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Knee Pain Treatment
Spinal Surgery Disorders
Treatment of Neurological Problems
Treatment of Knee replacement
Treatment of Joint And Muscle Problems
Treatment of Nerve And Muscle Disorders
Acl Reconstruction Procedure
Hip Replacement Surgery
Joint Dislocation Treatment
Knee Care Procedures
Joint Replacement Surgery
Ankle Pain Treatment
Treatment of Spondylosis
Arthritis And Pain Management Treatment
Treatment of Joint Dislocation
Treatment Of Disk Slip
Treatment Of Herniated Disc
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She is 30 years old having 6 years old daughter. Suffering from high heels pain. Some swelling also in her heels.
I have pain in heart upper side back side and lower side so thats way I am going to take Metoprolol succinate Extended Release in one tablet in a day and have a any problem to take this medicine please favourable reply.
Arthritis is a disease in which the joints in your body swell. Inflammation or swelling can be caused due to body's natural response to injury or disease. It can cause discomfort in the form of pain, stiffness as well as difficulty in movement. Major types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and gout.
Causes of arthritis
Arthritis is generally caused by a combination of factors. It can happen due to genetic factors in case the disease runs in the family. Sometimes it can be caused due to injuries of the past; it can also be a by-product of your lifestyle. Some of the common causes of arthritis are:
1. Genetic makeup in which arthritis can be a hereditary trait
2. Physically taxing work life or injuries caused in an accident
3. Imbalance in the immunity system
4. Infections in the joint.
Risk Factors associated with arthritis
1. Family history - You can be prone to develop arthritis if it runs in the family. It can occur due to its hereditary trait hence making you more vulnerable to the environmental factors which contribute to developing arthritis.
2. Age - The risk of arthritis can increase with age. Types like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout are more common in the old age.
3. Gender - Your sex is an important factor as women are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis while men are prone to suffer from gout.
4. Joint injury - Joint injury caused due to accidents or due to sports activities can trigger arthritis. People with previous joint injuries can develop arthritis in that joint.
5. Obesity - Excess weight can put a lot of pressure on the joints, on the knees and hips in particular. Hence, obese people have more chances of developing arthritis than fitter people. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.
Dear Sir, I m 35 years female suffering from pain at elbow and little lower in right hand, no medicine works. Pleases suggest.
What is a slipped disc?
Injury or weakness can cause the inner jelly like portion of the disc to protrude through the outer ring. This is known as a slipped or herniated disc. This causes pain and discomfort. If the slipped disc compresses one of your spinal nerves, you may also experience tingling, numbness and pain along the affected nerve. As the lumbar spine (lower back) carries most of the body weight, it tends to âslipâ more than higher levels.
What is the anatomy of disc herniation / herniated disc/ slip disc /sciatica?
Human spine is made of up 33 bones (vertebrae) that are cushioned by discs. These vertebrae are divided by region: neck (cervical spine), mid-back (thoracic spine), and low back (lumbar spine). At the lower end of your spine, you also have the sacrum and the coccyx, which is commonly called your tailbone. Discs are present between these bones. The disks protect the bones by absorbing the shocks from daily activities like walking, lifting, and twisting. Each disc has two partsâa soft, gelatinous inner portion (nucleus pulpous) and a tough outer ring (annulus fibrosus). Together, the vertebrae and discs form a tunnel through which the spinal cords and nerve pass.
What are the causes of slip disc?
The etiology/cause of slip disc is multifactorial; there is no evidence to prove/disprove the quantitative effect of one or other. The risk factors for slip disc can be:â¨â¨â¢ life style: stress and emotional tension, poor posture -standing for long periods of time or sitting incorrectlyâcan cause slip disc, heavy physical work, lifting or forceful movement, bending, or awkward positions can really hurt your back.â¨â¢ obesity: being overweight puts pressure and stress on the back, especially the low back. Carrying excess weight aggravates other health conditions such as osteoporosis (weak bones), osteoarthritis (joint pain), rheumatoid arthritis (an autoimmune disease), degenerative disc disease (described above in the aging section), spinal stenosis, and spondylolisthesis.
What are the symptoms of herniated disc or slip disc?
Symptoms of a slipped disc include: sciatica â pain in buttock radiating to legâ¨â¢ pain and numbness, most commonly on one side of the bodyâ¨â¢ pain that extends to your arms and/or legsâ¨â¢ pain that worsens at nightâ¨â¢ pain that worsens after standing or sittingâ¨â¢ pain when walking short distancesâ¨â¢ unexplained muscle weaknessâ¨â¢ tingling, aching, or burning sensations in the affected areaâ¨â¢ sciaticaâ a sharp shooting pain that can extend from the buttock into the leg and sometimes into the foot.â¨â¢ muscle spasm, locked back, stiffness in back, morning stiffness.â¨â¢ although rare, herniated discs can cause you to lose bowel or bladder control known as cauda equine syndrome and one should seek medical advice as prognosis deteriorates with time. One can know whether this is happening to him or not if he has urgency /frequency of urination or loss of control of urination or sudden peri anal anesthesia.
When do I need to have a spine doctor opinion?
Patients with progressive symptoms in leg / back need a specialist opinion to diagnose and treat the problem.â¨â¨symptoms which need specialist attention (red flags) are:â¨â¨1. Persistent leg painâ¨2. Numbness in legâ¨3. Weakness in legâ¨4. Difficulty in walkingâ¨5. Unable to control urine / motionâ¨â¨symptoms like bowel and bladder urinary incontinence shall seek urgent / emergency opinion /management by the spine specialist.
Which tests will be needed to confirm the diagnosis?
Imaging studies / investigations help to arrive a diagnosis of slip disc / herniated disc and include:â¨â¢ x-raysâ¨â¢ mri scansâ¨â¢ disco grams, which are rarely utilized.
What are the treatment options for slip disc?
There are different options to treat slip disc depending on the severity and duration of symptoms. They may comprise of one or many:â¨â¨1. Drugs & medicationsâ¨2. Spinal injectionsâ¨3. Spine surgeryâ¨â¨drugs, medications, to relieve slip disc: medication alone is not the ultimate solution to your back pain, however during emergency or during severe pain these medicines may help you curb the suffering. paracetamol:â¨your doctor may call this an analgesic, they donât help reduce inflammation, though. nsaids (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs):â¨these will help reduce swelling (or inflammation) while relieving your pain; thatâs how nsaids differ from paracetamol.â¨â¨muscle relaxants: which will help stop the muscular spasms.â¨â¨anti-depressants:â¨as surprising as it may seem, anti-depressants can be effective drugs for treating pain because they block pain messages on their way to the brain. They can also help increase your bodyâs production of endorphins, a natural pain killer.â¨â¨opioids:â¨in the most extreme cases, and only under careful supervision, you doctor may also prescribe an opioid.â¨â¨medication warning:â¨as with all medications, you must follow your doctorâs advice precisely.
(a) injection techniquesâ¨â¢ root block injectionâ¨â¢ epidural injectionâ¨â¢ caudal block injectionâ¨â¢ facet block injection
The options of surgery are
â¢ decompressionâ¨â¢ spinal fusionâ¨â¨the spine surgery advised for slip disc can be performed in many different ways. The success rates of surgery in slip disc/ herniated disc / sciatica is 98 % and with invention of modern technology and minimal invasive surgery techniques it nears 100 %. Spine surgery can be performed in different manners:-â¨â¨â¢ conventional open surgeryâ¨â¢ minimal invasive spine surgery â key hole spine surgeryâ¨â¢ endoscopic spine surgeryâ¨â¢ microscopic spine surgeryâ¨â¢ micro endoscopic spine surgery
â¢ facetectomy: a procedure that removes a part of the facet (a bony structure in the spinal canal) to increase the space.â¨â¨â¢ foraminotomy: a procedure that removes the bony compression over foramina (the area where the nerve roots exit the spine) to increase the size of the nerve pathway.â¨â¨â¢ laminoplasty: a procedure makes more room for the spinal canal.â¨â¨â¢ laminotomy: a procedure that removes only a small portion of the lamina (a part of the vertebra) to relieve pressure on the nerve roots.â¨â¨â¢ micro-discectomy: a procedure that removes a disc through a very small incision using a microscope.â¨â¨â¢ laminectomy: a procedure for treating spinal stenosis by relieving pressure on the spinal cord.â¨â¨spinal fusion: surgery intends to stabilize an unstable segment responsible for pain, this may involve putting some screws in your spine to increase stability.â¨â¨various options of doing spinal fusion are plf /plif/tlif/ alif/xlif.