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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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Hi, Doctors we r trying for kids for a year. As I said that all the test and reports are normal. Me n my husband both are fertile. My doctor advice me to take a 2nd opinion. I want to ask that is there any another reason for this. If yes then what is the reason? Thanks in advance.
I am Dr Rita Bakshi, the consultant physician in Gynaecologist and IVF specialist at International Fertility Centre. Today, let us talk about Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) which is commonly heard by every single person. Every young girl now has a diagnosis of PCOS.
Now, what is PCOS?
This is a syndrome in which the girls have abnormal cycles. Abnormal cycles mean prolonged cycles, they bleed frequently and also they have symptoms of excessive androgens i.e, an excessive male hormone. So may see these girls have lot of hormones on their chin, neck, on their breast, on their arms. And also they have Acanthosis nigricans that mean they have darkness in their neck and they have small cysts in the ovary. This is just due to the hormonal pattern disturbance in girls and instead of having one egg every month, they have a number of eggs start developing but not even one good egg. So these girls not only have abnormal cycles, hair growth, loss of hair from the head, but also they may have some difficulty in getting pregnant.
Now, if I speak about the long term problems of PCOS is that there are most chances of Diabetes. And not only in them, but the chances of Diabetes in their siblings are also higher. Also, if you go in even longer term then the chances of endometrial cancer is also higher. So it is important to recognize this when it exists and how to treat it.
Now these girls are taking a lot of stress. So you have to teach them to stay stress-free by doing yoga, change their lifestyle, getting rid of junk food and do some exercises every day. 45 minutes of exercise every single day is going to work a long way to help them normalise the hormonal patterns. Besides that, these girls sometimes put on over contraceptive pills to regularise their cycles. There are some drugs like metformin and myo inositol which have come in a big way, which are changing the pattern. So there are some girls which are in slim PCOS and there are some under obese PCOS. So in obese PCOS, we have alfacalcidol and comunicacion which help these girls to lose weight and also develop the normal hormonal pattern. So we have to treat two patterns differently, a lean PCOS and an obese PCOS.
The girls should understand that this is not something for which they should be worried about. Yet it is a known entity so they should keep it under control and take help whenever required. It is important when we are trying to become fertile or trying to become pregnant that they can go to a specialist who is dealing with this problem and take some help. Because some help may be required to develop their eggs and help try to conceive.
One should know that their sister or mother or anyone is suffering from the same pattern. It is not something to worry much. My only emphasize is please do not get tensed, just change your lifestyle, do some exercise, take some help from doctors. And that is all you require to get overcome from PCOS.
If you require any help, you can consult me through Lybrate or can directly visit International Fertility Centre.
Good morning everybody. I am Dr Vandana Hegde. I am practising reproductive medicine, the department of Hegde fertility centre for the last 10 years. Today I would be speaking about the various aspects of fertility. So I will start from the basics to know what happens exactly and what are the problems that arise.
So here is a normal menstrual cycle of the female. There are certain things you need to know. What happens is during the onset of the periods, when the menstrual cycle starts, the eggs start maturing. Now, this egg grows in a wall filled substance which is called Follicle. So normally when the egg starts maturing, it reaches the complete maturity level on the 14th day of the cycle, an average of 12-16 days. As the egg starts maturing, the follicle size increases. Now when the maximum diameter of an egg is reached, the follicle burst and egg comes out. This process is called Ovulation.
If this ovulation happens on the correct 14th day of our cycle, over the next 14th day if there is no pregnancy then a girl will resume her menses which is a failure to conceive. If it happens regularly then the girl will have a regular menstruation cycle of 28-30 days. And if a girl is having the irregular menstrual cycle, then the ovulation is not happening correctly on time. So this is known as Ovulatory disorders. Now, what happens after the ovulation round.
Once the egg is released, it is caught by fallopian tubes. Fallopian tube has finger like projection and the eggs are normally kept on the last part of the tubes. Now when the couples meet, the sperm is released in the vagina. The sperms have basically the head, body and the tale. As I had mentioned earlier, once the ovulation happens, the eggs do not have any tale, so it needs a tube to collect it an d store it in the tube. The sperms will move into the uterine cavity and move into the fallopian tube and have to reach the other part of the tube. So at this point, the sperms will be reaching the egg.
There are certain criteria for normal semen. So when do we know that it is a fertile semen for which there are some criteria like the volume should be atleast more than 1.5 ml ejaculate.And the sperm count should be more than 15 million per ml of sperm. Because of the tale fraction of the mortality, there should be active mortality of the sperm for more than 30%. So when the sperm enters the egg, the process is called Fertilization. And the egg and the sperm will fuse to form an Embryo. The early embryo is called Zygote which is a single cell. So when this forms, the embryo has to divide. In that tube the embryo undergoes division. So in that cell, the embryo will divide into 2 cells, 4 cells, 8 cells. As the embryo is progressively dividing, the tube is going to push the embryo back slowly into the uterine cavity. During this process of egg maturation, the follicle growth, the ovulation, there is another process happening in the uterus.
So here is the uterus and this is the Uterine bed. So, as the follicles are increasing in size, so it produces a hormone called estrogen which is actually acting on the uterine bed. And the uterine bed is ready, there is an increase in thickness for an embryo to come here. And once the ovulation happens, there is a pregnancy favouring hormone called Progesterone which is increasing in the second half of the menstrual cycle. When this comes, there is a lot of blood flow coming to the uterine bed. So this is the time when the embryo is actually reaching the uterine bed. This process, when the embryo reaches the uterine bed and when the embryo sticks to the uterine bed, this process is called Implantation. Basically what is happening here is the blood collection between the uterus and the embryo. That is how the nutrients from the mother's body are transferred to the embryo which grows further and establishes a pregnancy.
So when the couples conceive, these are the things which have to happen in a natural way for them to conceive. Now what happens when they do not conceive when they try for more than a year after the marriage and still unable to conceive, so we evaluate the problems. Evaluation of problem depends on the steps which I have told.
Me and my boyfriend had foreplay (dry humping) last night. However the following are the conditions 1. I am a virgin (hymen intact) 2. My last period was 2 days back 3. He was wearing undergarment while we foreplayed.
Smoking May Harm DNA Of Sperm
Smoking damages the DNA of sperm and affects fertility. Researchers have studied 422 proteins in participants sperm. One protein was absent, 27 proteins are underrepresented and 6 proteins are over-represented.
I have been suffering from fungal infection near my private parts from the past one year and I have consulted many doctors during this period but no one seems to get the nerve of this disease. What should I do now?
I am 19 years old and having a problem of irregular menstrual cycle .my last period came out on 22nd April. Then on 22nd may 2017 my periods didn't came out. In between I had some blood spotting once. I took meprate from 7-9th June twice a day. After that also I did not got any response. Also I havnt engaged in any sexual activities also but still this is happening.
I am in my 37th week of pregnancy. I am having higher Alkaline phosphatase levels (around 249, 223, 251) as monitored since last 2 months due to intense itching throughout my body. This week it came out to be 242, But my SGPT and SGOT levels are well within the range. My gynae is planning to induce labour in 38th week. Is it fine to do so. What are the risks involved if not done. Also Will my baby be fully developed during that time. His brain development, his lungs etc. Will be fine?
Respected sir. Actually me and my girl friend had intercourse after 2 weeks periods not coming sir home pregnancy test also used it shows negative please help me sir for MTP treatment we think she is pregnant please sir help us give us another life sir please sir our position is very critical sir please sir. Thank in advance sir. Please help us where we have to go to hospital please any doctors help us please save our life please doctors.
Hi, I am 35 year old lady and I am divorced. I get several times sex cravings hunger. Is oral sex safe and protective? How oftenly we can do? Without condom is safe?
Doctor My marriage was on 23/11/2011 STILL IAM NOT PREGNANT . I done 1 time iuv and leproscopy surgery. Please can I conceive after this ?
I have a problem before few months I have pain on my left testicle I consult some doctor but everything is normal but even after I have pain plg help me.
Drooling saliva is an involuntary dripping of saliva with reduction in the sensory awareness necessary for swallowing it. This increased flow of saliva is medically termed as sialorrhoea.
There are various reasons for saliva to drool out.
Increased saliva secretion
Non-closure / improper closure of lips
Down position of head
Lack of coordinated action of muscles of face – while eating, speaking, etc.
Lack of proper movement of tongue / jaw while eating, speaking, etc.
Difficulty in swallowing the saliva
Lack or delay in developing skills related with lifting / turning head, eating, speaking.
Homeopathic treatment – Homeopathy can support one to ease the situation with comfort, Homeopathy has splendid medicines to improve quality of saliva secretions. It can control excessive saliva secretion by recovering normal glandular functions,modify secretions and can streamline saliva by enhancing facial muscles tone, power and nerve stimulations.
Homeopathic medicines commonly used for drooling are Acid nit, Acid Aconite, Anti crud, Apis mel, Ars alb, Arum triphyllum, Baryta carb, Baryta iod, Baryta mur, Bryonia, Calc carb, Cocculus, Hepar sulph, Hyoscyamus, Lachesis, Merc sol, Nat mur, Onosmodium, Opium, Phosphorus, Phytolacco, Pulsastilla, Rhus tox, Sanicula, Silicea, Sulphur, Veratrum alb, etc.
Dr Rushali Angchekar
vaibhavi homoeo clinic
I'm a healthy 27 year old who is about to lose her mind. My last period was march 9, i've taken a few pregnancy tests (most recent one last week) which all came back negative. I'm hungry all the time and tired. I have a history of fairly regular cycles. So what could be wrong?
सन 1919 में फ्लू से चार करोड़ लोग मारे जा चुके थे तब एक डॉक्टर कई किसानों से उनके घर इस प्रत्याशा में मिला कि वो कैसे इन किसानों को इस महामारी से लड़ने में सहायता कर सकता है। बहुत सारे किसान इस फ्लू से ग्रसित थे और उनमें से बहुत से मारे जा चुके थे।
डॉक्टर जब इनमें से एक किसान के संपर्क में आया तो उसे ये जान कर बहुत आश्चर्य हुआ जब उसे ये ज्ञात हुआ कि सारे गाँव के फ्लू से ग्रसितहोने के बावजूद ये किसान परिवार बिलकुल बिलकुल स्वस्थ्य था तब डॉक्टर को ये जानने की इच्छा जाएगी कि ऐसा इस किसान परिवार ने सारे गाँव से हटकर क्या किया कि वो इस भंयकर महामारी में भी स्वस्थ्य थे। तब किसान की पत्नी ने उन्हें बताया कि उसने अपने मकान के दोनों कमरों में एक प्लेट में बिना छिली प्याज रख दी थी तब डॉक्टर ने प्लेट में रखी इन प्याज में से क को माइक्रोस्कोप से देखा तो उसे इस प्याज में उस घातक फ्लू के बैक्टेरिया मिले जो संभवतया इन प्याज द्वारा अवशोषित कर लिए गए थे और शायद यही कारण था कि इतनी बड़ी महामारी में ये परिवार बिलकुल स्वस्थ्य क्योंकि फ्लू के वायरस इन प्याज द्वारा सोख लिए गए थे।
जब मैंने अपने एक मित्र जो अमेरिका में रहते थे और मुझे हमेशा स्वास्थ्य संबधी मुद्दों पर बेहद ज्ञानवर्धक जानकारी भेजते रहते हैं तब उन्होंने प्याज के संबध में बेहद महत्वपूर्ण जानकारी/अनुभव मुझे भेजा करते हैं । उन्होंने मुझे इस कहानी को भेजा। उनकी इस बेहद रोचक कहानी के लिए धन्यवाद। क्योंकि मुझे इस किसान वाली कहानी के बारे में कोई जानकारी नहीं थी। जब मैं न्यूमोनिया से ग्रसित था और कहने की आवश्यकता नहीं थी कि मैं बहुत कमज़ोर महसूस कर रहा था तब मैंने एक लेख पढ़ा था जिसमें ये बताया गया था कि प्याज को बीच से काटकर रात में न्यूमोनिया से ग्रस्त मरीज़ के कमरे में एक जार में रख दिया गया था और सुबह यह देख कर बेहद आश्चर्य हुआ कि प्याज सुबह कीटाणुओं की वज़ह से बिलकुल काली हो गई थी तब मैंने भी अपने कमरे में वैसे ही किया और देखा अगले दिन प्याज बिलकुल काली होकर खराब हो चुकी थी और मैं काफी स्वस्थ्य महसूस कर रहा था।
कई बार हम पेट की बीमारी से दो चार होते है तब हम इस बात से अनजान रहते है कि इस बीमारी के लिए किसे दोषी ठहराया जाए। तब नि:संदेह प्याज को इस बीमारी के लिए दोषी ठहराया जा सकता है,प्याज बैक्टेरिया को अवशोषित कर लेती है यही कारण है कि अपने इस गुण के कारण प्याज हमें ठण्ड और फ्लू से बचाती है अत:वे प्याज बिलकुल नहीं खाना चाहिए जो बहुत देर पहल काटी गई हो और प्लेट में रखी गई हों। ये जान लें कि"काट कर रखी गई प्याज बहुत विषाक्त होती हैं"
जब कभी भी फ़ूड पॉइसनिंग के केस अस्पताल में आते हैं तो सबसे पहले इस बात की जानकारी ली जाती कि मरीज़ ने अंतिम बार प्याज कब खाई थी. और वे प्याज कहाँ से आई थीं,(खासकर सलाद में)तब इस बीमारी के लिए या तो प्याज दोषी हैं या काफी देर पहले कटे हुए"आलू"
प्याज बैक्टेरिया के लिए"चुंबक"की तरह काम करती हैं खासकर कच्ची प्याज। आप कभी भी थोड़ी सी भी कटी हुई प्याज को देर तक रखने की गलती न करे ये बेहद खतरनाक हैं यहाँ तक कि किसी बंद थैली में इसे रेफ्रिजरेटर में रखना भी सुरक्षित नहीं है। प्याज ज़रा सी काट देने पर ये बैक्टेरिया से ग्रसित हो सकती है औए आपके लिए खतरनाक हो सकती है। यदि आप कटी हुई प्याज को सब्ज़ी बनाने के लिए उपयोग कर रहें हो तब तो ये ठीक है मगर यदि आप कटी हुई प्याज अपनी ब्रेड पर रख कर खा रहें है तो ये बेहद खतरनाक है ऐसी स्थिति में आप मुसीबत को न्योता दे रहें हैं। याद रखे कटी हुई प्याज और कटे हुए आलू की नमी बैक्टेरिया को तेज़ी से पनपने में बेहद सहायक होता है। कुत्तों को कभी भी प्याज नहीं खिलाना चाहिए क्योंकि प्याज को उनका पेट का मेटाबोलिज़ कभी भी नहीं पचाता।
कृपया ध्यान रखे कि"प्याज को काट कर अगले दिन सब्ज़ी बनाने के लिए नहीं रखना चाहिए क्योंकि ये बहुत खतरनाक है यहाँ तक कि कटी हुई प्याज एक रात में बहुत विषाक्त हो जाती है क्योंकि ये टॉक्सिक बैक्टेरिया बनाती है जो पेट खराब करने के लिए पर्याप्त रहता है"
For women, hair are not just fibres, but an expression of beauty, style, and personality. Losing your hair can really freak you out. Whether it's short-term or long-term, women lose hair the same way men do. It might thin all over, or your centre part could get wider and wider.
How Does Hair Grow?
Your scalp has about 1,00,000 hair. Each one has its own life cycle. A follicle produces a single hair that grows at a rate of half an inch per month. It stays for 2 to 6 years, then stops for about a month. When the next cycle starts up, that hair falls out. At any given time, most of your hair are in the growth phase.
How Much Hair Loss Is Normal?
Most people shed about 50-100 hair every day. But if it starts to fall out in clumps or if you notice it getting thinner over time, see a Dermato-Trichologist.
Major Hair Loss Triggers in women:
- Thyroid Problems: If the thyroid makes too much or too little thyroid hormone, you may develop progressive thinning of hair all over the scalp.
- PCOS: In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), your body makes more male hormones, or androgen, than it should. This can cause the extra hair on your face and body while the hair on your head thins out.
- Childbirth: Hair seems fuller during pregnancy because high hormone levels keep resting hairs from falling out. But after the baby comes, things go back to normal and those strands will fall out quickly. You could lose a lot of hair at once.
- The Pill: The hormones that suppress ovulation can also thin out your hair. You can also lose hair when you stop taking the pill.
- Medicines: Drugs like blood thinners, methotrexate, cholesterol lowering medications, chemotherapeutic agents, anti-depressants etc. can cause hair loss and thinning.
- Crash Diets: You may lose more than weight with a fad diet. And if you lose weight more rapidly, you might also lose hair in a couple of months.
- Deficiency: A longstanding deficiency of Iron, Folic acid, and other nutrients can also trigger off hair loss and cause hair thinning.
- Tight Hairstyles: Wearing tight ponytails can irritate your scalp and cause hair to fall out. Long-term use of these styles can scar your scalp and lead to permanent hair loss.
- Cancer Treatment: Chemo and radiation therapy, can take a toll on your hair. In their quest to kill cancer cells, both can harm hair follicles and trigger dramatic hair loss.
- Extreme Stress e.g. a serious illness, major surgery, trauma involving blood loss, severe emotional disturbance etc., can cause you to suddenly shed huge amounts of hair.
Hope this gives you a fair idea about the possible reasons for losing your lovely hair. The good news is, there's often a way to fix it. You can consult me for if you are losing hair and need a solution for the same.