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Hives or urticaria is an outbreak of reddish swollen bumps around the skin surface, formed mainly due to the body’s response to particular allergens. Generally, the infectious bumps are of varied shapes and sizes and last for about 5-6 weeks. Although not a serious medical condition, hives can cause tremendous discomfort to the concerned person and affect his/her daily activities. Hives can be cured with a prescribed dosage of antihistamines or oral corticosteroids.
Causes of hives
Although the exact reason behind their formation is still unknown, researchers suggest that this disorder occurs as a response to involuntary histamine release by the skin blood vessels (that in turn, causes a leakage of blood plasma). Some other factors that can be responsible are:
- Hives can occur due to insect or parasite bites.
- Hives can also result as a side effect of painkillers such as codeine and other anti- inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or ACE inhibitors.
- Excessive exposure to sunlight or high levels of stress (leading to high cortisol levels in the body) can also result in hives.
- Intense scratching around the same spot can also result to hive formation.
- Excessive alcohol intake can render you even more vulnerable to this disease.
- Excessive intake of foods such as eggs, fish, nuts, chocolate and berries might also cause hives. Additionally, excessive consumption of certain food preservatives can also trigger the release of histamine.
- Suffering from serious underlying medical conditions such as cancer, hepatitis or thyroid disorders can make you prone to chronic cases of hives (which might last for more than 6 weeks).
Symptoms of hives
The symptoms of hives include, but are not limited to:
- Appearances of several reddish welts around the face or arms which might cause a severe itchy sensation.
- Painful and abnormal swelling around the mouth
- You might also feel tightness in your chest along with recurring bouts of dizziness.
If not treated promptly after diagnosis, hives might result in life-threatening allergic reactions, such as Anaphylaxis (narrowing down of the bronchial tubes, thus causing significant breathing trouble) and auto-immune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
I am losing my hair and have tried various shampoo and oil but it's not working. I don't know what should I do. Can you please help me with this?
Hi I am 28 years old, I have dandruff and acne between eyebrows, nose and chin. I see it is slightly spreading to cheeks. Need some suggestion on this.
My hair falls too much. Its more than normal. What is the reason and what should I do? And suddenly my weight goes up and suddenly it comes down. It fluctuates. Why is it so?
My daughter is six months old and was administered BCG vaccine at birth. Till date there is no scar on her arm. Should we vaccinate her again. Does successful BCG vaccine necessarily leave scar?
My skin is peeled off on face and is red ,what prevents me from scarring .now I'm using raw aloe vera over it .plz help me.
I have black spots and pimples on my back. They r very irritating, pls send me health related queries wt to use to avoid getting the spots.
There are many reasons for hair fall i. E. Heredity, hormones imbalance and fungal infections (scalp infections), few medicine's side effects i. E. Cancer medicines, arthritis, heart, high, b. P, birth control pills, high intake vitamin a medicine, depression/ stress, radiations' side effects, weak immune system.
There are few tests for hair fall i. E. Hormones tests, pull tests, scalp biopsy.
There are few treatments i. E. Medicines, hormones therapy, laser therapy.
Wings and hair transplant for baldness.
Always used aloe vera shampoo daily. Avoid cosmetic shampoos.
Eat green veg, dry fruits, vit. B 12, vit. C fruits. Coconuts oil also apply on hair.
Drink mineral water.
Avoid stress. Do checkup testosterone, thyroid profile. Vit. B 12, vit. A, minerals.
PRP or platelet rich plasma
A prp is a new approach to hair treatment, in which various growth factors which are essential for hair growth are supplied to the scalp with the help of platelet rich plasma (PRP). As it is derived from the patient's own blood, therefore, has no potential for causing an immune reaction. With we increase a number of platelets at the site which releases various growth factors thereby recover, repair and augments hair health and growth.
How PRP is prepared?
In order to prepare PRP, blood is withdrawn and centrifuged by specialized machines/techniques so that concentrated platelets rich plasma is obtained which contains 5-8 times more platelets per cc as compared to normal plasma. This PRP can be injected directly into the scalp with a very thin needle or can be applied with the help of derma roller.
The role of prp in hair growth
The platelet growth factors stimulate the dormant hair follicles which result in the production of new hair and enhance the hair growth and thickness in next 3-4 months.