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We all have lost our tail with evolution…but did you ever think that the vestigial (redundant) part of that tail which has been left over in us in the form of tailbone can mess up with our daily activities and torture us to the level of not allowing us to sit!
What is Coccydynia?
The coccyx, also referred to as the ‘tailbone’ is the last segment of one’s vertebral column. Coccydynia is referred to a disabling pain that occurs in/around the coccyx. This type of pain usually starts when one sits all of a sudden or rises up from the seat after having been seated over a long period of time. Also known as coccygodynia, this condition can mar one’s quality of life. The pain, often described as ‘stabbing’ or ‘piercing’, can radiate to the buttocks, the lumbar spine, and rarely, to one’s thighs.
The coccyx is the final part of one’s vertebral column. The vertebral units are fused together. The frontal portion of the coccyx is the fusion site of the muscles and ligaments which control the functions of the pelvic floor. The coccyx also supports the anus’s position. The gluteus maximus is attached to the posterior part of the coccyx. Ligament or muscle damage, or muscle weakness can cause the coccyx to assume an abnormal position, thus causing pain.
Sitting for extended periods of time, especially on hard surfaces
Effect of a direct trauma, such as a fall
How do you know whether it’s Coccydynia?
You will experience pain while sitting, especially on hard surfaces
Localized pain in or around the tailbone that worsens with touch or any pressure applied on it
The pain will become severe when you stand from a seating position after considerable amount of time
The pain might also start during sexual intercourse
The pain increases in women during their menstrual cycles
- Radiated or referred Coccydynia
Physiotherapy Approach For Treating Coccydynia
Patients diagnosed with Coccydynia are advised to avoid factors which might provoke the pain. The initial line of treatment will include making certain adjustments such as applying gel cushion when one is sitting for extended periods of time. This helps reduce localized pressure and improve his posture. Other modes include:
Mobilizations: This can help realign the posture of the coccyx. Initially, there might be tenderness; hence, it is advised to start with rotational mobilization. To start with, either side should be mobilized first.
Manipulation: This can be done intra-rectal and when the patient is lying in a lateral position. The coccyx is repeatedly extended and flexed with the help of the index finger. However, care must be taken so as to not hurt the rectal mucosa.
Massage: Massaging the coccygeus muscles has also been proven to relieve pain. Biofeedback can also be integrated with it in order to avoid incidences of muscle pull on the coccyx.
I am 26 years old and I am suffering from mensuration problem. My mensuration circle is 35 days average. And I have less bleeding and my legs have a great pain during the whole month from back to feet all day have the pain. No pain killer is effective for this pain what can I do please help.
I am not getting my periods since one month. My last menses date was 28th july I done pregnancy test using pregnancy toolkit like (preganews, velocity,and I can) 0n 20th august. And all the three kits indicated result negative only. But after two days I am suffering from "tonsils" fever and headache This is second time that I got "tonsils" Can you please say that all this signs indicate that I am pregnant please answer me. How can I get periods plzzz say me I am worried about this.
I am pregnent. 8 weeks. In torch test rubella igg 62 cmv129 hsv27. But igm -'ve. Can my baby healthy?
Hi, I am recently diagnosed with tb because I have lymph nodes in my neck and I am trying for conceiving from last 2 years. My question is that the tuberculosis is affect the conceiving or not? Because one of my friends is doing MBBS told me that it affects the conceiving, please help to clear my doubt.
Pelvic Inflammatory disease (PID) is a bacterial infection that affects a woman’s reproductive organs. This disease is not contagious though men can host and transmit the bacteria that triggered the disease through intercourse. Chlamydia (know more about Chlamydia disease) and gonorrhea are the two most common causes of this disease. Apart from being transmitted sexually, this disease can also develop through the insertion of an unsterilized contraception device into the vagina or during a gynecological procedure such as an abortion. In rare cases, normal bacteria from the vagina can also spread into the uterus and fallopian tubes triggering this disease.
PID can be fatal and should not be ignored. Lower abdominal pain is the primary symptom of this disease. This pain can vary from being mild to be seriously debilitating. Other symptoms of this condition are:
Abnormal or foul vaginal discharge.
Painful intercourse that may be accompanied by bleeding.
Spotting between periods.
Severe menstrual cramps.
Burning sensation while urinating.
Urge to frequently urinate and an inability to empty the bladder.
High fever alternating with chills.
Diminished appetite with nausea.
Weakness and depression.
PID can often produce a pus-like fluid that scars the reproductive organs. This can result in infertility. This risk is influenced by the duration and severity of the infection along with the number of times it recurs. Women suffering from pelvic inflammatory disease are also at a higher risk of having a tubal pregnancy. This type of pregnancy is fatal for the baby and also threatens the life of the mother.
In cases where the disease is triggered by an STD like gonorrhea or Chlamydia, it can also spread to the liver tissues. This is a complication known as the Fitz Hugh Curtis syndrome and causes a collection of pus in the form of an abscess in the fallopian tubes or ovaries. If this abscess ruptures, the pus would spread into the pelvic cavity causing severe pain, nausea and a fall in blood pressure. If it spreads further into the blood stream, it can be fatal.
Diagnosis of this disease is difficult as its symptoms are usually mild and common to a number of other conditions. However, once diagnosed, it can be easily treated through antibiotic medication. Surgery is required only in cases where there is no response to antibiotics or if an abscess bursts or is at a stage where it may. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a and ask a free question.