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Cardiac arrest is reported to be the number one cause of sudden death for people over the age of 40. As it strikes fast and without prior warning, it usually leaves no time for getting help to the patient. Many lives can be saved if the necessary first aid is given immediately by people who know what to do in case of a cardiac arrest.
So first let us know about the signs of a cardiac arrest:
- Loss of consciousness: A person may feel dizzy, sweat, faint or collapse suddenly. You can tell if someone has just fainted and not had a cardiac arrest if they are still breathing or have a pulse.
- No breathing
- No pulse
- Muscle twitching.
Now that you have recognized the signs; here is what you can do:
- Call the ambulance and try getting an emergency medical professional to attend to the person.
- If professional help isn't available, emergency resuscitation measures must begin. An automated external defibrillator (AED) can rapidly determine whether the person has an abnormal heart rhythm that can be treated by an electric shock (called defibrillation). AEDs are available in many public gathering places, such as stadiums and concert halls. An AED is used before calling for help and before attempting cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) because an AED is more likely to save lives. If the AED detects ventricular fibrillation, it provides an electrical shock (defibrillation) that can restore normal heart rhythm and start the heart beating again. Emergency medical care should be obtained even if the heart has started beating again. If a person remains in cardiac arrest after an AED is used, CPR should be done.
- If a person remains in cardiac arrest after an AED is used, other measures are begun, such as opening the airway and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
- CPR combines artificial respiration (mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, or rescue breathing) to supply oxygen to the lungs with chest compressions, which circulate oxygen to the brain and other vital organs by forcing blood out of the heart.
To do CPR (artificial respiration), the rescuer's mouth covers the person's mouth and then rescuer slowly exhales air into the person's lungs (rescue breaths). The person's airway must remain opened during artificial respiration. To prevent air from escaping from the person's nose, the person's nose can be pinched shut as the rescuer exhales into the mouth.
Talk to your doctor to find out if you are at risk of a cardiac arrest.
I am 40 years old have high blood pressure but in lipid profile test all test were ok, don't know cause of high blood pressure.
HI, I'm 45 yrs. Old & my total cholesterol is 227 mg/dl ,HDL 38 & LDL 166, triglycerides 140 mg/dl ,VLDL is 28. 1 mg/dl with TC/HDL 5.9,LDL/HDL 4.3 NON HDL CHOLESTEROL 188.13. I'm absolutely fit, no sugar or BP .Also we have family history of cardiac arrest, my father had first attack at the age of 44 & he died of heart attack at the age of 54. As of today I have no health issue but as you can see my cholesterol level is not normal. I'm 100% vegetarian, do not consume even an egg. Try to consume as less oil as possible but still cholesterol level is high. What do you suggest? Is the cholesterol level high enough to start statins? How can I lower TLC level?
I am coughing for last 2 days on a continuous note. What should I do as its giving me pain in my chest.
I have problem of low blood pressure. And it is since 6 months how can I be treat my self for this problem.
Hello Doctor, My father is having blood pressure. Near about almost eight months ago, he faced brain swelling. Doctor said it was because of hypertension. Now he is taking tablets regularly, but he is feeling weakness. He is having frustration like feeling almost all time. I need your help on this.
I am 25 year old boy from India. Last week I had chest pain, it lasted few minutes. Yesterday I again felt it. Is it symptom of heart disease?
I am 54 year old. I am suffering in bp problem my blood presser is 134/95 in this position what can I do. Please give best advise.
Hello. Few days ago I was giving an exam of mine. I am a patient of hypertension since last 6 years. During the exam I was in a state of trans and don't know how, I lost my consciousness. I felt that my soul is leaving my body and I seemed to have lost my worldly desires. My breathing stopped for about 10-15 seconds. My whole body became cold. What could be the reason for it as I have not yet consulted my physician on this?
Hi I am 27 years old. I have 102 kg and cholesterol 280. I am working for night shift. My body is keep on paining especially legs and hands. I have checked ECG it is normal. Please advice body pain is due to overweight? Please suggest measures to reduce weight.
I am having head ache pain in my belly button and slightly pain in chest and always feel sleepy what should I do to be away from this. Pls suggest some tips and I am also having bp of 158/95.
I am RAged 49, Serving Border Roads Organisation, Staying in High Altitude Area of Indo China Border, I am a BP patient with hyper tension during last 15 years , regularly using Tab losar H one tab daily. My question is pl advise me to a good medicine that will maintain my BP and hipper tension duly saved my kidney also. Thanks & early replay please
Hello. I am a student at boston university. Age 29. I have slight more thyroid and a cholesterol. I do not want medicines. How do I get out of this problem. Like if I am not wrong .i can have exercises and yoga. Could you pls suggest something extra apart from these. These 2 things I am doing. Thank you.
I am 27 years old female and mother of two. Usually I have joint pains and chest pain regularly. What should I do?
Hello doctor my husband is getting fatty day by day. And he is having a very low bp also. He feels very weak .his sugar level is 75 (fasting) so I can not decide a healthy diet for him to make him fit. Please if you can suggest me one to follow. M very tensed about that. Waiting for your response.
I got an accident with a truck. And there is some. Internal pain on my chest so whAt can I do? To feel free from it.
Unlike yesteryears chest pain or heart related problems aren’t just age related anymore. Many young people under 30 are experiencing chest pain. It seems to be directly proportional to the increasing stress levels.The medical term for mild chest pain is angina pectoris and it happens when your heart is not getting its usual requirement for blood. Such a situation occurs when one or more arteries are blocked. Angina Pectoris is experienced usually while doing physical activities or experiencing strong emotions. At such times, the heart doesn't get as much blood as it requires for normal functioning.
Broadly speaking, discomfort in the upper part of the body is the symptom of angina, the symptoms typically include:
1. It may feel like you are suffering from indigestion or gas or fullness and pressure.
2. It may also feel like chest pain spreading to the neck, back, arms, shoulder or jaw.
3. You feel better after a little rest or some medication.
4. It doesn't last for too long, at the most five minutes.
5. Shortness of breath, anxiety, dizziness, sweating, fatigue and nausea and also symptoms of angina.
Physical conditions and habits which put you at the high risk zone for angina are:
1. When you don't get enough exercise.
2. If you are a smoker
3. If you are overweight
4. If you have a history of heart diseases
5. If you are diabetic
6. If you suffer from blood pressure of high cholesterol
Steps You Must Do To Manage the Pain and Resultant Effects
1. Calm Down - The first thing to do to counter angina pains is to rest and calm down. If you are doing physical activity, stop doing it. And if you are under emotional turbulence, you need to find ways to calm down immediately. Meditate, if needed.
2. Get Professional Help - Do not delay in consulting the doctor and ensure that you take the prescribed medication diligently. In situations where the damage is much more and medications cannot clear the problem, surgery is resorted to.
3. Change Of Lifestyle - In the long run, lifestyle change is a good idea. Staying fit, a clean medical report and keeping a healthy lifestyle will keep enough blood pumping into your heart.
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A daily dose of vitamin d supplements may improve heart function in people with chronic heart failure. Vitamin d3 can be boosted by exposure to sunlight, but heart patients are often deficient in it even during the summer because older people make less vitamin d3 in response to sunlight than younger people.
In the survey (university of Leeds), 80 patients who took vitamin d3 the heart's pumping function improved from 26% to 34%.