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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
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Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
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Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
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Kegel exercises are simple contraction-and-relaxation exercises that make the pelvic muscles stronger. The pelvis area holds a person's genitalia, which contains a series of muscles and tissues that work in coordination and combination to perform sexual and bowel functions. A set of weak pelvic muscles would lead to issues such as the inability to control bladder and bowel functions.
Finding the right muscles can be troubling. An easy way to locate these muscles would be to place a clean finger inside the vagina and tighten the vaginal muscles around it. Another way would be to stop urinating mid-flow. This is because the pelvic muscles, which pertain to sex, help to control this action too. Once a woman finds the right muscles, all she has to do is to contract and relax them periodically.
Kegel exercises are highly beneficial for sexual functions in a number of ways. Some of the benefits include:
- Kegel exercises help to control stress incontinence, which is a condition that causes spontaneous discharge of urine when abdominal pressure increases suddenly. This means a person would leak urine when he/she laughs, coughs, jogs, sneeze or lifts anything weighty.
- Kegel exercises also help to prevent urge incontinence, which has been described as a sudden and strong urge to urinate. In a healthy bladder, the muscles remain relaxed as the bladder progressively fills up. As the bladder finally fills up, a person gets the urge to urinate. In case one has urge incontinence, the bladder might feel full even if it is not. Kegel exercises help to strengthen these muscles and recover control.
- Kegel exercises can be particularly helpful after childbirth. This is so because pelvic muscles stretch and weaken during childbirth, which can cause problems such as Urinary incontinence and can also cause the muscles to sag. In these cases, Kegel exercises are helpful. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a sexologist.
Fibromyalgia is a musculoskeletal disorder that is more prevalent among women (in the age group between 25 - 60 years) than men. The condition often results in muscular and joint pain along with extreme tiredness. Further, there may be severe headaches, body stiffness, insomnia or sleeping disorders, high sensitivity to extreme temperatures, abdominal pain, Irritable bowel syndrome and also Fibro Fog ( a condition triggered by Fibromyalgia, whereby an individual is unable to concentrate on anything). In some, the condition can trigger severe anxiety, stress, and depression.
While discussing Fibromyalgia, it is important to mention about the Tender Points or Trigger Points. These are delicate points and areas located throughout the body where even a gentle tap or pressure is enough to cause pain. Some of these trigger points in Fibromyalgia include:
- upper chest.
- back of the head.
- top of shoulders.
- outer elbows.
Some of the common factors that play a significant role in triggering Fibromyalgia are
- Stress and Trauma: Fibromyalgia may be an outcome of extreme physical, mental and emotional turmoil (which often creates a hormonal imbalance) or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
- Fibromyalgia may be linked to genetics and hereditary. People with a family history of Fibromyalgia are more susceptible to the painful condition.
- In some individuals, an autoimmune disorder such as Lupus or Rheumatoid Arthritis can also be a contributing factor resulting in Fibromyalgia.
Acupressure to treat Fibromyalgia
People often opt for Alternative Therapy to treat Fibromyalgia. Individuals with Fibromyalgia benefit immensely from Acupressure. Acupressure is a popular alternative therapy that finds its origin in China. It channelizes upon the use of pressure at certain points in the body to ease the pain. Some of the acupressure points that are often used to relieve the pain, especially related to the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, in Fibromyalgia include:
- Stomach 36 (ST 36): ST 36 holds great significance in providing a soothing and calming effect in people with extreme stress and anxiety (one of the critical symptoms associated with Fibromyalgia). ST 36 is located in the depression of the tibia (lateral side), at a distance of about four fingers downwards from the patella or the knee. Gently and slowly massaging the point for 3-4 minutes is said to provide great relief.
- Ren 17: Another acupressure point that goes a long way to lower the anxiety and physical stress is Ren 17 or the chest center. This acupressure point is the middle of the chest (anterior midline), at the fourth intercostal space from the second rib downwards.
- Ear Shen Men: The Ear Shen Men is an important acupressure point in the triangular fossa, at the upper region of the ear. People with physical and emotional stress benefit from this acupressure point.
- Pericardium 6: The Pericardium 6 is in the mid arm region (lower and inner part of the arm) between the two tendons at a distance of four fingers from the wrist crease. In addition to a great soothing effect, Pericardium 6 is beneficial for people with nausea.
- Yintang: Nothing works more like the Yintang to relieve stress and anxiety. The acupressure point in between the eyes at the eyebrow level. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can ask a free question.
Common gastro-intestinal (GI) malignancies are colon cancer, carcinoma rectum and anal canal, pancreatic cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, carcinoma stomach, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver metastasis. Other uncommon tumours include gastro-intestinal stromal tumour (GIST), klaskin tumour and neuro-endocrine tumour. Surgery is the treatment option in these tumours. Unfortunately, majority of these tumours are inoperable at presentation and treated with supportive/palliative intent. Majority of these tumours are relatively chemotherapy (CT) resistant. Role of conventional radiation therapy (RT) in gastro-intestinal malignancies are also not well defined in many of these tumours.
- Response rate with delivered dose is not acceptable, and dose escalation is not possible with conventional RT without compromising in critical structure (small intestine, duodenum) tolerance. With modern stereotactic whole body RT (SBRT) higher dose of radiation can be delivered in shorter duration and normal tissue tolerance is respected. SBRT has evolved in recent years and also have promise to improve local control in these relative resistant tumours. Pre-operative and adjuvant RT is established in carcinoma of rectum.
- In recent years, short course RT (hypofractionated RT, 25 Gy/5 Fr) had shown to be equally effective as conventional RT (1.8-2 Gy/Fr) in inoperable rectal cancer. Role of conventional RT in inoperable pancreatic cancer has been argued in the EORTC study. Whereas, short course RT (fractionated radiosurgery) is slowly being accepted as an option to complete RT early, start adjuvant CT at the earliest and also improve quality of life (QOL). In liver metastasis, radiosurgery is a non-invasive alternative to surgery. Higher equivalent radiation dose delivered with radiosurgery there may have comparable survival function in selected patients.
- Radiosurgery is an option in liver tumour close to porta, sub-diaphragmatic location (segment VIII), nodal involvement and in medically inoperable patients. In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), fractionated radiosurgery is an option as ‘bridge therapy’ for patients waiting for liver transplant, medically inoperable patients, chemotherapy resistant, post TACE residual and in recurrent HCCs. Radiosurgery is also consider as primary treatment in suitable patients. There is an ongoing multicentric randomized trial comparing chemotherapy and radiosurgery in HCCs.
- In uncommon slow growing tumours such as cholangiocarcinoma, neuro-endocrine tumour and klaskin tumour fractionated radiosurgery have excellent response rate and improve symptoms. In conclusion, modern fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery is an option in many of the GI malignancies improves response rate and also may improve QOL. In coming years with publication of more matured data from randomized and prospective phase II studies the role of radiosurgery will be established. ours , 2) require only thermoplastic mask, no need for invasive frame, 3) has inverse planning system, can spare critical structure, 4) there is a ‘intra-fraction’ correction technology with imaging, 5) there is no need to change the source, hence may be more cost effective and 6) can be used to treat extra-cranial tumours also. CyberKnife has a linear accelerator attached with a robot and is capable of treatment from various coplanar and non-coplanar field arrangements. CyberKnife has sub-millimeter accuracy and unmatched dose distribution.
- The advanced technology behind CyberKnife uses image guidance technology and computer-controlled robotics to deliver and extremely precise dose of radiation to targets, avoiding the surrounding healthy tissue, and adjusting for patient and tumor movement during treatment. In conclusion, CyberKnife is an extension of gammaknife radiosurgery delivery system. This machine has immense promise to treat with short course regimens with high dose and improve local control without increasing toxicities.
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A full body massage once a week with oil will stimulate healthy blood circulation, lymph drainage and will reduce water retention. Use natural organic oils if possible.