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Dr. R. Balamurugan


Endocrinologist, Coimbatore

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Dr. R. Balamurugan MBBS Endocrinologist, Coimbatore
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I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning....more
I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning.
More about Dr. R. Balamurugan
Dr. R. Balamurugan is a renowned Endocrinologist in Ram Nagar, Coimbatore. Doctor is a qualified MBBS . You can visit him/her at Kovai Diabetes Speciality Center And Hospital in Ram Nagar, Coimbatore. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. R. Balamurugan on

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Kovai Diabetes Speciality Center And Hospital

Shop No.15, Ram Nagar, Landmark: Near Vivekananda Rd.Coimbatore Get Directions
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Thyroid Disorders FAQs - Answers To Your Most Common Questions!!

MD - Medicine, MBBS
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Thyroid Disorders FAQs - Answers To Your Most Common Questions!!

What is the Thyroid?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland situated in the front of the neck below the voice box. It secretes the Thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormone is important for controlling the body's metabolism(heart rate, breathing, blood pressure, growth, etc.) and is required by all cells for their normal functioning.

What are the common disorders of the thyroid gland?

The common disorders of the thyroid gland are:

  1. Hypothyroidism: Most commonly primary hypothyroidism is due to Hashimoto's Thyroiditis which occurs due to cellular elements called antibodies.
  2. Hyperthyroidism: The over functioning thyroid gland is less common than Hypothyroidism and is also most commonly due to antibodies.

What are the symptoms of the thyroid disorders?

  1. Hyperthyroidism: Nervousness, Tremors, Sweating, Mental fogginess, sleeping difficulty, Menstrual irregularities, weakness, aches, pains, palpitations, Weight loss, heat intolerance, sweating.
  2. Hypothyroidism: Weakness, lethargy, Aches, pains, Menstrual irregularities, Cold intolerance, weight gain, feeling bloated, Lack of concentration, dry hair, dry skin, constipation.

How can I be diagnosed?

You need to do a blood test- T3, T4, TSH

Can we prevent the development of thyroid disorder?

No. They are mostly auto-immune in nature, that is elements of our body act against our own cells. They are not in our control.

What are the precautions to be taken?

No specific food are to be taken or avoided for autoimmune thyroid diseases. In Grave's Disease, intake of De-iodinised salt may help. For Iodine deficiency, goiter food is known as goitrogens (like Cabbage, soya bean, broccoli, cauliflower etc). are being taken in excess.

What is a goiter?

Any enlargement of the thyroid gland is called a goiter. It may be due to hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or iodine deficiency.

If I have a thyroid disease, will I have Goiter?

Not necessary. You have thyroid diseases in a gland which is normal sized or not visibly enlarged.

Can I get pregnant if I have thyroid diseases?

Yes. For best pregnancy outcomes it is desirable to have a planned pregnancy. See your doctor before planning a pregnancy.

What is the treatment?

Treatment for hypothyroidism is hormone replacement in the form of tablets. For hyperthyroidism, there are various treatment options including oral medication, Radioactive iodine therapy, and Surgery.

Will I gain weight due to Hypothyroidism?

Only 2-3 kg of weight can be directly gained due to hypothyroidism. Some are due to slowed metabolism and rest is due to lifestyle. So, even if you attain normal thyroid function, you may lose some weight but will need to put in an effort to normalize your body weight.

Can I develop Cancer?

Yes. There is about 6-8%chances of developing adenoma(tumor) in multi-nodular goiter. But thyroid tumor is usually slow growing and rarely cancerous. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult an endocrinologist.

2891 people found this helpful

Two years back I was diagnosed with diabetes after 3 months of medication my sugar was under control.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), CGO
Ayurveda, Ahmedabad
Two years back I was diagnosed with diabetes after 3 months of medication my sugar was under control.
Hiiii it is really good that sugar is under control. Main reason of dietetic is. Sugar is nt properly digested in the body so it stay remains in the blood. Most of the tym week digestion is followed by diabetes and obesity. Thanku.
1 person found this helpful
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I am 42 year old. I am suffering from hypothyroidism from last 13 years. I was eltroxin 100mcg. Recently my tsh was 10.2. My doc advised me to increase the dose to 125mcg. My weight is 84 kg and my ht is 5ft. I have tried all means to loose weight but its not going more than 1 or 2 kg. Off late I have knee problems and high bp.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
I am 42 year old. I am suffering from hypothyroidism from last 13 years. I was eltroxin 100mcg. Recently my tsh was 1...
Deficiency of thyroxine hormone leading to sluggishness, tired feeling, weight increase, slow heart beats, intolerance to cold, swelling of legs, feet and face, difficulty in concentrating and at times in speech. Treatment for hypothyroidism is giving ' THYROXINE ' tablets. And dose are according to level of thyroid for life time. Avoid iron medicines. Avoid bad habits . Avoid stress. Some Relax during work.go walk daily.avoid oily foods,junk foods. Do Tests T3,T4,TSH EVERY 3 TO 6 MONTHS. Take plenty of water, high-carbohydrate foods such as potatoes, rice, pasta and bread. Nutrient-rich foods that improve your health may also benefit your thyroid gland, antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables more plenty of water: Blueberries, tomatoes, bell peppers, and other foods rich in antioxidants can improve overall health and benefit the thyroid gland. Eating foods high in B vitamins, like whole grains, may also help. flax oil, Selenium: Tiny amounts of selenium are needed for enzymes that make thyroid hormones to work properly. Eating selenium-rich foods, such as sunflower seeds or Brazil nuts, can be beneficial. Tyrosine: This amino acid is used by the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4. Taking a supplement can help,
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Hi am 25yrs married, with irregular periods, facing problem with facial hair (chin), Skin tanned on neck, gained 8kgs after marriage in 2yrs now 66kgs with height 5'4, Pcod noted, thyroid (maintaining TSH levels with ebexid tablet) from 1yr we are planning for baby but due to infertility am not success in getting pregnant I hav under gone with follicular study for 3months failed, and also come failure. Now changed doc She said I have PCOD So taking glycomet 250 twice a day 1folic acid, 1multi vitamins tablets, 1vitamin E tablet, from 2months but still I dint get my periods Am I pregnant. But I don't feel like pregnant Feeling afraid to take urine test coz of negative result Please help me friends When will the Pcod will be treated and how long it will take me to get pregnant.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Hi am 25yrs married, with irregular periods, facing problem with facial hair (chin), Skin tanned on neck, gained 8kgs...
We’ve heard over and over again that weight loss is important in managing PCOS and that diet and exercise are more effective than medications in improving your PCOS symptoms 1. Eat organic food. Avoid junk. 2. Drink lots of water. 3. Exercise regularly. Brisk walking is a good idea to keep weight under control. 4. Visit nature places and spend time alone. 5. Take steps to calm your mind. Worrying about the problem can only make it worse – listen to music, read or spend time gardening. Butterfly Pose can be very helpful in PCOS. Don’t flap your legs too much; instead try holding the posture for long. 1. Even more helpful is SuptaBadhakonasana (Reclining Butterfly Pose), which works just like the Butterfly Pose,this time lying down. This is what makes it extremely relaxing. To enhance the experience, play some soft music and place cushions under your hip. For beginners, it is a good idea to use cushion support while doing this posture. 2. Bharadvajasana (Bharadvaja’s Twist) is a seated spinal twist that helps PCOS patients. 3. Chakki Chalanasana (moving the grinding wheel) is a very simple exercise with several benefits. It helps massage the liver, kidneys, pancreas, uterus and the reproductive organs. 4. Shavasana (Corpse Pose) is another useful posture to try. In PCOS, the more you relax, the better you feel and this posture will help you completely relax at the end of your yoga session. 5. Padma Sadhana practice is also considered very effective for PCOS patients. 6. Make sure you don’t hold the postures that put pressure on the abdomen (Bow Pose, Superman Pose, Cobra Pose and Boat Pose) for a long time. 7. A few rounds of Sun Salutation at a faster pace can be good for weight loss; however, it is a good idea to practice only a few slow rounds daily for more relaxation. Myself being a homoeopathic doctor will advisse you to take homoeapathic treatment along with your present treatment I have developed some very effective combination homoeopathic medicines for PCOD with very favourable ressultss.Have faith in Homoeopathy a these homoeopathic medicines are very safe and free from side effects.
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I am 25 years old. I have thyroid problem. Due to that I have gaining weight too much. I use to take exercise every morning but still my weight is gaining. How can I control or reduce my weight?

Dermatologist, Ahmedabad
I am 25 years old. I have thyroid problem. Due to that I have gaining weight too much. I use to take exercise every m...
Check your thyroid status regularly. Every 3 months do some exercise take care what you are eating avoid junk food take your dinner around 7 in the evening go for walk during night.
3 people found this helpful

I am 44 year old pre diabetic,(105/140) with history of high bp (control with tab) doing field work job, cholesterol is OK but serum creatinine is 1. Please advise me how to delay the progression of diabetes and other decease.

M.B.B.S. , PG Diploma In Clinical Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
I am 44 year old pre diabetic,(105/140) with history of high bp (control with tab) doing field work job, cholesterol ...
Start doing strenous exercise at least 45 minutes a day for 6 days a week Avoid ghee ,sarson oil and all saturated fats like butter instead use oils like olive oil rice bran oil in your food Donot take high glycemic index carbohydrates but you can take carbohydrates with low glycemic index Severe life style modification is required 140/105 is still a very high diastolic bp ,so the medicines you are on are not controlling your bp Out target bp has to be 130/85 I have to increase the doses and to add some medication for bp ,but due to company policy medicines can be prescribed in pvt query only Feel free to ask Tx.

I am 27 yr got diabeties. What is the normal slab for fasting and pp sugar level?

MD - Pulmonary Medicine, MBBS
Pulmonologist, Pune
Hello, being diabetic you should know what are normal f and pp sugar levels. Test normal fpg 80-100 2hr pp up to 140.
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I am suffering from thyroid since last 2years how should I follow my diet during daily basis and I have lots of body pains. When I got to know I am suffering from thyroid I am suffering with some acne n acne scars problem it is first time acne appearing on face its really looking bad. What diet I should maintain about my health.

Diploma in Diabetology, MBBS
General Physician, Warangal
Maintain ibw take balance d diet walk daily avoid calliflower cabbage vegetables add cap. Tyrowell. Daily for 1 month lead stress free life take plenty vegetables and fruits in 2 / 3 servings check tsh hb level.
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Diabetes - Know Its Management with Ayurveda!

Diabetes - Know Its Management with Ayurveda!

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that results in higher levels of blood sugars in the body. It is assuming epidemic proportions, and India has become the new diabetic capital with more than 50 million diabetic people. The main problem with diabetes is it does not completely go away, and there is a whole myriad of issues that it brings along with it. Heart attacks, strokes, eyesight problems, delayed wound healing, nerve damage and impotence. Therefore, diabetes and by that we mainly mean blood sugar levels have to be managed so that there is delay in onset of the associated conditions and/or reduced in severity.

Ayurveda refers to diabetes as Prameha (excessive urination) and Madhumeha (sugary urine) and has identified close to 20 forms of the disease. According to Ayurvedic belief, each disease is caused due to imbalance in kapha, pitta, and vata doshas and diabetes is caused by all these, predominantly by kapha.

With any stream of medicine, management of diabetes involves two tracks - one is lifestyle changes and the second is medications.

Lifestyle changes include the following:

  1. Diet: Reduce the amount of rice, sugar, potato, sweet fruits, maida, deep fried foods, and red meat. Protein-rich foods like lentils, soya, green leafy vegetables and fish should be increased. Diet plan should change to small, frequent meals instead of binge eating.
  2. Exercise: Include 30 minutes of regular exercise into your daily routine if you have a diabetic predisposition.
  3. Others: Avoid smoking and alcohol, ensure sufficient sleep, avoid sleeping during day time, improved foot and eye care, periodically check sugar levels, and manage stress levels.


Ayurveda has a whole lot of home remedies proven to be very effective against diabetes.

  1. Jambhul: Eugenia Jambolana whether eaten raw or juice extract has been shown to have beneficial effects in managing sugar levels and cholesterol.
  2. Gymnema sylvestre: Used to manage diabetes for over 2000 years, it reduces sugar cravings and is being touted as the future for diabetes treatment.
  3. Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia): It has 3 components that give it strong antidiabetic properties. The charantin reduces blood sugar levels; the polypeptide has insulin-like effects; and lectin that again has hypoglycemic effects.
  4. Bel (Aegle marmelos): Also known as wood apple, leaves of the plant are shown to have antidiabetic properties. 5 to 10 leaves can be chewed on a daily basis to help control blood sugar levels.
  5. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum): Consuming 10 g of fenugreek seeds soaked in water increases the amount of insulin produced, thereby increasing sugar breakdown.
  6. Neem: Chewing about 4 to 5 leaves in the morning on an empty stomach helps to control blood sugar levels. Alternately, neem leaves powder is available which can be dissolved in water and consumed. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ayurveda.
3318 people found this helpful

Hello, On march 22, I got my blood test done at 6 pm and TSH was more than 100 (after which I was put on 50 mcg tablet until today, and today morning that is June 22around 9 am (empty stomach) and did my blood test, got my TSH is 0.076. Is this normal pls let me know I'm 21 years old female.

General Physician, Mumbai
It can be possible and as of now decrease the dosage to 75 mcg once after breakfast and repeat TSH after a month on morning empty stomach
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