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Dr. Arpana Jain - Gynaecologist, Delhi

Dr. Arpana Jain

92 (754 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, DNB

Gynaecologist, Delhi

28 Years Experience  ·  800 at clinic
Book appointment and get ₹125 LybrateCash (Lybrate Wallet) after your visit
Dr. Arpana Jain 92% (754 ratings) MBBS, DGO, DNB Gynaecologist, Delhi
28 Years Experience  ·  800 at clinic
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I am Dr Arpana Jain, senior gynecologist, attached with Fortis hospital Delhi.<br/><br/>Today we ...

 

I am Dr Arpana Jain, senior gynecologist, attached with Fortis hospital Delhi.

Today we are discussing about cosmetic surgery related to vagina i.e., cosmetic vaginal surgeries. Because of increasing awareness and self-realization of the body, this surgery is in great demand. There are various procedures which we can do To improve the cosmetic problem related to vagina portion. One is vaginoplasty when the vagina lacks because of repeated childbirth, the vagina becomes very loose, and there is decreased sexual pleasure. To increase that, the vaginal uterus can be reduced with surgery, and other is labiality. It is basically the term for labia minora because the inner lip of labia which is very large because of that there is difficulty in walking and there can be difficulty in sexual relation also it leads to a lot of problems, and cosmetically it is also not good. The surgery can be done to reduce the size of this lip. And the other is hymenoplasty, this is a thin membrane over the vagina and after relation it is broken, to repair that membrane and to make the woman virgin again the hymen membrane can be stitched again to make woman virgin. Another point is labia major augmentation. Sometimes it is the outer lip of vulva, which is very thin which is cosmetically not very good, so it can be augmented with putting the backup fat below this to make it beautiful. Another is vulvar lipoclastic. When it is very thick, the labia is very thick, it is very full of backup fats sometimes it becomes very bad looking so it can be reduced by liposuction. Another is G point augmentation, and clitoral hood reduction, sometimes there is long skin layer on G point, it can be reduced the clitoral hood which can be reduced and these two surgeries G point augmentation and clitoral hood reduction is basically to improve the sexual desire. These cosmetic surgeries are increasing day by day to improve the sexual desire and pleasure and because of the cosmetic region, we are doing this which is really really fine.

Thank you so much and if you have any query or if you want to contact me you can come down to my office or you can take appointment through lybrate. Thank you so much.

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Symptoms and preventions for Menopause<br/>Symptoms and preventions for Menopause<br/><br/>Hi Goo...

Symptoms and preventions for Menopause

Hi Good morning! I am doctor Aparna Jain, senior consultant obstetrics and gynaecology. Today we are discussing problems related to menopause. Average age of menopause in an average Indian woman is 48 years. 2/3 years beyond that and before that is the period of perimenopause. Lot of women suffer from problems related to menopause first of which is hot flashes, another is urinary problem and sometimes menstrual disorder. Then there can be joint pains as well.


1. Hot Flashes. In hot flashes women usually feel lot of sweating and nervousness. Deficiency of hormones lead to hot flashes, for that we need to supplement the woman with hormones and usually we ask to avoid taking hot drinks and advice to take natural isoflavones to avoid hot flashes.


2. Menstrual Disorder. Menstrual disorder usually happens in the form of either irregular periods or heavy menses and irregular period usually occur in the initial six months to one year time then the period usually stops. If the period continues to be irregular then we need to do investigation to find out whether this woman is having any benign disorder in the uterus or malignant disorder in uterus. For that we need to do an ultrasound of lower abdomen and if required a D&C Hysteroscopy to find out whether there is any growth inside the uterus and we send this tissue for histopathology to rule out malignancy. If the bleeding till persists then the woman may need hysterectomy in that age.


3. Urinary Problem. It is quite common. Usually women do not come out with this problem because they feel shy about disclosing it. The most common problems are either frequency or dysuria which means burning during urination. Another is stress incontinence. Whenever they sneeze or cough they pass small amount of urine. It is all because of hormonal deficiency. Because of which the lining of the urinary bladder as well as the lining of the vagina becomes thin so there is chances of recurrent infection and women suffer from this problem. For this we need to supplement the women with hormones as well as ask them to take natural sources of oestrogens like soya isoflavones.


4. Joint Pain. Usually this is because of the deficiency of Vitamin D and Calcium. For this we need to address and tell them to do lot of exercises and to take Calcium as well as Vitamin D
Usually we subject every woman with health package during menopausal period in which we include a pap smear, and ultrasound routine, blood test like CBC, blood count, as well as lipid profile and kidney function test, sugar, urine routine culture, ultrasound of lower abdomen and if required mammography and if we find any problem one can go for a cardiac check up also. And, usually we tell every post menopausal woman to do some amount of exercise and take calcium and vitamin d and plenty of liquids to avoid any problem related to postmenopausal.

Thank you very much. If you have any problem related to this you can consult me either on Lybrate or you can come down to my clinic.

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<br/>Benefits of Endoscopic Surgery<br/>I m Dr. Aparna Jain, Senior Consultant Obstetrics and Gyn...

 

Benefits of Endoscopic Surgery
I’m Dr. Aparna Jain, Senior Consultant Obstetrics and Gynaecologist.
We are going to discuss about Endoscopic surgery or Laparoscopic surgery in gynaecology. It is basically a pinhole surgery in which doctors don’t open the abdomen. We just put two or three small scar at the abdomen, pet par do ya teen chote scar lagate hain jiske through we can do surgeries.

Various surgeries can be performed laparoscopically or endoscopically like removal of uterus, removal of fibroids from the uterus, removal of ovarian cyst, or ovary me jo gaanth hai uske removal ke lie kar sakte hain, or removal of cyst, any type of cyst like familial cyst or atopic pregnancy i.e, pregnancy inside the fallopian tube. It is outside the uterus and it a is very life threatening condition in which we can do laparoscopic surgery and take out the embryo.

Another issue which can be solved through laparoscopy is the case of infertility. Suppose Somebody, Who is not able to conceive. If there is some problem in the fallopian tube which can be opened by Laparoscope. Endometriosis is another very important problem which leads to infertility which can be corrected laparoscopically.

These are the various conditions which can be dealt with laparoscopy without opening the abdomen. What is the advantage? Why is laparoscopic surgery better rather than opening abdomen?
It is very very important to know about it because logo ke dimag me yeh myth hota hai ki abdomen open karenge toh complete surgery hogi aur laparoscopically agar surgery karenge to wo complete nahi hoga but it is not like that. If we are doing laparoscopic surgery we are having ten times magnification in comparison to a normal eye so it will give better vision, better insight to the disease which we will be able to handle better and the scope of recovery in laparoscopic surgery is much faster than open surgery.

There is not a single large scar on the abdomen. There are multiple, two, three or sometime four scar which is 1 cm or 0.5 cm scar at the abdomen which heal so well that post of pain is very very little after laparoscopic surgery. One is very early, one can ambulate very fast after laparoscopic surgery in comparison to open surgeries and post of addition formation. Sometime, after doing a surgery one landed up in another surgery then, after open surgery there is lot of addition formation inside so second surgery become very difficult but in laparoscopic surgery addition formation is very little so the second surgery becomes easier if somebody has laparoscopic surgery initially. Cosmetically, it is also very good because scars are very less, very little. It is almost an invisible scar in comparison to open surgery.

If you want to consult further, want to know more about laparoscopic surgery or you have any problem, for that you want to consult, you can consult us on Lybrate website.

 

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Personal Statement

Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; a......more
Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; as a health provider being ethical is not just a remembered value, but a strongly observed one.
More about Dr. Arpana Jain
Dr Aparna Jain is a reputed gynaecologist based in GTB Nagar in Delhi for the last 26 years. She did her MBBS and DGO (PG Diploma in Obsterics and Gynaecology) from the prestigious Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College in Meerut and obtained her DNB (Diplomate of National Board) from Sir Ganga Ram Hospital in New Delhi. Her work spanning over two decades has won her a lot of recognition and she has been awarded Certificate of merit & gold medal in physiology and Certificate of honour (Pathology).Dr Aparna Jain has also over the years played an active role and been a member of the Indian Fertility Society (IFS), Indian Association of Gynaecological Endoscopist (IAGE), National Board of Examination, Association of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists of Delhi (AOGD) and Indian Menopause Society (IMS).The precision with which Dr Aparna Jain deals with her patients has earned her a name in the medical community in Delhi. She is a physician renowned for her ethical practices and post treatment patient care. Dr Aparna Jain apart from being an excellent gynaecologist is also an infertility specialist. Her practice is an ever flourishing one and she is available for consultations at Care Medicentre in GTB Nagar located in Delhi.

Info

Education
MBBS - Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College-Meerut - 1990
DGO - Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College-Meerut - 1992
DNB - Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi - 1995
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Awards and Recognitions
Certificate of Honor In Pathology - 1987
Certificate of Merit & Gold Medal In Physiology - 1985
Certificate of Gold Medal Certificate of Distinction of Merit In Biochemistry - 1985
Professional Memberships
Member of National Board of Examination
Association of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists of Delhi (AOGD)
Indian Menopause Society (IMS)
...more
Indian Fertility Society (IFS)
Indian Association of Gynaecological Endoscopist (IAGE)

Location

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Care Medicentre

No.7, Hakikat Nagar, Gate No.1, Opposite GTB Nagar Metro Station Gate No.2, Kingsway CampDelhi Get Directions
  4.6  (755 ratings)
800 at clinic
...more

Dr. Arpana's OPD Fortis Hospital

A Block, Poorvi Shalimar BaghDelhi Get Directions
  4.6  (755 ratings)
800 at clinic
...more
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6 Signs You are Suffering From Vaginal Yeast Infection!

MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Delhi
6 Signs You are Suffering From Vaginal Yeast Infection!

The female reproductive organ is an area of the human body where many microbial organisms inhabit together and it is a necessary requirement for its health. These organisms may include fungi and bacteria and play important roles individually in maintaining the pH levels (the acidic and alkaline balance) levels of the vagina. However, when one of these, especially the fungi go out of balance and begin to propagate, it results in a vaginal yeast infection.

Symptoms
A yeast infection or vaginal candidiasis is a fungal infection that causes extreme itchiness of the vulva (which is the opening of the vagina) and the further insides of the vagina as well. It may result in a white discharge from time to time and causes vaginal inflammation. Some of the other symptoms are:

  1. Pain in the vagina akin to a burning sensation while urinating or when having sex
  2. Rashes in the vagina
  3. General soreness and pain
  4. White odorless discharge, which is thick in consistency
  5. Colorless watery discharges can occur as well
  6. Swelling and redness near the vulva or the vagina in general

Causes
The type of fungi that causes vaginal yeast infections is the ‘candida fungus’. Usually, this fungus is present within the vagina, but is kept in check by the Lactobacillus bacteria. These are bacteria naturally present within the vagina and secrete acids, which keep the fungi in check. However, when the levels of bacteria are reduced, it will cause the levels of fungi to increase causing a yeast infection.

Risk Factors
The below mentioned factors can aggravate the risks of this disease:

  1. Problems brought on by diabetes
  2. A compromised immune system
  3. Pregnancy may also disturb the balance
  4. Starting to use or stopping the use of oral contraceptive pills
  5. Hormone therapy
  6. Usage of antibiotics that may kill off lactobacillus bacteria within the vagina

Generally, yeast infections are not considered to be sexually transmitted, although yeast infection could be spread through sexual contact as well.

The primary treatment includes a course of anti fungal oral medication to lessen the levels of the fungi within your vagina. It could be supplemented with vaginal creams, which may reduce the itching and the inflammation. If you have recurrent infection multiple times within a year, then you may have to go for a longer course of treatment and correct the underlying conditions that may be causing it.

2774 people found this helpful

8 Surprising Facts About Uterine Fibroids!

MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Delhi
8 Surprising Facts About Uterine Fibroids!

Uterine fibroids are abnormal growth that manifests in the uterus of the woman. Hormones and a family history of the same are the usual causes listed for such a growth. As per many medical reports, about 70 to 80% women over the age of 50 years, experience such growths. The most common symptoms of the condition include heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle or even at other times of the month, as well as severe pain in the abdomen.

Read on to know eight facts about these fibroids.

  1. These fibroids may be caused by a family history of the same and is usually passed down by the mother. The other causes include excessive hormonal imbalance and changes as well as pregnancy and obesity.
  2. Heavy urination is one of the most common symptoms of this condition, as the fibroids may press against the uterus and cause pressure in the area. Also, for those who have not reached menopause yet, this condition may also cause heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding.
  3. A Pelvic MRI scan is one of the most common ways of diagnosing the condition with the creation of images that will show any anomalies and growth in the uterus, ovaries and cervix.
  4. Medication may be used in order to control and regulate the levels of hormone production and release. This can affect the fibroids by making them shrink eventually.
  5. All fibroids do not point at the progression of cancer. If you have uterine fibroids, it does not mean that you have to have cancer. The symptoms may be similar and the condition is usually called uterine sarcoma. Usually, the diagnosis can only be done with the help of a sugary which will remove the growth and then study the same in the lab to find whether or not it is malignant. This process is known as a biopsy.
  6. They are the most common reason behind undergoing a hysterectomy. Many women, the world over, have to go through a hysterectomy, which removes the uterus and even the ovaries in some cases. This usually happens when the uterine fibroids become too huge to handle and may give rise to a variety of risks and complications.
  7. Pregnancy may become a difficulty if you happen to have uterine fibroids. While it is still possible to become pregnant and conceive naturally, many women face problems in doing so easily because these fibroids cause changes in the uterus when it comes to the shape and size of the same.
  8. Many women do not experience any symptoms of the condition at all. In such cases, no treatment will be required. Yet, even in these cases, the doctor will recommend regular clinical check ups and observation in order to ensure that there are no complications.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2644 people found this helpful

5 Ways To Prevent Menstrual Cramps

MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Delhi
5 Ways To Prevent Menstrual Cramps

More than half of the women who menstruate, tend to go through pain from period cramps for a day or two every month. During the menstrual cycle, the uterus contracts to remove its coating or lining. Hormone like substances, called prostaglandins, which are the cause for pain and aggravation, trigger the uterine muscle contractions. More elevated levels of prostaglandins are linked with more severe menstrual cramps.

While menstrual cramps, additionally called dysmenorrhea, are normally not an indication of a highly serious health condition, they can act as barriers in your daily lifestyle. To help with the pain, here are five things that may offer some relief. In case your period cramps appear to be extreme or you do not get help even after attempting some of these choices, check with your specialist for the required medication or treatment. Five ways to prevent severe menstrual cramps are:

  1. Exercise: A regular walk or any sort of physical movement can relieve you from the abdomen and thigh pain. This discharges endorphins to balance the prostaglandins and diminish your cramps. Exercising a little three to four times each week is useful for the general strength of your body.
  2. Apply a heating pad: Warmth unwinds the contracting muscles in your uterus, which is the reason for your pain. There are a number of over-the-counter warming pads and cushions, or electric, reusable heating bags.
  3. Drink chamomile teaCertain teas may calm menstrual cramps. Teas have been used traditionally and can offer relief from pain. Chamomile tea is one of the most effective teas among many others. It tends to increase the hippurate element in your body, which is a natural anti-inflammatory agent. Mitigating agents diminish the prostaglandin formation in the body, accordingly assisting in pain relief from menstrual cramps.
  4. Improve your dietVitamin D is vital in decreasing menstrual cramps. Decreasing your fat intake and eating more vegetables as a part of your diet may ease the pain. Low-fat food and less carbs help your health by and large, even as they can have an obvious impact on menstrual issues. Swap less solid fats like the saturated fats found in junk food, for more healthy ones like unsaturated fats found in olive oil. Getting more dietary magnesium appears to relieve the pain as well. Magnesium directs better nerve and muscle functioning, among other crucial functions.
  5. Massage with essential oils: Using certain sweet-smelling oils and massaging them can likewise soothe menstrual pain. Dilute lavender, clary sage, or marjoram to a three percent concentration in an unscented cream. The duration of pain can be lessened from two and a half to one day after self-massaging with these essential oils.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2572 people found this helpful

Premenstrual Syndrome: Diagnosis and Prevention

MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Premenstrual Syndrome: Diagnosis and Prevention

Premenstrual syndrome is a common condition that affects women who are menstruating. A multitude of psychological and physical symptoms might show up before the onset of a menstrual period. What causes PMS is unknown, but fluctuating hormonal levels (progesterone and oestrogen) seem to be linked to it.

Symptoms
PMS has many symptoms. These vary in severity and frequency and aren’t the same in every woman. These are the common symptoms of PMS:
1. Tenderness of breasts
2. Bloating
3. Increase in weight
4. Agitation
5. Impaired concentration
6. Backaches or headaches
7. Fatigue
8. Anxiety
9. Irritability
10. Depression or mood swings
11. Overeating or food cravings

Diagnosis
A doctor might recommend a few tests to understand and rule out related symptoms:

  1. Diary: Keeping track of the PMS symptoms in a diary for a few months to check the duration will help you understand the condition better. You might be able to see recurring patterns in your behaviour and moods after keeping track of them for few consecutive months.
  2. Thyroid test: Thyroid disease is fairly common in women and a lot of its symptoms match those of PMS. To rule out any thyroid problem, a test can be done to check the efficiency of the thyroid.

Prevention
Relief can be found by treating the symptoms as there is no prevention of the condition. A nutritious diet, sufficient rest and exercise can help deal with the symptoms better.

Treatment

  1. Nutrition: Proper nourishment leads to overall mental and physical well-being. Dietary changes like consuming less caffeine, sugar and salt might reduce the PMS symptoms. Supplements prescribed by your doctor such as vitamin E, calcium, magnesium and vitamin B6 help as well.
  2. Medications: Painkillers such as naproxen, ibuprofen and aspirin may provide relief from cramps, backache, breast tenderness and headache. If the PMS causes severe depression, your doctor may prescribe certain antidepressants.
  3. Being Informed: Tracking your periods by maintaining a monthly diary can help you understand and in turn prevent the severity of the PMS symptoms. Learning about coping mechanisms can help you as well.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2572 people found this helpful

How Is Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Diagnosed?

MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Delhi
How Is Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Diagnosed?

In medical terms, the pelvic floor refers to a group of muscles in the pelvic area. These muscles provide support to the organs in the pelvic region, including the bladder, uterus (women), prostate (men), and rectum.

What is pelvic floor dysfunction?
This is a medical condition that is used to refer to a situation when you are unable to control the functioning of the pelvic floor. It means you fail to control the bowel movement. People suffering from pelvic floor dysfunction use these muscles to contract rather than to relax. It is for this reason that they cannot have a bowel movement. They often have an incomplete one.

What causes pelvic floor dysfunction?
In most of the cases, the exact reason behind this dysfunction is unknown. It is often believed that this condition is caused due to traumatic injuries to the pelvic area. This can happen after an accident and due to complications aroused after vaginal childbirth.

What are the symptoms?
There are several symptoms that are linked to this medical condition. You must visit your doctor if you come across the following signs:

  1. The feel of having several bowel movements within a short period of time.
  2. If you feel that you cannot complete a bowel movement.
  3. When there is constipation pain linked with bowel movements.
  4. A frequent urge to urinate.
  5. Painful urination.
  6. Pain in lower back.
  7. Continuous pain in pelvic region, genitals, or rectum.
  8. Pain during intercourse in women

How is pelvic floor dysfunction diagnosed?
It may be diagnosed through a physical examination by the doctor. You will ask several questions to know the case history and find out the cause. You may also be asked to take pelvic muscle control test by placing surface electrodes on the perineum or sacrum. A small device called a perineometer is also used for the same.

What are the best ways for treating pelvic floor dysfunction?
It can be treated without surgery. There are several techniques. Some of these are as follows:

  1. Biofeedback: It is done with the help of a physical therapist.He uses special sensors to watch and monitor the muscles.
  2. Medication: A low-dose muscle relaxant is prescribed to treat the same.
  3. Relaxation techniques: Your therapist may ask you to take up techniques for relaxation such as warm baths, yoga, and exercises.
  4. Surgery: If your physician finds out that the dysfunction is caused by a rectal prolapse or rectocele, he or she will take up surgery.

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction results in Urinary Dysfunction. Urinary incontinence is the unintentional passing of urine. It's a common problem thought to affect millions of people. There are several types of urinary incontinence, including:

  1. Stress Incontinence – when urine leaks out at times when your bladder is under pressure; for example, when you cough or laugh
  2. Urge Incontinence – when urine leaks as you feel a sudden, intense urge to pass urine, or soon afterwards
  3. Overflow Incontinence (chronic urinary retention) – when you're unable to fully empty your bladder, which causes frequent leaking
  4. Total Incontinence – when your bladder can't store any urine at all, which causes you to pass urine constantly or have frequent leaking

It's also possible to have a mixture of both stress and urge urinary incontinence.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse is a condition in which structures such as the uterus, rectum, bladder, urethra, small bowel, or the vagina itself may begin to prolapse, or fall, out of their normal positions. Without medical treatment or surgery, these structures may eventually fall farther into the vagina or even through the vaginal opening if their supports weaken enough.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2497 people found this helpful

Cosmetic Vaginal Surgeries

MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Play video

 

I am Dr Arpana Jain, senior gynecologist, attached with Fortis hospital Delhi.

Today we are discussing about cosmetic surgery related to vagina i.e., cosmetic vaginal surgeries. Because of increasing awareness and self-realization of the body, this surgery is in great demand. There are various procedures which we can do To improve the cosmetic problem related to vagina portion. One is vaginoplasty when the vagina lacks because of repeated childbirth, the vagina becomes very loose, and there is decreased sexual pleasure. To increase that, the vaginal uterus can be reduced with surgery, and other is labiality. It is basically the term for labia minora because the inner lip of labia which is very large because of that there is difficulty in walking and there can be difficulty in sexual relation also it leads to a lot of problems, and cosmetically it is also not good. The surgery can be done to reduce the size of this lip. And the other is hymenoplasty, this is a thin membrane over the vagina and after relation it is broken, to repair that membrane and to make the woman virgin again the hymen membrane can be stitched again to make woman virgin. Another point is labia major augmentation. Sometimes it is the outer lip of vulva, which is very thin which is cosmetically not very good, so it can be augmented with putting the backup fat below this to make it beautiful. Another is vulvar lipoclastic. When it is very thick, the labia is very thick, it is very full of backup fats sometimes it becomes very bad looking so it can be reduced by liposuction. Another is G point augmentation, and clitoral hood reduction, sometimes there is long skin layer on G point, it can be reduced the clitoral hood which can be reduced and these two surgeries G point augmentation and clitoral hood reduction is basically to improve the sexual desire. These cosmetic surgeries are increasing day by day to improve the sexual desire and pleasure and because of the cosmetic region, we are doing this which is really really fine.

Thank you so much and if you have any query or if you want to contact me you can come down to my office or you can take appointment through lybrate. Thank you so much.

3927 people found this helpful

6 Symptoms Of Uterine Prolapse!

MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Delhi
6 Symptoms Of Uterine Prolapse!

The uterus is a muscular structure held in place inside your pelvis with the help of muscles, ligaments, and tissues. These muscles weaken in women due to pregnancy, childbirth or delivery complications and can lead to severe complications. One such complication is a uterine prolapse. Uterine prolapse occurs when the uterus sags or slips from its normal position into the vaginal canal.

The causes of uterine prolapse are varied and include:

  1. Delivering a large baby
  2. Pregnancy
  3. Difficulty in labor and delivery
  4. Reduction in estrogen levels post menopause
  5. Traumatic childbirth
  6. Loss or weakening of the pelvic muscle
  7. Conditions which lead to increased pressure in the abdominal area such as a chronic cough, straining, pelvic tumors or accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
  8. Loss of external support due to major surgery in pelvic area


Uterine prolapse can be complete or incomplete depending on how far the uterus sags into the vagina. Women who have minor uterine prolapse may not have any visible symptoms. However, if the condition worsens, it manifests itself in visible signs.

Symptoms of moderate or severe prolapse are:

  1. A feeling of fullness or pressure in your pelvis when you sit
  2. Seeing the uterus or cervix coming out of the vagina
  3. Vaginal bleeding or increased discharge
  4. Painful sexual intercourse
  5. Recurrent bladder infections
  6. Continuing back pain with difficulty in walking, urinating and moving your bowels

Without proper attention, the condition can cause impairments in the bowel, and can also affect bladder and sexual function.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2911 people found this helpful

Sexual Pain - Is Stress The Cause?

MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Sexual Pain - Is Stress The Cause?

Painful intercourse can occur for a number of reasons – ranging from structural problems to psychological concerns. Women experience painful intercourse atleast once in their entire lifetime. The medical term for painful intercourse is dyspareunia. It is a persistent or recurrent genital pain that occurs just before, during or after intercourse. Physical causes of painful intercourse differ, depending on whether the pain occurs at entry or with deep thrusting. Also, certain emotional factors can also be probable causes of painful sex.

Entry pain: Pain during penetration may be associated with a range of factors:

1. Insufficient lubrication

Insufficient lubrication is caused by a drop in estrogen levels after menopause, after child birth or during breast feeding. Certain medications inhibit desire or arousal, decreasing lubrication and making sex painful. These include antidepressants, high blood pressure medications, sedatives and certain birth control pills.

2. Injury, trauma or irritation

This can be injury from an accident, pelvic surgery, female circumcision or cut made during childbirth.

3. Infection or skin disorder

Infection in the genital area or urinary tract can cause painful intercourse. Eczema or other skin problems in the genital area can also cause problem.

Deep pain

1.  Certain illness and condition

These include endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine prolapse, retroverted uterus, cystitis, hemorrhoids and ovarian cysts.

2. Surgeries or medical treatment

Scarring from pelvic surgery can sometimes cause painful intercourse. Medical treatments for cancer, like radiation and chemotherapy can cause changes that make sex painful.

 

Emotional factors

1. Psychological problems

Anxiety, depression, concerns about physical appearance, fear of intimacy can contribute to a low level of arousal, resulting in discomfort or pain during sexual activity.

2. Stress and tension

You may have a million things to worry about in a day, but taking that tension to bed with you can lead to painful sex. Your pelvic floor muscle tightens in response to stress in your life. This can contribute to pain during intercourse.

3. History of sexual abuse

If you've had a history of some form of sexual abuse or are scared of sex, pain during intercourse because of your past experience(s) may be a possible cause for an unpleasant sexual experience in the present. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2965 people found this helpful

Urinary Incontinence - 9 Causes Behind It

MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Urinary Incontinence - 9 Causes Behind It

Urinary incontinence is the term used to describe bladder control problems that affect several people. Many think it only occurs among older, menopausal women but it actually isn't uncommon amid young and active women.

Inability to control the bladder accompanied by pain can be symptomatic of various disorders ranging from a minor infection to cancer. Fortunately, bladder cancer is rare, and bladder pain is usually not serious.

The varied causes of urinary incontinence in women are as follows:

  • Urinary tract infection: this is the most common cause of urinary incontinence and it affects women more than men due to anatomical factors. It can also happen at any age.
  • Medicinal side effect: the inability to control one's bladder may be a result of the administration of certain medicinal substances such as alpha-blockers, antidepressants, sleeping pills and various narcotics.
  • Changes in the reproductive system: pregnancy and fluctuations in hormone levels can cause bladder irritation, which leads to urinary incontinence.
  • Impacted stool: when stool gets tightly packed in the lower end of the digestive system and rectum, bladder control is affected. Chronic constipation and constraint strain on the lower intestines leads to the weakening of bladder muscles and hampers the bladder control.
  • Surgical side effects: temporary loss of control of the bladder is often a result of prior surgery and radiation therapy in the pelvic region.
  • Nerve damage and neurological disorders: strokes and spinal cord injuries have a heavy impact on bladder control and amount to urinary incontinence. Diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis also lead to the same.
  • Health complications: disorders such as diabetes and obesity directly affect the bladder and the ability to exercise control over it.
  • Disability and impaired mobility: for women who are physically impaired and suffer from problems of arthritis, urinary incontinence is a major problem as they are unable to reach the toilet easily.
  • Bladder cancer: even though it is extremely rare, bladder cancer affects a number of women every year and is treated through surgery and chemotherapy. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.
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Is Squatting Good During Labour?

MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Is Squatting Good During Labour?

There are technical ways in which you can get your body all set for labour. Although you may not know how your labour will progress, you can ease the pain that you experience during childbirth to a significant extent by doing these four exercises:

1. Kegel Exercises: These exercises target the muscles that provide support to your bladder, uterus, urethra and rectum. By strengthening the muscles of the pelvic floor, these exercises help in improving the flow of blood to your vaginal and rectal area. Kegel exercises involve contracting of  the muscles of your pelvic floor as you would do if you had to prevent passing urine or stool. It is also known to reduce the duration of the pushing stage of childbirth, which is the second stage. You can do the exercises sitting or standing and in either of the two ways-

Slow kegel: For this, contract the muscles of your pelvic floor and hold them for 3-10 seconds. Release and repeat the exercise for ten times.

Fast kegel: To do this, you need to contract and loosen up your pelvic muscles 25-50 times. Do the set for about 4 times with 5 seconds interval between each set.

2. Squatting: Practising squatting during your pregnancy can help in preparing your pelvic muscles for labour. While strengthening your thighs, it opens up your pelvis for an easy descent of the baby. So, here’s what you should do:

1. Begin by standing behind a chair for support with your feet wide apart

2. While contracting your abdominal muscles, relax your shoulders and chest before lowering your tailbone towards the floor

3. While inhaling and exhaling deeply, push into your legs and go back into a standing position

3. Pelvic Tilt: This exercise helps in strengthening the muscles of your back, pelvis and thigh regions while improving posture. Ensuring your pelvic joints remain flexible, it eases the pain experienced during delivery. Here’s how it’s done:

1. Get down on both your hands and knees while keeping your head in a parallel position with your back

2. While arching your back, pull in your stomach

3. Hold this position for a few seconds before releasing

The exercise needs to be repeated 3-5 times - all the while maintaining a strong hold over your back and stomach.

4. Tailor Pose: The tailor pose is designed to help relax your hip joints as well as open up the pelvis. It also helps in improving your body posture while easing the aches that occur in the lower part of your back. For this, you need to perform the following steps:

1. While keeping your back straight, sit comfortably on the floor

2. Placing the soles of both the feet together, press your knees gently towards the floor

3. Keep the position for 10-15 seconds. You can repeat the exercise for 5-10 times. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

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