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Dr. Hemant Kalra - Pulmonologist, New Delhi

Dr. Hemant Kalra

92 (211 ratings)
MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Dip...

Pulmonologist, New Delhi

22 Years Experience  ·  500 - 700 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Dr. Hemant Kalra 92% (211 ratings) MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Di... Pulmonologist, New Delhi
22 Years Experience  ·  500 - 700 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Hello friends, I am Dr Hemant Kadra. I am a pulmonologist. A pulmonologist is a doctor who deals ...

Hello friends, I am Dr Hemant Kadra. I am a pulmonologist. A pulmonologist is a doctor who deals with respiratory problems. Today I will be explaining Asthma in a very simple manner because it is a simple disease.
So, when to suspect asthma?

All patients who are present with a cough with or without breathlessness on exposure to dust, fumes, cold atmosphere, on eating chilled vegetables and fruits can have asthma. They also give family histories of allergic disorders like allergic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis so we can suspect asthma in our patients who are present with a cough with or without breathlessness and on exposure to such triggers like cold, dust, fumes, change of weather- this is the clinical history.
There are 2 components-

One is prevention. You must avoid all your triggers. And treatment part is slightly different. Treatment is we have to control swelling in the area, narrowing of the airways.

There are 2 kinds of medication- one is a reliever and the other is preventer medication. Reliever medication gives you immediate relief and preventer medication is given for a longer amount of time just to maintain the anti-inflammatory component in the airways. So, we combine both the type of medications in an inhaler or one rhotahaler to give maximum benefits to the patients. So, these are the basic things about asthma.

I will tell you about basic myths about asthma. What people think about asthma but is not true. People think that asthma is a contagious disease. It is communicable. No, it is not true.

  • It is an allergic disorder first of all. Asthma or allergy runs in families because it is a genetic disorder.
  • Secondly, an inhaler is a drug delivery system. It is not a drug. It delivers lowest possible drugs to the airways to a very minimum side-effect. So, this myth is not true that inhalers are very hard, they are addicting, habit forming, it is not true. It is a drug delivery system.‚Äč
  • Third myth is that inhalers are to given to severely ill patients or very chronic asthmatic patients this is also not true. We believe that inhalers should be given early whenever they are detected with asthma early in the disease. So, to prevent later chronic changes in the airbase, we should start inhalers in the beginning only.

So, if you want to consult me, you can cotact me through Lybrate. You can contact me through sms, sudio clips, video clips, whatsapp, email only through lybrate. Com. I am available 24 hours a day and ready to help you.

Thank you.

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Personal Statement

Dr. Hemant Kalra is one of the leading Pulmonologists from Delhi holding around 12 years of experience and proficiency in areas like Bronchial Asthma.COPD. Interstitial Lung Disease. Slee......more
Dr. Hemant Kalra is one of the leading Pulmonologists from Delhi holding around 12 years of experience and proficiency in areas like Bronchial Asthma.COPD. Interstitial Lung Disease. Sleep Apnea and Pleural effusion. Dr Hemant Kalra is also having a special interest in treating diabetes patients. He has already treated hundreds of diabetes patients successfully. Dr Hemant Kalra is a specialist practitioner dealing in health issues related to diabetology. Dr. Kalra is a medical medical college in Delhi affiliated to University of Delhi. He has further accomplished his MD (Pulmonary Medicine) and Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD) from Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute (VPCI) a unique postgraduate medical institution maintained by University of Delhi and devoted to research- teaching and patient care in the field of chest diseases. Dr. Kalra has procured advanced specialist training from several institutions across the globe. This impressive list consists of European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine from ERS, Interventional Pulmonology (Italy) Pulmonary Vascular Disease (Switzerland). Pediatric Bronchoscopy (Paris).Medical Thoracoscopy Greece.Echocardiography in ICU Delhi etc. Dr. Kalra is among the privileged doctors to have received the opportunity to present his papers in annual conferences held by American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) and Asian Pacific Society of Respirology (APSR). He has featured in the television show -Doctor Live-aired on Janta TV in which he has discussed and thrown light on chest related problems for the general masses. An esteemed member of various accredited national and global societies Dr. Kalra presently is the Head of Department of Pulmonary Medicine at Kalra Hospital and MGS Hospital both located in Delhi and anyone seeking his services may do so during his fixed days and timings. You can book an instant appointment with Dr. Hemant kalra on www.lybrate.com
More about Dr. Hemant Kalra
Dr Hemant Kalra is a well known specialist of the Pulmonology field and he practices at the Kalra Hospital in Delhi. He has over 21 years of experience in his field and has handled many challenging cases even on an emergency basis. With stellar knowledge of the inner workings of the respiratory system and the allied elements that help it in functioning appropriately, this doctor is able to channel his know how and techniques for the betterment of his patients. The best part is that he does so in a dedicated and committed manner, which has helped him in gathering a large base of patients. Apart from an MBBS and MD in his chosen field, he also holds a Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases, which helps him in correlating symptoms and making a quick diagnosis, as such cases usually arrive at the emergency unit of the hospital with little time to spare. he also holds a European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine, which helps in handling his patients with a more global outlook. Also, as a member of many esteemed internal medical societies and associations, he is able to gather an ever evolving body of knowledge in his field as he interacts routinely with other members from Pulmonology and the medical fraternity in general. He has also been invited to speak at various events globally for the benefit of the global medical world. Apart from respiratory ailments, chest ailments and other infections, he also helps patients in gaining freedom from substance abuse and smoking. He is fluent in Hindi and English.

Info

Education
MBBS - Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi - 1995
MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine - Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute (VPCI) - 2004
Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD) - Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute - 2006
...more
European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine - European Respiratory Society - 2010
Past Experience
Senior Consultant at Max Hospital (Pitampura)
Senior Consultant at MGS Hospital (Punjabi Bagh)
Senior Consultant at Maharaja Agrasen Hospital (Ashok Vihar)
...more
Senior Consultant at Kalra Hospital (Kirti Nagar)
Senior Consultant at Bhagwan Mahavir Hospital (Rohini)
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Awards and Recognitions
Workshop : Trends in Interventional Pulmonology , Coimbatore
Workshop : National Sleep Medicine Course, Delhi
Workshop : Bronchocon at Agra, Hands on Training
...more
International Conference on Mechanical Ventilation and Workshop by ISCCM Pune
Professional Memberships
European Respiratory Society (ERS)
Asia Pacific Society of Respirology
National College of Chest Physicians
...more
Indian College of Allergy
Asthma and Applied Immunology
Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine
Association of Physicians of India (API)
American Thoracic Society
American College of Chest Physicians
Indian Chest Society
Indian Medical Association (IMA)
European Association for Bronchology And Interventional Pulmonology
American Association for Respiratory Care
Research Society for Study of Diabetes (RSDDI)
Indian Sleep Disorders Association (ISDA)

Location

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MGS Hospital ( Mgs Institute Of Respiratory Sciences)

Rohtak Road, Punjabi Bagh West, Near Agrasen HospitalNew Delhi Get Directions
  4.6  (211 ratings)
500 at clinic
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Kalra Hospital - Delhi

A-6, Kirti Nagar, Near Moti Nagar Metro StationNew Delhi Get Directions
  4.6  (211 ratings)
500 at clinic
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Maharaja Agrasen Hospital (Maharaja Agrasen Super Specialty Chest Centre)

Block-D, Ashok Vihar, Phase 1, Near Ram Krishna MandirNew Delhi Get Directions
  4.6  (211 ratings)
500 at clinic
...more

Max Superspeciality Hospital

HB Twin Tower, Near NTower, Wazirpur District Centre, PitampuraNew Delhi Get Directions
  4.6  (211 ratings)
700 at clinic
...more
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Chronic Bronchitis - 7 Tips To Help You Get Well!

MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Chronic Bronchitis - 7 Tips To Help You Get Well!

Are you suffering from chronic bronchitis and are looking for ideal treatment measures? Bronchitis occurs when your windpipe or trachea and your large and small bronchitis within your lungs get inflamed because of infections and several other causes. The condition is considered to be chronic when your cough with mucus is persistent for at least three months. Chronic bronchitis is a condition that falls under the group of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Smoking, inhaled irritants, secondhand smoke, inhaled fumes, and certain viruses are primary causes of chronic bronchitis.

Symptoms
The symptoms and characteristics of chronic bronchitis are as follows:

  1. Phlegm may be produced. The production of excess phlegm indicates that your lung and the lower respiratory tract are infected.
  2. The cough experienced is present on almost all days of the month, for over a period of three months.
  3. The forceful coughing because of chronic bronchitis is painful, and makes your abdominal and chest muscles sore. The coughing is likely to be very severe, and may injure your chest walls or make you faint.
  4. During exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, wheezing may be experienced because of inflammation in the airways and muscular tightness. This, in turn, leads to shortness of breath.

Treatment
The treatment of chronic bronchitis depends on the cause. There is no specific cure for the condition, and its treatment aims at improving your lung function and reducing the symptoms.

  1. Several medicines are used for managing the cough, and for loosening and clearing secretions. In the case of uncontrollable coughing spells, cough suppressants might be prescribed.
  2. Broncho dilator inhalers are used for opening the airways and for the management of wheezing.
  3. Certain nebulizer treatments are also recommended in some cases.
  4. Corticosteroids are used for reducing the inflammation in the airways. These may be used in the form of inhaled corticosteroids, or may be taken orally.
  5. In some cases, antibiotic medications may be required for the treatment of chronic bronchitis. Antibiotics are usually used when there is a bacterial infection, and in people with chronic lung problems, who require antibiotics to be treated.
  6. Home oxygen might be required in extremely serious cases of chronic bronchitis.
  7. In very rare cases, a patient may have to be hospitalized in case of severe breathing difficulty that does not respond to treatment. This is necessary in cases of complications in chronic bronchitis, and in patients who suffer from underlying heart problems.

It is recommended for you to consult a doctor on experiencing any symptom of chronic bronchitis. This will ensure proper diagnosis and an early start to your treatment, which will prevent worsening of the condition.
 

5 people found this helpful

Coughing Up Blood: Know The Causes Of It!

MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Coughing Up Blood: Know The Causes Of It!

Coughing of blood is a serious problem in comparison to normal coghing. The coughing up of blood that originates from below the level of the larynx is known as hemoptysis. This can vary in terms of severity depending on the amount of blood being expelled. This disease is a common condition, but on an average, less than 5% of hemoptysis cases are life-threatening.

Oral antibiotics are usually the first stage of treatment for this condition. Smokers will also be urged to quit cigarettes as this can worsen their condition. Treatment for minor hemoptysis may also include:

  1. Oral hemostatics
  2. Cough suppressants
  3. Anticoagulants
  4. Radiation of laser treatment
  5. Therapeutic bronchoscopy

In its later stages, hemoptysis can be treated with a minimally invasive procedure known as endovascular embolization or with surgery. In some cases, endovascular embolization may also be sued to stabilise the patient before surgery. This procedure reduces the pressure in the hypertrophic arterial blood vessels and decreases the risk of perioperative bleeding.

Hemoptysis is also one of the most common complaints of lung cancer patients. Depending on the stage of cancer and the amount of blood expectorated, treatment in some cases may not be possible. In such cases, a parenteral opioid and fast-acting benzodiazepine may be administered.

Hemoptysis rarely affects children. The symptoms of this condition include:
Sudden onset of a cough with bloody phlegm

  1. Fever
  2. Anorexia and weight loss
  3. Dyspnoea
  4. Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea
  5. Fatigue

What should you follow in following situations?

  • Chest painMedical attention should be sought in cases where this condition recurs often, if it lasts for longer than a fortnight or if the volume of blood expectorated is more than 30ml per day. The various tools that help in the diagnosis of this condition are:
  • Chest radiography: This imaging modality helps lateralize bleeding and understand the amount of lung involvement. It is quick, inexpensive and can also help detect other underlying abnormalities.
  • Bronchoscopy: This involves the insertions of a rigid or flexible endoscope into the bronchial passages to check the airways and determines active bleeding sites.
  • MDCT: A multidetector CT is a non-invasive imaging tool that provides a comprehensive evaluation of airways, lung parenchyma, and thoracic vessels. It can also be used to uncover potential causes of bleeding such as bronchiectasis, pulmonary infections and lung cancer. In some cases, a multidetector CT angiography may also be used.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1890 people found this helpful

Shortness Of Breath - 4 Most Common Reasons Of It!

MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Shortness Of Breath - 4 Most Common Reasons Of It!

Shortness of breath, medically known as dyspnea, is the sensation of tightening of chest accompanied by a feeling of suffocation. Most of us would have experienced this while doing intensive exercise, while in extreme temperature or high altitude to a certain extent. But when the breathlessness is severe, it is due to a lung or heart ailment. The lungs and the heart play the most important role in transporting oxygen to our tissues and removes carbon dioxide. And so, any kind of problem in either of the organs can affect our breathing.

Causes:
Numerous underlying conditions can lead to a shortness of breath. An insight into the most common causes are enumerated below.

  1. Asthma: One of the common reason for shortness of breath is asthma. It is a serious condition in which the passage of air becomes narrow and swells up and produces extra mucus. This can result in shortness of breath, triggers wheezing, coughing and also makes breathing difficult. It cannot be cured but the symptoms can be controlled, and it is also necessary to consult with the doctor to track the symptoms and adjust the treatment.
  2. Carbon monoxide poisoningAnother leading cause of shortness of breath is carbon monoxide poisoning. It is caused when carbon monoxide builds up in our blood stream. When there is excessive carbon monoxide in the surrounding air, our body replaces the oxygen in our red blood cells or RBCs with the carbon monoxide in the air. Appliances that are improperly ventilated and engines, especially in a sealed or tightly enclosed space might allow carbon monoxide to accumulate in our blood stream to a dangerous level.
  3. A hiatal herniaThis is caused when part of our stomach pushes upward through your diaphragm. Our diaphragm usually has a small opening through which our esophagus or food pipe passes and connects the stomach. The stomach pushes up through this opening in case of a hiatal hernia and results in shortness of breath. In most of the cases it can be cured by medications, but in some situations, surgery is required.
  4. Pulmonary embolism: It is a blockage in one of the pulmonary arteries in the lungs. In 95% of the cases of pulmonary embolism, it is caused due to blood clots that travel to the lungs from the legs or some other parts of the body. As the clot blocks the flow of blood to the lungs, it can also be life threatening besides causing a shortage of breath.

Apart from these conditions, others such as bronchitis, pneumonia, lung cancer, COPD, arrhythmia, hypertension, and many other lung and heart ailments can result in shortness of breath and can lead to dire consequences in certain cases. Thus, it becomes paramount to consult a pulmonologist when you frequently experience such breathing difficulty.

1886 people found this helpful

I am 39 years male and having allergic bronchitis and I am coughing from 1 week I have no fever though any suggestions to get rid of coughing.

MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
I am 39 years male and having allergic bronchitis and I am coughing from 1 week I have no fever though any suggestion...
Just take inhalation medicines like combination of bronchodilator and inhaled steroids along with anti allergic tablet. Avoid things which you are allergic.
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I want to know the symptoms and treatment for emphysema and chances of being a diabetic when there is a history in family thank you.

MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
I want to know the symptoms and treatment for emphysema and chances of being a diabetic when there is a history in fa...
Breathlessness is main symptom and treatment is combination of inhaled bronchodilator. Chances of developing diabetes high when family is present.
1 person found this helpful
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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Causes And Symptoms

MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Causes And Symptoms

COPD, which is short for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, is a severe form of lung disease that is characterized by increased breathlessness and obstruction of airflow from the lungs. People who are suffering from COPD are at an increased risk of developing lung cancer, heart diseases and many other conditions. It includes progressive lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis, emphysema, few forms of bronchiectasis and refractory (non-reversible) asthma. The former two are the most common conditions contributing to COPD. 

Chronic bronchitis induces inflammation in the airway that carries air to the lungs and fills it with mucus. This either completely blocks the airway or narrows it, causing difficulty in breathing. However in emphysema, the air sacs inside the lungs which inflate and deflate as you breathe in and out, lose their elasticity due to which less air comes in and goes out leaving you breathless.

The best way to treat COPD is to quit smoking. Your doctor may also prescribe you medications or ask you to enroll in a lung rehab program. 
Causes:

  1. Smoking: Smoking is one of the most common causes of COPD. This is because smoking is known to destroy the stretchy fibers in people's lungs and irritate the airways. Even passive smoking is unhealthy. About 90% of the people having COPD are current or former smokers. 
  2. Genetics: Some individuals suffer from COPD even after refraining from smoking. Genes might be at the helm of COPD in such a case. AATD i.e. Alpha -1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, is a protein in the lungs, the lack of which is one of the most common genetic factor causing emphysema. 
  3. Environmental factors: Breathing in harmful pollutants present in your environment is also one of the causes of COPD. Fumes, dust or certain chemicals are a few examples of harmful lung irritants. Organic cooking fuel may also cause COPD. Exposing yourself to the aforementioned environmental factors for a prolonged period of time increases your risk of developing COPD substantially. 

Symptoms:

  1. Shortness of breath especially after exercising
  2. Wheezing
  3. Tightness in your chest
  4. Unintended weight loss
  5. Lack of energy
  6. Frequent respiratory infections
  7. Wheezing
  8. Cough accompanied by mucus

Diagnosis:

  1. Physical Exam where your doctor monitors the functioning of your lungs. 
  2. Questioning about your past health (Smoking or other harmful lung irritants).
  3. Spirometry and other breathing tests.
  4. Chest x-rays and other tests to eliminate other problems which could be causing your symptoms. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pulmonologist.
2133 people found this helpful

10 Facts About Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
10 Facts About Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

If you are experiencing difficulty in breathing or rapid breathing, shortness of breath and low blood pressure, you might have been affected with acute respiratory distress syndrome or ARDS. This is a fatal lung condition in which the supply of oxygen to the lungs and into the blood gets prevented. The symptoms of this syndrome develop within two days of the illness. Here are 10 important facts about ARDS you should know about:

  1. Because of the low level of oxygen in the blood, the organs of the body may not function properly. The kidneys and brain require constant oxygen-rich blood supply and there are chances of organ failure due to ARDS.

  2. Commonly, people who get ARDS are already in hospital for some other health problem. People who are not hospitalised may get ARDS because of conditions such as pneumonia.

  3. In ARDS, the tiny blood vessels of the lungs leak more fluid than usual into the air sacs of the lungs. This happens because of infections, injuries or some other condition. The lungs cannot get filled up with air and sufficient oxygen is prevented from getting pumped into the bloodstream.

  4. Several factors also lead to ARDS. These include sepsis, severe bleeding due to any injury on the head or chest, breathing in harmful smoke, or inhaling vomited content of the stomach from the mouth.

  5. People who are prone to ARDS have some condition that may injure their lungs directly or indirectly.

  6. The initial symptoms of ARDS include a feeling of not getting sufficient air in the lungs, low oxygen levels in the blood and rapid breathing. The diagnosis of ARDS depends on your medical history and the results from several tests and physical examinations.

  7. The treatment of ARDS is undertaken by oxygen therapy, medicines and fluids. A patient with ARDS is likely to develop some other health condition while in the hospital, such as lung scarring, blood clots, infections and pneumothorax.

  8. Many people recover from ARDS completely while others keep on facing certain health problems, such as shortness of breath, muscle weakness, depression and fatigue. Problems related to memory and clear thinking are also indicated.

  9. By improving your quality of life, you can recover from ARDS. You need the support and encouragement of your family and friends. You must avoid smoking and keep away from any kind of lung irritant.

  10. The treatment for ARDS has showed progress in the recent years. Hence, more people are recovering from this condition. New treatment procedures are being researched on. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pulmonologist.
2078 people found this helpful

Health Quote of the Week

MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Health Quote of the Week

1 in every 8 deaths is linked to air pollution.

1 person found this helpful

Health Quote of the Week

MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Health Quote of the Week

To strengthen your lungs and clear toxins, perform the deep breathing exercises to tap into the full capacity of your lungs.

1 person found this helpful

Health Quote of the Week

MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Health Quote of the Week

If you smoke, it is time to quit to improve the condition of your lungs.

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