest.  

2385 people found this helpful

Hi, I am 32 years old. Having chest pain in my right side (in a particular place). Having bad breath since 4 to 5 years. I checked with physician he said bad breath is due to mouth unhygienic. Please help me. I am suspecting cancer. What it will be.

Fellowship in Cardiology, MD, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Hi, I am 32 years old. Having chest pain in my right side (in a particular place). Having bad breath since 4 to 5 yea...
You have dental caries. Get it fixed. Use mouth wash after every meal. You don't have cancer. Your pain chest is a different issue. Get usg done to check liver.
2 people found this helpful
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What are the preventive measures for cancer, AIDS and tuberculosis and psoriasis and also their cure?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Few common tips for your question-- Avoid any triggering factor, take folic acid regularly, eat a healthy diet , always be stress free , exercise regularly
7 people found this helpful
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