Book Clinic Appointment with Dr. Ikeda Lal
Treatment of Red Eyes
Treatment of Eye Pain
Treatment of Conjunctivitis
Treatment of Weak Eyes
Treatment of Black eye
Treatment of Eye Itching
Treatment of Eye Infection
Treatment of Tearing Eyes
Treatment of Eye Burning
Treatment of Myopia
Treatment of Eye Allergy
Treatment of Poor Eye Sight
Management of Blindness
Treatment of Dry Eyes
Treatment of Cataract
Treatment of Squint
Treatment of Watery Eyes
Treatment Of Glaucoma
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Patient Review Highlights
I must say Dr. Harbans Lal is a very skilled surgeon and gives you an honest advice. My mother had both cataract and hypermetropia and was operated for the same by him. We are completely satisfied with the results. They use the best quality toric IOL's and my mother's vision is now 6/6
We spend so much time out in the sun every single day, going about our usual routine, heading for work, mostly preoccupied with our own thoughts that it hardly comes to our mind how our health is getting affected. Of course, most people take necessary precautions to avoid tanning, skin problems and other common conditions. But how often do we think of the damage caused to our eyes?
Research studies show that people who spend a considerable amount of time outdoors and are exposed to sun light almost all the time, are likely to develop severe eye problems such as macular degeneration.
Macular degeneration affects the retina, the layer present at the back of your eyeball. This layer consists of light-sensitive cells that help you see the world around. The tissues of your eyes become affected and dry out due to over exposure to sun’s UV rays. Macular degeneration can cause you to lose your central vision, which means your vision gets obstructed when you look straight ahead.
Types of Macular Degeneration-
Macular degeneration can be of two types-
- Dry macular degeneration- This is the most common form of macular degeneration. This condition occurs when yellow-coloured small deposits (known as drusen) start to develop beneath the macula. This leads to retinal damage and loss of vision. Nearly 85-90% of people are affected by dry macular degeneration.
- Wet macular degeneration- This eye condition is not that common, and only affects about 10-15% of people. Wet macular degeneration develops when abnormal blood vessels are formed beneath the macula and retina. You may observe a dark spot right at the center of the vision due to bleeding or leakage of the blood vessels.
Symptoms of Macular Degeneration-
Macular degeneration is a progressive disorder, meaning the condition will worsen over time. Recognizing the symptoms of this condition at an early stage is crucial. So watch out for the following signs-
- Blurred vision
- Difficulty adjusting to low light
- Inability to recognize faces
- Reduction in central vision
- A curvature of straight lines in the field of your vision
- Need for brighter lights
Macular degeneration prevents you from looking at things that are placed directly in front of you. It does not, however, cause complete blindness.
How is the condition treated?
Macular degeneration cannot be cured completely. But there are a number of ways to manage the severity of this condition.
High dose of zinc and antioxidant vitamins are prescribed to slow down the progression of Dry Macular Degeneration-
- 500mg of Vitamin-C
- 400 IU of Vitamin-E
- 2mg of copper as cupric oxide
- 80mg of zinc as zinc oxide
Eye injections are given to block the growth factors responsible for development of abnormal blood vessels.
Photodynamic therapy involves injecting a light-activated drug into your bloodstream. After injecting the drug, your eyes are exposed to light for about 90 seconds. This allows the therapy to improve your vision. You may have to undergo multiple sessions of this procedure.
Photocoagulation therapy is primarily directed towards treating Wet Macular Degeneration. High-energy laser beams are used in this procedure to destroy the abnormal blood vessels. The objective of the treatment is to prevent bleeding, thereby reducing further damage to the macula. Nevertheless, the laser can leave you scarred or leave behind a spot on the eyes.
Apart from the aforementioned treatment methods, one must adopt certain lifestyle changes to protect their eyes. These include- wearing sun glasses and magnifying lenses, adjusting the font size and brightness level on your computer, including lots of green veggies etc. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Icl or implantable contact lens is an excellent option for people with high powers. It is an imported lens which is custom made according to your eye power and size. It is also a reversible procedure.
Who are the ideal candidates for icl?
The age if the patient must be over 18 years. People who have very high powers, usually more than -8.00 or people with thin corneas where lasik is not possible are ideal candidates.
How long does the procedure take? is it painful?
It is a painless procedure since numbing eye drops are used. There is no injection, suture or pad required and it takes around 15 minutes. The oatiebt can get back to work even the next day after surgery. But we operate one eye at a time and the other eye 2-3 days later.
How long does this lens last?
This lens lasts forever and doesnt get spoilt. If later on a patient debelops cataract, this lens can be removed and cataract surgery performed without any problem.
ophthalmologist Hi Dr. I want to tell you I have both hypermetropia and myopia and I am unable to focus the notebook sometime it becomes blur and sometime headache feeling vomiting not able to focus as much as when I was 17 Is there. Any way to restore vision and get back to normal please help.
I live in delhi. My son (age 4 yrs) has squint in left eye. What is the cost in squint surgery. Also let me know best hospital in ncr. Also I want to know is there any complication as future perspectives in my son's as I heard that no more operations can be done in future now. This surgery ia safe or any risk involved in that. please guide I am very worried.
I am a consistent patient of a disease called stye and it's so painful. How can I get rid of this disease?
I am a data scientist, my work involves spending a lot of time using a computer and that causes a lot of eye strain and headache. This problem started few years back when I was reading something written in small font on a smartphone. I have visited many opticians and ophthalmologists, the result is that my vision is perfect 6/6, its not at all helping in curing my headaches. I am very sure it is not migraine as it only occurs while looking at a computer screen in a properly lit sitting place. The eye strain goes away temporarily if I sit somewhere less lit, but since few days that is not helping either. I can feel the strain on my eyes while writing this description as well. It occurs only when using electronics. Please help me find a remedy for this as these headaches are really bad and I don't want anything to happen to my eyes.
Cataract usually affects people who are above 40. It is a blurring of the eye’s lens, which lies at the back of pupil and iris. It is the most usual cause behind the loss of vision for people above 40. Research also states that it is a major cause of blindness in the world.
Types of cataracts:
- Subcapsular cataract: People who are diabetic and those are taking high steroids are more prone to subcapsular cataract. In this type, the cataract develops at the back of the lens.
- Nuclear cataract: A nuclear cataract is related to aging. It usually affects the central portion of the lens of the eye.
- Cortical cataract: It is a white opacity, which begins from the periphery of the lens and spreads up to the center of the lens in a spot-like manner. It usually affects the cortex of the lens.
- In the beginning, cataract affects a small portion of your eye and affects your vision.
- Your vision gradually gets blurred.
- Too much exposure to the light might cause glare.
- In nuclear cataract, you may notice a short-lived improvement of your near vision.
- In subcapsular cataract, you cannot notice any symptoms in the initial days.
Cause of cataract:
The lens inside our eyes acts like a camera and it is made of protein and water. The protein helps in keeping the lens clear. But with aging, the protein may start to form a lump, which causes cloudiness in the eye area. With time the cataract spreads all over the lens and creates more cloudiness, which ultimately leads to blindness. The factors which usually trigger cataract are
- UV rays from sunlight
- Consumption of high dosage steroids medicines
- Statin medicines
- History of eye inflammation or any eye injury
- History of eye surgery
- Too much consumption of alcohol
- Hormone replacement therapy
- Family history of cataract
Prevention of cataract:
It cannot be guaranteed whether cataract can be prevented or not. A study shows that cataract is caused due to the oxidative changes in the lens of the eye. Nutrition studies have shown that consuming vegetables and fruits, which are high in antioxidants, may help in preventing cataract. Dietary intake of vitamin E, carotenoids lutein, and zeaxanthin from supplements and food items can decrease the risk of developing a cataract. Sunflower seeds, spinach and almonds are good sources of vitamin E. Kale, spinach, other leafy green veggies are the good sources of zeaxanthin and lutein. Food items that contain Omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin C decrease the chances of cataract.
Last, but not the least, when you step out, always wear a sunglasses, which has the ability to block UV rays.
What Is Myopia (Nearsightedness)?
Myopia is a common refractive error of the eye that makes it difficult to focus on far away objects. People who are nearsighted will see objects close to them clearly, while those further away appear blurry. Myopia is natural. An overall longer shape of the eye usually causes myopia, so it is a naturally occurring visual problem that cannot be prevented. Nearsightedness tends to run in families, but you don't need to have a myopic parent to develop it. Myopia begins at an early age and worsens in the teenage years, but generally stabilizes in adulthood.
Here are the most common signs and symptoms of myopia:
- Objects far away, like a chalkboard or road signs, appear blurry
- Persistent need to squint or close eyelids to see clearly
- Headaches due to eyestrain
- Difficulty seeing while driving a vehicle, especially at night (night myopia)
- Need to sit closer to the television, movie screen or the front of the classroom
- Holding books very close while reading
- Not able to notice distant objects
Causes of Myopia
Nearsightedness happens when your eye is longer than normal, or, less often, when your cornea is too curved. It’s a problem in the focusing mechanism of the eyes. However, the exact cause of myopia is not known. Research about myopia supports two key risk factors:
- Family history. If one or both parents are nearsighted, the chance of their children developing it increases.
- Working up close. Myopia may be helped along by how a person uses their eyes. Intense detail work, long hours in front of a computer or reading can also increase the chances of developing myopia.
Treatment Options for Myopia (Nearsightedness)
When treating myopia, the goal is to help your eyes focus on far away objects. The most common way to achieve this is through
- Corrective glasses
- Contact lenses
- Refractive eye surgery, such as LASIK, is available for adults and those with moderate to high levels of nearsightedness
Adults who have developed cataracts may also have their myopia corrected with an intraocular lens (IOL) that replaces the human lens during cataract surgery. The most appropriate treatment depends on your eyes and your lifestyle. Nearsightedness can also be corrected as part of the cataract surgery procedure.
- Contacts and Glasses: Eyeglasses and contact lenses can correct myopia. However, they cannot stop the eye from growing longer or cure the irregular curve of the cornea that causes your blurry vision.
- Surgery: Surgery can decrease or eliminate dependency on eyeglasses and contact lenses. LASIK surgery is the most common type of surgery to correct myopia.
- ICL (intraocular collamer lenses) or phakic lensesIn adults with cataracts, is an option for those myopic patients who are not suitable for lasik surgery due to either less corneal thickness or very high myopia.
- Orthokeratology: A new type of treatment which offers an alternate solutions to people who are suffering from myopia. This is also known as Ortho-K. As a part of this procedure a person has to wear specialized lens overnight, to correct the vision for the next day. Orthokeratology is a process that uses specially designed GP contact lenses to temporarily reshape the contour of the cornea to reduce myopia (nearsightedness). In addition to the benefit of lens-free daytime vision, orthokeratology is starting to be appreciated for its ability to slow the progression of myopia. A number of published clinical studies have found that orthokeratology lens designs inhibit the growth of the eye's axial length, which determines the degree of myopia.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!