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Dr. Sowmya Balakrishnan

Gynaecologist, Chennai

600 at clinic
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Dr. Sowmya Balakrishnan Gynaecologist, Chennai
600 at clinic
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To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies....more
To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies.
More about Dr. Sowmya Balakrishnan
Dr. Sowmya Balakrishnan is a renowned Gynaecologist in Mylapore, Chennai. You can visit her at E V Kalyani Medical Foundation in Mylapore, Chennai. Book an appointment online with Dr. Sowmya Balakrishnan on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 27 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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E V Kalyani Medical Foundation

#4, 2nd Street, Dr. Radhakrishnan Salai, Mylapore. Landmark: Behind President Hotel, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
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6 Ways Botox is Beneficial to You!

Fue Hair Transplantation, Advanced Aesthetics, RPSLH, SHS, MBBS
Cosmetic Physician, Hyderabad
6 Ways Botox is Beneficial to You!

Botox, derived from Clostridium Botulinum, is a cosmetic treatment often used to smooth wrinkled skin. Botox was originally used to treat spasms as it has muscles freezing qualities. Eventually it was discovered that Botox could cure the wrinkles present in the corner of the eyes,which are famously known as the crow's feet and as well as the superficial wrinkles just because it possessed the muscle freezing property.

In today's world, everyone is conscious about getting wrinkles or any other ageing signs. Eventually you will have to deal with them. But until it is absolutely obligatory for you to embrace those signs, Botox is an extremely efficient cosmetic treatment to control them.

Here are the different ways in which Botox is beneficial to you:

  1. Botox is nonsurgical: Botox can help you to get flawless skin without any surgery. Botox is administered into your skin in the form of injections. Hence, the hassle of going through a surgery is totally unnecessary.
  2. Botox lifts your eyebrow: Your eyebrow may drop due to various factors like age or lifestyle. Botox helps lift your drooping eyebrows; giving you a fresher and youthful look.
  3. Botox reduces excessive sweating: Excessive sweating can be extremely embarrassing at times, especially if it is under the arms. To be saved from this embarrassment, you can take a Botox shot and it will reduce the amount of sweat produced in your body, hence preventing excessive sweating.
  4. Botox can help with migraines: If you are suffering from migraine headaches, you might consider taking a Botox shot, as it may help reduce your headache and decrease their recurrence. It is extremely beneficial for those who suffer from chronic headaches during one such migraine attack.
  5. Botox helps with eye spasm: Botox helps cure strabismus, diplopia and blepharospasm. Botox relaxes the eye muscles so that they do not work against each other and let the defected muscles heal.
  6. Botox cures overactive bladders: Suffering from an overactive bladder can cause a lot of inconvenience. If you are suffering from a case of bladder incontinence, then you can think about getting a Botox shot. Botox increases the volume of the bladder thereby, reducing the incontinence. Once you get a shot, the overactive bladder will be cured gradually.

Although Botox has many benefits, it is still advised you consult your doctor before taking up the treatment.

5417 people found this helpful

My periods are irregular. Earlier they lasted for about 10-15 days. But from last one year I am facing major problems, 3 months periods didn't came and from october there are only 4-5 days in a month when I am not bleeding, otherwise everyday I have to carry a pad it is not a heavy bleeding but 4-5 drops comes out. Is this a very serious problem?

BHMS, MD - Alternate Medicine
Homeopath, Nagpur
My periods are irregular. Earlier they lasted for about 10-15 days. But from last one year I am facing major problems...
In majority of the cases irregular menses are accredited to hormonal imbalance, but in some cases it may be pathological and secondary to some pathology of ovaries mostly. Now if you want to regularized the menses then you must establish permanent balanced first and this can be achieved only with homoeopathy, because in modern medicine we get only a hormonal support with a very temporary relief. But with homoeopathy you can strike the hormonal balance permanently which later on also give you regular menses even if you stop the medicine.
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PCOS - 8 Associated Symptoms

DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
PCOS - 8 Associated Symptoms

Polycystic ovarian syndrome is the condition when a woman's sex hormone levels get imbalanced. This can cause women to have irregular periods and may also have an impact on their fertility. Women suffering from PCOS also tend to grow small cysts in their ovaries which can also lead to severe health problems like diabetes and heart disease, if left untreated.

What causes PCOS?

The exact cause of PCOS is not known. However, the condition may be triggered by hormonal imbalances and genetic factors. Women are more susceptible to developing this condition if their mother or a female family member also has the condition. Excessive production of androgen, which is a male sex hormone, may also lead to this condition. Women suffering from PCOS tend to have high levels of androgen. The formation of eggs and their release during ovulation can be delayed by high levels of androgen. High androgen levels may result from excess insulin present in the blood. Poor lifestyle and irregular eating habits contribute to obesity which intern leads to increased insulin resistance and hence delayed ovulation and irregular cycles leading to infertility.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?

The type of symptom in case of PCOS varies from person to person. Since PCOS is characterized by low levels of sex hormones, this condition may lead to symptoms such as:

  1. Excessive hair growth on stomach, face, chest, toes and thumbs
  2. The breast size starts to shrink
  3. There is a change in voice, making it deeper
  4. There is excessive loss of hair from your scalp
  5. Sometimes the face is filled with acne and the skin turns oily
  6. There are fertility problems like having trouble in ovulating or recurring miscarriages
  7. Frequent depression or mood swings
  8. Facing breathings problems while sleeping
  9. Obesity

Diagnosis

On examination, findings in women with PCOS may include the following:

  • Virilizing signs
  • Acanthosis nigricans
  • Hypertension
  • Enlarged ovaries: May or may not be present; evaluate for an ovarian mass

Management

Lifestyle modifications are considered first-line treatment for women with PCOS. Such changes include the following:

Pharmacologic treatments are reserved for so-called metabolic derangements, such as anovulation, hirsutism, and menstrual irregularities. First-line medical therapy usually consists of an oral contraceptive to induce regular menses.

If symptoms such as hirsutism are not sufficiently alleviated, an androgen-blocking agent may be added. First-line treatment for ovulation induction when fertility is desired are letrozole or clomiphene citrate. [2, 3, 5]

Surgical management of PCOS is aimed mainly at restoring ovulation. Various laparoscopic methods include the following:

I want to pregnant with a baby boy. I have one 2 years baby girl pls help me. I do not use any pecurtion medicine. Naturally I want a baby boy.

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (MRCOG)
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
I want to pregnant with a baby boy. I have one 2 years baby girl pls help me. I do not use any pecurtion medicine. Na...
there is no assurance that you would get a baby boy or girl. That is sheer luck by chance. you can only pray to God.
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What is the symptoms of breast cancer (Women) in rural area's of India and the precaution to avoid this?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Breast cancer presents as painless lump. As it advances it can lead to skin changes, pain, redness, orange peel like appearance, fixity to chest wall, dimpling of skin and very advanced can cause lump to grow, bleeding ulceration etc. Though lifestyle is simple in rural areas but still gene related, hormonal disbslance etc may cause breast cancer and the simplest way of screening is self examination in sitting and lying down position and also check for symmetry infront of mirror. It should be done monthly five days after the periods are over.
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I'm 21 year old. I have pcod problem this caused facial hair over face neck stomach areas more it looks awkward and my weight is exceeded. I'm worried. What should I do now to overcome from it?

DGO, MD, MRCOG, CCST, Accredation in Colposcopy
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
You need to reduce your weight to normal BMI by a combination of diet and exercise. Further you need prescription medicines depending on your hormonal test results.
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Her period cycle is of 32 days. N generally it comes around 9th of every month N last UpTo 5 days. We had got intimated on 25. Wt should we do to avoid pregnancy? Is there a chance?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Her period cycle is of 32 days. N generally it comes around 9th of every month N last UpTo 5 days. We had got intimat...
As 6 days have passed you can not do anything to avoid pregnancy, just wait and on missing period do urine pregnancy test and meet Gynecologist.
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I got multiple fibroids in my uterus which was once operated and removed in year 2010 and it has grown again. Would like to check with you how many times can you operate and remove fibroids from uterus?

BHMS
Gynaecologist, Greater Noida
You take homeoepsthic medicine thuja 1m, 10 ml 4 drops three time in a day calcafeaflohr 1m, 10 ml 4 drops three time in a day.
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Eight Warm Up Exercises You Aren't Doing but Totally Should

FRHS, Ph.D Neuro , MPT - Neurology Physiotherapy, D.Sp.Med, DPHM (Health Management ), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Eight Warm Up Exercises You Aren't Doing but Totally Should

The point of doing a workout is to put your body through the motions and phases before you hit an intense spot of persistent action before cooling down. This helps in giving your body a well balanced workout. But what many of us do not know is that a good workout schedule will also involve a well paced warm up session with exercises that will warm up the body and its various areas as well as the muscles so that the intensity does not hit the body suddenly and result in some sort of injury or undue fatigue.

So get it right with these eight warm up exercises that you aren't doing, but totally should!

  1. Dynamic: Follow a dynamic routine and mix it up a little with various kinds of movements that will work the different areas of the body. Start with squats and move on to lunges before you do a few skips to warm up!
  2. Jump: Try the jumping rope the next time you hit the gym and watch your heart rate go up just enough to get you all warm and loose and ready for that heavy duty work out. You can start with five minutes of this motion before moving on to your first set.
  3. Dance: Did you know that switching on your favourite music and shuffling your feet before you start to gyrate a little can actually get you in the right frame of mind for a workout? So next time, warm up with a little dancing!
  4. Balance: Warm up with a balancing act or two. Stand on one leg and do deadlifts with a dumbbell. Repeat the same motion for both arms. This helps in imitating the actual workout that you will be indulging in, which helps in warming up the relevant areas.
  5. Stretches: Try doing stretches and jumping jacks for stability and to work your core strength before you hit the gym equipment. This will bring about better blood circulation and help you get your heart ready for the work out.
  6. Swing: Use swinging movements with your arms and legs with circles and marches to help loosen up the muscles.
  7. Walk: Do animal walk with crab walks, frog jumps, bunny hops, inch worm motions and much more to unleash your energy.
  8. Medicine Balls: Grab some medicine balls and do a few moves like the rotational twist, the front body push, the reverse eight and many more to get your body pumped up.

Warming up is an important part of working out, so remember to get your warm up routine right!

Related Tip: "Why Iron Is the Most Underrated Factor in Health"

4841 people found this helpful

Is there any other way to cure endometrial thickness other than hysteroscopy? What is the treatment of endometrial thickness?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DNB, Fellowship in Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Is there any other way to cure endometrial thickness other than hysteroscopy? What is the treatment of endometrial th...
Dear lybrate-user if your doctor has advised you hysteroscopy to the find out the cause for endometrial thickness, a polyp or cancer which can be confirmed by sending the tissue for testing. And the treatment will depend on the cause.
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I am 18 and going to have sex do I have a chance to be pregnant and I have irregular periods? If yes, how do I avoid my chances of pregnancy while having sex?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
I am 18 and going to have sex do I have a chance to be pregnant and I have irregular periods? If yes, how do I avoid ...
Yes, you can become pregnant even if you have irregular periods.Use barrier contraceptive i.e condom to avoid pregnancy as well as sexually transmitted diseases.Your chances of getting pregnant are minimal if the condom doesn't slip or get torned during the act.
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My wife has a skin problem at breast area, skin got stretch and muscle from inside got distracted.

PGFCP, PGDEMS, Bachelor Of Ayurvedic Medicine And Surgery
Ayurveda, Satara
My wife has a skin problem at breast area, skin got stretch and muscle from inside got distracted.
Hi…follow few simple things gives you very good result, 1) take 30 ml of Rubyclin liquid before meals, 2) take 1 tsf of lavan bhaskar churna after meals, for 15 days, THANKS.
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I have a short period of two days im 24 Years of age its so since last 5-6 Years. Im unmarried n da periods are regular and on time.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
I have a short period of two days im 24 Years of age its so since last 5-6 Years. Im unmarried n da periods are regul...
Hello, There is no apparent need to be worried as long as you are having your menses regularly. Even 2 days is enough for the menstrual shed. The number of days differ in different women.
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I had ectopic pregnancy last September 2015. Hsg show my both tube open. We have been trying for baby last 6 month. N 2 iui cycle not succeed. Doctor advise me for laparoscopic surgery for seeing is there any infection in tubes. Pls suggest me other alternative except ivf n laparoscopy.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
I had ectopic pregnancy last September 2015. Hsg show my both tube open. We have been trying for baby last 6 month. N...
Hello, The next step is diagnostic laparoscopy or you may take a break for 3 months from procedures and try naturally. You may conceive.
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Mam can you tell me which medicine I need to take to stop dat yogurt type infection?

BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
For yogurt infection apply externally mince a few garlic cloves as it is a natural and, powerful anti-yeast food. Stir the minced garlic into plain yogurt. Have regularly. This help to cured such type infection.
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How to have safe sex? Without getting fertilized. Safe to both partner and continue with safe remedies.

B.Sc., B.A.M.S., C.C.Y.P., M.D. (Ayurveda)
Ayurveda, Aligarh
Hello You can do intercourse in between safe periods. Otherwise you can use condoms or intra contrceptive devices to avoid pregnancy.
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I have normal period last month my m.c.p.is 32 days. But now my period is still delayed. I am married but my husband went to foreign from last 6 months.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
I have normal period last month my m.c.p.is 32 days. But now my period is still delayed. I am married but my husband ...
hello, Th delay may be stress induced . Please wait for 2 weeks to allow your menses to arrive naturally.
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I am 22 years old and I'm having low estrogen levels ?how can I increase without any side effects?

PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
Start eating dates. 100g of fruits such as dried dates contain 330mcg of phytoestrogens, while dried apricots contain 445 mcg. Other fruits that contain phytoestrogens include raspberries, strawberries and peaches, which offer 48 to 65mcg per 100g serving.
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I'm Missing my menses and I have pcos. My last period date is 8: 09:2016. Till now I dnt get my menses this month. I used to have the problem but from last 7 months I don't face any problem. Can I go for medication again.

MD - Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Jammu
I'm Missing my menses and I have pcos. My last period date is 8: 09:2016. Till now I dnt get my menses this month. I ...
Yes you should take the medicine for pcod. I suggest you to take the ayurvedic treatment for pcod. Take tablet kanchnaar guggul for three months .u can msg me in my consult for more details.
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Identification and Management of Perinatal HIV Treatment

FHM FELLOWSHIP IN HIV MEDICINE, MD, MBBS
General Physician, Hyderabad
Identification and Management of Perinatal HIV Treatment

HIV testing in pregnancy should be done early so as standard care can be taken for the pregnant women. The HIV testing must be repeated in the third trimester, usually before 36 weeks of gestation. This should be done in women with HIV seronegative and also in pregnant women who are at a high risk of developing HIV infection.

Expedited HIV tests should be performed at the time of delivery and labor and this is a must in women who have not been documented for HIV. The results of the test should be available within an hour of the test and the testing should be available 24 hours. In case the results are positive then, infant postnatal antiretroviral and intrapartum drug prophylaxis should be started immediately.

Women who have not been able to get tested for HIV at the time of labor and delivery are suggested expedited screening for HIV. Their screening can be done immediately postpartum or their babies should undergo screening. In case the infant and mother, both are positive, then infant antiretroviral drug prophylaxis should be started immediately. These mothers should avoid breastfeeding their babies, until the supplemental HIV tests are negative. In infants with positive HIV, prophylaxis should be discontinued and antiretroviral drug therapy should be started.

In case of acute HIV infection during pregnancy, that is in the intrapartum period, or during breastfeeding, initial testing can be performed with an antigen/antibody combination immunoassay. If the supplemental test is negative, then an additional test which is the virologic test (DNA, RNA) are necessary for the diagnosis of the HIV infection. If the mother is HIV positive, then this information must be documented in the infant's medical record and also communicated to the infant's care provider.

The knowledge of an antenatal maternal HIV infection allows the:

  1. Women with HIV infection to get the correct antiretroviral therapy along with prophylaxis for the infections, which might occur due to the immunocompromised state of the body. This also prevents and decreases the risk of transmission to their partners.
  2. When there is provision for antiretroviral therapy for the mother during pregnancy and labor along with antiretroviral drug prophylaxis for the baby there is less risk of perinatal transmission of the HIV.
  3. The HIV-infected women should be counseled for a cesarean delivery. The option of an elective cesarean reduces the perinatal transmission of the HIV.
  4. The HIV women should be counseled about the risk of breastfeeding. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
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