safdarjung doctor's in Rohini Sector 1, Delhi - Book Appointment, View Contact Number, Feedbacks, Address | Dr. Yogesh Sehrawat

safdarjung doctor's

General Physician
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safdarjung doctor's is known for housing experienced s. Dr. Yogesh Sehrawat, a well-reputed General Physician , practices in Delhi . Visit this medical health centre for s recommended by 59 patients.

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Clinic Address
new delhi
Delhi , Delhi - 110039
Details for Dr. Yogesh Sehrawat
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi
MD - General Medicine
Professional Memberships
post graduate course in cardiology from John Hopkins University, New York, USA
advanced certification in clinical diabetology from Harvard medical school, Boston, USA
Past Experience
md medicine, physician at safdarjung hospital new delhi
  • MD - General Medicine
    General Physician
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  • MD - General Medicine
    General Physician
    Symptoms of a calcium deficiency.

    Tetany - one of the first symptoms of a calcium deficiency is a nervous affliction called tetany, which is characterised by muscle cramps, numbness and tingling in the arms and legs.

    Osteoporosis - another calcium deficiency ailment is
    Osteoporosis, in which the bones become porous and fragile because calcium is withdrawn from the bones and other areas faster than it is deposited in them.

    Other symptoms - moderate cases of calcium deficiency may lead to:

    Joint pains
    Heart palpitations
    Increased cholesterol levels
    Slow pulse rates
    Impaired growth
    Excessive irritability or nerves
    Brittle nails
    Numbness or tingling of the arms and/or legs
    Some of these symptoms are also common with a magnesium deficiency.

    A calcium deficiency may also be due to a lack of vitamin d or abnormal concentrations of hormones that regulate the availability from the bones to the blood, not to a dietary inadequacy.

    Who is at risk of calcium deficiency.

    Age - all humans lose bone density starting between the ages of 30 and 40. Excessive bone loss affects over 20 million people, mostly women who are 45 and older. A good accumulation of calcium in the bones at early stages in life is the best prevention of age related bone loss and fractures.
    When there is not enough calcium absorbed in the body, the output of estrogen decreases. As is the case with postmenopausal women, older men are often deficient in calcium.

    Medication / diet - other people who may be at risk for deficiencies are those who use antacids that contain aluminium; those who are alcohol drinkers; those on diets that are low calorie, high protein, or high fibre; those who are lactose intolerant; those who use cortisone; women who are pregnant and those who are basically inactive.

    High tannin intake - drinking tannin rich beverages such as tea, green tea, leafy herbal teas, red wine, coffee and chocolate for up to 1 hour after a meal can interfere with the absorption of calcium from the meal or foods they are consuming.
    Calcium is used by your body

    Bones and teeth - in the development and maintenance of bone structure and rigidity.
    Blood calcium is essential for healthy blood and its delicate messenger ions help regulate the heartbeat. In addition, calcium assists in the process of blood clotting and helps prevent the accumulation of too much acid or too much alkali in the blood.
    Heart - along with calcium, magnesium is needed to properly maintain the cardiovascular system.

    It functions in the clotting process, nerve transmission and muscle stimulation, parathyroid hormone function and metabolism of vitamin d, to name a few.

    Hormones - calcium also plays a part in secretion of hormones. It affects neurotransmitters, nerve transmission, muscle growth and muscle contraction. The mineral acts as a messenger from the cell surface to the inside of the cell and helps regulate the passage of nutrients in and out of the cell walls. Calcium aids in the body's utilisation of iron and helps activate several digestive enzymes.

    What health problems can calcium help with?

    Calming - calcium is a natural tranquilliser and tends to calm the nerves when taken 20-40 minutes before bedtime it promotes a deep sleep. Those who" jump at sudden sounds" are usually in desperate need of extra calcium in their diet.

    Immunity - the production of energy and the maintenance of the immune system benefit from calcium.

    Cardiovascular - by lowering cholesterol, calcium is thought to be beneficial in the treatment of cardiovascular disorders. Calcium supplements up to 1500mg have lowered blood pressure in people with or without hypertension and are though to do so because of the condition of the smooth muscle that surrounds the blood vessels.

    Arthritis - structural rigidity often caused by depletion of bone calcium, may be helped with regular supplements of calcium. Early supplementation may help prevent arthritis. Rheumatism may also be helped positively with calcium therapy.

    Supplementation may help prevent bone fractures in postmenopausal women who already have osteoporosis. The hormones involved are stimulated by the concentration of calcium ions in the blood.

    Menopause - problems associated with menopause such as nervousness, irritability, insomnia and headaches have been overcome with administration of calcium, magnesium and vitamin d.

    PMS - prevention of premenstrual tension and menstrual cramps has also been noticed. It also helps" growing pains"
  • MD - General Medicine
    General Physician
    Lifestyle plays an important role in treating your high blood pressure. If you successfully control your blood pressure with a healthy lifestyle, you might avoid, delay or reduce the need for medication.

    1. Lose extra pounds and watch your waistline
    Blood pressure often increases as weight increases. Being overweight also can cause disrupted breathing while you sleep (sleep apnea), which further raises your blood pressure.
    Weight loss is one of the most effective lifestyle changes for controlling blood pressure. Losing just 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms) can help reduce your blood pressure.
    Besides shedding pounds, you generally should also keep an eye on your waistline. Carrying too much weight around your waist can put you at greater risk of high blood pressure.
    In general:
    Men are at risk if their waist measurement is greater than 40 inches (102 centimeters).
    Women are at risk if their waist measurement is greater than 35 inches (89 centimeters).
    These numbers vary among ethnic groups. Ask your doctor about a healthy waist measurement for you.

    2. Exercise regularly
    Regular physical activity - at least 30 minutes most days of the week - can lower your blood pressure by 4 to 9 millimeters of mercury (mm hg). It's important to be consistent because if you stop exercising, your blood pressure can rise again.
    If you have slightly high blood pressure (prehypertension), exercise can help you avoid developing full-blown hypertension. If you already have hypertension, regular physical activity can bring your blood pressure down to safer levels.
    The best types of exercise for lowering blood pressure include walking, jogging, cycling, swimming or dancing. Strength training also can help reduce blood pressure. Talk to your doctor about developing an exercise program.

    3. Eat a healthy diet
    Eating a diet that is rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products and skimps on saturated fat and cholesterol can lower your blood pressure by up to 14 mm hg. This eating plan is known as the dietary approaches to stop hypertension (dash) diet.
    It isn't easy to change your eating habits, but with these tips, you can adopt a healthy diet:
    Keep a food diary. Writing down what you eat, even for just a week, can shed surprising light on your true eating habits. Monitor what you eat, how much, when and why.
    Consider boosting potassium. Potassium can lessen the effects of sodium on blood pressure. The best source of potassium is food, such as fruits and vegetables, rather than supplements. Talk to your doctor about the potassium level that's best for you.
    Be a smart shopper. Read food labels when you shop and stick to your healthy-eating plan when you're dining out, too.

    4. Reduce sodium in your diet
    Even a small reduction in the sodium in your diet can reduce blood pressure by 2 to 8 mm hg.
    The effect of sodium intake on blood pressure varies among groups of people. In general, limit sodium to less than 2, 300 milligrams (mg) a day or less. However, a lower sodium intake - 1, 500 mg a day or less - is appropriate for people with greater salt sensitivity, including:
    Anyone age 51 or older
    Anyone diagnosed with high blood pressure, diabetes or chronic kidney disease
    To decrease sodium in your diet, consider these tips:
    Read food labels. If possible, choose low-sodium alternatives of the foods and beverages you normally buy.
    Eat fewer processed foods. Only a small amount of sodium occurs naturally in foods. Most sodium is added during processing.
    Don't add salt. Just 1 level teaspoon of salt has 2, 300 mg of sodium. Use herbs or spices to add flavor to your food.
    Ease into it. If you don't feel you can drastically reduce the sodium in your diet suddenly, cut back gradually. Your palate will adjust over time.

    5. Limit the amount of alcohol you drink
    Alcohol can be both good and bad for your health. In small amounts, it can potentially lower your blood pressure by 2 to 4 mm hg.
    But that protective effect is lost if you drink too much alcohol — generally more than one drink a day for women and for men older than age 65, or more than two a day for men age 65 and younger. One drink equals 12 ounces of beer, five ounces of wine or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof liquor.
    Drinking more than moderate amounts of alcohol can actually raise blood pressure by several points. It can also reduce the effectiveness of blood pressure medications.

    6. Quit smoking
    Each cigarette you smoke increases your blood pressure for many minutes after you finish. Quitting smoking helps your blood pressure return to normal. People who quit smoking, regardless of age, have substantial increases in life expectancy.

    7. Cut back on caffeine
    The role caffeine plays in blood pressure is still debated. Caffeine can raise blood pressure by as much as 10 mm hg in people who rarely consume it, but there is little to no strong effect on blood pressure in habitual coffee drinkers.
    Although the effects of chronic caffeine ingestion on blood pressure aren't clear, the possibility of a slight increase in blood pressure exists.
    To see if caffeine raises your blood pressure, check your pressure within 30 minutes of drinking a caffeinated beverage. If your blood pressure increases by 5 to 10 mm hg, you may be sensitive to the blood pressure raising effects of caffeine. Talk to your doctor about the effects of caffeine on your blood pressure.

    8. Reduce your stress
    Chronic stress is an important contributor to high blood pressure. Occasional stress also can contribute to high blood pressure if you react to stress by eating unhealthy food, drinking alcohol or smoking.
    Take some time to think about what causes you to feel stressed, such as work, family, finances or illness. Once you know what's causing your stress, consider how you can eliminate or reduce stress.
    If you can't eliminate all of your stressors, you can at least cope with them in a healthier way. Try to:
    Change your expectations. Give yourself time to get things done. Learn to say no and to live within manageable limits. Try to learn to accept things you can't change.
    Think about problems under your control and make a plan to solve them. You could talk to your boss about difficulties at work or to family members about problems at home.
    Know your stress triggers. Avoid whatever triggers you can. For example, spend less time with people who bother you or avoid driving in rush-hour traffic.
    Make time to relax and to do activities you enjoy. Take 15 to 20 minutes a day to sit quietly and breathe deeply. Try to intentionally enjoy what you do rather than hurrying through your" relaxing activities" at a stressful pace.
    Practice gratitude. Expressing gratitude to others can help reduce stressful thoughts.

    9. Monitor your blood pressure at home and see your doctor regularly
    Home monitoring can help you keep tabs on your blood pressure, make certain your lifestyle changes are working and alert you and your doctor to potential health complications. Blood pressure monitors are available widely and without a prescription. Talk to your doctor about home monitoring before you get started.
    Regular visits with your doctor are also key to controlling your blood pressure. If your blood pressure is under control, you might need to visit your doctor only every six to 12 months, depending on other conditions you might have. If your blood pressure isn't well controlled, your doctor will likely want to see you more frequently.

    10. Get support
    Supportive family and friends can help improve your health. They may encourage you to take care of yourself, drive you to the doctor's office or embark on an exercise program with you to keep your blood pressure low.
    If you find you need support beyond your family and friends, consider joining a support group. This may put you in touch with people who can give you an emotional or moral boost and who can offer practical tips to cope with your condition.
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  • MD - General Medicine
    General Physician
    The nature of the type of the fever and the duration should be considered as there are many types which could help narrow down the differential diagnosis you are considering.

    Continuous fever: Where the temperature remains above normal throughout a 24-hour period and does not fluctuate more than 1 degree Celsius in 24 hours. This type of fever occurs in lobar pneumonia, typhoid, urinary tract infection, infective endocarditis, brucellosis, and typhus.

    Remittent fever: The temperature remains above normal throughout the day and fluctuates more than 2 degree Celsius in 24 hours. This type is seen in patients with typhoid fever and infective endocarditis.

    Pel-Ebstein fever: There is a regular alternation of recurrent bouts of fever and febrile periods. The temperature may take 3 days to rise, remain high for 3 days and then remits over 3 days. The patient could then be apyrexial for 9 days.

    Intermittent fever: In a 24 hour period the temperature is only present for some hours of the day and the rest of the time is normal. The spike can occur same time each day, every other day or every few days but is normally in a repetitive pattern. Examples of some diseases which have an intermittent fever are malaria, pyemia, and septicemia.

    Septic fever: A very high temperature which doesn't improve with antipyretics can indicate a septic fever and the patient should be seen quickly and reviewed to prevent any further deterioration in their state of health.

    Cyclical recurrent fevers or periodic fevers: These are recurrences of fever which last from a few days to a few weeks and are separated by symptom-free intervals. This pattern of fever can be caused by recurrent infection, malignancy or non-infectious inflammatory diseases. Attacks of fever which follow the same course normally have a non-infectious cause like Still's disease, Rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease and Bechet's syndrome. A family history of periodic fever could indicate Familial Mediterranean Fever or Hyper-IgD syndrome.
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