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I am 21 Years old male. I Have foamy urine since almost a year now. Every time I urinate white foam gets formed on top of toilet water. I consulted my family doctor recently and he advised to do following test 1) CBC 2) BUN 3) URINE. 4) Blood sugar The following were the results. 1) CBC WAS NORMAL except high eosinophil count at 12% 2) BUN also is completely normal 3) Urine was also completely normal with protein traces 4) Blood sugar also came out normal. So what exactly is the issue?
Our kidneys are responsible for filtering blood in order to remove all the toxic waste and then clear them out through urine. These tiny filters are known as glomeruli. Like any other organ, the functioning of the kidneys could be affected due to acute reasons, which can lead to accumulation of toxins in the body.
This can be due to either age, injury, infection, or other diseases. Acute infection of the kidneys causing glomerulonephritis is a very common condition. Read on to know more about its types, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
- Can be acute or chronic. Most acute cases follow an episode of viral or bacterial infection like skin or throat infection. Children are more likely to develop this compared to healthy adults. When presenting with reddish urine, it is always important to ask if there was a recent episode of throat or skin infection (bacterial or viral). A positive answer should lead to a suspicion for glomerulonephritis
- Can occur as a separate infection or as a part of other infections like a bladder infection, etc.
- Diabetics are more prone to develop chronic glomerulonephritis
- People with autoimmune diseases like lupus can also develop the chronic variety
- Vascular conditions like polyarteritis which affect multiple blood vessels also can lead to glomerulonephritis
One of the most common symptoms includes the release of blood into the urine, which gives it a cola colour. This red-tinged urine is one of the most obvious symptoms of glomerulonephritis
- Fluid retention can lead to swelling of the legs, hands, and face
- Higher levels of blood pressure
- Chemically, there could be increased amount of protein released into the urine, and urinalysis will reveal higher amounts of protein in the urine
As it can be asymptomatic, it can go untreated and can cause:
Diagnosis: The chronic condition can go unnoticed due to lack of symptoms.
- If the patient complains of red or foaming urine, a urinalysis should be done. This would indicate blood cells, increased protein levels, and increased creatinine levels.
- Blood tests would indicate higher creatinine and BUN levels
- Imaging studies (CT scan or x-rays) can be done in chronic cases to identify the extent of kidney damage
- In some cases, biopsy may be done
- Acute cases may subside on their own or may require a course of antibiotics
- Associated conditions like autoimmune disorders, diabetes, vasculitis, should be treated
- Long-term kidney failure patients may require dialysis or transplant to restore kidney function.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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My father having a cyst of size 2.1 cm in right kidney. How can it be cured. Any medicine for it ?age 59 yrs.
A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral development, which forms within the kidney or the urinary tract. It is called nephrolithiasis in medical terms. Kidney stones occur due to the decrease in urine volume or due to an excess of substances in the urine which are stone-forming in nature. Dehydration is considered to be a primary risk factor for kidney stones too.
Causes of kidney stones:Kidney stones develop when the urine contains increased amounts of crystal forming substances. They include calcium, oxalate and uric acid in amounts which the fluid in the urine cannot dilute. Your urine may also lack the substances which help in prevention of crystals from sticking to each other, thereby enhancing the conditions for kidney stones to form.
The balance of your urine can change due to several factors:
- Not drinking sufficient amount of water makes the salts, minerals and other substances present in the urine to stick together, which may lead to the formation of a stone.
- The normal urine balance may get disrupted due to several health conditions, which lead to kidney stone formation. Diseases such as gout or certain inflammatory bowel diseases can also cause kidney stones.
- Many cases of kidney stones are hereditary and run in families, affecting family members over many generations.
- A rare cause of kidney stone formation is the overproduction of hormones by the parathyroid glands, which results in increased levels of calcium leading to calcium kidney stones.
Types of kidney stones
Kidney stones are of different types, which occur due to several, different causes. They are as follows:
- Calcium stones: Calcium stones account for being the most common form of kidney stones. They occur due to excessive calcium in the urine. This may happen due to an inherited condition known as hypercalciuria, the overreaction of the parathyroid gland, kidney diseases, several cancers or from a condition known as sarcoidosis. The stones may be large and smooth or rough and spiky.
- Struvite stones: These stones are caused due to infections. And they usually occur after a urinary tract infection. This form of kidney stone is more common in women though.
- Uric acid stones: These stones occur due to large amounts of uric acid in the urine. It may occur from having a high protein diet, from a health condition called gout or from a hereditary condition where the amount of uric acid in urine increases.
- Cystine stones: These are rare kidney stones and occur due to a hereditary health condition known as cystinuria.
Kidney stones occur due to the change in balance of water, salts and minerals, which are present in the urine. Insufficient water consumption is often the most common cause of kidney stones. So make sure you drink lots of water to keep stone formation at bay.