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Dr. Shanmugasundar

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Endocrinology

Endocrinologist, Chennai

14 Years Experience  ·  0 - 500 at clinic
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Dr. Shanmugasundar MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Endocrinology Endocrinologist, Chennai
14 Years Experience  ·  0 - 500 at clinic
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Personal Statement

Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; a......more
Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; as a health provider being ethical is not just a remembered value, but a strongly observed one.
More about Dr. Shanmugasundar
Dr. Shanmugasundar is a trusted Endocrinologist in K M Speciality Hospital, Chennai. Doctor has had many happy patients in his/her 14 years of journey as a Endocrinologist. Doctor studied and completed MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Endocrinology . You can meet Dr. Shanmugasundar personally at KM Hospital in K M Speciality Hospital, Chennai. Book an appointment online with Dr. Shanmugasundar on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Endocrinologists in India. You will find Endocrinologists with more than 30 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Endocrinologists online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

Info

Education
MBBS - The TamilNadu Dr. M.G.R Medical University - 2004
MD - General Medicine - PGIMER, Chandigarh - 2007
DM - Endocrinology - PGIMER, Chandigarh - 2010
Awards and Recognitions
College Topper in Medicine
University Topper in Anatomy
Department Medal in Surgery
...more
Department Medal in Medicine
College Topper in Microbiology
College Topper in Physiology
College Topper in Anatomy
Topper in Physics and Maths
College Topper in surgery
Department Medal in Anatomy
AV Gandhi award for best Clinical Accumen in Endocrinology
Professional Memberships
Indian Medical Association (IMA)
Endocrine Society of India(ESI)
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE)

Location

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KM Hospital

KM Speciality, Shanmugam Salai, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
350 at clinic
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Aakash Fertility Centre

100 feet road, Landmark Hotel Ambhika Empire, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
350 at clinic
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Magna Clinics for Obesity, Diabetes & Endocrinology

#12/43, Vanniar Street , Bangaru Colony, Landmark : Backside RTO Ground, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
0 at clinic
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Rakshith Hospital

No.153, Arcot Road, Sai square complex, Valasaravakkam. Landmark: Opposite Sivan Temple.Chennai Get Directions
500 at clinic
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Srushti Fertility Hospital & Womens Clinic

#2 Dhandayuthapani Nagar, 2ND Street, Kotturpuram Landmark : Next to Vinayagar temple on Gandhi Mandapam RoadChennai Get Directions
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Srushti Fertility Centre & Women's Hospital

#1, Padmavathy Street, Thirumalai Nagar, Ramapuram. Landmark: Near to SRM HospitalChennai Get Directions
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Diabetes: Know About It to Better Control It

Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, M.Sc - Psychology, BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
Diabetes: Know About It to Better Control It

Diabetes is usually associated with the insulin and glucose absorption of the body. This disease can be of several types and is often referred to as Diabetes Mellitus. It is basically a digestive disorder where the body is not able to transport the glucose absorbed from the food to the cells, due to a lack of proper insulin production. This makes the blood sugar level rise. This is a long term disease that involves metabolism and an imbalance in the blood sugar levels of the body. While type 2 diabetes is the most common with 90% of all cases suffering from this type, type 1 affects roughly 10% of the diabetes patients.

Read on to know more about diabetes so that you can control it better:

Type 1 Diabetes: In this kind of diabetes, the body does not produce sufficient insulin, which makes it produce symptoms like increased thirst, frequent urination, blurry vision due to changes in the lens of the eyes and vomiting as well as deep breathing for patients who have reached a very advanced or severe stage. The best treatment plan for this kind of diabetes includes tweaking one's diet to cut out excess fat, salt and sugar. Further, the patient will have to ensure that the glucose levels are monitored and regulated with insulin injections and regular blood tests.

Type 2 Diabetes: When the cells of the body do not react appropriately to insulin it can lead to malfunction. This is a progressive disease that is known to get worse with the passage of time. Patients suffering from this disease usually have to take insulin tablets on a daily basis. The symptoms include fatigue, blurred vision and excessive hunger. The best treatment is to exercise regularly and follow a healthy diet plan. This disease can also increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and other serious ailments.

Gestational Diabetes: This kind of diabetes affects expecting mothers. If the pregnant patient has high amount of glucose in the body, there is not enough insulin that can transport all the excess glucose to the cells. This can lead to gestational diabetes. Diet and exercise are the best ways to control this condition. It may also lead to complications for the baby at the time of birth.

Prediabetes: Many patients who are suffering from diabetes type 2 often suffer from a condition called prediabetes where the cells of the body start developing insulin resistance. This phase also implies some amount of damage to the heart and circulatory system.

Treating diabetes on time is a matter of regulating and keeping a check on your blood sugar levels even as you maintain your healthy weight and lifestyle with a good diet and exercise.

Classical Homeopathic remedies for diabetes include Uranium Nitricum, Phosphoric Acid, Syzygium Jambolanum and Cephalandra Indica. These medications are either used stand alone or along with other medications as adjunct. Homeopathic medicines look to cure the inherent disorder, and do not have any side effects, thus are safe for diabetics.

Related Tip: "5 Tips to Control Diabetes Through Diet"

4918 people found this helpful

Dear sir I am suffering from high levels of uric acid as a result often have gout pains in my feet. Please suggest what kind of medicine and diet should I follow?

MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
take tab febutaz 1tab od for 15 days, avoid protein diet, milk and its product, paneer, cheese, non veg etc.drink 3-4 liter of water daily, morning walk for 1 hr daily, it will help you. Thanks
6 people found this helpful
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Diabetes - How Proper Diet Changes Can Help You Combat It?

BSc - Food & Applied Nutrition, MSc - Food & Applied Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Faridabad
Diabetes - How Proper Diet Changes Can Help You Combat It?

There are many myths about diabetes, especially related to what you can eat and what you can’t. Lots of people think that diabetics shouldn’t eat sweets at all. This is not true. Similarly, all carbs and fats are not bad. A high protein diet is also not required and there are no special diabetic meals. So, what should you as a diabetic, eat to combat diabetes? Read on to find out:

  1. Low glycemic index foods: Complex carbs are best for you as they limit the amount of sugar released into your blood stream and are digested more slowly and prevent your body from releasing too much insulin. These are also called low GI foods as well as slow-release carbs and are also high in fibre. Processed carbs like white bread, pasta, and rice, as well as sodas, packaged meals, and snacks must be junked. These are all called high glycemic index (GI) foods and spike your blood sugar.
  2. Manage sugar wisely: Diabetes doesn’t mean that you can’t eat sugar or desserts. It means you have to be smart with sugar, like
    • Take smaller servings of your favourite desserts as they are best eaten in moderation.
    • Reduce the sugar in your diet slowly rather than at once. This will give your taste buds some time to adjust, reducing sugar cravings.
    • If you want to eat dessert, hold back on carbs in a meal. Balance out meals so that you don’t eat too many carb-heavy foods.
    • Add some healthy fat to your diet, as it slows down the digestive process, which means that your blood sugar levels don’t spike as quickly.
  3. Eat sweets along with a meal and not alone: Sweets eaten alone can spike your blood sugar levels a lot.
  4. Don’t drink alcohol: Alcohol is full of calories and carbs and cocktails are loaded with sugar. Alcohol can interfere with diabetes medication and insulin, as well.
  5. Avoid junk, soft drinks, soda and juices: They are all packed with sugar.
  6. Avoid processed or packaged foods: These are loaded with hidden sugars. Eat food cooked at home.
  7. Remember high protein diets are not always good: Studies have shown that if you eat too much protein, especially animal protein, you may become insulin resistant. A healthy diet for diabetics includes protein, carbohydrates, and fats for the body to function properly.
  8. Eat more of these
    • Healthy fats found in raw nuts, olive oil, fish oils, and flax seeds.
    • Also eat more fruits and vegetables. Avoid juices.
    • Eat more high fibre cereals.
  9. And avoid foods like
    • Trans fats which means all deep-fried foods
    • Fast foods, especially cakes, pastries, and chips
    • Red meat

Remember, your overall eating patterns are very important. It’s also important to eat at regular intervals and avoid missing meals.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4712 people found this helpful

I am suffering in Palpitation from 5 years, and now I take Met xl 25 tablets regularly, and also suffering Thyroid and so I take Thyriobless tab.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
I am suffering in Palpitation from 5 years, and now I take Met xl 25 tablets regularly, and also suffering Thyroid an...
You're taking right medicine for palpitations but medicines for thyroid do stimulate the heart. Get the dose regulated. Some cases of borderline thyroid need no medicines and are cured by good diet, exercise meditation and yoga. It's worth not taking medicines for thyroid if reports are on the upper or lower end of the range. Compare it to a borderline diabetic with sugar level as 140 fasting. The person is on higher side but can be corrected by not taking sugar. Or a low sugar patient is corrected by giving some liquid diets rich in sugar. Similarly thyroid hormones in body are present in a range.
2 people found this helpful
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74 years old history of diabetes from last 15 years blood pressure 170/102 RAMIPRIL continue from last 5 years no cholesterol ECG normal Which tablet is to be given.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
74 years old history of diabetes from last 15 years blood pressure 170/102 RAMIPRIL continue from last 5 years
no cho...
Hello, Question is a bit unclear. Patient has hypertension and is on Ramipril, still the BP is uncontrolled (170/102 mm Hg). There is no mention of blood glucose levels and HbA1c% also no mention about the treatment for diabetes. So it is unclear whether you are asking about treatment for diabetes or hypertension. In any case in this communication I can only give general guidelines, no drugs can be prescribed or suggested here. If you are looking for any specific treatment please come in a private conversation with all the details mentioned above, plus dietary pattern and extent of daily exercise being done. Thanks.
2 people found this helpful
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Diet Tips to Prevent, Control and Reverse Diabetes

MBBS, MRCGP ( UK), Diploma in Diabetes (UK), DFSRH (UK), DRCOG (UK), CCT (UK)
Endocrinologist, Hyderabad
Diet Tips to Prevent, Control and Reverse Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic progressive condition of glucose abnormality. A patient with diabetes loses the capacity to regulate his blood glucose and hence there are high circulating levels of glucose in his blood. This is either due to less production of insulin hormone or the body loses the sensitivity to respond to the insulin hormone normally or both. The incidence of diabetes in general population is increasing fairly rapidly due to our erratic work schedule followed by lack of exercise and sleep. 

Further, it is aggravated by our overindulgence in high sugary food and junk food. But, the good news is that you can control and even reverse diabetes (at least in the initial stages) by following some simple dietary tips. People have a misconception that “Dieting = Starving “. This is completely wrong. Further people also think that to enhance the taste of any dish it should have lot of oil, ghee, butter. This is again wrong. You can make your dish delicious even by using healthy ingredients and reducing the fats, oil and sugar in it. You can enhance the taste by using spices which are good for health as well as for digestion. Following a healthy diet means that you are eating nutritious food which is both healthy and tasty. 

Here are a few dietary tips you should follow to keep your blood sugar levels in check: 

  1. Include plenty of vegetables in your diet, more the better. At least half of your plate should be filled with vegetables; this can be in salad form or can also be in form of curries/subzi which is prepared using less oil. Eating vegetables helps to bulk you up, you do not feel hungry and thus you would not be consuming high-calorie food like fats or carbohydrates. Vegetables have plenty of fibre. Eating vegetables also help to release the glucose from carbohydrates slowly so that your blood glucose levels do not fluctuate much. Green leafy vegetables are excellent sources of Vitamin-A. Beans are rich sources of protein too. 
  2. Carbohydrates are needed for your body; you derive the necessary energy from these carbohydrates. But you should consume them in a portion of about 1/3-1/4th of your plate – in other words, 2-3 phulkas, a bowl of rice etc. Use whole grains rather than polished grains. Whole grains of rice, wheat will release glucose into your blood in a slower fashion than polished rice or wheat. Whole grains also have much needed essential vitamins and minerals, the polished grains lose these vitamins during the process of dehusking and polishing. Include plenty of millets like jowar, bajra, Ragi/pearl millets etc. Include oats, quinoa, brown rice, broken wheat, wheat rava, etc. Avoid food items made with maida. 
  3. Make sure you eat pulses. Pulses are a good source of protein. Sprouts are filled with protein and fibre. Try adding sprouts to your rice, noodles or salads. Non-vegetarian food is a very good source of protein. You can take egg, chicken and fish. Avoid mutton or organ meat. 
  4. Restrict animal fats like butter, cheese. Also, restrict large quantities of oil and ghee. Avoid Vanaspati/dalda. 
  5. Milk is the perfect combination of protein and carbohydrate and can control blood sugar levels. Take a glass of milk when you experience low sugar symptoms. People who don't drink milk can consume yoghurt/curd or buttermilk. Milk, curd and buttermilk are good sources of calcium.
  6. Consume fruits such as papaya, pear, orange, guava, small bowl of musk melon, water melon, apples, etc. Don’t eat fruits which have high sugar content such as mangoes or grapes, custard apple, chikoo. 
  7. Foods which are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids are excellent in combating diabetes. These include flax seeds and nuts. You can take 5-7 nuts everyday like almonds, cashew nuts, walnuts etc. 

There are few everyday tips which you should follow: 

  1. Make sure to have small frequent meals comprising of high-fibre and low in carbohydrate foods. This is to make sure that you do not experience low sugar levels as you would be taking medicines for your diabetes. 
  2. Methi or fenugreek seeds are good for glucose control too. Soak one tablespoon of the seeds in 100 ml of water overnight and have it in the morning. 

Tip for sticking with a diabetes-friendly diet plan: 

  1. First and foremost, take small, manageable steps. 
  2. Choose one aspect you want to work on. For e.g. if you eat junk food 4-5 times a week, make a conviction of consuming junk food only once a week. After you have mastered this, then go for another aspect. This is to make sure that you are not overwhelmed with the prospect of lot of changes and that you can take pleasure in the fact that you could make one positive change. This will provide you enthusiasm to likewise make other changes. 
  3. The mantra that you should be following should be “small portions of food”. So instead of helping yourself to 3 ladoos or 2 bowls of kheer, you should limit yourself to 1 ladoo or ½ ladoo. That way you will still derive the pleasure of eating the ladoo (and satisfy your craving) but you would not have consumed that many calories as you would have done if you had eaten 3 ladoos.
  4. As well as following a diet, make sure that you get some exercise. It is recommended to exercise at least 45 minutes every day for 5 days of the week. You can go on fast walk, running, jogging, cycling, swimming etc. 
  5. You can even break your exercise time into small chunks – maybe you can exercise 15 minutes 3 times a day. If you have never exercised start with 5-10 minutes of walking, you can then gradually increase the intensity of the exercise.
3420 people found this helpful

My mother's weight is increasing day by day. There is rise in her tsh level. She has a thyroid problem from past 3 years. Some time her t3 and t4 level rise and some time they decrease very much. She feels very lethargic. She got tired easily. Constant headache. Allergy cold. Please tell what to do.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
My mother's weight is increasing day by day. There is rise in her tsh level. She has a thyroid problem from past 3 ye...
In hypothyroidism:-- where there is deficiency of thyroxine hormone leading to sluggishness, tired feeling, weight increase, slow heart beats, intolerance to cold, swelling of legs, feet and face, difficulty in concentrating and at times in speech. Treatment for hypothyroidism is giving thyroxine tablets. And dose are according to level of thyroid for life time. Avoid bad habits . Avoid stress. Some Relax during work. Go for walk, Take plenty of water, high-carbohydrate foods such as potatoes, rice, pasta and bread. Nutrient-rich foods that improve your health may also benefit your thyroid gland, antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables more plenty of water: Blueberries, tomatoes, bell peppers, and other foods rich in antioxidants can improve overall health and benefit the thyroid gland. Eating foods high in B vitamins, like whole grains, may also help. flax oil, Selenium: Tiny amounts of selenium are needed for enzymes that make thyroid hormones to work properly. Eating selenium-rich foods, such as sunflower seeds or Brazil nuts, can be beneficial. Tyrosine: This amino acid is used by the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4. Taking a supplement may help, avoid oily foods,junk foods, go for walk. Do Tests every 3 to 6 months. And consut doctor on time. for headache and cold take tab/ flucold. sos.
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My aunt is suffering from uric acid. What are the food she should neglect and what she should eat. please hlp me.

Diploma in Anesthesia, MBBS
General Physician, Hyderabad
My aunt is suffering from uric acid. What are the food she should neglect and what she should eat. please hlp me.
She should avoid meat, chicken, and seafood. in vegetables to be avoided beans, mushroom, cauliflower, food containing high fat. if at all she wants to have them let her have them in limited quatities.
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Sir/madam, I am the diabetic patient can I use lemon with, watermelon, cheese and patica bellam (like a sweet item).

B.Sc.- Food & Nutrition, M.Sc- Food Science & Nutrition, NET (LS)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Kolkata
Sir/madam, I am the diabetic patient can I use lemon with, watermelon, cheese and patica bellam (like a sweet item).
Lemon can be used with all these items. Since you are diabetic, restrict the watermelon intake to 2-3 pcs only in between main meals. Avoid fruit consumption with main meals. Cheese consumption should be occasional as its fat content is very high. Home made channa/ paneer is a better alternative to cheese. Sweets/sugar/honey/jaggery/sago should be avoided. Sweet fruits like dates/banana/watermelon/jackfruit are a better alternative in small portions.
1 person found this helpful
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I have high triglyceride (around 600), high uric acid and nonalcoholic fatty lever stage -2. So I need detail food chart and also if required medicine and also suggestion how to cure.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bijapur
I have high triglyceride (around 600), high uric acid and nonalcoholic fatty lever stage -2. So I need detail food ch...
You can use light, warm energizing gruels and liquids, kulatta yoosh, Loki,methi, bitter guard, butter milk. Avoid fatty, fried,oily and spicy foods. Practice pranayama and yoga which improve the strength of liver. Tab Arogyavardhini vati 1-1-1 for 30 days. Bhunimbadi kashaya 20 ml-20 ml with equal warm water.
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