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Cysts Removal Procedure
Treatment of Tonsils (Tonsillitis)
Hearing Aid Fitting
Treatment of Throat and Voice Problems
Earlobe Repair Procedure
Treatment of Sleep Disturbance
Nose Reshaping Procedure
Hearing Testing Techniques
Nasal And Sinus Allergy Care
Cochlear Implant Procedure
Ear Micro Surgery
Treatment Of Hearing Deficiency
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What is a hearing aid?
A hearing aid is an electronic device that we can wear in or behind our ear. It helps a person with hearing loss to listen, communicate effectively. A hearing aid has three basic parts: a microphone, amplifier, and speaker. The hearing aid receives sound through a microphone, which converts the sound waves to electrical signals and sends them to an amplifier. The amplifier increases the power of the signals and then sends them to the ear through a speaker.
How hearing aids help?
Hearing aids are useful in improving the hearing and speech comprehension of people who have hearing loss that results from damage to the small sensory cells in the inner ear, called hair cells. This type of hearing loss is called sensorineural hearing loss. The damage can occur as a result of disease, aging, or injury from noise or certain medicines.
A hearing aid magnifies sound vibrations entering the ear. Surviving hair cells detect the larger vibrations and convert them into neural signals that are passed along to the brain. The greater the damage to a person’s hair cells, the more severe the hearing loss, and the greater the hearing aid amplification needed to make up the difference. However, there are practical limits to the amount of amplification a hearing aid can provide. In addition, if the inner ear is too damaged, even large vibrations will not be converted into neural signals. In this situation, a hearing aid would be ineffective.
How can I find out if I need a hearing aid?
If you think you might have hearing loss and could benefit from a hearing aid, visit an Audiologist. An Audiologist is a hearing health professional who identifies and measures hearing loss and will perform a hearing test to assess the type and degree of loss and dispenses the hearing aids if needed.
What are the different styles of hearing aids?
Behind-the-ear (BTE) hearing aids consist of a hard plastic case worn behind the ear and connected to a plastic ear mold that fits inside the outer ear. The electronic parts are held in the case behind the ear. Sound travels from the hearing aid through the ear mold and into the ear. BTE aids are used by people of all ages for mild to profound hearing loss.
Behind-the-Ear Aid: Open Fitting
A small plastic case rests behind the ear, and a very fine clear tube runs into the ear canal. Inside the ear canal, a small, soft silicone dome or a molded, highly vented acrylic tip holds the tube in place. These aids offer cosmetic and listening advantages and are used typically for adults.
These aids look very similar to the behind-the-ear hearing aid with a unique difference: the speaker of the hearing aid is placed inside the ear canal, and thin electrical wires replace the acoustic tube of the BTE aid. These aids also offer cosmetic and listening advantages and are typically used for adults.
The in-the-canal (ITC) hearing aid is made to fit the size and shape of a person’s ear canal. A completely-in-canal (CIC)hearing aid is nearly hidden in the ear canal. They usually are not recommended for young children .They are the smallest aids available and offer some cosmetic and listening advantages.
Do all hearing aids work the same way?
Hearing aids work differently depending on the electronics used. The two main types of electronics are analog and digital.
Analog aids convert sound waves into electrical signals, which are amplified. Analog/adjustable hearing aids are custom built to meet the needs of each user. The aid is programmed by the manufacturer according to the specifications recommended by your audiologist. Analog/programmable hearing aids have more than one program or setting. An audiologist can program the aid using a computer, and you can change the program for different listening environments—from a small, quiet room to a crowded restaurant to large, open areas, such as a theater or stadium. Analog/programmable circuitry can be used in all types of hearing aids. Analog aids usually are less expensive than digital aids.
Digital aids convert sound waves into numerical codes, similar to the binary code of a computer, before amplifying them. Because the code also includes information about a sound’s pitch or loudness, the aid can be specially programmed to amplify some frequencies more than others.
Digital circuitry gives an audiologist more flexibility in adjusting the aid to a user’s needs and to certain listening environments. These aids also can be programmed to focus on sounds coming from a specific direction. Digital circuitry can be used in all types of hearing aids.
Which hearing aid will work best for me?
The hearing aid that will work best for you depends on the kind and severity of your hearing loss. If you have a hearing loss in both of your ears, two hearing aids are generally recommended because two aids provide a more natural signal to the brain. Hearing in both ears also will help you understand speech and locate where the sound is coming from.
You and your audiologist should select a hearing aid that best suits your needs and lifestyle. Price is also a key consideration because hearing aids range from few thousand to lakhs. Similar to other equipment purchases, style and features affect cost. However, don’t use price alone to determine the best hearing aid for you. Just because one hearing aid is more expensive than another does not necessarily mean that it will better suit your needs.
A hearing aid will not restore your normal hearing. With practice, however, a hearing aid will increase your awareness of sounds and their sources. You will want to wear your hearing aid regularly, so select one that is convenient and easy for you to use. Other features to consider include parts or services covered by the warranty, estimated schedule and costs for maintenance and repair, and the hearing aid company’s reputation for quality and customer service.
Am getting throat infection often and it remains at least a week even though taking tabs erythromycin and garlic with Betadin.. What's the reason.. Which treatment is good for..
I find a drop of blood along with sputum when I clear my throat. This is happening for almost two weeks. I clear my throat whenever I feel sputum built up in my throat and I have an urge to clear it. I do it around 30-40 times a day out of which I see a drop of blood around 10-15 times. It is mostly surrounded by a thick mucus like substance in green or brown in colour. I get it mostly in the morning while clearing throat after waking up, before brushing and after brushing both. And I also see it mostly when I clear my throat after eating. I do not have cough or cold. I am also having a sharp pain the left side of the chest and heaviness sometimes when I breathe. This is there for a month now and doctor said it is mostly vitamin D deficiency. I have had a chest x Ray and MRI which were clear a month back. I also had an endoscopy back then and had Her Pylori infection. I was treated with antibiotics. Please help as I am very much worried.
Discharge from the ear is medically termed as otorrhea. This discharge can be white (clear), yellow, brown, bloody, or with pus (purulent). Also, it can be offensive (smelly) or non-offensive. Discharge can be due to the pathologies of the ear canal, middle ear, or, rarely, from inside the skull. There are many causes of ear discharge, some are:
- Earwax- Wax is a brown, sticky discharge from the ear. The wax formation is a normal process. It is a protective mechanism of the body. It protects the ear from dust, bacteria, viruses, or any foreign bodies entering inside. Sometimes excess of wax can be a problem. That’s why it should be removed regularly.
- Infection- It is one of the most common reasons for discharge from the ear. It occurs when the middle ear is infected with bacteria or viruses. This causes fluid to build up in the ear, which leads to ear discharge. Generally, the discharge is yellowish due to pus and offensive because of the infection.
- Swimmer’s ear- It is medically termed as otitis externa. It occurs when the ear canal is infected with bacteria or virus. Mostly, this condition is due to long hours of swimming; too much moisture in the ear can rupture the wall of the ear canal through which the infection enters in the ear canal.Also, this can be due to eczema or any foreign body in the ear which can rupture the wall.
- Trauma- This can be due to the cotton swab while cleansing your ear if you insert or push it too deep. Also, this can be due to altitude changes such as seen in scuba diving or while flying in the airplane. This can cause rupture of the eardrum leading to ear discharge.Acoustic trauma- This type of trauma occurs due to loud noises which rupture the eardrum and can cause discharge from the ear.
- Necrotizing or malignant otitis externa- This condition is very rare. This condition can occur as a complication of otitis externa, or in immunocompromised patients, or in those suffering from diabetes. This can cause damage to the cartilage and bones in the base of the skull which is responsible for the ear discharge. It can be clear fluid due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) which is present in the brain.
- Cholesteatoma- It’s a noncancerous growth of skin cells in the middle ear leading to discharge from the ear.
- Mastoiditis- It is due to infection of the mastoid bone which can cause discharge from the ear. Even this condition is very rarely seen.
- Fracture of the skull- Fracture in any of the bones in the skull can lead to discharge from the ear.
- Head injury- It’s an emergency. Bloody discharge from the ear can be present.
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Hello sir. From last one year I have heart palpitation problem. Yesterday my heartbeats gone very slow for 30 seconds I feel like one side heart not work. And feel pressure in heart and stomach. ECG shows first degree heart block and Left ventricular hypertrophy and sinus reathem. Echo cardiograph, lipid profile ,tmt and holter monitoring are normal. So what I do? And can it may be serious? And witch medicine I will take that time? Thanks please reply one I'm very upset. I'm a student.
I am the age of 38 years. I have white spot inside the left buckle mucosa since more than one year. I have consulted a ent specialist. He gave some medicines. I got relief 75% but white spot did not vanished. Whether I have to move for biopsy? it may be cancer.
Sir muje sinus problm h OR mera Indian air force ka medical 9january ko h. Sir y problem kaise shi hogi.
I am regularly having allergy from smoke smell around me, just smoke smell, without being secondhand smoker, and suffering too much from sore throat symptoms, redden watery eyes, sleep shortage, worse temper and nasal pain and blockage. One of your respect doctors prescribed for me Montair tabs, but not exactly working, please help me with another prescription that mitigate my case, specially nowhere else I can avoid the smoke smell. Even the residue that left in corridor, office rooms and elevator can affect me.
गले के संक्रमण या खराश की समस्या से आजकल सभी परेशान हैं. जब भी आपको 38 डीग्री सेंटीग्रेट से अधिक बुखार महसूस हो, गले या गर्दन में सूजन हो, निगलने में परेशानी हो या पेट दर्द जैसी समस्या हो तो समझिए कि आपके गले में खराश है. गले में संक्रमण या खराश के कई कारण हो सकते हैं जैसे प्रदूषित हवा, बदलता मौसम, अत्यधिक ठन्डे पदार्थों का सेवन, प्रतिकूल खान-पान आदि. इसलिए ये जरुरी है कि आप अपने गले का ख्याल रखें. इसके लिए इसके कारणों को जानना आवश्यक है. आइए गले में खराश के कारणों को विस्तारपूर्वक जानें.
गले में खराश के कारण
गले में खराश का मुख्य कारण है सर्दी जुकाम, एलर्जी और वायरल इन्फेक्शन आदि होता है. कई बार संक्रमित गले के लिए सर्दी-जुकाम भी जिम्मेदार होता है. जब भी आपको सर्दी-जुकाम और इस तरह की समस्या उत्पन्न ह हो तो समझिए कि गले में खराश भी होगी.
2. मोनो न्यूक्लोसिस
मोनो न्युक्लोसिस एक तरह का वाइरल इन्फेक्शन है जिसमें गले में खराश उत्पन्न हो जाती है. ये वायरस लार के द्वारा फैलता है इसलिए इसको ”किसिंग डिज़ीज” भी कहा जाता है. इससे प्रभावित व्यक्ति के छींकने या खांसने से भी ये दूसरे व्यक्ति को हो सकता है. इस बीमारी के लक्षण गले में खराश के अलावा बुखार , सिरदर्द , थकान आदि हो सकते है. ये एक डेढ़ महीने में अपने आप ठीक हो जाते है. किसी भी सार्वजनिक जगहों जैसे कि स्कूल आदि में इसके होने की सम्भावना अधिक होती है.
3. मीज़ल्स के कारण
मीजल्स में आपके गले में खराश, बुखार, कफ़, लाल आँखें, मांसपेशियों में दर्द, नाक बहना और मुँह में सफ़ेद धब्बे हो सकते हैं. पूरे शरीर पर लाल लाल दाने होना इसकी विशेष पहचान है. कई लोग इसे छोटी माता भी कहते हैं. ऐसे मामलों में आपको अन्धविश्वास में न पड़कर किसी चिकित्सक से परामर्श लेना चाहिए. यह छीकने , खांसने आदि से फैलती है. इसके वायरस कई घंटे तक किसी सतह पर जीवित पड़े होते है. यहाँ से किसी दूसरे को आसानी से लग सकते है. एक दूसरे के झूठे गिलास में पानी पीने से या एक ही बर्तन में खाना खाने से दूसरे को हो सकता है.
4. विभिन्न एलर्जी
कई प्रकार के अलग-अलग एलर्जी में भी इस तरह की परेशानी देखने को मिल सकती है. इसमें आपको अचानक से बुखार आ जाना, गले में बहुत खराश, गले में सफ़ेद धब्बे, सिरदर्द, सर्दी लगना, भूख बंद होना, निगलने में परेशानी जैसी समस्याएं उत्पन्न हो सकती हैं. इससे पीड़ित व्यक्ति स्ट्रेप थ्रोट से परेशान रहता है. ये छींकने से खांसने से ये फ़ैल सकता है.
डिप्थीरिया जैसी बीमारियों के कारण भी गले में सक्रमण या खराश की परेशानी उत्पन्न हो सकती है. इसके अलावा हूपिंग कफ के कारण गले में खराश और तेज खांसी होती है जो 2 महीने तक रह सकती है. ऐसी बीमारियों से बचने का उपाय करके आप इससे निपट सकते हैं.
6. मांसपेशियों में खिंचाव
मांसपेशियों में खिंचाव के कारण भी गले में खराश या संक्रमण की समस्याएं देखी जाती हैं. जब भी आपको मांसपेशियों में खिंचाव महसूस हो तो आपको समझना चाहिए कि गले में खराश भी हो सकती है.