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Apollo Hospital - Tondiarpet

Multi-speciality Hospital (Nephrologist, Pediatrician & more)

#645, TH Road, Landmark : Opp. Ezhil Hospital & Opp. ICICI Bank ATM, Chennai Chennai
9 Doctors · ₹0 - 1000
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Apollo Hospital - Tondiarpet Multi-speciality Hospital (Nephrologist, Pediatrician & more) #645, TH Road, Landmark : Opp. Ezhil Hospital & Opp. ICICI Bank ATM, Chennai Chennai
9 Doctors · ₹0 - 1000
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We are dedicated to providing you with the personalized, quality health care that you deserve....more
We are dedicated to providing you with the personalized, quality health care that you deserve.
More about Apollo Hospital - Tondiarpet
Apollo Hospital - Tondiarpet is known for housing experienced General Physicians. Dr. Thiruvarul, a well-reputed General Physician, practices in Chennai. Visit this medical health centre for General Physicians recommended by 60 patients.

Timings

MON-SAT
09:00 AM - 09:00 PM

Location

#645, TH Road, Landmark : Opp. Ezhil Hospital & Opp. ICICI Bank ATM, Chennai
Tondiarpet Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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Doctors in Apollo Hospital - Tondiarpet

Dr. Thiruvarul

MBBS, M.S.(GENERAL SURGERY), MCh - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery
General Physician
28 Years experience
Unavailable today

Dr. R Murali

MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon
500 at clinic
Available today
09:00 AM - 05:00 PM

Dr. Abraham Oomman

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist
27 Years experience
1000 at clinic
Available today
08:00 PM - 09:00 PM

Dr. Gobalakichenin M

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon
24 Years experience
Available today
10:00 AM - 07:00 PM

Dr. Ekambranath T S

MBBS, MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician
20 Years experience
Available today
05:00 PM - 07:00 PM

Dr. Nirmala Murali

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist
22 Years experience
500 at clinic
Available today
05:30 PM - 07:00 PM

Dr. Visweswar Reddy

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology
Nephrologist
22 Years experience
1000 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Latha Viswanathan

MBBS, DCH, DNB - Pediatrics
Pediatrician
22 Years experience
Available today
10:00 AM - 07:00 PM

Dr. Asha Mahilmaran

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM
Cardiologist
28 Years experience
1000 at clinic
Unavailable today
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Ankylosing Spondylitis!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Ankylosing Spondylitis!

Ankylosing Spondylitis Overview:
Arthritis can affect the quality of life of the affected in multifold ways. Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis can affects the spine. Pain and stiffness that runs from the neck to the lower back are the symptoms of this disease. This is an inflammation that can cause chronic pain and even lead to disability. Deformity too can be caused as the pain in the spine can lead to the formation of a new bone. It is not the only the neck and lowers back region that experiences the terrible pain, but even the other parts of the body are affected by this condition.

When affected by this condition, inflammation occurs between the vertebrae. This can also affect the joints in a few people. This can limit the movement of the affected. This disease often begins in early adolescence. When the spine becomes rigid, one can start seeing the changes. The changes can start at any point of time when the disease ranges from mild to severe. Over time, the affected also get a stooped posture. The disease is more common in Native Americans, and milder in women.

 

Ankylosing Spondylitis Symptoms:
1.    Pain and arduousness:
It is usual to experience the numbness, pain and stiffness in the back, buttocks and in the hips. When the symptoms exist for more than 3 months, the condition is moving from mild to severe. This usually begins in the lowest part of the spine, called the sacrum.

2.    Bony fusion: the Abnormal joining of bones is called bony fusion, and ankylosing spondylitis can lead to this overgrowth of bones. This can occur in major joints like the neck, hips, or back. The affected starts losing efficiency in performing the daily chores. In severe cases, the affected will also find it very tough to take a deep breath.

3.    Pain in tendons and sinews: The ligaments and sinews attached to the bones can be affected by ankylosing spondylitis. The inflammation of tendons called tendonitis is often on the cards. The pain and stiffness beneath the area of the heel can be experienced. This specific condition is called Achilles tendon. The back of the ankle is also affected, and the patient often finds it difficult to walk.

4.    Other symptoms: This disease is systematic, and this is why the pain and discomfort are not related to certain areas only. Affected people can experience symptoms like fatigue, fever, eye inflation, problems in heart and lungs, and loss of appetite.

5.    Weight loss, early morning stiffness, and anaemia are some of the symptoms experienced.

6.    Inflammation in the bowels and heart valve inflammation too are experienced as this is an inflammatory disease

Causes of Ankylosing Spondylitis:
The exact cause for this disease is not yet clear. Doctors point fingers at the genetic susceptibility. But, it is also be understood that not all who are affected by this disease carry the gene HLA B27. The major point is that people who carry this gene, have the higher risk of a hit by this type of arthritis. The risk percentage is higher by 10 to 20%.

What is risk factors Ankylosing Spondylitis:
If one carries the HLA B2 protein, the chances of getting affected are higher. The same is the case when one or more family members are affected by this disease. The symptoms are often seen beginning at the age of 20 to 40 years. This is also common in men, and women are rarely affected by this condition.

How to diagnosed Ankylosing Spondylitis?
1.    The diagnosis for ankylosing spondylitis is done through various ways. One of the major ways the doctor might identify the disease in the presence of the symptoms. Hence, it is important for the patients to ensure all the pain and discomfort experienced in different parts of the body should be intimated to the doctor.

2.    A physical examination is carried out by the healthcare professionals to identify the inflammation. The doctor also might ask to move and stretch the limbs, to identify the affected areas. Restricted movements often unveil the disease.

3.    X-rays are taken to notice the inflammation in the neck and the pelvic region. This screening offers a clear picture of the inflammation in various joints.

4.    The chest breathing examination is carried out to check if the condition has an impact on the lungs and causes difficulty in breathing

5.    The blood tests and other lab tests are also suggested by the doctor to check for anaemia, and other possible disorders that are associated with this condition.

6.    Urinalysis is also recommended by the doctors. This is because the inflation can also affect the function of the kidney. This can be checked at the right moment with the urine sample test done at the lab.

Treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis:
It has to be understood that ankylosing spondylitis has no cure. It can be treated to ensure that the discomfort and pain are reduced. The movement functions can be improved to ensure that the patient can do the daily chores with ease. The stiffness and pain are the major problems with the condition, and these can be eradicated to a great extent by this treatment. The goal of the treatment is also to prevent further damage and help retain a good posture. Proper treatment, methods help the affected to lead a fairly normal life, without having to depend on others. A team of doctors are involved in the treatment plan. Doctor, occupational therapist, ophthalmologist, who treats eye disease,  gastroenterologist, who treats bowel disease,  physiatrist, who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation,  and a physical therapist, who provides stretching and exercise programs are present in the team.

1.   Physical and occupational therapy: it is important to opt for these therapies at the initial stages to ensure that deformity is not formed. These therapies are given by trained professionals, who suggest a range of exercises specific to your needs and help in improving the functions,  and also keep off from forming deformities due to reduced movements. For instance, a stooped posture can be corrected or prevented with the occupational and physical therapy.

 

2.   Exercises: Exercises improve the daily functioning of the individuals, and help in proper posture maintenance. Apart from the exercise schedule the occupational therapist and the physical therapists suggest, the doctors can also suggest a list of exercises that can help in promoting deep breathing. When done regularly they can immensely help a lot. An exercise that is considered to be the best is swimming. For those, who cannot swim, the other options are yoga poses that help in improving the breathing pattern without any trouble.

 

3.   Medications: Drugs are the important part of the treatment plan for ankylosing spondylitis, for they alone offer the much demanded instant relief from pain and stiffness caused by this disease. These drugs also ensure that the patients can do the exercises to improve the condition without facing much discomfort. Else, carrying out the daily chores too can be strenuous for the patients. The anti-inflammatory drugs that do not involve the use of steroids are often prescribed for this disease. A few examples are aspirin and ibuprofen. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) like methotrexate (Rheumatrex)  can be used when the condition is not mild, but severe. This is because the NSAIDs are not enough to control the inflammation. Other FDA approved drugs like certolizumab pegol (Cimzia), golimumab (Simponi Aria, Simponi), infliximab (Remicade), and infliximab-day (Inflectra), a biosimilar to Remicade, and secukinumab (Cosentyx), etanercept (Enbrel), etanercept-szzs (Erelzi), a biosimilar to Enbrel, and adalimumab (Humira), adalimumab-atto (Amjevita), a biosimilar to Humira,too are prescribed currently. The chronic back pain can also be dealt with a few anti-depressants.

 

4.   Surgery:  When the inflammation has affected the hips and waist joints very much, a joint replacement surgery is done. This has to be decided by the doctor, and various factors can be responsible for the doctor going against the same.

Apart from the treatment options, there are certain do’s and doughnuts that are instructed by the doctors to live with this condition.

 

1.    Smoking exacerbates the condition. In many diseases, smoking can see to be aggravating the complications, and it is the same in the case of ankylosing spondylitis too. Smoking can impact inflammation. So, the patients are restricted from smoking.

2.    Sleeping on the firm bed is a must. Too soft mattresses can aggravate the pain. Sleeping on the back is what the patients are supposed to do. It is also advised not to use large and soft pillows. Very thin pillows or cotton bed sheets can be folded under the head. This is because the neck fusion can be triggered by using large pillows.

3.    Propping legs on pillows is another thing the patients are restricted to do. This is because, in the bent position, hip and knee fusion can result.

4.    The tables, chairs and other work surfaces should be in such a degree that the stooping posture should not be encouraged. 

5.    Using armchairs is a good option, for they offer ample of support to the arms and shoulders.

6.    Jumping, falling, and dancing can cause severe damage in the severe cases of the disease. The patient should take immense care in such cases.

 

Prevention of Ankylosing Spondylitis:
It is not easy to prevent ankylosing spondylitis. In fact, it is near to impossible. Majorly because the cause is unknown, the prevention is also yet to be known.  However, if there are 1 or more family members diagnosed with this condition, then it is a good option to find the risk chances. Yearly health checkups can help in avoiding this condition. Leading a sedentary life too can add to the chances of getting affected by this condition. So, involving physical activities, and doing regular exercises can prevent this disease to a certain extent. Exercises can help in improving the flexibility, and in people who are very active, the symptoms are identified soon, making it easy to get treated even at the initial stages. It is also essential to stay off from smoking and tobacco. Even when not diagnosed with any form of arthritis, these substances can increase the risk factor and aggravate the condition. Eating a healthy diet is also recommended. This inflammatory disease can also lead to inflammation of the heart. So, when adding the junk and fatty foods, the heart can lose its efficiency sooner.  A healthy diet can cut out the risk by half. 

 

Complications of Ankylosing Spondylitis:
1.    Fusion of the spine can lead to a curvature, which is called kyphosis. This can lead to a stooped posture when ankylosing spondylitis is left over time untreated.

2.    The pain is often felt in the groin area when the hi; tp and shoulder joints are affected. This is called referred pain, which can be felt in the thighs too. This can have an impact on the occupational front of the patient too.

3.    In most severe and rare cases, the heart’s electric functioning is also affected. This is because of the inflammation of the heart valves. A pacemaker must be brought in to ensure the proper functioning of the heart in such cases.

4.    In 10% of the cases, the joints near the jaws are affected. This can lead to the problem not able to open the jaw fully to eat.

5.    In the case of a few patients, the eye inflation can affect the quality of life, in case proper treatment is not given on time.

 

Myths:
Myth #1:  
 Ankylosing spondylitis affects only runs in families: only the risk factors high, and doesn’t mean it cannot occur to someone who has none in the family affected by this disease.

Myth #2:    Exercises can prevent the occurrence: While exercising can keep symptoms at bay for long, and help in easy diagnosing at early stages, it does not guarantee to stay far from this disease.

Myth #3:    Women are not affected: the risk factor for women is low. Men are affected 2 to 3 times higher but do not mean, women are spared by this disease.

It is not easy to lead a normal life with ankylosing spondylitis. It takes immense determination to fight this progressive disease. Sticking to medication and active lifestyle can only help to live with this disease.

अरण्डी के तेल का उपयोग - Arandi Ke Tel Ka Upyog!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
अरण्डी के तेल का उपयोग - Arandi Ke Tel Ka Upyog!

अरंडी का तेल एक प्रकार का वनस्पति तेल है जिसका इस्तेमाल हम कई समस्याओं को दूर करने के लिए करते हैं. वैज्ञानिक नाम रिसीनस कम्युनिस वाले अरंडी का पौधा मूल रूप से अफ्रीका और भारत में पाया जाता है. अपने देश में अरंडी के तेल को कई नामों से जाना जाता है - तेलुगु में अमुदामु, मराठी में इरांदेला टेला, तमिल में अमानकु एनी, मलयालम में अवानाककेना और बंगाली में रिरिरा टेला. इस तेल को बनाने के लिए इसके बीजों को दबाया जाता है. यह विभिन्न सौंदर्य प्रसाधन, साबुन, वस्त्र, मालिश तेलों और प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली, फंगल संक्रमण का इलाज, त्वचा पिग्मेंटेशन का इलाज, बुढ़ापे की प्रक्रिया को धीमा करना, मुंहासों का इलाज करना और आंखों के इलाज में इस्तेमाल होता है. अरंडी का तेल या कैस्टर ऑयल, थोड़ा गाढ़ा और दिखने में हल्के पीले रंग का होता है. अरंडी के तेल में चेहरे के लिए विषेशरूप से उपयोगी रेजिनोलिक एसिड और कई अन्य फैटी एसिड मौजूद होते हैं. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम अरंडी के तेल के उपयोग के बारे में जानें.

1. लंबे बालों के लिए-

अरंडी का तेल बालों के विकास के लिए फायदेमंद है. इसमें ओमेगा फैटी एसिड होता है जो रक्त परिसंचरण में वृद्धि करता है. इस तेल के मसाज करने से घने और लंबे बाल मिलते हैं. यह तेल बाल कूप में रक्त परिसंचरण को बढ़ावा देता है, जिससे बालों का विकास तेज हो जाता है. अरंडी का तेल बालों में संक्रमण को रोकता है जो पैच, रूसी और खुजली जैसी बालों के समस्याओं को कम करता है.

2. रोके सफेद बालों पर नियंत्रण के लिए-
यदि आपके बाल सफ़ेद होना शुरू हो गया हैं, तो अरंडी का तेल लगाने से बालों को सफेद होने से रोक सकता है. इस तेल के इस्तेमाल से, समय से पहले बालों के सफेद होने को रोकने में भी उपयोगी हो सकता है. यह आपके बालों का स्वस्थ और घने बनाने में सहायक है. इसके अलावा अरंडी का तेल शुष्क और क्षतिग्रस्त बालों के उपचार में बहुत उपयोगी हो सकता है.

3. त्वचा की सूजन के लिए-
अरंडी के तेल में फैटी एसिड, रिकिनोलिक एसिड में प्रभावी गुण होता है जो त्वचा पर सूजन को कम करने में मदद करता है. यह त्वचा की सूजन का निदान करने के लिए एक रामबाण उपाय है जो पिम्पल्स रूखी त्वचा के कारण होती है. इस तेल को रुई में डुबोकर प्रभावित त्वचा पर लगाएं और एक घंटे के बाद धो लें.

4. एंटी एजिंग के लिए-
यह तेल एंटी-एजिंग के रूप में भी सहायक होता है और आपके त्वचा पर एजिंग इफेक्ट को कम करता है. यह त्वचा के गहराई में जाता है और कोलेजन और ईलेस्टिन में वृद्धि करता है. जिससे त्वचा मुलायम और नम होता है. इसके अलावा यह रिंकल और फाइन लाइन्स को भी कम करता है. इसको चेहरे पर लगाने से पहले चेहरे को अच्छी तरह पानी से धो लें और साफ कर लें. इसके बाद तेल को चेहरे पर धीरे-धीरे मसाज करें. इस प्रक्रिया को नियमित तरीके से रात को सोने से पहले लगाएं और बेहतर परिणाम देखें.

5. मुहाँसो को करे दूर-
अरंडी के तेल मुँहासे वाले त्वचा के लिए भी फायदेमंद होती है. हालाँकि कई लोग तेल लगाने से परहेज करते है क्योंकि तेल चेहरे के पोर्स को भर देते हैं. लेकिन अरंडी के तेल का इस्तेमाल करने से मुँहासे कम होते है. इसके लिए आपको चेहरे को गुनगुने पानी से धो लें जो आपके त्वचा के पोर्स को खोलने में मदद करेगा. फिर इस तेल को रात में सोने से पहले अपने चेहरे पर लगाएं. अरंडी का तेल पिम्पल्स से उत्पन्न जीवाणु से लड़ता है. यह असरदार तरीकें से त्वचा की गहराई में प्रवेश करता है, जिससे मुँहास को कम करने में प्रभावी होता है.

अरंडी का तेल एक एंटीसेप्टिक के रूप में भी उपयोगी है. त्वचा अपर कट्स और खरोंचे होने पर अरंडी का तेल प्रभावी हो सकता है. कुछ मलहम में भी अरंडी का उपयोग किया जाता है जो घाव को ठीक करने में और मलहम के मुकाबले बहुत सहायक हो सकते हैं. इसके एंटी बैक्टीरियल गुण घाव और खरोंच में इंफेक्शन होने के जोखिम को कम करता हैं. इसके अलावा दर्द को कम करने में भी मदद करता है.


6. गठिया के इलाज में-
गठिया रोग के लिए अरंडी का तेल एक बेहतर विकल्प है. यह जॉइंट और टिश्यू के दर्द से राहत प्रदान कर सकता है. अरंडी के तेल को कॉटन कपडे में डुबोएं और फिर प्रभावित हिस्से पर रख कर साफ कपडे से कवर कर दें. इसके बाद हीटिंग पैड प्रभावित जगह पर एक घंटे तक छोड़ दें . इससे घाव भरने में मदद मिलती है और सूजन को भी कम कर देता है.

7. प्रतिरक्षा तंत्र को मजबूत बनाने में-
अरंडी का तेल इम्यून सिस्टम को मजबूत करता है जिससे शरीर के रक्षा तंत्र को भी बढ़ाता है. यह आपके शरीर में टी -11 सेल्स की मात्रा को भी बढ़ाता है, जिससे रक्षा तंत्र में वृद्धि करती है. टी -11 कोशिकाओं में रोगजनकों और विषाक्त पदार्थों के खिलाफ एंटीबॉडी होते हैं, जो आपके स्वास्थ्य को बेहतर बनाने में मदद करते हैं.

8. पीठ दर्द में-
पीठ दर्द से छुटकारा पाने के लिए एक उत्कृष्ट प्राकृतिक उपचार है. अरंडी के तेल को पीठ पर मसाज करने से दर्द और कठोरता से छुटकारा मिलता है. प्रभावित हिस्से पर तेल लगाएं और एक घंटे तक लगा छोड़ दें. आप पीठ पर एक हीटिंग पैड रख कर छोड़ दें. इस प्रक्रिया को हफ्ते में दो बार दोहराएं. पीठ दर्द से छुटकारा पाने का सबसे आसान और सुरक्षित तरीका है.

9. स्ट्रेच मार्क्स के लिए-
यह प्रेगनेंसी के बाद होने वाले स्ट्रेच मार्क्स से भी निजात दिलाता है. क्योंकि यह फैटी एसिड में समृद्ध हैं तो इसे प्रेगनेंसी के आखिर के में लगाने से स्ट्रेच मार्क्स होने से रोक सकता है.इस प्रक्रिया को हर दिन २० मिनट तक लगाएं.

Pneumothorax!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Pneumothorax!

Pneumothorax Overview:
The condition of pneumothorax is related to the lungs. It is caused when air goes inside the space between the lungs and the chest wall. This space is called a pleural space. The presence of air inside pleural space is considered abnormal. A serious level of this condition can also even cause death. This disease is found to be more common in men than women.

Pneumothorax Definition:
In medical terms, pneumothorax means collapsed lungs. The air inside the space between the lungs and chest puts pressure on the lung to make its way. This causes the lungs to collapse. Basically, a part of the lung collapses and not the whole lung. Because of this problem, the lungs do not expand as much as they should do while the person inhales. This issue can be mildly present or could be on a serious level. When it is mild, then it might get unnoticed by the person having it.

 

Pneumothorax Symptoms:
The symptoms of pneumothorax can start with chest pain which is most noticeable. This pain can be very sharp. Some people feel a kind of tightness in their chest. Other symptoms are:

-  Shortness of breath

-  Increased heartbeats.

-  Fast breathing.

-  Tiredness.

-  Cough.

-  Dizziness or feeling of confusion.

-  Fainting or even coma.

-  Difficulty in inhaling- mainly pains which are sharp.

-  Skin or lips turning blue.

There could be some other symptoms as well, because of the oxygen levels in the blood decrease. In some cases, it has been seen that there were no symptoms, but the problem existed. If any of the above-mentioned symptoms appear, seeking help from a doctor is advised. Especially in the case of breathing-related conditions, immediate action is very important before anything turns into a more serious issue.

 

Causes of Pneumothorax:
Pneumothorax is a lung disease. When the lungs or chest is affected by some reasons, this disease can appear. The causes for pneumothorax are fundamentally divided into three categories:

Primary spontaneous.
A primary spontaneous pneumothorax happens when the patient has no personal medical history of this disease or any lung disease. For such cases, determining the cause becomes even more difficult. There is a certain group of people who are at more risk of this kind of pneumothorax:

-  People who take drugs for recreation like cannabis or tobacco.

-  Men who are tall

-  People in the age group of 15-34.

-  If there is a family history of lung disease or specifically pneumothorax.

This type of pneumothorax is not very fatal if it is treated on time.

Secondary spontaneous:
This is caused because of various kinds of lung disease and requires more medical assistance and care. This is also more serious than primary spontaneous pneumothorax. If not treated on time, it can also become the cause of a death. Family history also plays a role for this type of pneumothorax. Following are the types of lung diseases which can cause secondary spontaneous pneumothorax:

-  COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease): It is a term for a set of diseases which blocks the airflow and makes it very difficult for the person to breathe.

-  Cystic fibrosis: It is mostly an inherited disease. Because of this disease, the fluids become sticky and thicken over time and then they are responsible for blockages.

-  Asthma, especially if it is severe.

-  Sarcoidosis: When lots of small inflammatory cells start growing in multiple parts of the body, that condition is called as sarcoidosis.

-  Pulmonary fibrosis: This is caused when the tissues of the lungs get damaged for some reason and then those damaged tissues hinder the working of the lungs.

-    Lung cancer

-  Lung infections like tuberculosis: Tuberculosis is primarily a bacterial infection which affects the lungs. It can be detected with the help of X-rays.

 

Not just the lung diseases, but certain tissue related diseases can be the reason as well, some of which are listed below:

-  Marfan’s syndrome: It is also an inherited disease which affects the connective tissues of the body.

-  Systemic sclerosis: When the connective tissues and skin hardens and tightens, it is called as systemic sclerosis.

-  Polymyositis: It is basically inflammation of the muscles.

-  Arthritis (rheumatic): It is also an inflammatory disorder, which leads to pain in joints in the body.

-  Spondylitis: It is a kind of arthritis which affects larger joints, as well as the spine.

-  Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: This syndrome also affects the connective tissues in the body, mainly the joints, skin or even the blood vessels.

 

It has also been seen that children also get this type of pneumothorax. The causes which can trigger this in children are as follows:

-  Inhaling of an object which can harm the lungs or respiratory tract

-  Measles

-  Congenital malformations

-  Echinococcosis

Traumatic
As the name suggests, this type of pneumothorax is caused by some injury or trauma. When the ribs are fractured due to some injury (like sports injury) or accident, the lungs can get punctured by the sharp ends of the broken bones. This is very harmful to the life of the person and can also cause rapid fall or even loss of blood pressure.

This type of pneumothorax can also happen even when the wounds of the injuries are not visible on the chest. This has been commonly observed in people who have gone through blast trauma in case of any kind of an explosion.

Sometimes, even some medical treatments can cause this type of pneumothorax. For example, when a catheter is put inside a vein in the chest or when some lung tissue samples are taken, it might increase the risk of getting a traumatic pneumothorax. Though when doctors perform these medical treatments, they keep caution and even after the treatment, they keep an eye on a person’s health to make sure there are no signs of this diseases.

How is it diagnosed?
Because the reasons for this disease to appear can be many, diagnosis becomes a bit complex. Usually, the diagnosis starts with a physical examination. They check for the sounds that are coming from the chest with the help of a stethoscope or simply by tapping. Many times, these sounds can depict if there is any abnormality. The doctors will also ask about the family history and medical history of the person. They would also need to know whether the person is a smoker or not. The doctors will also suggest going for an X-ray because it gives a picture of the lungs. This helps them in confirming their deduction after their physical examination. X-ray is done when the patient inhales and hold their breath for some moments.

While X-rays are good to make out the condition of the lungs, CT-scans are better in providing an improved imagery. This helps in checking the size of the pneumothorax and then the treatment can be given accordingly. Generally, CT scans are suggested when the situation is suspected to be serious by the doctors and an immediate treatment could be required. Another test which is useful for the doctors to investigate is ultrasound. The doctors might or might not suggest this. It depends on whether they want to get the tests done for blunt trauma or not.

Prevention from Pneumothorax:
Once a patient gets this disease, the chances of them getting it again are high. So even if they are healed once, they should take extra precautions to avoid getting it again. There are certain steps a person can take to avoid this problem, but following them will not guarantee that pneumothorax will not happen at all:

-  It is very important to quit smoking. Smoking is very injurious for the health of the lungs and can cause numerous issues.

-  People who do scuba diving needs to be a bit cautious too. They should take advice from their doctor to verify whether they can do it or not. This is because when they are scuba diving, they take the air from compressed air tanks. At that time, they experience varying levels of pressure of water as well as the air. The collective force of these varied pressures can damage the lungs which could result in pneumothorax.

-  If there is any history of this disease, or any other chest or lung disease, then repeated visits to the doctor for a regular check-up is advised. It is important to keep an eye on the health of the lungs, especially when the person is aware that there were issues with them in the past.

When the person is recovering from pneumothorax, they must be very careful. The doctors advise should be dutifully followed. They should also:

-  Switch back to their normal routine slowly, not suddenly.

-  Report to the doctor if any issues like a cough containing blood or fever are present.

-  Avoid lifting heavy objects.

-  Avoid using vacuum cleaners or even lawn mowing.

-  Confirm their physical regime from the doctor. They might need to avoid heavy exercises and extreme physical workouts.

-  Confirm with the doctor if they can travel in flight or go to higher altitudes.

This will help them in preventing the collapse again in case they had it before.

Treatment of Pneumothorax:
Most of the times, the treatment of pneumothorax cannot be done by the patient themselves. The size of the problem determines how much medical attention is required. Generally, the doctors put a tube inside the body of the patient. The tube is put either between the ribs, or it is placed under the collarbone. That tube is used to relieve the gas which causes pneumothorax. When this gas is relieved, it helps the lungs in inflating again.

Other than this, doctors can also prescribe some pain relievers which help patients in relieving the pain. Drugs might also be required to remove the toxins and avoid infection.

If the condition is severe, and the person is finding it hard to breathe, then oxygen support might also be required. Sometimes, doctors need to perform surgery but that mostly happens with patients who keep getting the pneumothorax.

If the condition is very mild, then it might just heal by itself, but that is for the doctor to decide the severity of the disease. Initially, doctors might ask the patient to wait and see if it heals by itself and keep checking the progress. If it does not heal, then other treatments are given.

.

Complications:
The biggest complication for patients with pneumothorax is that once they get it, they can get it again. The time within which they can expect it again is between a year and two. In fact, the air leaks might keep on happening slowly in case the opening of the lungs is not properly closed. In such cases, the doctor should be referred to so that they can advise a long-lasting solution.

Also, if the person is already suffering from any type of pneumothorax (primary, secondary or traumatic), there are chances that it can get converted into the tension pneumothorax. This happens when the air leaks inside the pleural space. When the patient inhales, that air which is leaking gets trapped and cannot find a way to go out. This increases the air pressure in that pleural space and if immediate treatment is not provided, then it can lead to the life-threatening situation.

 

Myths:
It is often believed that the only reason why lungs collapse is smoking. Though smoking plays a very major role in deteriorating the health of the lungs; but pneumothorax can also be caused because of other reasons specified. And once it happens, the patient must stay away from smoking to avoid getting this problem once more. Smoking increases the chances of getting the pneumothorax. In fact, the probability of getting this disease is 22 times more in people who smoke than those who don’t. Still, it does not mean that quitting smoking will guarantee that pneumothorax won’t happen. It greatly reduces the chances though, which is why smoking should be avoided.

 

Bed Sores Overview!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Bed Sores Overview!

Bed Sores Overview: 
When an area of the skin is under pressure for a very long duration, it can develop pressure ulcers that are usually called Bed Sores. This can usually be seen with people who are bedridden due to health issues. It can develop on any area of the skin and usually seen on hips and the tailbone along with ankles. It can be painful and cause a lot of discomforts. In some cases, it can even create other health complications when treatment is not provided at the right time. However, in most cases, it can easily be treated and you will not have any problems with them. Only in rare cases, they do come back and you need to take preventive measures to avoid them in future.

Symptoms of Bed Sores:
-  It can usually cause swelling and you will be able to notice this clearly in the affected area. If this condition happens when you are not physically active, you need to approach your doctor as this can easily develop into a full grown ulcer that will trouble you in future.

-  The colour of the skin changes due to the pressure and even the texture will also see some difference from the nearby areas. You should not neglect such changes in your body and always approach a doctor as soon as you notice such symptoms.

-  When the ulcer has fully developed, it will even have pus formation and it can drain sometimes causing a lot of discomforts. In some cases, it can even be painful and you will be able to feel the bed sores even without touching them.

-  The unusual thing about the bed sores is that it will have a slightly different temperature when compared to the rest of your body. You can clearly notice this when you touch the ulcer and it either feels warmer than the other regions or cooler than the other skin surface of your body.

-  In the initial stages, the bed sores will look like a small injury on the skin surface and you will notice other symptoms in the affected area. However, when it reaches the advanced stages, you may even see the injury spreading to the muscle and bone areas inside the body.

Causes of Bed Sores:
-  The main cause of bed sores is pressure on the skin. This usually happens when the body does not move too often. It drastically reduces the flow of blood to the affected area and the tissues in that region can get permanently damaged due to this pressure. It will not be able to sustain the pressure and this condition usually leads to pressure ulcers in that region. You can usually find this kind of bed sores with people who are bedridden and with people who do not have complete mobility due to various reasons.

-  Yet another cause is attributed to friction and this can happen due to constant rubbing of the body part against the bedding. If the area is moist, the chances of getting bed sores to increase a lot and this damages the skin more than anything else and lead to pressure ulcers.

-  In rare cases, this can also happen due to internal infection and when constant pressure is put on the affected region, it can lead to ulcers in no time. You should be careful about the initial symptoms and try to get good treatment at this stage as treating advanced ulcers will be very difficult and you will have to undergo a lot of discomfort in the long run.

-  A part of that, poor blood circulation to any part of the body due to various reasons can also lead to this condition. When your body lacks the necessary proteins and vitamins, the skin tissues will not be able to take the damage and they develop pressure ulcers in quick time.

-  In few people, conditions like diabetes and other vascular diseases can also trigger pressure ulcers when there is lack of blood flow to the affected region.

-  It is also common among aged patients when they are not able to move the body for a very long time. The skin will get thinner with age and this also contributes towards developing pressure ulcers in future.

Diagnosis of Bed Sores:
The diagnosis of bed sores begin with a physical examination and your doctor will try to assign the right stage to the condition. This will help them to provide treatment based on the level of the ulcers. Remember that treating initial stage ulcers require very less effort and you can easily get relief in quick time. When it reaches advanced stages, even surgery may be needed to treat the condition. When you go for a diagnosis, your doctor will watch out for the symptoms and see if it needs further investigation. In some cases, you may be asked to go for a blood test to see if there is any other infection within your body that is triggering this condition. In rare cases, a biopsy of the affected area is performed to rule out the chances of cancer.

Prevention of Bed Sores"
-  There are many things you can do to prevent bed sores and keeping your skin in healthy condition is one of them. To begin with, you need to keep your skin clean and wash them regularly. It is also a good idea to reduce the exposure to moisture as this can cause pressure ulcers when you do not move your body for very long hours.

-  Other than that, you should also ensure that urine and stool do not come into contact with your skin surface and clean your skin after using the toilet. This can cause infection and trigger pressure ulcers at a later stage.

-  You can use some lotions and powder to keep your skin from damage while sleeping and it is a good idea to change the bedding on a frequent basis. Whenever you notice any pressure sore on your skin, try to see if anything is causing that pressure and avoid such things while sleeping.

-  Do not elevate your bed too much as this can result in shearing in some cases. When the body slides at a later stage when you are in deep sleep, this can rub your skin the wrong way and cause pressure ulcers.

-  It is also important to choose a good mattress that will be comfortable for you to use for long hours. Make sure that they do not put pressure especially on the bony areas and this will help you to prevent pressure ulcers in that area.

-  If you are using a wheelchair for long hours, try to choose the ones that allow you to change your position by slightly tilting the seat. This will help you to relieve the pressure and you will get relief from pressure ulcers.

-  If you are bedridden, make sure that you try to shift your position either by yourself or with the help of others on a frequent basis. This will ensure that pressure is not applied to only a few areas for the very long duration and you will be able to have good blood circulation throughout your body.

Treatment for Bed Sores:
-  The first step in treating bedsores begin with reducing the pressure from the affected area. This ensures that further damage is not caused and the ulcers can be treated for the wounds. This includes reducing the pain so that the patient will get immediate relief from the symptoms.

-  Once this is accomplished, the next step is to prevent infection as this can affect the bones and joints in advanced stages. After this is done, further steps can be taken to prevent the pressure ulcers in the future.

-  The best way to reduce pressure is to bring about a change in the position of the body. Especially when you sleep, you may not be moving your body and this can lead to pressure ulcers. The same thing can happen when you are sitting for long hours in a wheelchair. In this situation, you can change your position once in a while and avoid constant pressure on the affected area.

-  It is also a good idea to use a mattress and cushions that will relieve the pressure on the affected area. This can be used even while sleeping or when you are sitting in a wheelchair. Use a soft cushion that will reduce the pressure and you can easily get relief from bed sores in this manner.

-  The next step is to clean the open sores so that they do not cause any infection in other healthy skin tissues in the nearby area. After this is done, the open sores as covered with a bandage and this will keep your skin safe from infection. Make sure that you get the dressing changed regularly as this is important to maintain the hygiene in the affected area.

-  Apart from the regular treatment, even medication will be used to control the pain and fight infection. Remember that the infection can spread inside the body if it is not treated for a long duration and you need to use proper medication to treat the infection. Painkillers are prescribed only to reduce the pain on a temporary basis depending on the overall health condition of the patient.

-  In some cases, a vacuum device may be used to remove the wound completely from the skin surface. If everything else fails, surgery may be the last option to remove the ulcer from the body. This is adopted when the infection has spread to the muscles and bone region.

Complications of Bed Sores:
-  When treatment is not provided at the right time, it can even lead to various complications in the future. Some of them can even become life-threatening and lead to cancer.

-  The major complication of this condition is cellulitis which causes infection on the skin surface. You can notice a red sore that is usually swelling when you are affected by this condition. In some cases, there may be no pain in the region and this will usually be due to nerve damage in the affected area. For this reason, you need to watch out the symptoms carefully and get the treatment at the right time.

-  In extreme conditions when the ulcer is in an advanced stage, it can even affect the bones and joints due to infection. When the joint tissues get affected due to the infection, it can lead to septic arthritis and this can damage the joints at a later stage. In the same manner, it can even reach the bone region and reduce the strength of the bones in a huge manner. This is a serious situation and if you neglect this issue at this stage, you may have to suffer a lot in the long run due to weak bones and joints in the affected area.

-  In rare cases, this can also lead to sepsis which can drastically attack the immune system and lead to various complications. You should be very careful about this aspect and approach your doctor as soon as you see early symptoms of pressure ulcer.

-  When you notice that the wounds are coming back frequently, you need to be worried as this can lead to cancer in some cases. However, it is a rare thing and you need to understand that any infection or open sore that does not heal will have their own set of risks and get cancer is also one of them.

Conclusion:
When you notice any uneven skin tone on your skin surface, you should immediately check if any pressure is being felt in that area for a prolonged duration due to your sitting or sleeping position. If this is the case, you should never neglect the problem and immediately approach your doctor to get the suitable treatment. Always remember that treating pressure ulcers is very easy when it is still in the early stages. You should also be aware of the preventive measures that need to be taken when you are not able to move your body for long hours due to some health condition. By making suitable changes to your lifestyle and diet, you will be able to avoid bed sores in the future.

 

अमरूद के पत्ते के फायदे - Amrudh Ke Patte Ke Fayde!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
अमरूद के पत्ते के फायदे -  Amrudh Ke Patte Ke Fayde!

अमरूद हमारे यहाँ पाए जाने वाले कुछ प्रचलित फलों में से एक है. ये स्वाद में जितना बेहतरीन लगता है इसके स्वास्थ्य वर्धक फाड़े भी उतने ही ज्यादा हैं. यही नहीं अमरूद के पत्ते भी कई तरह की बीमारियों को दूर करने में काफी उपयोगी साबित होते हैं. अमरूद के पत्ते भी कई औषधीय गुणों से युक्त होते हैं. साथ ही इनमें कई पोषक तत्व भी मौजूद होते हैं. यदि इसे उचित तरीके से इस्तेमाल किया जाए तो हम अमरूद के पत्तों से अपनी कई परेशानियों को दूर कर सकते हैं.

आइए इस लेख की सहायता से हम अमरूद के पत्तों के फायदों को विस्तारपूर्वक जानें.
1.कोलेस्ट्रॉल को करे नियंत्रित-
अमरूद के पत्तों से कोलेस्ट्राल को नियंत्रित करने के लिए इसके 5-6 पत्तों को धो कर पानी में 10 मिनट तक उबालें. इसके बाद इसे छान कर नियमित रूप से हर दिन पीने पर कोलेस्ट्रॉल नियंत्रण में आएगा.

2. जीवाणु रोधी के रूप में
अमरूद के पत्ते आपको पेट दर्द, उल्टी और विषाक्त भोजन से राहत प्रदान करते हैं. इसका कारण ये है कि अमरूद के पत्ते जीवाणुरोधी हैं. इनके पानी पीने से आपका पेट का दर्द दूर होगा. साथ ही उल्टी और विषाक्त भोजन के दुष्प्रभाव से राहत मिलेगी.

3. दस्त के उपचार में
अमरूद के पत्तों की सहायता से दस्त का उपचार करने के लिए आपको 30 ग्राम पत्ते को दो ग्लास पानी और 1 मुठ्ठी चावल की मांड में उबाल कर इसे छानकर इसको दिन में दो बार पिना होगा. ऐसा करने से आपके दस्त रुक जाएँगे.

4. डेंगू बुखार के उपचार में
डेंगू के बुखार में इसका इस्तेमाल करने के लिए आपको 1 से 10 अमरूद के पत्ते को 5 कप पानी में उबालें. जब या पानी 3 कप रह जाए तो इसका ठंडा हो जाने पर इसको 1-1 कप करके दिन में तीन बार मरीज को पिलायें. इससे डेंगू का बुखार उतरेगा.

5. वजन कम करने में
अमरूद के पत्ते वजन गिराने में भी मदद करते हैं. दरअसल यह शरीर में जटिल स्टार्च को चीनी में बदलने से रोकता है जिसकी वजह से वजन गिराने में मदद मिलती है. इसके सेवन से आप अपना वजन कम कर पाएंगे.

6. दांतों और मसूड़ों के उपचार में
अमरूद के पत्तों से दाँत और मसूड़ों के दर्द का इलाज किया जा सकता है. इसके लिए अमरूद के पत्तों को उबाल कर, छानने के बाद जो पानी मिलता है, उससे आप गार्गल करें तो आपका दर्द, मसूड़ों की सूजन और मुंह के छाले दूर हो जाएँगे.

7. शुक्राणुओं की संख्या बढ़ाने में
शुक्राणुओं की कमी से परेशान व्यक्ति के लिए उपयोगी हो सकता है. अमरूद के पत्तों से शूक्रोणुओं की संख्या में बढ़ोतरी होती है. क्योंकि पुरुषों में इनको खाने से शुक्राणु की गुणवत्ता और मात्रा में बढ़ोतरी होती है.

8. जोड़ों के दर्द को दूर करने में
जोड़ों के दर्द से पीड़ित व्यक्ति अमरूद के पत्तों से अपनी परेशानी दूर कर सकते हैं. जोड़ों का दर्द दूर अमरूद के पत्ते कूट कर उनका लेप बना लीजिए. इस लेप को जोड़ों पे लगाने से आपका दर्द ख़त्म हो जाएगा.

9. मधुमेह को नियंत्रित करने में
मधुमेह को नियंत्रित करने में भी अमरूद के पत्तों की महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका है. के पानी से मधुमेह पर नियंत्रण क्योंकि यह चीनी की मात्रा को खून में नियंत्रित करता है, यह मधुमेह के मरीजों के लिए लाभदायक है.

10. दमा के उपचार में
दमा जैसी बीमारियों को दूर करने में भी अमरूद के पत्तों की महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका है. इसकी सहायता से दमा का इलाज करने के लिए आपको ज्यादा कुछ करना भी नहीं है बस इसको खा लेना है. इसे खाने से आपके दमे का दौरा बहुत कम पड़ेगा.

11. मुंहासों को दूर करने में
मुहाँसे को दूर करने के लिए इसके रस को चेहरे पर लगायें और दो -तीन दिन में आपके मुहाँसे गायब हो जाएँगे. साथ ही इसको कूट कर लुग्धि बना कर आप अपने चेहरे पर लगाएँगे तो आपकी त्वचा जवान रहेगी, झुर्रियाँ हट जाएँगी और खुजली का इलाज़ होगा.

12. बालों का झड़ना रोकने में
अमरूद के पत्तों से बालों का झड़ना रोकने के लिए इसके रस को बालों को धोने की प्रक्रिया में सबसे अंत में लगायें. ऐसा करने से आपके बालों का झड़ना तो रुकेगा ही साथ में आपके बालों के रंग भी काले होंगे. एलर्जी भी करे दूर
अमरूद के के पत्ते एलर्जी को दूर करने में भी महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाते हैं. एलर्जी को दूर करने के लिए आपको अमरूद के पत्तों का सेवन करना होगा. क्योंकि इसके पत्ते एलर्जी - रोधी हैं. इसलिए इनको खाने से एलर्जी दूर होती है.
 

Conjunctivitis!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Conjunctivitis!

Conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis, which is also known as ‘Pinkeye’, is an irritation on the outmost layer of the white portion of the eye and the inner layer of the eyelid. This makes the eye appear reddish or pink. There might be scratchiness, itchiness, or pain. The eye, which is affected, may be ‘stuck shut’ or have tears in the morning. Also, white portion of the eye can have swelling. Itching is very common in such cases because of allergies. Conjunctivitis can affect either both the eyes, or even one eye.

Anyone can get a pink eye, but schoolchildren, pre-schoolers, college student, day-care workers, and teachers are particularly at risk for the transmissible types of pinkeye because they closely work closely with others.

The very common contagious causes are viral followed by a bacterial infection. The viral infection might occur with other symptoms of common cold. Both the bacterial and viral cases are simply spread between the people. Allergies to animal hair or pollen are amongst the common causes. Diagnosis often depends on its signs and symptoms.

Conjunctivitis is also called neonatal conjunctivitis.

 

Few Facts on Conjunctivitis:
Here are a few facts about conjunctivitis. They are as follows:

-  Pinkeye can result from an infection, an irritation, or an allergy.

-  Bacteria or a virus can cause infection. Sometimes it is associated to a Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI).

-  Antibiotics are used often, but these does not work if the cause if virus.

-  The symptoms usually last up to two or three weeks, but they can continue for longer.

-  It is vital to wash hands with care and not to share personal belongings, like towels, as this can spread the disease.

 

Types of Conjunctivitis:
There can be different types of Pinkeye. They are as follows:

Bacterial Conjunctivitis:
Bacterial conjunctivitis is the most common type of pinkeye. It is caused by bacteria, which infects the eye via several sources of contamination. The bacteria can spread contact with exposure to contaminated surface, an infected person, or via other means like ear infection or sinus.

The common kinds of bacteria, which case bacterial conjunctivitis, are Streptococcus pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Haemophilus influenza and Staphylococcus aureus. A thick eye pus or discharge is usually produced in Bacterial conjunctivitis and one or both the eyes can get affected.

Viral Conjunctivitis:
 This type of conjunctivitis is another common form of pinkeye, which is highly infectious, as coughing and sneezing can spread airborne viruses. This form of pinkeye can also accompany common viral respiratory infections like the flu, the common cold, or measles.

Usually, a watery discharge is produced during viral conjunctivitis. Normally, the infection begins in one eye and rapidly spreads to the other eye.

Unlike with the bacterial infections, antibiotics do not work against virus. No ointments or eye drops affect against the common virus, which cause viral conjunctivitis. However, it is self-limited that means it will cure by itself after a short span of time.

Chlamydial and Gonococcal Conjunctivitis:
 These bacterial forms are related to contamination from Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) including Chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Newborn babies might be infected while passing through the birth canal of the infected mother. A form of Chlamydia infection called Trachoma causes scarring on the surface of the eye. Trachoma is the leading cause of avertable blindness of the world.

Neonatal Conjunctivitis:
Neonatal Conjunctivitis, also called Ophthalmia neonatorum, is a type of pinkeye contracted by newborn babies during delivery. The eyes of the baby are infected during the passage via birth canal from an infected mother with either Chlamydia Trachomatis or Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. If left untreated, it can lead to blindness. It may be contagious or non-contagious.

Allergic Conjunctivitis:
Eye allergies cause this form of conjunctivitis. Allergens including dust mites, animal dander, and pollen trigger eye allergies.

The most common indicator of allergic pinkeye is itchy eyes that can be relieved with a special type of eye drop consisting of antihistamines to monitor allergic reactions. These drops are available over both at medical counters and by prescription.

It is also imperative to avoid the allergen in treatment of this type of pinkeye. Allergic pinkeye can be perennial (year-round) or seasonal, based on the allergen that causes the reaction.

Giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC): 
Giant papillary conjunctivitis, generally involves both the eye. Also, contact lens wearers, often, are affected by GPC. This state can cause itching, contact lens intolerance, red bumps inside the eyelids, tearing and a heavy discharge. The person who suffers from this type of pinkeye needs to stop wearing contact lenses. The doctor may recommend to switch different type of contact lends, to trim down the chances of pinkeye coming back.

Non-infectious conjunctivitis: Diesel exhaust, certain chemicals, smoke and perfumes cause non-infectious conjunctivitis. Some types of conjunctivitis are resultant of sensitivity to certain consumed substances including herbs like turmeric and eyebright.

The immune responses of eye like a reaction to wearing ocular prosthetics (artificial eye) or contact lenses can cause certain types of conjunctivitis including the Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis. Toxic conjunctivitis can be caused by a reaction to preservatives in ointments or eye drops.

 

Conjunctivitis Symptoms:
The most prevalent conjunctivitis symptoms include the following:

-  Itchiness in one or both the eyes

-  Redness in one or both the eyes

-  Tearing

-  A pus or discharge in one or both the eyes forming a crust during night that may not allow one to open eye in the morning.

-  Gritty feeling in one or both the eyes

Viral Conjunctivitis: Sensitivity to light, itchy and watery eyes, are the common symptoms of viral conjunctivitis. This type of pinkeye can affect one or both the eyes.

Bacterial Conjunctivitis: The eye discharges a sticky, greenish-yellow or yellow discharge or pus in the eye’s corner. In a few cases, this pus can be stern enough to cause one’s eyelids to be stuck when s/he wakes up. It can affect one or both the eyes. Bacterial pinkeye is contagious, usually by a direct contact with contaminated items or hands that have been in contact with eyes.

Allergic Conjunctivitis: Itchy, burning, watery eyes; often accompanied by a runny nose, light sensitivity, and stuffiness. Both the eyes are affected by allergic conjunctivitis. This type is not contagious.

 

Causes of Conjunctivitis:
A virus, most commonly, causes contagious conjunctivitis. Allergies, bacterial infections, dryness and other irritants are also the common causes. Both the viral infections and bacterial infections are infectious, passing from one to another through contaminated water or objects.

Viral: The most common cause of the viral conjunctivitis (adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis) is adenoviruses. Herpes simplex viruses can cause herpetic keratoconjunctivitis. This can be a serious problem and require treatment with acyclovir. Coxsackievirus A24 and Enterovirus 70, two types of enteroviruses can cause a highly contagious ailment called acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis. These two enteroviruses were first identified in an outburst in Ghana in 1969. Since then, the viruses have spread across the world causing various epidemics.

Bacterial: Haemophilus influenza, streptococcus pneumonia, and staphylococcus are the most causes of acute bacteria conjunctivitis. Neisseria meningitides or Neisseria gonorrhoea usually cause hypercute cases (through very rare). Staphylococcus aureus, gram-negative enteric flora, or moraxella lacunata are the typical causes of chronic cases of the bacterial conjunctivitis, which lasts longer than 3 weeks.

Allergic: Allergens like perfumes, dust mites, pollens, cosmetics can cause allergic conjunctivitis.

Causes of Conjunctivitis in newborns:
Blocked tear duct, irritation, or infection can cause conjunctivitis in newborn babies. One cannot find it difficult to determine the cause as each form of pinkeye produces similar symptoms.

Sometimes, virus or bacteria are passed on from mother during her delivery, even though she has no symptoms of conjunctivitis. The virus or bacteria may be associated to STI.

 If the infant has bacterial pinkeye due to Chlamydia, the symptoms usually, appear 5 to 12 days after delivery. The symptoms seem to appear 2 to 4 days if the infection is due to gonorrhoea.

 The virus causing genital and oral can be transmitted at birth and emerge as conjunctivitis.

In a few cases, conjunctivitis arises as a reaction of the eye drops given to the infant at the time of birth, to prevent contamination. In such cases, the symptoms usually pass after 24 -36 hours.

 

Other causes of Pinkeye:
Red eyes can be symptoms of the following:

Acute Glaucoma:
Acute Glaucoma is one of rarest forms of glaucoma. In this pressure is build up in eyes. Symptoms appear quickly including red eyes, pain, and loss of vision, which may be permanent, if not treated on time.

Keratitis:
The cornea possible becomes ulcerated and inflamed. If the cornea is blemished, it can lead to perpetual vision loss.

Blepharitis:
Blepharitis, common inflammation of eyelids, causes irritation, itching, and redness. The patient will also have dandruff – like scales on eyelashes. This is not contagious.

 

Diagnosis of Conjunctivitis:
In many cases, the doctor can diagnose conjunctivitis by asking a few questions about the symptoms one experiences in recent past and perform a physical examination of the patient’s eye.

Not often, the doctor may also ask the patient to take a sample of the pus, which drains from his/her eye for lab analysis (culture). The doctor may require culture if s/he find the symptoms severe or suspects a high-risk cause like a serious bacterial contamination, sexually transmitted infection, or foreign body in the patient’s eye.

 

Conjunctivitis Treatment:
Treatment of red eye is based on the type of pinkeye.

Bacterial Conjunctivitis: The eye-specialist normally will prescribe an antibiotic ointment or eye-drop for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis.

Viral Conjunctivitis: In many cases, this form of conjunctivitis will run for several days, and no medical treatment is indicated or required. One can try a home remedy like applying a wet washcloth, or cold water to the eyes many times in a day can relieve conjunctivitis symptoms.

Allergic Redeye: Allergic pinkeye can be prevented by allergy medications or this can even shorten the bouts of this form of conjunctivitis. Sometimes the medication should be started before allergy flare-ups or allergy season begins. Consult the doctor for details.

Prevention from Conjunctivitis:
The following remedies can reduce the risk of passing or catching an infective conjunctivitis:

-  Avoid rubbing and touching the affected eye.

-  Wash hands frequently with warm water and soap, or use sanitizer.

-  Keep eyeglasses clean

-  Use goggles in swimming pool, and do not swim if infectious.

-  Always remove contact lens at night, and follow instructions about lens hygiene.

-  Avoid sharing personal stuff such as pillows and towels, contact lenses and make up with other people.

-  It is better to throw away any make-up or contact lens solution, after the contagion is gone.

-  One can reduce the risk of allergic and irritant pinkeye by avoiding known or potential allergens and irritants.

-  This includes ensuring air conditioning units are maintained and clean, rooms are well ventilated, and avoiding misty or smoky atmosphere.

 

Myths Related to Conjunctivitis:
Following are the most common myths about pinkeye:

Myth #1: All types of conjunctivitis are contagious:

One of the most harmful and common misconception about red eye is that there is only one, highly infectious form. Red eye actually has various causes, including advanced dry eye, allergies, infections, and exposure to chemical fumes.

Myth #2: Any pinkness points to Conjunctivitis:

Many people believe that any red or pink colouration in the eye indicate the presence of conjunctivitis. However, ‘pink eye’ applies to colouration changes of the eyeball itself.

One can be infected at first sight: This is the most persistent myths about conjunctivitis is that the infected person can transmit the ailment at a single glance. Nevertheless, there is no transmission of diseases through eye contact, including conjunctivitis.

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On 6 Dec I had viral fever for that I took medicine and got recovered by 9 Dec. But till now I am feeling very weakness. Always feeling sleepy and having lower leg pain while walking. Please help me on this.

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Unani Specialist, Dhule
On 6 Dec I had viral fever for that I took medicine and got recovered by 9 Dec. But till now I am feeling very weakne...
You might have antibiotics induced weakness. Use following tab after confirming Tab. ATOZ Twice a day.
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वजन घटाने के लिए गोमुत्र का लाभ - Wajan Ghatane Ke Liye Gau Mutra Ka Laabh!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
वजन घटाने के लिए गोमुत्र का लाभ - Wajan Ghatane Ke Liye Gau Mutra Ka Laabh!

अपने देश में अब लोगों का बढ़ता वजन चिंता का कारण बनता जा रहा है. लोग अब अपने बढ़ते हुए वजन को नियंत्रित करने या रोकने के लिए कई तरह के प्रयास कर रहे हैं. जाहिर है बाजार वजन कम करने वाली औषधियों से पटा पड़ा है. लोग धड़ल्ले से इसका खूब इस्तेमाल भी कर रहे हैं. लेकिन इन औषधियों के कई तरह के दुष्प्रभाव हैं. यदि आप इनके दुष्प्रभावों से बचना चाहते हैं तो आपको वजन कम करने के प्राकृतिक तरीके इस्तेमाल करने होंगे. यदि हम वजन कम करने के प्राकृतिक तरीकों की बात करें तो गोमूत्र का स्थान इसमें बेहद महत्वपूर्ण है. आज भी भारत के गाँवो में घर को गोबर से लीपने और गोमुत्र छिड़कने की रस्म निभाई जाती है. गोमुत्र पवित्र होने के साथ-साथ स्वभावतः कीटनाशक भी है. इसके इसी गुण के कारण पूजा-पाठ से पहले घर को गोबर से लीपा जाता है.

वजन कम करने में गौमूत्र का महत्त्व-

  • हमारे यहाँ गौ को माता की उपाधि दी गई है. जाहिर है गौ को माता मानने के पीछे कई शानदार तार्किक कारण हैं. गौ को माता इसलिए कहा जाता है क्योंकि इनका पूरा जीवन अपने मानुष रूपी बच्चों की देखभाल में ही व्यतीत हो जाता है. गाय से प्राप्त सभी चीजों का औषधीय महत्त्व है. इनके दूध, गोबर और यहाँ तक कि गोमूत्र तक को मनुष्य जीवन को स्वस्थ बनाए रखने में सफलतापूर्वक इस्तेमाल किया जाता है. आयुर्वेद में तो इसे अमृत तुल्य कहा गया है. यहाँ यह भी उल्लेखनीय है कि गाय का दूध लगभग 100 से ज्यादा बीमारियों के निदान में उपयोगी है. गौमूत्र के बारे में भी कहा जाता है कि ये भी कई बिमारियों को दूर करने में कारगर है. गौमुत्र कैंसर सहित 100 से अधिक बीमारियों के निदान में उपयोग लाया जाता है. सिर्फ औषधीय रूप में ही नहीं धार्मिक रूप से भी गौमूत्र का महत्त्व बहुत ज्यादा है. जहां तक बात है इसके स्वाद की तो स्वाद में ये कसैला, तीखा और कड़वा होता है. पचने में भी ये बहुत अच्छा और स्वभाव से गर्म होता है. भोजन को ठीक से पचाने में मददगार होने के कारण ही इसका इस्तेमाल हमलोग वजन कम करने के लिए भी करते हैं.
  • हमारे मोटापे को भोजन का पाचन भी प्रभावित करती है. यदि आपका पाचन सही है और ये उचित ढंग से काम कर रहा है तो आपको मोटापा की समस्या होने की संभावना कम होती है. जाहिर है गोमूत्र का सेवन आपके पाचन को दुरुस्त करता है. इसलिए आपको अपना मोटापा कम करने में गौमूत्र काफी सहायक सिध्द होता है.

Lump In The Breast!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Lump In The Breast!

Lump In The Breast 
Lumps in the breast are bulges or swellings. There can be various reasons for a breast lump including infection and injuries. Most of the breast lumps are non-cancerous. Generally, people do not experience pain in breast cancer. The common symptoms of breast cancer are lumps in the breast that are painless, discharge from the nipple, and inflammation of the breast skin. You should reach out to a doctor as soon as you experience the symptoms of breast lumps. It is important to see a doctor as early as possible as it can affect your health in the long run. Your doctor provides the treatment on the basis of the cause of lumps. A biopsy or a tissue sampling is done in order to know if a lump is cancerous or not. A biopsy can be done in many ways. Lumps in the breast can appear in females as well as males, but females are more prone to breast lumps. Breast lumps can appear at any age. Sometimes, they appear and then disappear on their own.

Lump In The Breast Symptoms
Generally, breast lumps are painless. Check out various possible symptoms or signs of breast lumps that you may find:

-  You may notice a lump in the breast that is painless.

-  There can be a discharge from the nipple. The discharge can be there even without touching.

-  You may have inflammation or swelling in the breast skin.

-  You may experience changes in the breast skin including warmth and redness. There is a possibility that it is a symptom of breast cancer.

Lump In The Breast Causes
There are different types of tissue in the female breast. Milk glands and milk ducts are the two main types of tissue. There can be a variation in the composition of the breast tissue. Breasts change when a woman breastfeeds. The breast also has fatty tissue, fibrous connective tissue, nerves, lymph nodes, and blood vessels. The breast part can react in various ways to body chemistry changes. These changes can lead to the development of lumps in the breast. Check out various potential causes of a lump in the breast:

-  An injury to the breast can lead to the development of breast lumps.

-  Fibrocystic breasts can cause lumps in the breast. In this condition, breasts feel lumpy which can be accompanied by a pain.

-  One of the common symptoms of fibroadenoma is a lump in the breast.

-  Intraductal papilloma can lead to the formation of a lump in the breast. Intraductal papilloma is a small, benign tumour in a milk duct in the breast.

-  A lipoma can cause a lump in the breast. It is a non-cancerous tumour made of fat tissue.

-  An infection of the breast or mastitis can be a cause of breast lumps.

-  Due to breast cancer, you experience lumps in the breast.

-  Hamartoma, milk cysts, and breast cysts are some of the other potential causes of breast lumps.

 

How is it diagnosed?
You should visit the best doctor as soon as you experience the symptoms of breast lumps. Your doctor will ask you various questions regarding the lump including when you find out the lump, and what symptoms are you experiencing. Your doctor will conduct a physical examination of your breast in order to diagnose. If it becomes hard for your doctor to know the exact cause of breast lumps then he or she may ask you to go for some additional tests including:

-  Mammogram: It is an X-ray of the breast done to know the abnormalities in the breast. Mammogram also helps to find out if a person has breast cancer, though sometimes it fails to provide the correct result which is rare. Calcium deposits pattern can appear on the mammogram which makes your doctor suspicious about cancer. In such a condition, it is generally recommended that a biopsy should be done.

-  Ultrasound: It is a painless test done with the help of sound waves. It is done to evaluate lumps in the breast. It is done to know if a cyst is a solid lump (which can be cancerous or not) or fluid-filled. If even after the ultrasound it is not clear that the breast lump is cystic in nature then your doctor may ask you to go for further evaluation.

-  Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): It is widely used for evaluating lumps in the breast as this test can even help to find out the abnormalities that are small in the breast. With the help of radio waves, a computer, and magnetism, the images of internal body structure are produced. The images that are obtained from the MRI can help to find out if any specific area is cancerous.

-  Fine-Needle Aspiration: Fine-needle aspiration is a diagnostic procedure done to investigate lumps. In this procedure, fluid is removed from the breast lump with the help of a needle. Your doctor may conduct an ultrasound to guide the needle. Some cysts which are non-cancerous go away after removing the fluid. If your doctor finds that the fluid is cloudy or bloody then he or she may send it to a laboratory for analyzing cancer cells.

-  Biopsy: Biopsy can be done in many ways. In this procedure, a tissue sample is taken in order to analyze under a microscope. Stereotactic biopsy, vacuum-assisted biopsy, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, core needle biopsy, a surgical biopsy (incisional biopsy), and surgical biopsy (excisional biopsy).

Prevention
Generally, it is not possible to prevent breast lumps as they can occur due to hormonal changes and you have no control over them. You can reduce the risk of developing breast cancer if you:

-  Have a healthy and balanced diet.

-  Do not smoke and avoid secondhand smoke.

-  Maintain a weight that is healthy.

-  Do physical exercises regularly.

-  Reduce or avoid the consumption of alcohol.

-  Get your breasts examined regularly.

Treatment
The doctor finds out the exact cause before giving the treatment to the patient. All breast lumps do not require treatment.  Your doctor will decide whether there is a requirement for further testing or treatment depending on your case. Check out the various treatment options for breast lumps:

-  Your doctor may recommend you antibiotics if you have an infection in the breast.

-  If you have a cyst then your doctor may drain the cyst. Generally, cysts leave you when they are drained. In some circumstances, there is no need to treat cysts as they may go away on their own.

-  If your doctor finds out that your lump is a breast cancer then treatment can include lumpectomy in which a lump is removed, mastectomy in which the breast tissue is removed, chemotherapy in which drugs are used to destroy or fight the cancer, and radiation in which radioactive materials or rays are used to fight the cancer. The treatment that is provided by the doctor depends on the type of the breast cancer patient has, the location and size of a tumour, and the extent of cancer.

-  If your doctor finds out that the reason for your breast lump is an injury then your doctor might ask you to give some time to heal.

-  There are some types of breast lumps including fibroadenoma which need not be treated or removed.

Complications
There are various complications associated with breast lumps. Some breast lumps are cancerous in nature. Various stages of breast cancer are treated with the help of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy can lead to many complications including constipation, diarrhoea, infertility, early menopause, constant exhaustion, nausea, vomiting and more.

 

Myths
Check out various myths or misconceptions about breast lumps:

Myth #1: A breast lump is probably cancer.

As per various studies, lumps that most women experience in the breast are not cancerous. They are generally a fibroadenoma or a cyst. There are some lumps that come and go away naturally during a menstrual cycle of a woman. It is important to do the self-examination of the breast regularly. As soon as you experience the symptoms of breast lumps, you should reach out to the best doctor for a diagnosis.

 

Myth #2: If you have a lump but your mammogram is normal, you are done.

There is a possibility that you have a lump but your mammogram does not show this. As per research, 10% mammography shows the wrong result. That is why your doctor may ask you to go for additional tests including a follow-up mammogram, ultrasound, and MRI in order to look at the lump again. Your doctor may also ask you to get the biopsy done to have the sample of your lump for testing.

 

Myth #3: Breast lumps which are cancerous are always painless.

It is not necessary that if you have lumps in your breast that are cancerous then you will have no pain. Generally, most of the breast cancers are not painful. If you have pain in the breast then it does not indicate that you have breast cancer. You may experience a pain due to a lump in inflammatory breast cancer. The early symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer are warmth, redness, tenderness, and swelling.

Conclusion
Breast lumps are swellings or bulges. Infection and injuries are some of the causes of breast lumps. It is not necessary that lumps are always painless. The common symptoms of breast lumps are painless lumps in the breast, discharge from the nipple, and inflammation or swelling in the breast skin. You should visit a doctor as soon as you experience the symptoms or signs of breast lumps. Your doctor can easily understand your problem after knowing your symptoms.

Your doctor may ask you to get some diagnostic tests done in order to be sure about the diagnosis. Mammogram, ultrasound, biopsy, magnetic resonance imaging and fine-needle aspiration are some of the diagnostic tests that are conducted by the doctor in order to diagnose lumps in the breast. The treatment is provided depending on the cause of breast lumps, the extent of breast lumps, and location and size of breast lumps. Your doctor suggests the best treatment option as per your situation. There are some cases of breast lumps that can be treated without any medicine. Antibiotics are recommended if there is an infection in the breast. If there is a cyst then it can be drained. There are some cysts that go away on their own.

You should get your breasts examined on a regular basis. Self-examination plays a very important role. You should maintain a healthy weight in order to get prevention from breast lumps. Chemotherapy can lead to many complications including nausea, constipation, vomiting, diarrhoea, and infertility. People have a lot of myths or misconceptions about breast lumps. Breast lumps which are cancerous are always painless is one of the common myths.

 

 

Autoimmune Disease Overview!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Autoimmune Disease Overview!

Autoimmune Disease Overview:
If a person is suffering from autoimmune disease, the immune system will attack the body mistakenly. Autoimmune disease is a condition in which the body loses the protection from virus and bacteria. The immune system should protect the body from foreign elements. It should produce fighter cells to attack virus and bacteria. The immune system will be able to differentiate the difference between the body’s own cells and foreign cells. When you are affected by the condition, the immune system will mistake the parts of the body such as the skin and joints. By producing autoantibodies, the healthy cells will be attacked.

 

Causes of  Autoimmune disease:
-  There are different kinds of autoimmune diseases. Some diseases will target only one organ and other diseases will target multiple parts of the human body.

-  Type1 diabetes will target the pancreas

-  Lupus will affect the entire body.

-  The immune system’s misfire is not understood by doctors.

-  The prevalence of the autoimmune disease is more in some people than others.

-  The occurrence of autoimmune disease is on the rise. The environmental factors will increase the chance of infection. The exposure to chemicals and solvents should be avoided.

-  By consuming highly processed food items, the chances of inflammation will increase. In this process, the immune system will be set off. However, this assumption should be proved.

-  By offering vaccines and antiseptics to children, they are not being exposed to germs. If they were exposed to germs, they will build a natural defence system. As they are not exposed to germs, the immune system will overreact to harmful substances.

 

Symptoms of  Autoimmune disease:
There are about 80 autoimmune diseases. Some of the common diseases and their symptoms are listed below:

-   Type-1 diabetes – The immune system will destroy the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The hormone insulin will be produced in the pancreas and it will regulate the blood sugar levels. If there are high blood sugar levels, there will be damage to blood vessels. There will be damage to various organs such as the kidneys, eyes, heart and nerves.

-    Multiple sclerosis – The myelin sheath will be damaged by multiple sclerosis. The sheath is nothing but the protective coating that surrounds the nerve cells. There will be the impact on the transmission of messages between brain and body. The symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis include imbalance, numbness, weakness and difficulty to walk. About 50% of people suffering from multiple sclerosis will need help while walking.

-   Rheumatoid arthritis – It is an immune disease in which the joints will be attacked. There will be redness or stiffness in the joints. Some people will experience soreness as well.

-   Psoriasis – the skin cells will grow as per the requirement and they will drop when they are no longer required. If a person is suffering from psoriasis, there will be a multiplication of skin cells at a rapid phase. There will be built-up of scaly patches or plaques on the skin.

-   Addison’s disease – There will be an impact on the adrenal glands with the Addison’s disease. The production of hormones such as cortisol and aldosterone will diminish when a person is affected by the Addison’s disease.

-   Inflammatory bowel disease – The condition that leads to the inflammation of the lining of the intestine is called inflammatory bowel disease. Various parts of the gastrointestinal parts will be affected by each type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBS). If there is Crohn’s disease, there will be inflammation of the GI tract. If a person is suffering from ulcerative colitis, the lining of the large intestine and rectum will be affected.

-   Lupus – Lupus will affect the skin in the form of a rash. It will also affect various organs of the body including joints, kidneys, brain and heart. Symptoms of Lupus include joint pain, fatigue, and rash.

-  Grave’s disease – The thyroid gland in the neck will be affected by the Grave’s disease. Hence, the production of hormones will increase. The energy usage in the body and metabolism will be affected by the thyroid hormone. If the production of thyroid hormone increases, there will be nervousness, heat intolerance, and weight loss. 50% of the people suffer from bulging of eyes due to Grave’s disease.

-   Hashimoto’s thyroiditis – The production of thyroid hormone will slow down through the Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. The symptoms of the disease include dry eyes, joint pain and dry mouth.

-   Vasculitis – The immune system will attack blood vessels and it will lead to vasculitis. If there is inflammation, it will narrow down the arteries and veins. There will be limited blood flow in this process.

-   Celiac disease – People suffering from the celiac disease should eat gluten-free food. Gluten is a protein present in grain products such as wheat, rye and other products. If there is the presence of gluten in the intestine, it will attack the immune system and it will lead to inflammation. There are many people suffering from gluten sensitivity. However, similar kinds of symptoms are also found in people suffering from diabetes and abdominal pain.

The following are the common symptoms of the autoimmune disease:

The early symptoms include fatigue, achy muscles, swelling & redness, low-grade fever, hair loss and skin rashes.

You should visit the specialist based on the type of symptoms that you are suffering from. If you are suffering from Rheumatoid arthritis and Sjögren’s syndrome, you should consult Rheumatologist. If you are suffering from GI tract, such as celiac and Crohn’s disease, you should visit Gastroenterologist. If you are suffering from conditions of the glands, including Graves’ and Addison’s disease, you should consult an endocrinologist. If you are suffering from skin conditions such as psoriasis, you should consult Dermatologist.

Diagnosis of  Autoimmune disease:
-  Various kinds of tests are performed to figure out the disease. Combinations of tests are conducted and symptoms will be assessed to figure out the disease.

-  If a person is suffering from autoimmune disease, antinuclear antibody test (ANA) is the first test conducted by the doctor.

-  Based on the specific disease, the diagnosis differs from one patient to another patient.

-  If a person is suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, it can be diagnosed after a physical examination. Blood test, X-ray, and other tests will be conducted as per the need. It is possible to figure out the type of arthritis and you can find the severity of the disease as well.

-  Some diseases will take many years to diagnose. As symptoms of the autoimmune disease will be similar to other kinds of diseases, it is difficult to differentiate the same. There is a possibility of misdiagnosis for conditions like lupus and celiac disease as these symptoms are similar to other conditions.

-  It is easy to diagnose Hashimoto’s disease and Grave’s disease as they can be diagnosed very easily. By conducting a thyroid test, the thyroid hormone levels can be traced. Other kinds of tests that are specific to the gland functionality will be conducted to figure out the issue.

 

Treatment of  Autoimmune disease:
-  The treatment is intended to control the overactive immune system. However, there will not be the cure to the autoimmune disease.

-  The treatment will help in bringing down the inflammation.

-  Various kinds of drugs are used to bring down the inflammation which includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen. Immuno-suppression drugs are also administered to bring down the condition.

-  There are various kinds of treatments to control the symptoms such as pain, swelling, skin rash and fatigue.

-  There will be a great relief from symptoms by taking a well-balanced diet and through the regular exercise.

-  Blood tests are conducted to figure out autoantibodies through which the diagnosis will be made easy.

-  By ordering a complete blood count, the measurement of white blood cells and red blood cells will be done in a very efficient manner. You should understand the fact that there will be a change in the number of white blood cells and the number of red blood cells when your immune system is fighting the infection.

-  If there is unusual inflammation in the body, other tests are recommended by doctors. In most of the patients, inflammation is the common symptom and it indicates the autoimmune disorder.

-  If a person is suffering from Addison’s disease, Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) will be suggested.

-  With a gluten-free diet, you can manage the Celiac disease.

-  By undergoing the physical therapy as per the advice of the doctor, it is possible to overcome rheumatoid arthritis. In addition to physical therapy, the doctor will also prescribe anti-inflammatory medications.

Prevention of  Autoimmune disease:
-  Symptoms such as fatigue, swelling, redness and muscle aches are signs of autoimmune disease. In most of the cases, the symptoms will appear and disappear on their own.

-  Autoimmune disease can affect anyone. However, there are certain factors which will increase the risk. You should be aware of the risk factors so that necessary precautions can be taken to overcome the same.

 -  If you have a family history of autoimmune diseases, you are most likely to be affected by the autoimmune disease.

-  The risk in women is higher than among men. The immune system in women in strong and hormones will also play a greater role for risk in women.

-  The autoimmune disease will affect young adults and people in middle age.

-  The risk to native Americans to autoimmune disease is higher than the risk to people living in other parts such as Caucasians.

-  If a genetically predisposed person suffers from a virus or bacteria, the risk of autoimmune disease is very high. Even though the exact reason for this occurrence is not found, previous infections will have a profound impact on the immune system.

-  As soon as you find the symptoms of autoimmune disease, you should consult the physician. Even though the symptoms may not relate to the autoimmune disease, you should get medical attention at the earliest.

Complications of  Autoimmune disease:
- Autoimmune disease is triggered by the changes in the immune system. There will be difficulty in the production of antibodies (the body’s natural defence mechanism) and it will lead to various kinds of complications.

- The people suffering from the autoimmune disease are susceptible to various kinds of diseases. Testing of specific antibodies should be done to figure out the disease.

- As the symptoms of the autoimmune disease will overlap with other kinds of diseases, the doctor should be able to distinguish the autoimmune disease symptoms from other diseases’ symptoms.

- Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic disease and the inflammation can affect various organs and parts of the body. There will be dryness in eyes and mouth if there is arthritis-related inflammation. If there is dryness of eyes, it will lead to corneal abrasion.

- If there is inflammation of white parts of the eye, it is referred to as scleritis and it can affect the eye in a dangerous manner.

- There will be a pain in the chest if there is rheumatoid inflammation. The pain will increase due to deep breathing, coughing and shortness of breath.

 

Myths of  Autoimmune disease:
1. Autoimmune disease is common in men – 

The Autoimmune disease is common in both men and women. However, women are more susceptible to autoimmune disease than men. Often, it will run in families.

2. It is easy to diagnose autoimmune disease –

There are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases. Hence, it is very difficult to diagnose the disease. The symptoms will overlap and the doctor will prescribe a combination of tests to figure out the issue.

 

Conclusion
If a person is suffering from immune disorders, there will be a low activity or hyperactivity of the immune system. If there is excess activity, there will be damage to the useful tissue of the body. The immune deficiency will decrease the body’s natural ability to fight invaders and the person is vulnerable to various kinds of infections. There are several kinds of autoimmune diseases and different kinds of treatment options are exercised to overcome the condition. Medication is the main treatment to overcome the autoimmune disease. The overactive immune response will be brought down by the treatment. There will be a great relief from symptoms after initiating the treatment.

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