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Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction
Skin Care Treatment
Treatment of Migraine Treatment
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My brother stays most of the time in Dimapur Nagaland but whenever he visits Delhi, suddenly his skin starts to dry, leaving white color spots in his skin. His lips starts cracking what I myself feel during the winter days. He is not interested to visit a dermatologist because he feels everything alright once he is back to Dimapur. So I want to help him. Please let me know if there is anything serious problem with his skin or anything I must be concern with. Waiting for your valuable reply. Thank-you.
I suffered from varicose veins in last trimester of my pregnancy. They were visible and protruding on both of my legs due to which I suffered from restless legs And after delivery they subsidised. Its been only 6 months since birth of my baby but of late I can see those spider veins again in legs becoming black they have not protruded yet. But due to them I am unable to stand for sometime. I have tried stocking but did not find them of much use. Is there any treatment available except surgery.
I m 25 yes old and suffering from depression after confirmation from doctor. please suggest me wat to do?
I have the habit of masturbation. How can I stop that. I want to immediately stop that. I can not please help me doctors.
The body functions are controlled by hormones which are produced by various endocrine glands (named so because these glands secrete hormones directly into the body). There are various endocrine glands, and these are controlled by the master endocrine gland which is the pituitary gland.
The pituitary gland is attached to the base of the brain. It also produces prolactin which helps regulate milk production when a woman is breast-feeding. To a smaller extent, it also has some effect on other hormones.
Prolactinoma is a benign tumour of the pituitary gland which produces large amount of prolactin. The cells in the pituitary gland multiply to produce large amounts of prolactin. In people with prolactinoma, there are reduced amounts of oestrogen in females and testosterones in males.
Causes: Though the cause is unknown, a genetic connection believed to exist. Also, people who are hypothyroidic, pregnant, and/or breast-feeding have a higher chance of developing this condition. They can develop in men as well. Interestingly, this is the most common form of pituitary gland tumour.
Types: Depending on the size of the tumour, the tumour is of two main types—microprolactinoma (when the tumour measures less than 10 mm) and macroprolactinoma (when the tumour measures more than 10 mm).
Signs and symptoms: Though the most important function of prolactin is the regulation of breast milk production, it also has various other functions in both men and women. The symptoms, therefore, would depend on the gender and the age group.
If teenagers are affected, there could be reduced growth and delayed puberty.
In addition to the above symptoms, as the tumour continues to grow, there could be pressure on the surrounding nerves, leading to headaches, blurred of vision, and even double vision. As the tumour grows, the normal pituitary functioning may be affected, and other hormones may not be produced and accordingly the symptoms would appear.
Treatment: One of the main reasons it gets diagnosed is infertility. When ruling out causes for infertility, prolactinoma is suspected and to rule this out blood tests are done. Increased amounts of the hormone would lead to undergoing MRI scans and other tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Once confirmed, the treatment would depend on the symptoms and the patient. It causes reduced amounts of oestrogen and testosterone, which is usually harmless. Unless required, some people can choose to go without any treatment. Hormone supplements can be used to restore the normal hormone levels. Dopamine antagonists can be used to suppress the production of prolactin from the pituitary gland. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Endocrinologist.