Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 25 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Delhi and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
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Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
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Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
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I have pcod and hypothyroidism. Thyroid is in normal level. I hv too much of weight gain hair fall. I have muscle pain too much. I'm planning for pregnancy. I'm planing to do get laparoscopic for my ovary cyst.
I got a swelling in my butt cheeks and vagina what is the problem. Why it is happened ? What should i do ? Please advice.
Help sir/mam my girlfriend period started on 4 feb and we had sex on 21 feb with condom but still have no period so there is any problem or what it's common 2-3 delay days and this my second time with her. So please help me out.
When it comes to the brain and IQ, is bigger better? Does size really matter? Is there really a connection between the size of your brain and intelligence? With the help of findings by neurologists and scientists, we seek to find out!
- Ailments and the brain: Scientists have found that children with autism have a brain that has grown in a disproportionate manner in the very first year of their life. This prevents the child from making connection in a normal manner. On the other hand, children and adolescents who suffer from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD show sign of having a much smaller brain size. Many scientists have shown that the size of the brain shrinks as we age and this does not have any visible effect on our cognitive abilities.
- It’s all relative: The size of the brain does not really have a bearing on the way a person’s cognition gets shaped. Even large mammals like elephants and whales are finally hunted and tamed by humans who have smaller brains in comparison. The brain is made up of billions of neurons, which need to function properly. It may be seen that scientists consider the brain mass in relation with the rest of the body so as to speculate about the cognitive abilities of the person. Why is this required? Large animals need a well functioning and proportionate brain size to control and run their organs with proper cognition for satisfactory results, which is what we humans seem to have done.
- Neanderthal brain: Historically, the earliest man or the Neanderthals are said to have had larger brains than we do. These people are believed to have brains that are at least 10% larger than the brains that we have in our modern times. The shape of their brain was different too. They were also heavily muscled people which had a bearing on the size and shape of the brain and bodies as well as the lean tissue within the brain. They also survived very successfully for a period of over 200,000 years, which obviously points to some form of elevated cognition, as per many scientists.
- Animals: While animals with small brains like lizards and reptiles do not perform too well on IQ tests, the animals with bigger brains like elephants and dolphins perform much better. But the medium sized brain of monkeys, lemurs and other animals are said to perform in the best manner. The correlation between the body size and the brain does not seem to hold good here, as per various researches.
So the verdict as per medical science and research stands divided! If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Neurologist.
Babies can enter this world in one of two ways: Pregnant women can have either a vaginal birth or a surgical delivery by Cesarean section, but the ultimate goal is to safely give birth to a healthy baby.
C-section or Cesarean section is a surgical procedure to remove baby through an incision in the mother’s abdomen and then a second incision in the uterus. It may be a necessity in certain situations, such as delivering a very large baby in a mother with a small pelvis, or if the baby is not in a heads-down position and efforts to turn the baby before a woman gives birth have been unsuccessful.
Sometimes the decision by an obstetrician to perform a C-section is unplanned, and it is done for emergency reasons because the health of the mother, the baby, or both of them is in jeopardy. This may occur because of a problem during pregnancy or after a woman has gone into labor, such as if labor is happening too slowly or if the baby is not getting enough oxygen.
Some C-sections are considered elective, which are planned by the treating doctor for medical reasons. The patient may choose to deliver by CS due to previous unpleasant experience or to avoid the pain of normal labour. In such cases also it is called elective CS.
Reasons for a C-section may include:
- Health problems in the mother
- The mother carrying more than one baby
- The size or position of the baby
- The baby’s health is in danger
- Labor is not moving along as it should
The surgery is relatively safe for mother and baby. Still, it is major surgery and carries risks. It also takes longer to recover from a C-section than from vaginal birth. It can raise the risk of having difficulties with future pregnancies. Some women may have problems attempting a vaginal birth later. Still, many women are able to have a vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC).
How You Might Feel
You won’t feel any pain during the C-section, although you may feel sensations like pulling and pressure. Most women are awake and simply numbed from the waist down using regional anesthesia during a C-section. That way, they are awake to see and hear their baby being born. A curtain will be over your abdomen during the surgery, but you may be able to take a peek as your baby is being delivered from your belly. However, women who need to have an emergency C-section occasionally require general anesthesia, so they’re unconscious during the delivery and won’t remember anything or feel any pain.
Recovering from a C-section
After a C-section, a woman may spend two to four days in the hospital, but it may take her up to six weeks to feel more like herself again. Her abdomen will feel sore from the surgery and the skin and nerves in this area will need time to heal. Women will be given narcotic pain medications to take the edge off any post-surgery pain, and most women use them for about two weeks after ward.
A woman may also experience bleeding for about four to six weeks after a surgical birth. She is also advised to not have sex for a few weeks after her C-section and to also avoid strenuous activities, such as lifting heavy objects.
What is Bacterial Vaginosis?
Bacterial Vaginosis is an infection that occurs in and around the female genitalia. It does not usually pose a major health threat and is a mild infection that can be controlled and cured with timely medical intervention. Although it is believed to be sexually transmitted, it can also affect women who are not sexually active.
In some cases, pelvic surgeries, which include caesarean, hysterectomy, abortion or other abdominal surgery, bacterial vaginosis can be contracted during the surgical procedure. This can further complicate the condition of the patient.
Bacterial Vaginosis is a common complaint among women who have physically reached the child bearing age and symptoms of this physical problem can become prominent at any time of the menstrual cycle.
Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis
Dirty, unwashed underwear
Multiple sexual partners
Change in the vaginal pH, causing the reduction in the protective acidic secretion that prevents the growth of other harmful bacteria
It can also arise from the placement of Intrauterine device (IUD), a contraceptive device placed to prevent the eggs released by the ovaries, from reaching the uterus.
Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis
The most common sign of bacterial vaginosis is a foul smelling vaginal discharge.
The discharge increases after sexual activities.
Discomfort during urination
In some rare cases, there is itching and dryness
In most cases, bacterial vaginosis does not reveal too many symptoms and does not even cause intense irritation.
Bacterial Vaginosis can be treated with antibiotics that are generally to be continued for a course of 7 days.
Symptoms and discomfort of bacterial vaginosis generally recede within 2-3 days. However, it is recommended that the medicine should not be stopped even after the symptoms disappear.
- Only in rare cases, certain antibiotics may lead to a vaginal yeast infection. In case of redness, inflammation, irritation and undesirable discharge, you must seek medical attention immediately.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The urinary system is the second most disease prone area in the human anatomy, after the cardiovascular system of our body. Gallbladder stones, urination problems, kidney failure and many more add to the list of such diseases. The Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction (UPJO) is another addition to the list of troubles people might face concerning their urinary tract. According to two research papers posted in the Central European Journal of Urology, UPJO and its remedies have been of common interest to medical researchers, recently. Let’s delve into further details of this disease.
The urinary system
The kidney extracts the fluid from the blood, which is then converted into urine with the help of renal parenchyma. It is a compound found in the kidney itself. Once the urine is produced by the kidney, it is transported to renal pelvis, which is the first part of the urine collection system. The renal pelvis is attached to the kidney itself. The urine finally passes through the ureter to the bladder, which excretes the urine, once it is full, through the urethra.
Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction UPJO
It is in the renal pelvis where the UPJO occurs. UPJO is the term commonly used to denote any blockage arising in the path of the urine from the renal pelvis to the ureter. The reason behind this blockage could be undetermined but in most of the cases one of the two happens:
- A blood vessel might pressure a blockage, going above the ureter
- There might be a non-functioning segment in the ureter, which is also termed as ‘congenital narrowing of the ureter’.
Symptoms of UPJO
UPJO can be very difficult to identify before any test because its symptoms are very similar to symptoms of gallbladder stone, urination difficulties, etc. Few of the symptoms, according to the patients undergoing treatment for UPJO, are as follows:
• Sudden pain in the upper abdomen portion of the body
• Infection in the renal pelvis (which can only be identified after tests)
• Crystalline formations near the ureter (stones),
• Haematuria (blood mixed with the urine)
It is quite astonishing how, in a few cases, UPJO may not cause any symptoms and hence pass undetected. But the commonly recommended tests for those undergoing such pain are:
• CT scan
In the imaging output from these scans, the dilation in the renal pelvis can be caught. Other than these tests, several other tests are recommended to evaluate UPJO. For example, a renal sonogram may show a dilated renal pelvis, commonly known as hydronephrosis or pelvicaliectasis.
Treatment of UPJO
Transperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty is currently the most popular treatment for UPJO. According to a research, 62 laparoscopic pyeloplasties were carried out. The average age of the patients consulting a specialist was 40 years, out of which 52% were female. The most common reason for consultation was urethral pain with or without infections, and 94% of patients had a total or partial obstructive pattern. The main reason behind the patients’ urge to treat UPJO with pyeloplasty was that it has the advantages of a minimally invasive surgery.
Even a minute pain in the abdomen can be infectious.Hence, it is recommended to undergo the medical tests that have been mentioned and treat UPJO with pyeloplasty before perilous complications arise.
Veginal dryness after remove both ovaries due to small cysts pain in intercourse Please advice so that can I enjoy sex. Thanks
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