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Murugan Hospitals

Multi-speciality Hospital (Urologist, Cardiologist & more)

264/125 Kilpauk Garden Road Landmark : Near Kilpauk Garden Bus Stop Chennai
3 Doctors · ₹0 - 500
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Murugan Hospitals Multi-speciality Hospital (Urologist, Cardiologist & more) 264/125 Kilpauk Garden Road Landmark : Near Kilpauk Garden Bus Stop Chennai
3 Doctors · ₹0 - 500
Book Appointment
Call Clinic
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About

We are dedicated to providing you with the personalized, quality health care that you deserve....more
We are dedicated to providing you with the personalized, quality health care that you deserve.
More about Murugan Hospitals
Murugan Hospitals is known for housing experienced Urologists. Dr. C Ilamparuthi, a well-reputed Urologist, practices in Chennai. Visit this medical health centre for Urologists recommended by 84 patients.

Timings

MON-SAT
09:00 AM - 06:00 PM
SUN
09:00 AM - 04:00 PM

Location

264/125 Kilpauk Garden Road Landmark : Near Kilpauk Garden Bus Stop
Kilpauk Chennai, Tamil Nadu - 600010
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Doctors in Murugan Hospitals

Dr. C Ilamparuthi

MBBS, MS - Urology, MCh - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery
Urologist
35 Years experience
500 at clinic
Available today
05:30 PM - 06:00 PM

Dr. K Sidharthan

DM - Cardiology, MBBS, MD - General Medicine
Cardiologist
19 Years experience
500 at clinic
Available today
09:00 AM - 04:00 PM

Dr. S Arunan

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist
32 Years experience
Available today
10:00 AM - 02:59 PM
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I have Severe Urinary tract infection and after taking ciprofloxacin clears then again infection occurs .l have done orcheoplexy surgery. please give me instructions.

M.B.B.S
General Physician, Delhi
I have Severe Urinary tract infection and after taking ciprofloxacin clears then again infection occurs .l have done ...
You need to get your Urine Routine and Culture Sensitivity test done. It will show the sensitivity of the Antibiotics. Please take 3-4 litres of water every day though you may not feel thirsty but Water is the best medicine.
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Halo dear sir/mam, my mom recently had an ECG of the heart, after she had symptoms of sudden breathlessness and palpitations, The ECG shows LBBB of the heart, now she has to go for Echogram. So I really request you please tell me how to treat it, and Is there anything to worry about? Also she has thyroid problem little higher and also cholesterol level of 225 Hope you really help soon with the best answers. thanks.

Md
General Physician, Bangalore
Halo dear sir/mam, my mom recently had an ECG of the heart, after she had symptoms of sudden breathlessness and palpi...
If LBBB is of new onset then it cannot be neglected and further investigation like echocardiogram and / or Coronary angiography or CT coronary angiography depending on echocardiogram reports should be done immediately to rule out acute heart related problems.
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Hi, My blood pressure is 110-150 sometime more that that and my weight is 90 kg my uric acid is 4.6 what can I do in this condition can I take alcohol also.Please suggest something for controlling bp.

MD, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Pune
Hi, My blood pressure is 110-150 sometime more that that and my weight is 90 kg my uric acid is 4.6 what can I do in ...
You should not take alcohol. Hello, I can understand your concern. High blood pressure is a natural response to increased nutritional needs of human body. Nutritional needs of the body are increased when there is excess stress from physical or chemical or emotional distress. Physical stress results when physical activity is more than the capacity if vital organs. Chemical stress can result due to inflammation or defective metabolism or toxins or incompatible food intake. Emotional distress can result from pressures from family or friends or profession or other illnesses. Whatever may be the cause of stress, body reacts in the same way, that is through activation of sympathetic nervous system. When activated, This sympathetic nervous system increases blood pressure. So, treating blood pressure is like neglecting root cause behind increments in blood pressure. It's like switching on the exhaust fan to get rid of smoke and neglecting fire in the house. If you try to reduce blood pressure with chemical drugs, remember, human body is more intelligent than medicines and increases blood pressure even more. So, you find that patients of hypertension need more and more drugs with passage of time. Ayurveda believes in treating the root causes of disease and for that purpose we need your detail medical history viz. Appetite, sleep pattern, bowel movements and urination frequency in day and night. If you have any queries or questions, you are welcome.
1 person found this helpful
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Hi, I am 23 year old male and weight is 66 kg Day time mai lunch ke Baad mere heart bhut tez chate hai palpitation hota hai tez Sirf day time m hota hai Subha or Raat Ko normal rehta h.

BHMS
Homeopath, Secunderabad
Hi, I am 23 year old male and weight is 66 kg Day time mai lunch ke Baad mere heart bhut tez chate hai palpitation ho...
Please visit a doctor for a physical examination (and some general tests including ECG etc) so that the doctor can come to some formal diagnosis. Do not worry but it needs attention, and please take action accordingly. Please revert after that with the doctors opinion and the reports.
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Alcohol and Heart Disease - All that you need to know!

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Cardiac Device Specialist (CCDS - Physician )
Cardiologist, Delhi
Alcohol and Heart Disease - All that you need to know!

Harmful Effects of Alcohol on Heart-- 

  1. Excessive alcohol intake leads to increase in cholesterol and BP which are risk factors for heart attack or blockages. 
  2. Excessive alcohol intake leads to alcohol induced cardio-myopathy or weakening of heart muscle. 
  3. Excessive alcohol intake is also a risk factor for developing irregular heart rate called Atrial Fibrillation

Recommended daily alcohol intake value - 

Men - Upto 2 glasses/day 

Women - 1 glass/day (studies have shown that even small amount of alcohol intake in women is very harmful) A drink is one 12 oz. beer, 4 oz. of wine, 1.5 oz. of 80-proof spirits, or 1 oz. of 100-proof spirits. Binge drinking should be ABSOLUTELY avoided. 

Red wine - There is no clear cut data to prove that red wine has some cardioprotective properties. A few small studies have suggested so, but as of now there is no clear cut answer. 

Alcohol and Aspirin - If you are on aspirin and take alcohol then you have higher chances of developing gastric ulcers and erosions. Hence you should try to reduce drinking if you do. If you do not drink then there is no need for you to start drinking as drinking alcohol does not provide any major benefit.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1 person found this helpful

Hi, I have done kidney transplant 3 weeks ago. My immuno suppressant dosage is 4.5 mg in the morning and 4 mg at night. So Today in the morning I took my dose But feel like I have taken 3.5 Mg. So Can it be harmful for my new kidney Or Can it cause rejection? I am really tensed so please help me.

General Surgeon, Vijayawada
Hi, I have done kidney transplant 3 weeks ago. My immuno suppressant dosage is 4.5 mg in the morning and 4 mg at nigh...
Hello there is nothing big to worry for one skipped dose which is accidental and happens with many, but try to take the medication as prescribed by the doctor without fail from now on. Just leave a positive feedback if helpful.
1 person found this helpful
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Shortness of Breath Treatment - साँसों की कमी और उपचार

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Shortness of Breath Treatment - साँसों की कमी और उपचार

साँसों की कमी की बिमारी को हाइपोजेमिया या हाइपोक्सिया कहते हैं. इसमें हमारे शरीर में ऑक्सीजन की खतरनाक रूप से कमी हो जाती है. जाहिर है बिना ऑक्सीजन के हमारा ज़िंदा रहना नामुमकिन है. बिना ऑक्सीजन  के हमारे शरीर को कोई भी अंग अपना काम नहीं कर पाएगा. ऑक्सीजन हमारे लिए प्राण वायु है. यानी ये है तो हम हैं ये नहीं तो हम नहीं. हमारे शरीर के सभी कामों के लिए प्रत्यक्ष या अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से ऑक्सीजन जिम्मेदार है. हमारे शरीर के उतकों और कोशिकाओं में ऑक्सीजन रक्त के माष्यम से पहुंचता है. रक्त में मौजूद आयरन से क्रिया करके हिमोग्लोबिन सभी जरूरतमंद अंगों तक पहुंचता है. हमारे शरीर में ये प्रक्रिया लगातार चलती रहती है. जब हम सो रहे होते हैं तब भी ये प्रक्रिया चलती ही रहती है. लेकिन जब किसी कारणवश ऑक्सीजन का स्तर नीचे आ जाता है तब इसे हाइपोजेमिया या हाइपोक्सिया कहा जाता है. इसका मुख्य लक्षण है साँस लेने में तकलीफ होना.

कैसी होती है हाइपोजेमिया की जांच?
हाइपोजेमिया की जांच डॉक्टर आपके शरीर में नजर आने वाले लक्षणों के आधार पर करता है. ऑक्सीजन के स्तर रक्त की जाँच करने के लिए आपके किसी भी आर्टरी से रक्त का नमूना लिया जाता है और फिर उसमें ऑक्सीजन के स्तर की जाँच की जाती है. इसके अलावा, ऑक्सीमीटर के द्वारा भी, शरीर में ऑक्सीजन के स्तर की जाँच की जा सकती है. ये बहुत आसान प्रक्रिया है जिसमें एक छोटी सी क्लिप को आपकी ऊँगली पर लगाकर रक्त में ऑक्सीजन की मात्रा को छोटी सी स्क्रीन पर दिखाया जाता है.

हमारे शरीर में ऑक्सीजन का सामान्य स्तर?
हमारे शरीर में ऑक्सीजन का सामान्य स्तर 95 से 100 तक होता है. लेकिन जब ये 90% से नीचे जाने लगता है तो इसे ऑक्सीजन का कम स्तर माना जाता है. ऑक्सीजन के स्तर को बना कर रखने का एक तरीका यह भी है कि अस्थमा जैसी बीमारी को नियंत्रण में रखा जाए. इस बीमारी के कारण, बहुत से हो सकते हैं, जिनमें से फेंफड़ों के रोग जैसे अस्थमा, न्यूमोनिया यानी (सी.ओ.पी.डी) की सभी बीमारियां शामिल हैं. इसके अलावा शरीर में ऑक्सीजन की कमी का सबसे प्रमुख कारण आयरन की कमी होता है. इस बीमारी के लक्षण, साँसों में तकलीफ, हृदय गति बढ़ जाना, साँसे तेज हो जाना, त्वचा का रंग नीला हो जाना, अकारण ही पसीना निकलना, मानसिक भ्रम हो जाना के रूप में सामने आते हैं.

हाइपोजेमिया के कारण
आमतौर पर तो ये किसी को भी हो सकता है लेकिन बीमारीग्रस्त इंसान को होने की संभावना ज्यादा रहती है. ये उन लोगों में ज्यादा हो सकता है जिन्हें साँसों से संबंधित अन्य परेशानी जैसे अस्थमा, निमोनिया आदि बीमारियां होती हैं. इसका कारण हमारे शरीर में होने वाली आयरन की कमी है.

हाइपोजेमिया के लक्षण

  • हृदय गति बढ़ जाना.
  • त्वचा का नीला पड़ना.
  • सीने में दर्द होना.
  • सांस लेने में तकलीफ होना.
  • साँसे तेज हो जाना.
  • बिना शारीरिक मेहनत के पसीना आना.
  • त्वचा की नमी खोना.
  •  मानसिक भ्रम.

कैसे बचा जा सकता है हाइपोजेमिया से
जैसा कि आमतौर पर कुछ सावधानियां बरतकर हम किसी भी बिमारी की संभावना को कुछ हद तक कम कर सकते हैं. ठीक उसी तरह हाइपोजेमिया से से बचने के लिए भी कुछ प्राथमिक उपाय कर सकते हैं. हलांकि इस तरह की गंभीर बीमारियों को बेहतर इलाज के द्वारा ही ठीक किया जा सकता है. फिर भी निम्लिखित सावधानियां बरतकर हम इसकी संभावना को जरुर कम कर सकते हैं.

  • रोजाना पांच से दस मिनट एक्सरसाइज जरूर करें.
  • आयरन से भरपूर भोजन करें.
  • कमरा बंद ना रखें, सबुह के समय खिड़कियां जरूर खोलें.
  • पानी पर्याप्त मात्रा में पीयें, रोज 8 से 10 गिलास पानी पीयें.
  • अपने घर में पेड़-पौधे जरूर लगायें जिससे हरियाली बनी रहे.

नोट :- यदि आपको इस तरह की कोई समस्या होती है तो प्राथमिक तौर पर आप इन्हें आजमा सकते हैं लेकिन चिकित्सकीय परामर्श आवश्यक है.
 

I am 47 year. My bp is130 /95 in morning. And 150/105 evening. Kindly suggest. Me which. Medicine is good for me tel Cad40 or azilday 80.

Doctor of Homeopathic Medicine (H.M.D.)
Homeopath, Dhanbad
I am 47 year. My bp is130 /95 in morning. And 150/105 evening. Kindly suggest. Me which. Medicine is good for me tel ...
Rawolfia S.+ Crataegux Ox.-Q, 10 drops mix in half of water, 3 times a day for a month then send reports to me
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My blood pressure level is 137/79 Can I take Amlong A tablet? Please suggest drug.

BHMS
Homeopath, Lucknow
My blood pressure level is 137/79
Can I take Amlong A tablet? Please suggest drug.
139/79 is normal blood pressure. Don't go on data. You don't need any medicine not even among. Just make routine of walking or gym. You are absolutely fine.
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Kuch dino se mere haath sun hone lge hai sote sote ho jate h. Or cramp bhi aa jata h pair ki ungliyo me. please karan or upaye btaye.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), hepatitis management
Ayurveda, Singrauli
Kuch dino se mere haath sun hone lge hai sote sote ho jate h. Or cramp bhi aa jata h pair ki ungliyo me. please karan...
Dear lybrate-user, please get Vit. D levels evaluated and also blood sugar. Please see if you can get an X-Ray of the spine also done. As a medication you can apply Prasarani Oil top downwards Regards
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Atherosclerosis- A Condition That May Lead To Heart Diseases

Non Invasive Services
Cardiologist, Mohali
Atherosclerosis- A Condition That May Lead To Heart Diseases

Deadlines to meet, personal commitments to attend, quick and unhealthy bites on the go, and hardly any time for your health. All these results in many lifestyle conditions, heart problems being predominant among them. Thousands of people in the India suffer a heart attack in a year. Don’t you think knowing the reasons behind heart problems is important to avoid suffering from one? Read on to know about Atherosclerosis, a condition that eventually leads to a block in an artery.

What is Atherosclerosis?
When the arteries start narrowing as a result of the plaque buildup, it is known as Atherosclerosis. It is also referred to as arteriosclerosis, which means that the arteries become very hard.

The blood vessels that are responsible for carrying oxygen and the necessary nutrients from the heart to the entire body are the arteries. As you grow older, the cholesterol and the fat starts getting deposited in the arteries, which lead to the formation of plaque.

Arteries are lined by the cell layer which is known as the endothelium. Atherosclerosis starts to develop when there is damage caused to the endothelium. This leads to the lipoproteins of low density getting accumulated in the wall of the artery. These lipoproteins are known as atheroma.

The pieces of the plaque may break off, and the flow of blood through the arteries is restricted due to the blood clot. Atherosclerosis may cause stroke, heart attacks, heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease if it is not treated properly. This disease can occur in any artery that is located in any of the body parts, which include the kidneys, the legs, or the heart.

What exactly happens?
Atherosclerosis starts when the arteries located in part of a person’s body become hard and narrow due to the buildup of excess fat in the artery walls. These damages lead to the development of plaque. The plaque starts creating a bump on the wall of the artery.

As the disease starts to progress, the bump starts to get bigger. This leads to a blockage. This process goes on throughout the patient’s body, placing his heart at a great risk. This may also lead to stroke or other serious health problems.

Once the disease starts progressing, it may lead to the rupture of the plaque lining. This causes the LDL cholesterol and the other unwanted substances to spill out in the blood stream. This leads to the blood clot, and the blood clot, in turn, may travel to any other body part, blocking the flow of blood to the nearest organ. The plaque can either stay in the wall of the artery, or it may start growing in the path of the flow of blood.

Prevalent causes-
This disease progresses very slowly, and it may start developing in a person from his/her childhood. In adults, atherosclerosis is generally caused due to a high blood pressure, smoking, resistance to insulin, diabetes, obesity, or inflammation due to other diseases or lupus.

Maintaining a proper diet and exercising regularly can help to keep atherosclerosis in check.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3 people found this helpful

My wife is 39 years old she is sugar patient and now blood sugar level is 114 (it's after meal) she is suffering from numbness in hand and leg, please suggest me some allopathic medicine which remove out this problem.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
My wife is 39 years old she is sugar patient and now blood sugar level is 114 (it's after meal) she is suffering from...
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. In a diabetic patient invariably peripheral neuropathy does set in after a few years of that condition. It is seen even when blood glucose is well controlled. There are a few medications used to reduce the intensity of that condition like using methyl cobal amine, folic acid and lipoleic acid combinations and drugs like pragabalin or gabapentine are used. These do help. Thanks.
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Keep Your Heart Healthy With Ayurveda!

MD, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), PGDEMS, DNHE, DYA
Ayurveda, Mumbai
Keep Your Heart Healthy With Ayurveda!

The incidences of various heart ailments are on a mercurial rise. The problem is no longer related to old age. There are many young adults in their early 30's suffering from heart problems (mild to severe). Some people swear by conventional medications and therapies. There is no denying the effectiveness or credibility of conventional treatments, but one cannot neglect the side effects that come tagged along. Some of the advanced heart treatments are also very expensive. Does that mean one will never be able to enjoy a healthy and disease free heart? The solution to the problem lies in Ayurveda.

However, both current drug and Ayurveda agree that there are things you can do each day to keep your heart healthy and we have a few recommendations to help you. Pick maybe a couple and begin with those in the event that you like, then include a couple all the more at regular intervals until you are normally carrying on with a heart-healthy way of life. Reward your heart, as well as your whole physiology will be much obliged.

  1. Mitigate away stress: As indicated by ayurveda, a comprehensive way to deal with heart health obliges you to feed the passionate heart and also the physical heart. The heart is not only a pump — it's the origin of all feelings, whether it's bliss and elation or trouble and dissatisfaction.
  2. Develop the positive: While averting abundance stress is fundamental to keep the enthusiastic heart from squandering without end, effectively looking for mental and passionate prosperity can help the enthusiastic heart thrive. Ayurveda discusses ojas, the substance that looks afterlife.
  3. Eat right: Ostensibly the most basic stride you can take towards heart health is to eat a heart-accommodating eating routine. Pick new sustenances over prepared nourishments or remains; light sustenances over rich, rotisserie ones; and warm, cooked nourishments over chilly, overwhelming nourishments. An adjusted cell reinforcement Rasayana, for example, Brahma Rasayana is phenomenal healthful backing, and distributed examination affirms that Amrit decreases LDL cholesterol, which has been involved in plaque develop.
  4. Eat carefully: How you eat is as essential for heart health (and general health) as what you eat. Eat modestly, the perfect ayurvedic 'part' is the thing that fits in your two measured palms. Try not to skip suppers, since eating three dinners at general times every day "prepares" your processing to suspect and process your sustenance.

Practiced since ancient times, Ayurveda has gained immense recognition and popularity. Ayurveda believes that for a disease free health, the three energies or doshas- Vata, Pitta, and Kapha dosha should be in equilibrium. With Ayurvedic treatment, it is possible to enjoy a healthy heart provided one follows the Ayurvedic treatment and the healthy lifestyle modifications diligently.

Panchakarma: With Panchakarma, one can treat and manage almost all the health disorders including heart problems. The Panchakarma Therapy is carried out to detoxify the body of all the harmful substances and toxins. The detoxification involves five steps (each step specific to certain health conditions). The steps involved in Panchakarma are

  1. Raktamokshana (purification of the impure blood).
  2. Vamana (a person is given herbal medicines to vomit the toxins out of the system)
  3. Basti (involves clearing the rectum of the toxin products).
  4. Virechana (use of herbal and natural laxatives to flush out the toxins through fecal matter).
  5. Nasya involves the use herbal nasal drops to carry out the detoxification.

A person is also given Oleation (massaging the body with herbal oil) and Fomentation (made to sweat profusely) before carrying out the treatment to ensure that the toxin becomes soft and loose.

  1. Stress and anxiety can have a negative impact on the heart and should be avoided. Practicing meditation, yoga, listening to soothing music can work wonders to relieve the stress, doing the heart a world of good.
  2. Your diet can have an impact on the heart. The saturated and trans fats can be detrimental for your heart. Foods such as cakes, pastries, doughnuts, hydrogenated vegetable oil, margarine, cookies, pies are best left avoided. Instead, opt for the good fats (monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fats) such as ghee, olive oil, mustard oil, flaxseed oil, to name a few.
  3. Eat the right amount of food (preferably small amounts at regular time intervals). Overeating is unhealthy for the heart.
  4. Limit your alcohol intake. Quit smoking altogether.
  5. Avoid a sedentary lifestyle. Laziness and healthy heart just don't go together. Exercise regularly (morning or evening walk, jogging, aerobics, cycling, swimming, etc).
  6. Arjuna, Guggul, and Ashwagandha are wonder herbs that safeguard the heart from various ailments. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
803 people found this helpful

My age is 34 years and My blood pressure is 90/130, please suggest it is need of having medicine or it is normal.

MD, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Pune
My age is 34 years and My blood pressure is 90/130, please suggest it is need of having medicine or it is normal.
Hello, I can understand your concern. High blood pressure is a natural response to increased nutritional needs of human body. Nutritional needs of the body are increased when there is excess stress from physical or chemical or emotional distress. Physical stress results when physical activity is more than the capacity if vital organs. Chemical stress can result due to inflammation or defective metabolism or toxins or incompatible food intake. Emotional distress can result from pressures from family or friends or profession or other illnesses. Whatever may be the cause of stress, body reacts in the same way, that is through activation of sympathetic nervous system. When activated, This sympathetic nervous system increases blood pressure. So, treating blood pressure is like neglecting root cause behind increments in blood pressure. It's like switching on the exhaust fan to get rid of smoke and neglecting fire in the house. If you try to reduce blood pressure with chemical drugs, remember, human body is more intelligent than medicines and increases blood pressure even more. So, you find that patients of hypertension need more and more drugs with passage of time. Ayurveda believes in treating the root causes of disease and for that purpose we need your detail medical history. If you have any queries or questions, you are welcome.
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Brain Cancer - What can Trigger It?

MS - General Surgery, MBBS, MCh - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
Brain Cancer - What can Trigger It?

Brain cancer is a disease of the brain in which cancer cells (malignant cells) arise in the brain tissue. Cancer cells grow to form a mass of cancer tissue (tumor) that interferes with brain functions such as muscle control, sensation, memory, and other normal body functions. Tumors composed of cancer cells are called malignant tumors, and those composed of mainly non-cancerous cells are called benign tumors. Cancer cells that develop from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors while tumors that spread from other body sites to the brain are termed metastatic or secondary brain tumors.

Prologue:

  1. Brain cancer is actually the abnormal growth and uncontrolled growth of the cancer cells in the brain,that forms a tumor in the brain.Tumours can be either benign or malignant.

  2. Benign brain tumours are abnormal collections of cells that reproduce slowly and usually remain separate from the surrounding normal brain.

  3. Malignant tumours reproduce and grow quickly. Their borders are hard to distinguish from the normal brain around them.

Symptoms:

There are few early symptoms of brain cancer, but as the tumour grows within the confines of the skull, it causes increased intracranial pressure and exerts pressure on the brain, causing signs to develop.

Brain cancer symptoms and signs are varied and depend on the area of the brain involved, but can include:

  1. Headaches.

  2. Seizures.

  3. Nausea and vomiting, which, CANSA reports, may be worse in the morning or after a sudden position change.

  4. Difficulty walking or clumsiness.

  5. Vision changes.

  6. Changes in alertness.

  7. Behavioural impairment.

Causes:

Brain cancer occurs when there is an uncontrolled growth of cancer cells in the brain that form a malignant brain tumor. The underlying cause of primary brain cancer, cancer that begins in the brain, is not known. Secondary brain cancer is caused by a cancer of another organ in the body, such as the breast, prostate, kidney, skin, or bone, that has spread to the brain.

What are the risk factors for brain cancer?

  1. Certain inherited conditions, including neurofibromatosis, Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and Turcot syndrome

  2. Personal history of cancer or family history of brain cancer

  3. Impaired immune system

  4. Radiation therapy of the head

Treatments Options:

Treatment

Surgery is the main form of treatment for brain tumors that lie within the membranes covering the brain or in parts of the brain that can be removed without damaging critical neurological functions. The goal is to remove the entire tumor, whenever possible, as a tumor may recur if any tumor cells are left behind. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are generally used as secondary treatment for tumors that cannot be cured through surgery alone.

Stereotactic radiosurgery

Stereotactic radiosurgery is a treatment option that delivers a high concentration of radiation directly to the tumor in order to stop its growth, while delivering only a minimal dose of radiation to the surrounding tissue. Unlike conventional surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery does not require making an incision to remove the tumor. It can be especially effective in patients with many small metastatic brain tumors.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2 people found this helpful

Levodopa - How To Maximize Its Affects For Parkinson's?

DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Neurologist, Gurgaon
Levodopa - How To Maximize Its Affects For Parkinson's?

If you are being treated for Parkinson's disease. How can you maximize the effect of Levodopa? The effect of levodopa can be maximized by increasing its absorption from the digestive system. In particular, taking levodopa on an empty stomach is very important. 

  1. Take on an empty stomach: Do not eat anything 1 hour before taking levodopa. Do not eat anything for at least 30 minutes and if possible 1 hour after taking it. Take the pill with 2 glasses of water so that it can dissolve. If taking the levodopa on an empty stomach makes you nauseous, confirm that your medication has the right amount of carbidopa in relation to the levodopa (25%). If you continue to feel nauseous, you can eat a piece of white bread around the time that you take levodopa. Do not apply any butter, yogurt, cheese or similar high protein spreads. Protein can drastically decrease the absorption of levodopa. 
  2. Get your constipation treated: This is critically important too. Being constipated can slow down the passage of levodopa through the digestive system. In most patients, drinking adequate water and taking stool softeners is helpful. 
  3. Get your ulcer treated: It can be difficult to recognize that you have a gastric ulcer. However, if you have a burning sensation in your stomach at any time, or belch frequently, you may have a gastric ulcer. If you think you have an ulcer you should get tested (there is a simple breath test now) and treated with antibiotics (not antacids!) 
  4. Do not take levodopa with iron tablets: The iron binds to levodopa and prevents its absorption. Keep a gap of at least two hours between these two medications. 
  5. Try taking levodopa with orange juice and carbonated water (soda): Mix equal quantities of orange juice and carbonated water (soda). Take your regular levodopa with a glass of this preparation instead of water. The carbonated water hastens disintegration of the tablet, and the acidity of both things helps in levodopa absorption. There are special tablets of levodopa (dispersible levodopa, Madopar) which can be dissolved in this preparation. Talk to your doctor about it.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

Congenital Heart Defects In Children - Symptoms and Causes!

MBBS, MS (Gen. Surgery), M.Ch - Cardio Thoracic & Vascular Surgery, DNB (CTS)
Cardiologist, Noida
Congenital Heart Defects In Children - Symptoms and Causes!

Most families refer to their newborn baby as their 'bundle of joy'. The news of a child being born brings immense joy to the entire family. However, due to various reasons, a child could be born with some medical abnormalities, which would be known as congenital abnormalities.

If your child has a congenital heart defect, it means that your child was born with a problem in the structure of his or her heart. Some congenital heart defects in children are simple and don't need treatment. Other congenital heart defects in children are more complex and may require several surgeries performed over a period of several years.

There are several different types of heart defects that can be congenital. These usually manifest themselves either immediately after birth or in the early years of life. In some cases, the abnormality could be detected on prenatal ultrasounds. In others, it may not be and the family could be caught off guard about the condition. This causes a lot of stress, both for the child, who does not receive regular postnatal care and for the parents immediately after the delivery process.

If the baby has the following symptoms within the first few hours of life, there could be a serious underlying condition, which requires medical attention. The presence and severity of the symptoms would depend on the actual abnormality.

  1. The skin is pale gray or blue in color due to excessive venous flow in the system
  2. Excessive sweating
  3. The child is exerting to breathe regularly
  4. Rapid breathing causes added load on the heart accompanied by a grunting noise
  5. Flared nostrils i.e. the baby attempts to take in more oxygen with each breath causes flared nostrils
  6. Swollen legs, eyes, and abdomen: Fluid retention in the legs and abdomen is quite common, and this could be characteristic of newborns with congenital heart disease
  7. Shortness of breath, even during feeding
  8. Clubbed fingernails
  9. Lethargy and low energy, even with feeding, therefore very poor feeding pattern
  10. Chest pain, which may cause the newborn to cry incessantly
  11. Low weight gain, as they feed less

In some children, symptoms manifest only during the teenage years or early adulthood. These conditions are not very severe and the symptoms include:

  1. Swelling of the hands, feet, and ankles due to fluid accumulation
  2. Lowered energy levels, leading to easy fatigue
  3. Shortness of breath with even minimal physical activity
  4. Inability to exercise
  5. Developmental delays and changes in growth milestones
  6. Recurrent respiratory tract infections including sinus infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia
  7. Endocarditis
  8. Pulmonary hypertension
  9. Heart failure, where the heart is not able to effectively function and pump blood to all parts of the body.

Some or more of these symptoms should trigger a warning to get the child tested for congenital heart disease. While some would just require a monitoring until severe symptoms develop, severe conditions like holes, abnormal valves, narrowed arteries, and blood vessel abnormalities might require immediate intervention. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cardiologist.When to see a doctor

Serious congenital heart defects are often diagnosed before or soon after your child is born. If you notice that your baby has any of the signs or symptoms above, call your child's doctor.

If your child has any of the signs or symptoms of less serious heart defects as he or she grows, call your child's doctor. Your child's doctor can let you know if your child's symptoms are due to a heart defect or another medical condition.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1 person found this helpful

My sister aged 35 years blood pressure 140-160/90-110 (no medicine )no other medical condition recently having frequent urination and foamy urine. Urine for micro albumin and creatinine ratio shows. URINE FOR MICRO ALBUMIN :128 mg/l. URINE FOR CREATININE: 62 MG/dl. URINE MICRO albumin 206. 45 mg/gm of creatinine.

FMAS, MS
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
My sister aged 35 years blood pressure 140-160/90-110 (no medicine )no other medical condition recently having freque...
Hello dear lybrate-user, hi Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query for your sisterthoroughly.* BP seems borderline high, report is indicative of microalbuminuria.* She requires intensive evaluation for possible cause as diabetes or else for the reason and get treated in accordance with that.* Till that time maintain hydration with more liquids, give salt free diet. Hope this clears your query. Wishing her fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance. Regards take care.
1 person found this helpful
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Hello sir, my father is 60 years old. And he is heart patient. Suddenly he suffering kidney problem. His kidney function test is not normal. The urea-193, creatinine-6.0, and uric acid is 21.1, doctor saying to dialysis. Please sir guide me. We don't go for the dialysis. We want to control with medicine. 6 month before that he not having this problem. Can we control and repair that problem.

Fellowship in clinical Nephrology, DM - Nephrology, MD - General Medicine
Nephrologist, Bhopal
Hello sir, my father is 60 years old. And he is heart patient. Suddenly he suffering kidney problem. His kidney funct...
Some times heart patients suddenly develop acute kidney injury. Your treating doctor who is seeing the patient and can decide whether temporary dialysis is needed or not. Some times such patients recover kidney injury, can be decided only when patient is seen.
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