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Sir my cousin had breast cancer and had undergone surgery and chemotherapy .according to report is triple negative. Is any chance to occur again.
I want to ask about the vaccination for cervical cancer can it be given after sexual intercourse and how a person becomes HPV affected. Can it be given if sexual intercourse in done using protection.
Found a bean shaped mass on the right side of the soft palate between two mucosal skins/linings. That mass is visible when I open my mouth wide open and use a flashlight. Also I feel something is always stuck in my throat. I do not know if that mass is a tonsil or anything else. google up the symptoms and as obvious it showed mouth cancer. Been greatly worried about this. There is no pain or anything. Just got out of a really long cough and cold phase which lasted a little over two weeks. With the above mentioned description please give me an idea of what could it be. Is it really cancer?
I have lump in my both breast, I did FNAC and ultrasound of my both breast. Doctor told me its fibroadenoma, she suggested for surgery. Is any other way can its removed.
Can vaccine of cervical cancer really protect me from this disease. At what age, I can have this Vaccine. please let me know this, I am a mother of 2 year old child and my age is 25. From where I will get this Vaccine.
In stage 3c ovarian cancer second operation (cytoreduction) possible or not? When CA125 is 12.5 after first surgery. Is it fully curable n ths stage? Waiting for your answer. Thank u.
Good morning everyone, my name is Dr Ninad Katdare I am a cancer surgeon and I specialise in gastrointestinal cancers and gynaec cancer and something called as peritonial cancers. So today I will be telling you about ovarian cancer so basically I am a surgical oncologist I work at 5 different hospitals in Mumbai first is Global Hospital second is Raheja hospital at Mahim third is H.N. Reliance hospital at Charni Road and BSES MG hospital in Andheri and SCG hospital at Borivali. So let's start our lecture on ovarian cancer, basic early ovarian cancer is one of the most common cancers in women and you must know about it and it is the most deadliest of the cancers the maximum number of women would die from gynaecological cancer are due to ovarian cancer. So I will speak mainly on the various aspects the staging and the treatment protocols, so to begin with ovarian cancer can be in four stages. There are stages by something called as the Figo staging which you will see in next slide. So the Figo Staging stages the cancer according to where it is localised to the ovary or whether it has spread to the pelvis or out side of the pelvis into the rest of the abdomen and the last stage 4 stage is when it spread beyond the abdomen. So in the first three stages you can potentially cure the patient. So there are very vague signs and symptoms to ovarian cancer they can be persistent distinction of abdomen, wake pain in the abdomen, constipation for a pro long duration of time, vague, aches and pain in the abdomen. So if you have any of this problem you should get it evaluated by a gynecologist or surgical oncologist. The first most commonest test which we do is a tumor marker called as CA 125 and sonography of the abdomen if there are any suspicious finding then the second investigation which is commonly done whether it is CT scan or an MRI. So based on these two test and on the clinical examination you are able to stage the disease, if there are some doubtful findings where the ovarian masses can be secondary to cancer in other organs of the body like the stomach or a colorectal cancer then the endoscopy of the stomach or the colonoscopy of the colon will required. So once the diagnosis of ovarian cancers confirmed for stage 1 stage 2 and stage 3 the first step is always surgery, contrary to the routine treatment protocol which are done in India especially for stage 3, we always prefer a surgery this surgery is called as cytoreduction. Basically, even if there is water in the abdomen which is called as ascitis, but if the diseases is of table which is evaluated by the MRI and by the laparoscopy. So even in statge 3, the chemotherapy should not be given first because if you do the surgery first and we are able to remove all the disease the survival of the patient is much higher. Though cytoreduction is a not possible in each and every patient but in selected patients if you can remove the whole disease the survival live in the stage 3 ovarian cancer is almost more than 50%. So basically what we do in the cytoreduction, is we open the entire of abdomen and remove all the diseases not only the ovaries we remove the uterus and also something called as a omentum we remove the appendix and if required we remove the inner lining of the abdomen called as peritonium and any other diseases which is present in whole the abdominal cavity is removed through very supra major surgery called as cytoreduction which may last for anywhere between 6 to 10 hours. But if you are able to remove each and every part of the disease visible to the naked eye then the cure its even a stage 3 ovarian cancer are very high and once the surgery is done and the patient recovers from that you can give chemotherapy. Even in stage 4 cancer we have new technologies available where in we can try for a cure, this therapy is called as a Hipec therapy. What is Hipec stands for, it stands for Heated Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy. In this basically the cytoreduction which I mentioned previously is done and once the procedure is over you have to use this technology and circulate the heated chemotherapy in the abdominal cavity and once this is circulated for anywhere between 60 to 90 minutes and then the abdominal cavity is washed and close like in a normal surgery. So with this Hypec and one more new technology called as Pipec, you can even get better cure its in stage 3 and in somewhere cases of stage 4 cancer. So these technologies are all done by me in various hospitals where ever. So this is how even with the advanced ovarian cancers nowadays we can get good success rates, thank you. If you want any more information you can contact me through lybrate.com.
Non Hodgkin Lymphoma is when the cells in your lymphatic system become cancerous. The lymphatic system is responsible for fighting off diseases, which may attack your body. Initially, tumors develop from the lymphocytes in your body. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is much more common than the other type of lymphoma which is Hodgkin lymphoma. There are various types of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma; the most common of which are diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Here is everything you need to know about Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
1. Swollen lymph nodes: A swollen lymph node in the neck, underarm and armpit which comes about without any pain is a very common symptom of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
2. Fever: When you have a sudden unexplained fever, it may be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
3. Night sweats: Night sweats are simply when you sweat excessively in the night.
4. Fatigue: Feeling extremely tired can be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
5. Weight loss: A sudden unexplained loss of weight is a very common symptom of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
6. Itchiness: An itchy skin is a rather serious indicator of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Just like other forms of cancer, it is not known what causes Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but there are factors, which put you more at risk compared to others.
1. Immunosuppressive drugs: You are most likely to develop Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, especially after taking immunosuppressive drugs after a major organ transplant.
2. Bacteria and viruses: Certain bacterial and viral infections cause Non-Hodgkin lymphoma including the HIV and Epstein-Barr virus as well as the Helicobacter pylori bacteria.
3. Pesticides: Research suggests that overexposure to the pesticides which kill weeds increases your likelihood of developing Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
4. Age: Elder people are also more likely to suffer from Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
1. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy comprises of administering drugs to kill the cancerous cells, either through injection or orally which kill cancer.
2. Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy deals with radiation which is directed at the parts of your body affected by cancer.
3. Medications to enhance the immune system: There are many medications which fight off cancer by boosting the immune system. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a hematologist.
The prostate gland in males surrounds the urethra, through which urine and sperm are passed out of the body. Its function is to secrete a fluid, which provides nourishment to the sperm. It is about the shape of a walnut and is present between the pubic bone and the rectum.
As a man crosses 40, the prostate gland begins to increase in size due to an increase in the number of cells. This is known as hyperplasia. The condition is usually benign and therefore the name benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). As it continues to grow, there is an increased pressure on the urethra. Therefore, there can be problems with urination. The bladder, being a muscular organ, compensates to some extent and so the problems with urination are mostly managed. If left untreated, this can continue to be a major problem and the bladder may not be able to compensate. In men who are 60-plus, BPH is very common.
Signs and symptoms
- One of the initial symptoms of BPH is when the urine stream begins to grow weak.
- There could also be a reduced speed of passing urine.
- Men with BPH never have a feeling of complete emptying of the bladder.
- On the other hand, there is also a constant difficulty in initiating a urine stream. There could be intermittent breaks in the urine stream.
- The person may feel the need to strain to initiate the stream and to ensure complete emptying.
- There could be dribbling of urine after passing urine.
- The duration between two bathroom visits can constantly reduce, with the constant urge to urinate.
- There is a constant urge to visit the bathroom, which is more common in the night. One of the most annoying features of BPH is the walking up at night to urinate, but with an inability to initiate a stream and an inability to completely empty the bladder, it leaves the person very irritated and frustrated.
- There could be blood in the urine. In fact, blood in the urine accompanied by fever, chills, nausea and vomiting are indications of an emergency.
- There could be blockage of urine completely, if the enlargement is quite severe.
If you are having any of these symptoms, then the doctor will first test for an enlarged prostate through a digital rectal exam. Then a test is done to check a chemical called prostate specific antigen. Increased levels of this chemical is almost always indicative of BPH. In addition, X-rays and scanning may be used to confirm diagnosis.
Blood test cancer prostate is PSA. It is done only if there is a suspicion of cancer. Most cases can be managed by medication. Surgical removal procedure needs a minimum of 2 to 3 days. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Urologist.