Doctor in Sethi Medical Centre
Management of Pregnancy Query
Avoiding Pregnancy Procedures
Treatment of Pregnancy Symptoms
Pre And Post Delivery Care
Management of Labor Pain
Treatment of Gynae Problems
Treatment of Gynae Problems
Treatment of Disorders of the Female Genital Tract
Treatment of Swelling in feet during pregnancy
Treatment of Premature Labor
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We should know about the normal menstrual pattern. On average a woman’s menstrual cycle lasts 28days. Cycle duration maybvary 24 to 35 days. Menstrual bleeding lasts for 2 -7 days with average being 5 days.
- Lifestyle changes: Extreme weight loss or gain,excessive exercise and stress can lead to irregular periods. If your BMI is less than 18.5 or more than 30 it affects your periods.
- Contraceptives: Oral contraceptive pills can cause breakthrough bleeding or intrauterine hormone device May cause irregular periods.
- PCOS: Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a very common problem these days which shows hormonal imbalance resulting in development of very small multiple cysts in ovaries which causes delayed and prolonged periods. It May have other long term disorders like infertility , metabolic disorders etc.
- Gynecological Probems: Gynecologic problems like uterine fibroids or polyp or ovarian disorders. Irregular bleeding May also occur in case of unsuspected pregnancy or early miscarriage
- Medical Disorders: Medical disorders like thyroid disorders May also cause irregular periods.
I am 22 years Old mother. I have a 9 months baby and now I am carrying. My LMP is on 23rd Aug and I and my husband decided for a abortion so we consult a doctor and they told to have pills but due to funeral in our family we can not go to the doctor and now my husband went to abroad he will be back only a month later so shall we have the abortion using pill after one month. Please kindly request you to give me the best advice.
I am 34 years pregnant ladies with 8th month just completed. From last week etching problem started and my Dr. advice for udliv 150 mg allegra 100gm Pls explain me the side effects of this medicine to me and my baby inside me. Or its safe Dr. advice for 1/2 allegra & 1udliv each for two times in day.
Dear, I am facing PCOD problem, monthly cycle is regular problem, now 3 months gone but periods was not come, and pregnancy also negative, wt can I do to periods come regularly and total cure PCOD.
Hi I had two pregnancy kit test and both were positive but yesterday I went to hospital for checking up they told me to do too with their kit. I did it with 2nd urine and it came negative. What does it mean? Am so tensed? Maine pregnant to hu n?
Hi, I am 25 married in June 8th this year and before marriage 1 years ago I have cyst in my ovary. After taking treatment am completely ok now. Nd now after marriage I got period at June 25th dat too very light period for 2 days. After dat from July and August I skipped my periods. So please help me that am pregnant or not. And also I have taken pregnancy test in July and August 1 week it showing negative. Please help me.
The bladder is a muscular sac that is seated just above the pubic bone. The organ stores urine produced by the kidneys allows us the control the frequency of urination by the expansion and contraction of its muscles.
Pain in the bladder is usually caused due to one of three reasons:
- Interstitial cystitis: This is a chronic condition which affects more women than men. It makes the bladder inflamed and irritated. The bladder walls turn stiff because of this which makes it difficult for the bladder to expand. Interstitial cystitis may be caused by a defect in the lining of the bladder.
- Urinary tract infection: Urinary tract infections can affect a person at any age and may develop in the ureter, urethra, bladder or kidneys. However, it is most commonly seen in the bladder. This infection is caused by bacteria that enter the body through the urinary tract.
- Bladder cancer: Cancer that develops in the bladder is known as bladder cancer. Transitional cell carcinoma is the most common type of bladder cancer cell. This begins in the innermost layer of the bladder lining. Pain during urination and discomfort in the lower pelvic region are common symptoms of this disease. Once the cause is diagnosed, antibiotic medication can help treat bladder pain.
Along with that, there are a few things you could do at home as well-
- Drink plenty of fluids: Ideally, we should drink 8-10 glasses of water a day. Water keeps the body hydrated and helps flush toxins from the body. It also helps dilute the urine. This can make urination less painful as concentrated urine may be acidic and difficult to pass. Water also helps prevent the formation of kidney stones and thus helps the kidneys function optimally.
- Urinate frequently: Do not try to control your urine. Holding urine in for extended periods of time allows bacteria to multiply within the body. It is also important to urinate after intercourse as sexual activities can push the bacteria present on the skin deeper into your body. This is important for both men and women.
- Dress comfortably: Avoid synthetic, tight fitting underwear and clothes. Instead wear, loose, comfortable clothes that are preferably made out of cotton. These clothes will help keep your skin dry and not allow bacteria to breed.
- Pain relievers and heating pads: Sometimes, antibiotics can take a day or two before addressing bladder pain. In such cases, pain relievers can help deal with the discomfort and cramps. Heating pads can also help soothe abdominal and lower back pain that results from bladder infections.
- Diet: It is recommended that alcohol tomatoes chocolates caffeinated beverages may contribute to bladder irritation and inflammation BB.
- Smoking: Smoking makes the bladder symptoms worse therefore should be avoided.
- Certain stretching exercises: This also help to relieve PBS symptoms Drug therapy also used for this but takes around 6 months to relieve symptoms.
If you are suffering from trichomonas vaginalis, it is important for you to know about protecting yourself against this condition. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by an organism known as trichomonas vaginalis. This disease is more common in women than in men. Men too can get infected and pass on the infection to their sexual partners.
Signs & Symptoms-
Up to half of infected men and women will not have any signs or symptoms at all. Signs and symptoms usually show up within a month of coming into contact with trichomonas. You might notice:
- Soreness, inflammation and itching in and around the vagina. This can cause discomfort when having sex.
- A change in vaginal discharge – there may be a small amount or a lot, and it may be thick or thin, or frothy and yellow. You may also notice a strong smell that may be unpleasant.
- Pain when passing urine.
- A discharge from the penis, which may be thin and whitish.
- Pain, or a burning sensation, when passing urine.
- Inflammation of the foreskin (this is uncommon).
A physical examination and certain laboratory tests are carried out for the diagnosis of trichomonas’s. Tests are carried out on a sample of the vaginal fluid to find out disease-causing parasites. It is harder to detect the parasite in men, than in women.
Commonly, a certain oral antibiotic is prescribed for treating trichomonas’s. It is the only medicine used for this purpose, but should be avoided by pregnant women. If you are infected, your partner should also be treated at the same time for the prevention of reinfection and further spreading. If you are undergoing treatment for trichomonas’s, it is advised that you avoid having sex until the treatment gets over and all symptoms get eliminated. You should take your medicine even if you improve and after the symptoms are gone. A retest should be carried out after three months to know about the infection’s status.
You can prevent or protect yourself from trichomonas’s vaginalis by taking the following steps:
- Have protected sex by using condoms every time.
- Sexual abstinence or limiting your sexual contact to one partner is recommended.
- Avoid sexual contact if you think you are affected.
You should consult a doctor on experiencing any genital symptoms such as burning urination, discharge, and the development of sores or rashes. Also, you must stop having sex with anyone after experiencing these symptoms.
Irregular ovulation or anovulation (a condition where a woman does not ovulate at all) can be quite agonizing, triggering a host of health problems, including difficulty in conceiving. The irregular ovulation could be an amalgamation of many factors including obesity, thyroid disorders, PCOS, endometriosis, fibroids, uncontrolled intake of caffeinated and alcoholic drinks, to name a few. With the advancement of medical science, the problem is no longer a big deal. In this article, we will discuss the role of ovulation induction and follicular monitoring in dealing with irregular ovulation cycles and the related complications.
In infertile couples one of the common causes of an ovulation is polycystic ovarian disease. One should correct PCOD before starting ovulation induction. Also a semen analysis and documentation of tubal patency must be done prior to the use of ovulation induction medication. Some lifestyle modifications should be followed for the success of ovulation induction like optimisation of weight prior to induction BMI should be 19to 24. Exercise in moderation and stop smoking and alcohol consumption.
Risks of ovulation induction treatment -
This can also lead to multiple pregnancy like twins or triplets which carry a higher risk as compared to singleton pregnancy. Therefore one should start with low dose and monitor ovarian response carefully especially in PCOD patients.
What is Ovulation Induction?
Ovulation induction comes as a blessing for women who don't ovulate regularly (there is a deviation from the usual pattern of ovulation that takes place before every menstrual cycle). The procedure aims at regularizing the ovulation process. The medications (often hormones are used in the treatment) play a pivotal role in stimulating the follicular development of the ovaries so that healthy eggs are produced, developed, matured and finally released during ovulation. The procedure also benefits women get their menstrual cycles sans the ovulation (Anovulatory Menstrual Cycles). The problem mainly surfaces due to a drop in the progesterone level (a hormone responsible for the uterine lining thickening).
- The ovulation induction is an important process that requires a thorough examination and evaluation of the patient to understand their ovulation process, hormonal balance (or imbalance) and all the factors that could be a possible trigger resulting in the ovulation problem.
- In the next step, the physician carries out the stimulation of the ovulation process. For this purpose, selected hormones are given to the affected individual either orally or in the form of injections.
- The hormones work towards restoring the balance along with follicular development. This stimulation contributes significantly towards maturing an egg and ensuring its release for ovulation to take place.
- Through a series of regular pelvic ultrasounds, doctors are able to carefully monitor the development of the follicles along with how well the lining of the uterus thickens, following the ovulation induction.
- For those planning to conceive, ovulation induction, with proper monitoring, goes a long way to ensure at least one healthy egg will be available for the fertilization to take place.
Some women can also opt for Intrauterine Insemination, a pathbreaking procedure whereby, the sperm (collected and stored earlier) is injected into the vagina to facilitate the fertilization process.
Downside of the Ovulation Induction
The ovulation induction requires precision and accuracy and should be performed by experienced professionals who know their skill well.
- Even a small mistake in the ovulation induction can trigger many complications including Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome. The condition can swell up the ovaries with abdominal pain, vomiting, breathing problems (shortness of breath), sudden and rapid weight gain. The ovaries also appear tender with some pain.
- Ovulation induction increases the risk of gestational diabetes, hypertension, nausea, to name a few.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!